Courses and Academic Programs

175910_perkins008cropbw.jpg

The following portion of this bulletin, arranged alphabetically, includes courses of academic departments, programs, sections, and institutes, as well as categories of courses. Details are provided in the individual entries, which indicate whether a major, a minor, and/or a certificate is available in that particular field. (A certificate, offered in some programs, is not a substitute for a major but is a supplement, confirming that a student has satisfied the requirements of that program.)

Courses taught in recent years or scheduled for 2012-2013 are included in this chapter with full descriptions. For courses that will be offered in 2012-2013, also consult the online ACES Schedule of Courses.

Introductory-level courses are numbered below 200; mid to advanced-level courses are numbered 200 and above; courses numbered from 400 through 499 are primarily for seniors; courses numbered 500-699 are graduate level courses open to advanced undergraduate students. (See the section on course load and eligibility in the chapter “Academic Procedures and Information.”) Special Topics courses may be repeated (if the subtitles of the courses are different), subject to any limitation set forth in the course description in this bulletin.

The following symbols, suffixed to course numbers, identify small classes: S, seminar; P, preceptorial; T, tutorial; D, discussion section (for a larger class). The L suffix indicates that the course includes laboratory experience. The FS suffix indicates Focus program courses, and the A suffix identifies courses that are taught away from Duke’s Durham campus, e.g. study abroad or domestic away programs.   C-L: denotes a course that is cross-listed or a program under which a course is also listed.

Curriculum codes appear at the end of course titles. An explanation of the curriculum codes follows:

Areas of Knowledge:

Arts, Literatures, and Performance (ALP)

Civilizations (CZ)

Natural Sciences (NS)

Quantitative Studies (QS)

Social Sciences (SS)

Modes of Inquiry:

Cross-Cultural Inquiry (CCI)

Ethical Inquiry (EI)

Science, Technology, and Society (STS)

Foreign Language (FL)

Research (R)

Writing (W)

Professor Patton, Dean of Trinity College and of Arts and Sciences; Professor Baker, Dean of Academic Affairs of Trinity College; Senior Associate Dean for Administration Wilson; Associate Deans Blackmon, Fox, Gilbert, Grunwald, Keul, Kostyu, Riley, Scheirer, Thomas, Walther, and White; Assistant Deans Perz-Edwards and Taylor.

Lieutenant Colonel Oertel, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Assistant Professor Walsh, Captain, USAF, Commandant of Cadets; Assistant Professor Fesel, Captain, USAF, Unit Admissions Officer

Eligibility Requirements. All freshmen and sophomores are eligible to enroll in the General Military Course in the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps. For enrollment in the Professional Officer Course, the student must have completed successfully the General Military Course and a field training encampment; must execute a written agreement with the government to complete the Professional Officer Course; must be sworn into the enlisted reserve; and must agree to accept a commission in the U.S. Air Force upon graduation. Students in the General Military Course and Professional Officer Course are required to attend two hours of leadership laboratory each week. All courses, except 99L, are open to all other students with consent of instructor.

General Military Courses

99L. Leadership Laboratory. Instruction in drill and ceremonies, wearing the uniform, giving commands, and other leadership activities. Mandatory for all Air Force ROTC cadets. Must be repeated each semester. Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory grading only. Instructor: Staff. 

First Year

101. Foundations of the United States Air Force. A survey course designed to introduce students to the United States Air Force and Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps. Topics include: mission and organization of the Air Force, officership and professionalism, military customs and courtesies, Air Force officer opportunities, and an introduction to communication skills. Leadership Laboratory mandatory for AFROTC cadets. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

102. Foundations of the United States Air Force. Continuation of Aerospace Studies 101. Leadership Laboratory mandatory for AFROTC cadets. Instructor: Staff. Half course.  

Second Year

201. The Evolution of US Air and Space Power. STS A survey course designed to examine the general elements and employment of air and space power, from an institutional doctrinal and historical perspective. From the first balloons and dirigibles to the space-age global positioning systems of the Persian Gulf War. Historical examples to demonstrate the evolution of what has become today's USAF air and space power. Air Force Core Values and communications skills. Leadership Laboratory mandatory for AFROTC cadets. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

202. The Evolution of US Air and Space Power. STS Continuation of Aerospace Studies 201. Leadership Laboratory mandatory for AFROTC cadets. Instructor: Staff. Half course.  

Professional Officer Courses

All students selected to continue in Aerospace Studies must pursue the following courses.

Third Year

301S. Air Force Leadership and Management. EI Leadership and management fundamentals, professional knowledge, Air Force doctrine, leadership ethics, and communication skills required of an Air Force junior officer. Training philosophy, counseling/feedback, leadership vs. management, leadership principles and perspectives, effective delegation, and written and verbal communication skills. Laboratory required for AFROTC cadets. Instructor: Staff. One course.

302S. Air Force Leadership and Management. EI Continuation of Aerospace Studies 301S. Principle centered/situational leadership, case studies of different leadership styles, ethical behavior, effective management tools to evaluate and improve processes, building and refining written and verbal communication skills from 301S. Laboratory required for AFROTC cadets. Instructor: Staff. One course.  

Fourth Year

401S. Defense Studies. EI The national security process, regional studies, advanced leadership ethics, and Air Force doctrine. The military as a profession and current issues affecting military professionalism. American tradition in foreign policy, cold war challenges, the relationship with the president and Congress, the chain of command, national security issues, and advanced level briefings and papers. Leadership Laboratory mandatory for AFROTC cadets. Instructor: Staff. One course.

402S. Defense Studies. EI Continuation of Aerospace Studies 401S. Officership, ethics, military law, Air Force issues, roles and missions, Air Force and joint doctrines, preparation for active duty, and refining communications skills from 401S. Leadership Laboratory mandatory for AFROTC cadets. Instructor: Staff. One course.

Professor Darity, Chair; Associate Professor Lubiano, Assoc. Chair and Director of Undergraduate Studies; Professors Baker, Bonilla-Silva, Crichlow, DeFrantz, Dubois, French, Holloway, James, Matory, Neal, Piot, and Powell; Associate Professors Glymph, Haynie, Holland, Holsey, Lubiano, Moten, and Wallace; Associate Research Professor Royal; Assistant Professors Hall, Makhulu, and Milian

A major or a minor is available in this program.

The program in African and African American Studies provides students with an interdisciplinary approach to the field, within which they may focus on Africa or the Americas. The program encourages study abroad in Africa, available through the Office of Study Abroad.

The African and African American Studies courses are listed below. (Full descriptions of cross-listed courses may be found in the bulletin course listings of the particular department or program cited in the cross-listing, for example, Music 74.) In addition, Arabic language courses are taught in the Asian and Middle Eastern Studies Program, and other relevant language courses in the Department of Romance Studies.

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

102. Introduction to African and African American Studies. CCI, CZ, SS A range of disciplinary perspectives on key topics in African American Studies: slavery and abolitionism, theories of race and racism, gender and race, the era of Jim Crow, cultural expressions, political and intellectual thought, African American freedom struggles from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries, and race and public policy. Instructor: Staff. One course.

103. Introduction to African Studies. ALP, CCI, CZ A range of disciplinary perspectives on key topics in contemporary African Studies: nationalism and pan-Africanism, imperialism and colonialism, genocide and famine, development and democratization, art and music, age and gender. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 105, History 129, Political Science 108

104S. Introduction to Latino/a Studies in the Global South. ALP, CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Latino/a Studies in the Global South 101S; also C-L: Literature 143S, Spanish 160S

109S. African Mbira Music: An Experiential Learning Class. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Music 133S; also C-L: Cultural Anthropology 133S

131. The Third World and the West I. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see History 131; also C-L: International Comparative Studies, Latin American Studies, Marxism and Society

132. The Third World and the West II. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see History 132; also C-L: International Comparative Studies, Latin American Studies, Marxism and Society

133S. Gateway Seminar: Civil Rights and Asian Americans. CCI, CZ, EI, R, SS One course. C-L: see History 183S; also C-L: Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 187S

134. Old Worlds/New Histories, 500-1500 CE. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see History 105; also C-L: Marxism and Society

140. Introduction to Jazz. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Music 140

140D. Introduction to Jazz. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Music 140D

190. Special Topics. Topics vary from semester to semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in African and African-American Studies. CCI Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190FS. Focus Program Seminars: Special Topics. Topics vary semester to semester. Open only to students in the Focus Program. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190S. Special Topics. Seminar version of African and African American Studies 190. Instructor: Staff. One course.

