Grades can never be directory (public) information, and it is inappropriate to post grades in a public setting. An instructor may post grades if the grades are posted in such a manner that only the instructor and the individual student can identify his/her grades. The instructor and student can determine a code to use that only the instructor and student know. It should not include any portion of the student’s social security number or ID numbers. The listing of codes and grades should be in a random order and not be in class roster or alphabetical order.
An instructor wanting to send students grade information should send the grades via the university’s email system, i.e. to a Duke university email address, from his or her Duke university email address.