206. Africans in America to the Civil War. CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see History 346; also C-L: Documentary Studies

207. African Americans Since the Civil War. CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see History 347; also C-L: Documentary Studies

209. Afro-Brazilian Culture and History. CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see History 327; also C-L: Portuguese 260, Latin American Studies

210. History and Modern Africa. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see History 204; also C-L: International Comparative Studies, Women's Studies

211. History of Africa: From Antiquity to Early Modern Times. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see History 203; also C-L: International Comparative Studies, Islamic Studies, Women's Studies

212. Europe's Colonial Encounter, 1492-1992. CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see History 312; also C-L: Canadian Studies 312, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

214. South African History, 1870 to the Present. CCI, CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see History 208; also C-L: Political Science 221

215S. Slave Society in Colonial Anglo-America: The West Indies, South Carolina, and Virginia. CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see History 320S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies

217S. The Atlantic Slave Trade. CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see History 316S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 209S, Latin American Studies

218. The Caribbean, 1492-1700. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see History 318; also C-L: International Comparative Studies, Latin American Studies

219. The Caribbean in the Eighteenth Century. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see History 319; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 263, Latin American Studies

222. Dance and Religion in Asia and Africa. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Dance 367; also C-L: Religion 244, International Comparative Studies 214

223. African American Literature. ALP, CCI, R One course. C-L: see English 266

224. African American Literature. ALP One course. C-L: see English 276

225S. Documenting Black Experiences. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 350S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 214S, Cultural Anthropology 262S, Public Policy Studies 387S

226. Crime and the City from Dickens to The Wire. ALP, CCI, EI, SS Compares representation of crime and the city in two key "texts": Charles Dickens's "Oliver Twist" and the HBO television series, "The Wire." Juxtaposes the social and political contexts to which each text refers, paying particular attention to the nature and causes of criminal activity therein. Explanations emphasizing individual or personal responsibility will be contrasted to those that take structural factors into account, including urban housing, public health, child labor, public education, poverty and its relief, urban governance, as well as the criminal justice system. Instructor: Thorne. One course. C-L: History 313

227. African American Art. ALP, CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Art History 283

228. Art, Architecture, and Masquerade in Africa. ALP, CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Visual and Media Studies 208; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 352

229. Contemporary Performance. ALP, R One course. C-L: see Dance 208; also C-L: Theater Studies 208, Art History 229

230. The South in Black and White. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 326; also C-L: History 358

231S. Freedom Stories: Documenting Southern Lives and Writing. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 320S; also C-L: History 356S

232. Modern Africa through Film. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see History 206; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 353

236S. Civil/Human Rights Activism: In the Spirit of Pauli Murray. ALP, CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 347S; also C-L: Cultural Anthropology 246S

238S. Behind the Veil: Methods. CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 323S; also C-L: History 353S

240. The Modern Caribbean after Emancipation. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see History 321

242S. Race, Gender, and Sexuality. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Women's Studies 364S; also C-L: Study of Sexualities 264S

243. The Civil Rights Movement. CCI, CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see History 348; also C-L: Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

244. Racial and Ethnic Economic Inequality: A Cross National Perspective. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 294; also C-L: Economics 248

246. Comparative Race and Ethnic Studies. CCI, EI, R, SS One course. C-L: see Sociology 316; also C-L: Children in Contemporary Society, Latino/a Studies in the Global South, Marxism and Society

247S. Social Movements and Social Media. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, STS One course. C-L: see Literature 320S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 246S, International Comparative Studies 320S

248. Psychology of Ethnicity and Context (D). CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Psychology 238; also C-L: Children in Contemporary Society, Global Health

251. The Anthropology of Race. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 208

257. Introduction to Racial and Ethnic Minorities in American Politics. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Political Science 205

257D. Introduction to Racial and Ethnic Minorities in American Politics. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Political Science 205D

260. United States Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities: Social Determinants and Public Policy Implications. CCI, R, SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 328

263. Black Europe: Race, Ethnicity and Diaspora in Contemproary Europe. CCI, CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 263

269. Black Gods and Kings: Priests and Practices of the Afro-Atlantic Religions. CCI, CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 269

270. Religion in Black America. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Religion 236

270S. Religion in Black America. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Religion 236S

271. Africa and Humanitarians. CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see History 207; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 351, Islamic Studies

274S. Islam in the Americas. CCI, CZ, SS, W One course. C-L: see Religion 384S; also C-L: History 351, Islamic Studies

276. Religion and Race. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see Religion 276

281. African American Intellectual History, Twentieth Century. CCI, CZ, W One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 321; also C-L: History 350

290. Special Topics. Topics vary from semester to semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290-1. Special Topics in Performance. Topics vary from semester to semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290-3. Special Topic in an Individual African American Author. ALP, CCI, R One course. C-L: see English 390-3

290-4. Special Topics in African American Literary Genres. ALP, CCI, R One course. C-L: see English 390-4

290A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in African and African American Studies. CCI Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S. Special Topics. Seminar version of African and African American Studies 290. Instructor: Staff. One course.

305. The African Diaspora. CCI, CZ, SS An exploration, ranging from Africa to the Americas and Europe, of histories of slavery and colonialism in the Black Atlantic and genealogies of diasporic identification. Multidisciplinary readings from anthropology, history, literature, and art history. Instructor: Piot or Thomas. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 305, International Comparative Studies

307. Development and Africa. CCI, CZ, SS Addresses the vexed issue of economic development in Africa - its many failures, its occasional successes - from the early colonial period to the present. Focuses especially on the transition from the 1960s "modernizing" moment to the millennium projects and humanitarian aid of the present. Will read the works of development experts, World Bank executives, anthropologists and historians, asking why this massively financed project has experienced such failure and exploring what can be done. Instructor: Piot. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 307, Public Policy Studies 207, International Comparative Studies, Marxism and Society

308S. Fugitive Slave (Maroon) Communities in New World Slave Societies. CCI, CZ Also taught as History 490S or 196S. Instructor: Gaspar. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

310. African American Women and History. CCI, CZ The history of African American women in the United States. The production of discourses of gender, race, and class discrimination that evolved specifically to confront the presence of African American women first as slaves and later as free women. The ways in which prevalent ideas about race, race relations, and gender coalesced around images of the African American women and African American women's struggles to assert independent identities. Multidisciplinary readings. Instructor: Glymph. One course. C-L: History 349, Women's Studies 237

311S. Gender and Sexuality in Africa. CCI, SS Constructions of gender and sexuality in different African societies. Related issues of power and inequality. Instructor: Holsey. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 311S, Women's Studies 288S

313S. Africa and the Slave Trade. CCI, EI, SS History of the Atlantic slave trade in Africa, various responses to it, debates regarding its impact, ways it is remembered today. Instructor: Holsey. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 260S

314. Representing Slavery. ALP, CCI, EI, SS Examines both scholarly and popular representations of Atlantic slave trade in Africa and the diaspora. Uses first-person narratives, scholarly texts, documentaries, novels and films to debate African agency in slave trade, effects of slave trade on the New World and Europe, nature of slave life, slave resistance, and causes of abolition. Explores role of slavery in collective memory, public history, and contemporary politics. Instructor: Holsey. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 314, Visual and Media Studies 326, International Comparative Studies 212

324S. Social Facts and Narrative Representations. ALP One course. C-L: see Literature 330S

329. The Black Atlantic. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Art History 383; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 226S

330. Film and the African Diaspora. ALP, CCI, SS Theories and issues of representation and practice, with specific attention to culture, nation, and gender in contemporary and historic black films and filmmakers of Africa and the Diaspora. Instructor: Lubiano. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 228, Women's Studies 250, Arts of the Moving Image

331. Black Popular Culture. CCI, CZ The production and circulation of African American popular cultural forms including, but not limited to, popular literature, music, film, television, and art in the twentieth century. The ways in which African American popular culture may reflect the particular values and ethos of African Americans and the larger American society. Topics may include black cinema, blues and jazz music, black nationalism, hip hop, black social movements, blacks and sports culture, popular dance, and the cultural history of black style. Instructor: Lubiano, Wallace, and staff. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 230

332S. Black Theater Workshop. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 243S

333S. The Wire. CCI, EI, SS This course covers all 60 episodes of the HBO series "The Wire," which ran for five seasons. Described as "socially robust" by one television scholar, the series dramatizes the real world experiences of poor, mostly African American, residents of Baltimore struggling to survive by way of the underground drug economy, while city officials and the police department strive to bring the illegal trade in check. The course will bring all 60 episodes into conversation with relevant texts in anthropology, sociology, cultural geography, queer and literary theory. Requirements include weekly blog entries and a final keyword project. Instructor: Makhulu. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 333S

334. Sampling Soul. ALP, CCI, EI, SS Examines how the concept of "Soul" has functioned as raw data for contemporary forms of cultural expression. Considers the broader cultural implications of sampling, in the practices of parody and collage, and the legal ramifications of sampling within the context of intellectual property law. Course also offers the opportunity to rethink the concept of archival material in the digital age. Instructor: Neal. One course.

340. Culture and Politics in Africa. CCI, CZ, SS Explores the politics, history and culture of societies and nation-states across the continent while also critiquing Euroamerican discourses, images, and theories about Africa and Africans. Readings consist of not only anthropological texts- some classic, and some experimental and off-beat- but also media accounts, novels and historical texts. Instructor: Piot. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 242, Visual and Media Studies 229, International Comparative Studies, Marxism and Society

341S. Race in Durham. CCI, R, SS Individual student research, archival and interview-based, on the history and current status of ideas about race, racial discrimination, and race relations in the city of Durham, as a window into one regional and local pattern that illuminates larger patterns of race in the U.S. Open to undergraduates at both NCCU and Duke. Instructor: Hall. One course.

350S. U.S. Critical Studies of Race, Law and the Literary Imagination. CZ, SS This course explores the intersectionalities of race and law. We'll focus on issues like sexuality, adoption, and marriage, the era and residue of Jim Crow, as well as the meaning and intent of affirmative action in educational contexts. We'll use case law and some literary fiction to expose and explore these issues with a particular interest in understanding how race matters in the construction of US citizenship. Instructor: Holloway. One course.

352. Pigging Out: The Cultural Politics of Food. CCI, EI, SS Examine cultural influences of food, linking class, geography, ethnicity to food practices. Investigates link between overeating and cheap food, under-eating and expensive food; discrepancy between cost and quality; changing diets in US and elsewhere; current debates regarding food production, specifically in the U.S., Americas, Africa and Asia. Discussion of Cargill companies’ restrictions on spread of their hybrid grains; questionable agricultural practices, e.g. animal cruelty, overuse of pesticides, condition of migrants. Environmental policies examined in relation to pursuit of such industrial agricultural practices. Will include hands-on experiments with food preparation and tasting. Instructor: Crichlow. One course. C-L: Sociology 374, International Comparative Studies 206

355S. Diaspora Literacy: Black Women Novelists of the Third World. ALP, CCI Contemporary fiction of black women writers from West Africa, the Caribbean, and the United States. Representations of cultural and national identities, patterns of language, figurative representations, and the revisioned histories as structured and framed within imaginative literatures. Issues of colonialism and slavery as background. Instructor: Holloway. One course.

356. Magical Modernities. CCI, SS Examination of competing tendencies in modern society across cultural contexts and historical time periods concluding with close attention to the present: the secularism linked to increased rationalization (and the rise of the modern state), and persistence of beliefs in the supernatural. Readings on beliefs in magic and the occult drawing attention to overlap between magical phenomena and the workings of capitalism in our contemporary world. Several short response papers and a final project (written, performed, filmed). Instructor: Makhulu. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 225

381. Urban Education. CCI, SS An interdisciplinary examination of contemporary educational problems in American cities, with particular attention to race and class, and the formation of public policy for urban schools and school reform. Instructor: Payne. One course. C-L: Education 347, Sociology 336, Children in Contemporary Society

390. Special Topics. Topics vary from semester to semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390L. Special Topics. Laboratory version of African and African American Studies 390. Topics vary semester to semester. One course. Topics course. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390S. Special Topics. Seminar version of African and African American Studies 390. Topics vary from semester to semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

391. Independent Study. Individual research and reading in a field of special interest, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open to juniors and seniors. Consent of both instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

393. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open to juniors and seniors. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

406S. Capstone Seminar: 20th-Century South Africa Through Biography and Autobiography. CCI, CZ, R, W One course. C-L: see History 450S

407S. Capstone Seminar: Globalization, Women, and Development. CCI, CZ, R, SS, STS One course. C-L: see History 454S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 412S, Women's Studies 412S

408S. Capstone Seminar: Post-Civil Rights America: The Search for Social Justice, 1968-Present. CZ, EI, R One course. C-L: see History 482S

409S. Capstone Seminar: The Age of Jim Crow: Racial Segregation from Plessy (1896) to Brown (1954). CCI, CZ, EI, R One course. C-L: see History 481S

410S. Francophone Literature. ALP, CCI, FL One course. C-L: see French 417S; also C-L: Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 202S, International Comparative Studies 430S, History 387S, Canadian Studies, Latin American Studies

420S. The Role of Race and Culture on Development (D, P). CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Psychology 435S

425S. Cidanania, Cultura, e Participacao/Citizenship, Culture, and Participation. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, R One course. C-L: see Portuguese 410S

465S. Global Cities. CCI, EI, SS Examination of new ways of living and surviving in cities across the world - new urbanization as distinct from the "new urbanism" - in context of the decline of the industrial economy, the offshoring of work, the creation of network cities and so-called "global cities." Explores impact of increased urbanization, linked to "post-wage" work, informalization, and inequality. Addresses dilemmas of alternative forms of life through "cases," including cities in the global North and South, varied "urban" schools, their theories and methodologies. Instructor: Makhulu. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 465S, International Comparative Studies 465S

491. Independent Study. See African and African American Studies 391. Consent of both instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

493. Research Independent Study. R See African and African American Studies 393. Consent of both instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

495. Distinction Program Sequence. Research for the development of thesis. Open only to senior majors. Consent of both instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

496. Distinction Program Sequence. Continuation of African and African American Studies 495 Open only to senior majors. Consent of both instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course. 499S. Senior Seminar. Open to seniors majoring in African and African American Studies and to others with consent of instructor. Instructors: Staff. One course.

515S. Race, Class, and Gender: A Social History of Modern (1750-present) Britain. CCI, CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see History 505S; also C-L: Women's Studies 509S

520S. Harlem Renaissance. ALP, CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Art History 554S

530S. Third Cinema. ALP, CCI, EI, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Literature 613S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 613S, Latin American Studies 613S, Arts of the Moving Image 644S

540S. Seminar in Asian and Middle Eastern Cultural Studies. CZ One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 505S; also C-L: Literature 530S

541S. Monuments and Memory: Public Policy and Remembrance of Racial Histories. ALP, CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 562S

544S. Race and American Politics. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Political Science 525S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 526S

545S. Race, Racism, and Democracy. CCI, SS, W One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 535S

547S. Minority Mental Health: Issues in Theory, Treatment, and Research. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Psychology 606S

548S. Poverty, Inequality, and Health. EI, R, SS One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 644S

549S. Schooling and Social Stratification. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 542S; also C-L: Education 542S

551S. Race and Ethnicity. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 529S

575. Justice, Law, and Commerce in Islam. CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Religion 660; also C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 659, International Comparative Studies, Islamic Studies

589S. Black Visual Theory. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, R One course. C-L: see Visual and Media Studies 555S

590S-5. Topics in African Art. ALP, CZ One course. C-L: see Art History 590S-5; also C-L: International Comparative Studies

594S. Cultural (Con)Fusions of Asians and Africans. CCI, CZ, SS This course examines how people lay claims to belonging as citizens of nation-states. Focusing primarly on African and Indian descended populations in the Caribbean and the Pacific, we investigate how these populations invoke colonial constructions to reinvent themselves and work to negotiate their racialized identities in these shared communities. We will consider the construction of histories and explore the general cultural politics that sustain and bolster claims of authenticity and belonging and unbelonging within these national spaces. What sorts of sociocultural and political strategies are deployed by such people to exclude others even as they connect across these troubling divides. Instructor: Crichlow. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 594S, Latin American Studies 594S, Sociology 594S

620S. AfroFuturism. ALP Explores Afrofuturism, a literary and cultural aesthetic imagining how people of color project themselves into narratives of the future. Investigation of Science fiction, fantasy literature, music, artworks, music videos, and dance to trace the concept of an Afrofuturist point of view. Creation of Afrofuturist media and performances. Artists considered include writers Samuel R. Delany and Andrea Hairston; musicians Parliament-Funkadelic and Sun Ra; filmmaker Hype Williams; performers Janelle Monae and Flying Lotus. Instructor: DeFrantz. One course. C-L: Dance 535S, Theater Studies 535S, Visual and Media Studies 524S

645S. African Modernities. CCI, SS Encounters between African societies and global forces, including colonialism, capitalism, development initiatives. Instructor: Holsey. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 560S, International Comparative Studies

690. Special Topics. Topics vary from semester to semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

690S. Special Topics. Seminar version of African and African American Studies 299. Instructor: Staff. One course.

THE MAJOR

The major requires ten courses, eight of which must be at the level of 200 or above. Students may choose one of the two following options.

A. The Americas Focus 

Major Requirements:

1.       African and African American Studies 102 and 103.

2.       Three courses focusing upon the Americas, one course in each of the following areas:

   a. Arts or Literature

   b. History

   c. Social, Religious, Economic, or Political Institutions/Processes.

3.       African and African American Studies 499S (Senior Seminar).

4.       Four additional African and African American Studies courses.

B. Africa Focus 

Major Requirements:

1.       African and African American Studies 102 and 103.

2.     Three courses focusing upon Africa, one course in each of the following areas:

   a. Arts or Literature

   b. History

   c. Social, Religious, Economic, or Political Institutions/Processes.

3.     African and African American Studies 499S (Senior Seminar).

4.      Four additional African and African-American Studies courses.

THE MINOR

The minor requires five courses, two of which must be African and African American Studies 102 and 103, and three of which must be at the level of 200 or above. Courses must be selected in each of the following areas:

1.       Arts or Literature

2.       History

3.       Social, Religious, Economic, or Political Institutions/Processes.

N.B. Both program foci (Africa and the Americas) must be represented in the three-course selection. 

Departmental Graduation with Distinction

The program offers work leading to Graduation with Distinction. See the section on honors in this bulletin and contact the director of undergraduate studies.

Foreign Languages

The program recommends that majors complete at least two years of college-level study, or equivalent, of a foreign language. Students interested in additional study of African or Diaspora cultures are strongly encouraged to study an African or Caribbean language.

For courses in animal behavior, see Biology on page 179.

See the departments of Evolutionary Anthropology (on page 319) and Cultural Anthropology (on page 229).

For courses in Arabic, see Asian and Middle Eastern Studies on page 161.

Professor Van Miegroet, Chair; Associate Professor Dillon, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Professors Antliff, Bruzelius, Hansen, Leighten, Lenoir, McWilliam, Morgan, Powell, Seaman, Stiles, Van Miegroet, and Wharton; Associate Professors Abe, Dillon, Gabara, and Weisenfeld; Assistant Professors Galletti and Olson; Assistant Research Professors Lasch and Szabo; Professor of the Practice Rankin; Associate Professors of the Practice Noland and Shatzman; Assistant Professor of the Practice Salvatella de Prada; Adjunct Professors Rorschach and Schroth; Adjunct Associate Professor Brady

A major or a minor is available in art history, visual arts, art history/visual arts, visual and media studies, and photography through this department.

ART HISTORY (ARTHIST)

Art history is the study of works of art in the context of the broader social, political, and intellectual cultures of which they are a part. Studying art history develops the ability to evaluate and organize information, visual as well as verbal; it also enhances the faculties of creative imagination, precise observation, clear expression, and critical judgment. Students of art history acquire a sophisticated understanding of the theory and practice of artistic production and reception.

A major or second major in art history provides basic training for those interested in teaching, museum and gallery work, art publishing, and advertising; the major also furnishes an appropriate background for graduate training in architecture. Art history's emphasis upon careful observation, the ordering of diverse sorts of information, expository writing, and scholarly research makes it a good general preparation for any profession.

20. Basic Art History. Credit for Advanced Placement on the basis of the College Board examination in art history. Does not count toward the major in art history or design. One course.

89S. First-Year Seminar. ALP, CZ, R Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

101D. Introduction to the History of Art. ALP, CCI, CZ Same as Art History 101, except instruction provided in two lectures and one small discussion meeting each week. Instructor: Staff. One course.

102D. Introduction to the History of Art. ALP, CCI, CZ Same as Art History 102 except instruction provided in two lectures and one small discussion meeting each week. Instructor: Staff. One course.

121. Medieval Cultures. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Medieval and Renaissance Studies 151; also C-L: Classical Studies 121, History 241

152. Renaissance Cultures. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Medieval and Renaissance Studies 152; also C-L: History 116, Italian 381

185FS. The Languages of Art. ALP, CCI, CZ How meaning is communicated by a work of art. Interpretive strategies. Visual languages developed and used by different societies. Relationship between visual and verbal languages, texts and images. Study of Semiotics and Iconology. Open only to students in the Focus Program. Instructor: Kachurin. One course.

190A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in Art History. ALP, CZ Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190FS. Topics in Art History. ALP, CZ Subjects, areas, or themes that embrace a range of disciplines, art historical areas, and visual culture. Open only to students in the Focus Program. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190S. Special Topics in Art History. ALP Subjects, areas, or themes that embrace a range of disciplines or art historical areas. Instructor: Staff. One course.

197A. Visual Culture Outside the United States, I. ALP, CZ Course in the visual arts and/or architecture taught in Duke programs abroad. Instructor: Staff. One course.

198A. Visual Culture Outside the United States, II. ALP, CZ See Art History 197A. Instructor: Staff. One course.

203. Visualizing Cultural Dissent in Modernism, 1880-1945. ALP, CCI, CZ Interrelations of modernism and politics in a period of rapid social and technological change, rise of mass social movements, and political reaction on left and right. Development of new media in the form of prints and photography reflecting these changes and a variety of social movements and political positions by artists exploring a range of subjects, media, and exhibition venues from large-scale paintings in the annual state-sponsored salons to political satire in the press. Instructor: Leighten. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 203, Policy Journalism and Media

205. The Aegean Bronze Age. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Classical Studies 352

206. Early Greek Archaeology: From the Fall of Mycenae to the Persian Wars. ALP, CCI, CZ, W One course. C-L: see Classical Studies 344

207. Greek Art and Archaeology II: Classical to Greco-Roman. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Classical Studies 348

208. Art and Archaeology of Ancient Athens. ALP, CCI, CZ Monuments, archaeology, art, and topography of ancient Athens from the Archaic to the Roman period. Examination of the physical remains of the city and countryside to trace the development of one of the most important city-states in the Greek world and to understand its impact on western civilization. Case study in understanding the role of archaeology in reconstructing the life and culture of the Athenians. Instructor: Dillon. One course. C-L: Classical Studies 248

209A. Rome: History of the City. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Classical Studies 340A; also C-L: History 238A

210. The Art of Greece and Rome. ALP, CCI, CZ Explores profound influence of Greek and Roman artistic legacy on Western art. Innovations include portrait, Baroque style, large-scale painting, public baths, theater. Explore art and architecture of Greece and Rome in social and cultural context, including major technical and aesthetic innovations. Role of artistic agency and patronage. Starts with the Classical age and ends with Christian emperor Constantine. Instructor: Dillon. One course. C-L: Classical Studies 250

215. Representing Women in the Classical World. ALP, CCI, CZ, W The lives of women in the Classical world viewed through the visual culture of Classical art. Through images of women in statues, reliefs, coins, and painting, the course explores the role of visual representation in communicating complex social and political messages. Issues such as the construction of gender, the expression of power and status, the preservation of social hierarchies, the protection of normative values, and the manipulation and control of sexuality are considered. Instructor: Dillon. One course. C-L: Classical Studies 243, Visual and Media Studies 209

225. Gothic Cathedrals. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Great cathedrals of Europe in England, Germany, and Italy, with a special focus on France, from roughly 1140 to 1270, and their construction, financing, and role in the fabric of medieval city life. The urban context of each city, the history of the site and its relics, and the artistic and technological developments that made the construction of these complex and large-scale structures possible. A consideration of Romanesque precedents and the origins of the various structural elements of Gothic architecture. Instructor: Bruzelius. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 215

226. Medieval Architecture. ALP, CCI, CZ, R A survey of the origins and development of medieval church architecture from Late Antiquity to the High Middle Ages in the Mediterranean and Europe north of the Alps concentrating on the effects of the cult of relics, the inclusion of burials, the segmentation of the lay public, and different types of liturgical requirements on the shapes and spaces of religious buildings; the origins and development of fortifications and castles. Emphasis on monastic architecture and especially the buildings of the mendicant orders. Instructor: Bruzelius. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 210

227. Eighteenth-Century Art and Architecture. ALP, CCI, CZ The visual arts and esthetic issues in the development of modern culture in Europe and the relationship between artists and the public in the period of the Enlightenment. Considering all media, including painting, sculpture, prints, architecture and gardens, topics may include the rise of academies, the development of art criticism, the role of the spectator in art; the involvement of women in art and its institutions; historical and theoretical discussions of rococo and neoclassical styles; the idea of revolutions in history; Rousseau and the cult of nature; and the impact of new philosophical trends on aesthetic theory. Instructor: Staff. One course.

229. Contemporary Performance. ALP, R One course. C-L: see Dance 208; also C-L: African and African American Studies 229, Theater Studies 208

231. History of Art Markets. R, SS, STS Analytical survey of emergence of art markets, interactions between market behavior(s), visual/media culture(s). Addresses questions regarding the nature of art markets, the specificity of art markets and the application of economic and historical methodologies, how and where players in local markets throughout the world shape visual culture(s), effective causes for art consumption, taste, fashion throughout ages, and methodological implications of art market research at interface of Economics, Art History, Law and Visual Studies. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Economics 344, Visual and Media Studies 242

238. Science Fiction Film. ALP, CCI, EI, STS One course. C-L: see English 386

255. Art in Renaissance Italy. ALP, CCI, CZ Introduction to the development of painting, sculpture, and architecture in Rome from the fifteenth to the early seventeenth centuries, focusing on the patronage of the Popes and Papal court. Instructor: Galletti. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 225, Italian 386

255A. Renaissance and Baroque Art History. ALP, CCI, CZ Introduction to the development of painting, sculpture, and architecture in Rome from the fifteenth to the early seventeenth centuries, focusing on the patronage of the Popes and the Papal court. Consent required. (Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome.) Instructor: Galletti. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 229A

256. Art in Spain During the Golden Age. ALP Survey of the visual arts in Spain from 1550-1770, with an emphasis on artistic centers of Toledo, Madrid, and Seville. Concentration on the effects of royal patronage, the role of the Church, and the artist's status in society. Field trips to Ackland Art Museum, UNC, Chapel Hill, and the NC Museum of Art, Raleigh. Instructor: Schroth. One course. C-L: Spanish 360

258. Renaissance Architecture in Italy: Brunelleschi to Michelangelo. ALP, CZ Architecture, design, theory, engineering, construction, and the related arts, 1400-1600. The architectural production of the Italian Renaissance in its historical, cultural, social, and economical context. Contributions of individual masters, including Brunelleschi, Alberti, Bramante, Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo, Palladio. Emphasis on architecture in Florence and Rome. Instructor: Galletti. One course. C-L: Italian 258, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 227

258FS. Renaissance Architecture in Italy: Brunelleschi to Michelangelo. ALP, CZ Architecture, design, theory, engineering, construction, and the related arts, 1400-1600. The architectural production of the Italian Renaissance in its historical, cultural, social, and economical context. Contributions of individual masters, including Brunelleschi, Alberti, Bramante, Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo, Palladio. Emphasis on architecture in Florence and Rome. Open to students in the Focus Program only. Instructor: Galletti. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 227FS

259. Michelangelo in Context. ALP, CCI, CZ Historical and cultural contextualization of the work of Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564), painting, sculpture and architecture. History, historiography, contemporary debate and scholarship concerning his work of artistic training and workshop practice, techniques, centers of production, art markets and consumption, antiquarianism and art collections, patronage, identity, gender, artistic rivalry, spread of knowledge and models, relationship with the spectator, social life, sacred and secular spaces and objects. Field trip to the Metropolitan Museum of Art collection of Renaissance architectural drawings and prints in New York. Instructor: Galletti. One course. C-L: Italian 261, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 233

260. French Art and Visual Culture in the Early Modern Period. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Students proficient in French will be encouraged to do some of the reading in French. C-L: Art History 260. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 237, Visual and Media Studies 293

261. The Contemporary Art Market. ALP, R, SS One course. C-L: see Economics 343; also C-L: Markets and Management Studies

262A. History of Netherlandish Art in a European Context. ALP, CCI, CZ See Art History 506A. (Taught in the Netherlands.) Not open to students who have taken 506A-507A. Course credit contingent upon successful completion of Art History 263A. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 242A, Visual and Media Studies 262A, International Comparative Studies

263A. History of Netherlandish Art in a European Context. ALP, CCI, CZ See Art History 507A. (Taught in the Netherlands.) Not open to students who have taken 506A-507A. Second half of Art History 262A-263A; required for credit for 262A. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 243A, Visual and Media Studies 263A, International Comparative Studies

278. European Art 1760-1850. ALP, CCI, CZ The roots of modernity in European art: classicism, romanticism, and early realism. Impact of the enlightenment and French Revolution on European visual culture. Emergence of new publics for art and beginnings of a modern art market. Role of tradition: the impact of antiquity, northern legends and the middle ages. Religiosity and personal mythologies. Changing conceptions of nature, the body and artistic creativity. Artists include Blake, Fusseli, Turner, the Pre-Raphaelites, David, Ingres, Delacroix, Runge, Friedrich, the Nazarenes, Goya. Instructor: McWilliam. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

279. European Art 1850-1900. ALP, CCI, CZ The second half of the nineteenth century in Europe with particular emphasis on realism, impressionism, postimpressionism, and symbolism in France, England, and America. Instructor: Antliff or Leighten. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

280. European Art 1900-1945. ALP, CCI, CZ Major artistic movements and theoretical aims of early modernism: fauvism, cubism, expressionism, futurism, constructivism, suprematism, dada, surrealism, deStijl, Bauhaus, and Neue Sachlichkeit in France, Italy, Germany, America. Instructor: Antliff, Leighten, or Stiles. One course. C-L: Italian 384, International Comparative Studies, Women's Studies

281. Global Art Since 1945. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Major avant-garde movements of the post-World War II era covered globally, from abstract expressionist painting to multimedia interactive art, all of which concentrate on the social, political, and cultural impact of experimental art after the atomic age and in the aftermath of the Holocaust, continuing into the post-biological age of genetic engineering. Focus on the vast changes that have occurred in art and its media since 1945 and the moral and ethical roles that art plays in shaping culture and in reflecting its social exigencies. Instructor: Stiles. One course. C-L: Women's Studies 277, International Comparative Studies 219, Marxism and Society, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

282S. Painting Russia Red: Early Soviet Culture, 1917-1934. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Russian 375S

283. African American Art. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Emphasis on works derived from an Afro-United States cultural perspective. Major figures include Henry Ossawa Tanner, Aaron Douglas, Jacob Lawrence, Charles White, Elizabeth Catlett, Romare Bearden, Lois Mailou Jones, and others. Instructor: Powell. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 227

285. Modern Architechture. ALP, CCI, CZ The history of European and American architecture from the eighteenth-century Neo-Classicism through Gothic Revival, Art Nouveau, and Arts and Crafts to the early twentieth century Bauhaus. Labrouste, Richardson, early Wright, and LeCorbusier among the architects considered. Instructor: Wharton. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 231

285D. Modern Architecture. ALP, CCI, CZ The history of European and American architecture from the eighteenth-century Neo-Classicism through Gothic Revival, Art Nouveau, and Arts and Crafts to the early twentieth century Bauhaus. Labrouste, Richardson, early Wright, and LeCorbusier among the architects considered. Instructor: Wharton. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 231D, Marxism and Society

286D. Contemporary Architecture. ALP, CCI, CZ Background examination of the Bauhaus through Corporate International Style as a background to the Postmodern core of the course. Later Wright and LeCorbusier, Gehry, Graves, Eisenman, Disney Imaginers among the architects and designers considered. Political, ideological, aesthetic, and technical aspects of building investigated through primary texts. Instructor: Wharton. One course.

287. Russian Art and Politics: 1800-Present. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Russian 217

287FS. Russian Art and Politics. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Russian 217FS

288. Dada and Surrealism. ALP, CCI, CZ The origins, aims, literature, and politics of the international movements of dada and surrealism, which flourished between the world wars, examined in the light of dada and surrealist theory, literature, and art. Instructor: Leighten. One course. C-L: Women's Studies

289S. Soviet Art after Stalin: 1956-1991. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Russian 355S

290. Special Topics in Art History. ALP Topics vary by semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290-1. Topics in Medieval Art and Architecture. ALP, CCI, CZ Specific problems dealing with contextual and cultural issues in medieval art and architecture from c. 300 to 1400. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 290-1

290A-1. Topics in Italian Art and Architecture. ALP, CCI, CZ Topics vary from year to year. Consent of instructor required. (Taught in Italy.) Instructor: Staff. One course.

291. Independent Study. Directed reading in a field of special interest, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in a substantive paper or report. Open to qualified students in the junior year, by consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

292. Independent Study. See Art History 291. Open to qualified students in the junior year, by consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

293. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open to qualified students in the junior year, by consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

294. Research Independent Study. R See Art History 293. Open to qualified students in the junior year, by consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

295. Chinese Art 1900 to Present. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Study of selected works of Chinese art and visual culture (painting, sculpture, architecture, video, performance, and installation art; fashion design and cinema) from 1900 to the present. Emphasis on the visual analysis of objects as well as their social and historical context. Instructor: Abe. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

296A. Berlin: Architecture, Art and the City, 1871-Present. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see German 322A; also C-L: International Comparative Studies

297A. Art and Architecture of Berlin, Fifteenth to the Twentieth Century. ALP, CCI, CZ Introduction to the visual arts of Germany from the fifteenth to the twentieth century through lectures conducted in Berlin's museums and cultural institutions. German Old Masters, German Romantic and Realist artists, Modernist art movements, such as Expressionism and New Objectivity, considered in relation to upheavals in modern German history. Taught in English in the Duke-in-Berlin summer program. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: German 365A

298. History of Impressionism. ALP, CCI, CZ The evolution of the impressionist movement and postimpressionist reactions of the 1880s. Particular attention to the work of Manet, Degas, Monet, Renoir, and Pissarro. Instructor: Antliff. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

301. English Art 1740-1850: Hogarth to the Pre-Raphaelites. ALP, CCI, CZ, R, W Painting and sculpture in Britain from Hogarth to the Pre-Raphaelites; developments in narrative painting, portraiture and history painting; funerary sculpture and the emergence of the public movement; the role of institutions and art collectors; writing on art from Hogarth and Reynolds to Hazlitt and Ruskin. Instructor: McWilliam. One course.

302. French Art 1780-1850. ALP, CCI, CZ A thematic history of painting in France from Classicism to Realism; the impact of revolution and social change on visual art; the academy and artistic training and exhibition; romanticism and changing conceptions of creativity and artistic individuality; the crisis in history painting and the new appeal of landscape; critics and collectors. Instructor: McWilliam. One course.

303. History of Photography, 1839 to the Present. ALP, CCI, CZ Major artists and movements in the history of the photographic medium, including visual and critical traditions inherited and manipulated by photographers, the ways photography participated in nineteenth- and twentieth-century art movements as well as documentation and social change, and critical photographic discourse throughout this period. Topics include the invention of photography, 'Art' photography and documentary photography in the nineteenth century, pictorialism, 'straight' and purist photography, photography and modernist art movements (dada, surrealism, Bauhaus, Russian avant-garde), twentieth-century documentary, and photography of the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. Instructor: Leighten. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 303, Documentary Studies, Arts of the Moving Image

304. Cubism and Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ, W Development of Cubism from its origins in Paris in 1907 to the movement's decline in the 1920's. Cubist aesthetics is contextualized in light of the cultural politics of the period. Topics may include tradition, primitivism, and anti-colonialism, anarchism and politics, approaches to collage, contemporary philosophy and science, and the role of gender in Cubist aesthetics. Instructor: Antliff or Leighten. One course.

310. Museum Internship. R Museum work in the context of art historical, ethical, philosophical, and economic issues related to the presentation of art in museums. Under direction of museum director, curators, or other staff, independent research project and practicum and production of a document or publication as a culmination of the course. Instructor: Staff. One course.

337. Netherlandish Art and Visual Culture in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. ALP, CCI, CZ, R A contextual study of northern Netherlands art, seen through the major Dutch cities and towns where painters, such as Frans Hals and Johannes Vermeer, were at work. Rembrandt and his school; Dutch art in its historical, societal, moral, and psychological context. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 249, International Comparative Studies

378. Chinese Buddhist Art. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Chinese sculpture, painting, and architecture in relation to Buddhist texts, practice, and ritual from the fourth through the ninth century C.E. Introduction to precedents in Indian and Central Asian Buddhist art. Emphasis on the relationship between Buddhist and non-Buddhist imagery. Instructor: Abe. One course.

379. Art, Architecture, and Masquerade in Africa. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Major art forms, monuments, vernacular structures, and masking traditions in West, Central, and Southern Africa. From ancient times to the present. Instructor: Powell. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 228, International Comparative Studies 352, Visual and Media Studies 208

380. Japanese Art, 1600 to the Present. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Japanese visual culture from the end of the sixteenth century to the contemporary period encompassing the country's unification under Tokugawa rule and later emergence on the world stage through painting, sculpture, architecture, ceramics, decorative arts, photography, and print media. The relationship between artistic production and Japanese sociopolitical development seen through the critical issues of religion, region, gender, class, and nationalism. Ethical questions surrounding the establishment of the Japanese colonial empire in Asia, the Pacific War, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the internment of Japanese-Americans in the United States, and the American Occupation of Japan. Instructor: Weisenfeld. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

381. Japanese Print Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ Issues in Japanese print culture from the seventeenth to the twentieth century. An introduction to the rich and diverse Japanese printmaking tradition; a forum for the critical evaluation of related theoretical issues. The relationship between prints and economics, politics, technology, literature, religion, and philosophy; concerns related to gender, representation, aesthetics practice, and patronage. Instructor: Weisenfeld. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

382. Japanese Architecture. ALP, CCI, CZ A survey of major architectural traditions of Japan. Sites ranging from prehistoric tombs and dwellings to contemporary design work of architects such as Isozaki Arata and Ando Tadao. Focus on the development of various architectural typologies: Buddhist temples, Shinto shrines, tea ceremony structures, garden design, imperial and shogunal palaces, fortified castles, modern institutional structures, and private residences. Japanese architectural practices compared with other Asian and Euro-American building traditions. Aesthetic, structural, historical, social, and religious issues considered. Instructor: Weisenfeld. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 309

383. The Black Atlantic. ALP, CCI, CZ The African diapora--a direct result of the transatlantic slave trade and Western colonialism--has generated a wide array of artistic achievements, from the "shotgun" houses of New Orleans to the urban graffiti of NYC. The course surveys several major cultural groups in West and Central Africa and their aesthetic impact on the arts, religions, and philosophies of peoples of African descent in South America, the Caribbean, and the United States. Instructor: Powell. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 329, International Comparative Studies 226S

384. Art of the United States. ALP, CZ, EI Course introduces the major art forms and aesthetic theories developed in the US from colonial period to present. Emphasis on architecture, painting, sculpture, graphic, and decorative arts. Structured chronologically, this course defines the characteristics of the different historical periods and the ways American artists both adopted and diverged from other models to create their own, distinctive national identity. Instructor: Powell. One course.

390. Special Topics in Art History. ALP Topics vary by semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390-1. Topics in Renaissance Art. ALP, CCI, CZ Specific problems dealing with the iconography, style, or an individual master from c. 1300 to 1600. Subject varies from year to year. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 390-1

390A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Art History. ALP, CCI, CZ Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390S. Special Topics in Art History. Subjects, areas, or themes that embrace a range of disciplines or art historical areas. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

433S. 20th Century Latin American Photography. CCI, CZ, FL One course. C-L: see Spanish 433S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 459S, Visual and Media Studies 433S, Latin American Studies

490-1. Topics in Nineteenth Century European Art. ALP, CCI, CZ Focus on a major aspect of nineteenth century European art. Subject varies from year to year. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490-2. Topics in Twentieth Century Art (TOP). ALP, CCI, CZ Focus on a major aspect of Twentieth century European art. Subject varies from year to year. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490-3. Topics in Contemporary Art. ALP, CCI, CZ Focus on a major aspect of contemporary European art. Subject varies from year to year. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490-4. Topics in History of Photography. ALP, CZ Focus on periods, cultures and major ethical, social and political issues in the history of the photographic medium. Subject varies from year to year. Instructor: Leighten. One course.

490S. Special Topics. Focus on particular aspects of Art and Art History. Topics vary. Instructor consent required. Topics course. Instructor: Staff. One course.

491. Independent Study. Directed reading in a field of special interest, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in a substantive paper or report. Open only to qualified students in the senior year. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

492. Independent Study. See Art History 491. Open only to qualified students in the senior year. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

493. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open only to qualified students in the senior year. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

494. Research Independent Study. R See Art History 493. Open only to qualified students in the senior year. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

501S. Greek Art and Society: Archaic To Classical. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Main categories of buildings, monuments, and images most characteristic of ancient city life in fifth and fourth centuries BCE. Range of material studied: city plans, temples, statues, reliefs, painted pottery. Emphasis on archaeological and historical contexts; questions and themes concern relation of new forms of public building and representation to changing historical circumstances. Fifth century made decisive break with archaic visual modes; area of special investigation is swift emergence and consolidation of revolutionary way of seeing and representing known as 'classical art'. Instructor: Dillon. One course. C-L: Classical Studies 541S

502S. Greek Art and Society: Hellenistic. ALP, CCI, CZ Greek world expanded by Alexander's conquests into western Anatolia and north-western India. Material and visual culture of important sites and characteristic buildings, monuments, images. Particular attention paid to: recent discoveries at Vergina and Pella; royal capital of Attalid Pergamon; city-states of Athens and Priene; Egyptian and Greek interaction in Ptolemaic Alexandria and Egypt. Other important subjects include: the Hellenistic royal image on coins and in statues; colonial settlement, such as that at Ai Khanoum in north-east Afghanistan; changes in honorific and funerary representation. Course also looks at late Hellenistic Delos and mass export of Hellenistic material. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Dillon. One course. C-L: Classical Studies 542S

506A. History of Netherlandish Art and Visual Culture in a European Context. ALP, CCI, CZ, R A contextual study of visual culture in the Greater Netherlands and its underlying historical and socioeconomic assumptions from the late medieval to early modern period, through immediate contact with urban cultures, such as Amsterdam, Leiden, Utrecht, Brussels, Ghent, Bruges, and Antwerp. Includes daily visits to major museums, buildings, and sites; hands-on research in various collections; discussion sessions with leading scholars in the field; and a critical introduction to various research strategies. (Taught in the Netherlands.) Not open to students who have taken Art History 262A-263A. Course credit contingent upon completion of Art History 507A. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 504A, Visual and Media Studies 506A, International Comparative Studies

507A. History of Netherlandish Art and Visual Culture in a European Context. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Second half of Art History 506A-507A; required for credit for 506A. (Taught in the Netherlands.) Not open to students who have taken Art History 262A-263A. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 505A, Visual and Media Studies 507A, International Comparative Studies

508S. Art and Markets. ALP, CCI, R, SS Cross-disciplinary art history-visual culture-economics seminar. Analytical and applied historical exploration of cultural production and local art markets, and their emergence throughout Europe, Asia, and the Americas. Criteria for valuation of imagery or what makes art as a commodity desirable or fashionable. Visual taste formation, consumer behavior, and the role of art dealers as cross-cultural negotiants. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 506S, Visual and Media Studies 567S, Economics 321S, Markets and Management Studies

536S. Technology and New Media: Academic Practice. SS, STS One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 562S

537S. Critical Studies in New Media. ALP, R, SS, STS One course. C-L: Literature 621S, Visual and Media Studies 561S, Arts of the Moving Image, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

538S. Museum Theory and Practice. ALP, R Museum theory and the operation of museums, especially art museums, and how the gap between theory and practice is negotiated in the real world setting. Issues involving collecting practices, exhibition practices, and didactic techniques, as well as legal and ethical issues. Taught in the Nasher Museum. Instructor: Rorschach. One course. C-L: Markets and Management Studies

540S. Topics in Nineteenth-Century Art. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Focus on a major artist, movement, or trend in nineteenth-century art. Subject varies from year to year. Consent of instructor required. Instructorr: Antliff, Leighten, or McWilliam. One course.

541S. The Symbolist Movement in the Arts & European Thought. ALP, CZ Investigates the relationship linking Symbolist aesthetics and practice with currents in European philosophy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The reaction against Positivism; aesthetic idealism and the Platonic tradition; the influence of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche on artists and writers; Symbolism and mysticism (Theosophy, Rosicrucianism, the occult); Symbolism and the Catholic revival; Art nouveau and theories of psychology; the anarchist impulse. Emphasis on visual arts in France, England and Germany; focus on the relationship between word and image in Symbolist poetics. McWilliam. One course. C-L: Literature 541S

542S. Information Archeology: Studies in the Nature of Information and Artifact in the Digital Environment. SS, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 680S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 569S

543S. Methodology of Art History. ALP, CZ, R, W Various theoretical perspectives that have shaped different disciplinary perspectives and practices in art history. Introduction to particular types of methodologies (i.e. Marxism, feminism, race and gender, psychoanalysis, post-colonial theory, and deconstruction) as fields of inquiry through which the study of the visual arts and culture have been practiced. Historiography of the last two decades in art history; selected contemporary debates. Instructor: Staff. One course.

544S. Soviet Art after Stalin 1956-1991. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Russian 561S

546S. The American Artist. ALP, CZ, R, W This course utilizes art historical methodologies as tools for critical inquiry and scholarly research on one American artist (selected as per this seminar’s scheduling every four years). Apart from a firm biographical and art historical grasp of the specific American artist under investigation, the goal of this course is to develop visual literacy of American art through seeing and writing. An emphasis will be placed on improving various forms of written art discourse (i.e., descriptive, expository, interpretative, etc. Instructor: staff.

554S. Harlem Renaissance. ALP, CCI, CZ, R The art and culture that was produced by and about African Americans (largely in the western metropoles) during the period roughly between the two world wars. Chronological overview, a focus on individual figures, and study of the criticism and creative writings of this period. Other topics include black migrations to urban centers, performance-as-a-visual-paradigm, racial and cultural primitivism, and an alternative, African American stream of early twentieth century visual modernism. Instructor: Powell. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 520S

589S. Critical Animal Studies in Art and Visual Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, R The visual culture constructed around animals, including images of animals from prehistoric to contemporary representations, the role of visualization in animal rights and survival, animals as human totems and stuffed toys, portrayals of animal consciousness and debates about speciesism, in the analysis of the cultural objectification and societal subjectification of animals. Instructor: Stiles. One course.

590S. Special Topics. ALP Subjects, areas, or themes that embrace a range of disciplines or art historical areas. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590S-2. Topics in Renaissance Studies. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Italian 584S; also C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 640S

590S-3. Topics in Romanesque and Gothic Art and Architecture. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Analysis of an individual topic. Subject varies from year to year. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Bruzelius. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 590S-1

590S-4. Topics in Italian Renaissance Art. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Topics in art and/or architecture from c. 1300 to c. 1600. Subject varies from year to year. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Galletti. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 590S-2

590S-5. Topics in African Art. ALP, CZ Specific problems of iconography, style, connoisseurship, or a particular art tradition in African art. Subject varies from year to year. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Powell. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 590S-5, International Comparative Studies

590S-6. Topics in Chinese Art. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Problems and issues in a specific period or genre of Chinese art. Specific focus varies from year to year. Instructor: Abe. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

590S-7. Topics in Japanese Art. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Problems and issues in a specific period or genre of Japanese art. Specific focus varies from year to year. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Weisenfeld. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

590S-8. Topics in Modern Art. ALP, CZ, R Selected themes in modern art before 1945, with emphasis on major movements or masters. Subject varies from year to year. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Antliff, Leighten, or Stiles. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

590S-9. Topics in Art since 1945. ALP, CZ, R Historical and critical principles applied to present-day artists and/or movements in all media since World War II. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Stiles. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

590S-10. Special Topics in Roman Archaeology. ALP, CZ One course. C-L: see Classical Studies 590S-2

590S-11. Special Topics in Greek Archaeology. ALP, CZ One course. C-L: see Classical Studies 590S-1

VISUAL ARTS (ARTSVIS)

Studio art courses offer directed experiences in the practice of the visual arts, enhancing the understanding of art both within the history of culture and as an individual human achievement. Department offerings emphasize the analysis and articulation of visual concepts and processes as they relate to a broader education in the humanities and sciences.

21. General Art, Studio. Credit for advanced placement on the basis of the College Board examination in Studio Art. Does not count toward the major in visual arts. One course.

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

101. Introduction to Visual Practice. ALP Basic principles and methods of visual practice: 2DD and 3DD composition, drawing, color theory, photographic and architectural principles, as well as digital and time-based media like film, video, and performance. Visuality in everyday life and its impact on other fields of knowledge. Includes methods such as mapping, virtual environments, graph theory, and vernacular visual practices. Intended primarily for first and second year students. Prerequisite for all intermediate and advanced Visual Arts and Visual Practice classes. Instructor: Lasch. One course.

102. Introduction to the Arts of the Moving Image. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 101; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 102, Information Science and Information Studies 111, Literature 111 115. Introduction to Photography. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 115; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 115

160A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Projects in Visual Arts. ALP Projects differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

180FS. Visual Representation and Visual Culture. ALP, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 180FS

190FS. Topics in Visual Arts. ALP Subjects, areas, or themes that embrace art and visual culture. Open only to students in the Focus program. Instructor: Staff. One course.

195FS. Virtual Form and Space. ALP Studio course that explores various applications of virtual environments and specific 3D modeling techniques. Introduction to animation principles. Screenings, discussions, and lab. Open only to students in the Focus Program. Instructor: Salvatella de Prada. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 195FS, Information Science and Information Studies 195FS, Arts of the Moving Image 195FS

196FS. The Photobook: History & Practice. ALP, CZ Cultural, intellectual and artistic history and uses of the book in photographic practice. Traces technical, conceptual, formal innovations that mark international history of photography books through lectures/hands-on examination of key books, including lesser known innovations and uses of photobook in Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union and Japan. Marries historical awareness with studio practice. Simultaneous immersion in production of images as well as collecting of archives from various cultures. Crafting of photobooks in several genres as students edit, print, scan, assemble materials. Seminar includes readings, discussions, short writings, field trips. Focus Program only. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Noland. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 196FS

199. Drawing. ALP Drawing as integrative tool where ideas and processes explored and expanded through a variety of media. Still life, figure, landscape, architecture. Representation, abstraction, and working from imagination. Through problem solving within a range of projects, development of a visual language, and drawing skills to be applied to conceptual, visual, and technical disciplines. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

201. Book Art: Form and Function. ALP Studio course examining all aspects of bookmaking, including theories of bookmaking, designing and planning, typography, computer design, illustration, and binding. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 101 and 199 and consent of instructor. Instructor: Shatzman. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 201

202. Figure Drawing. ALP The human figure through different artistic media and from different visual perspectives. Emphasis on drawing and design skills and an anatomical knowledge of the human form. A significant body of drawings is developed in this class. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 101, 199 and consent of instructor based on portfolio. Instructor: Staff. One course.

203. Introduction to Architectural Design. ALP Introduction to architectural design: space making with emphasis on process, abstraction, and modes of representation. Drawing conventions, orthographic projection, model building, rendering, digital technologies as forms of visual inquiry. Tectonics, space, scale, and material as ensemble parts of project presentations to represent ideas as well as artifacts. Final projects on building program and architectural issues: threshold, view, entry. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Jones. One course.

205. Intermediate Drawing. ALP, R Allows students to explore their artistic interests and biases through a series of self-directed projects. Both the directness and the flexibility of the medium of drawing are investigated. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 199 and consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course.

206. Digital Imaging. ALP Photoshop and Illustrator used to introduce single and serial images for print and web output. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 206, Documentary Studies, Information Science and Information Studies

207. Typography. ALP Writing systems, printing technologies, and typographic evolution; letterform, typographic composition, and page layout. Introduction to Illustrator and Pagemaker. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

208LS. Virtual Form and Space. Studio course that explores various applications of virtual environments and specific 3D modeling techniques. Introduction to animation principles. Screenings, discussions, and lab. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 199 and consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 395LS, Information Science and Information Studies 208LS, Arts of the Moving Image 321LS

209. 3D Modeling and Animation. ALP Basic concepts of 3D modeling and animation; fundamentals of computer geometry; knowledge of basic tools of 3D software (Maya); introduction to modeling, animation, texturing, lighting, and rendering; combination of these techniques in a final project. Prerequisite: Visual and Media Studies 206 or 396 and consent of instructor. Instructor: Salvatella de Prada. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 351

210. Sculpture. ALP Sculptural principles, processes, and issues introduced through lectures, readings, studio assignments, individual projects, and field trips. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Noland. One course.

211. Site, Situation, and Object: Sculpture and Architecture. ALP Studio practice in sculpture at the intermediate level. Group and individual discussion and critique. Prerequisite: Visual Arts 210 and consent of instructor. Instructor: Noland. One course.

212S. A Digital Approach to Documentary Photography: Capturing Transience. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 209S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 212S, Education 209S, Information Science and Information Studies

213S. Large Format Photography. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 212S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 213S

216. Documentary Photography and the Southern Culture Landscape. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 215; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 215

217S. American Communities: A Photographic Approach. ALP, CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 233S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 397S, Visual and Media Studies 225S, Arts of the Moving Image, Policy Journalism and Media

219S. Photography. ALP, CZ An emphasis on how to see with the camera and ways of thinking about photographs. Class assignments accompanied by historical and theoretical readings, lectures, class discussions, and field trips. Final projects are a self-portrait series and an individual documentary essay. Prerequisites: camera and consent of instructor. Instructor: Noland. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies, Arts of the Moving Image

220. Painting. ALP Studio practice in painting with individual and group criticism and discussion of important historic or contemporary ideas. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 101, 199 and consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course.

221S. Alternative Photographic Processes. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 218S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 216S

222S. Intermediate Digital Photography. ALP Intermediate digital darkroom course. Development of coherent, well-edited body of work undergoing steady evolution over the semester, informed by relevant precedents from the recent history of photography and resulting in portfolio presentation. Includes local field trips. Digital cameras provided as needed. Pre-requisites: Visual Arts 115, 217S or 219S. Instructor: Noland. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image

223. Graphic Design in Multimedia: Theory and Practice. ALP Design history and theory. Lectures and projects focused on direct interaction with digitized elements of historically significant designs. Design elements and principles. Comparison of the language and tools of old and new media. Analysis of visual materials, discovering conceptual and stylistic connections, including Illustrator and Photoshop. Consent of instructor required. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 101. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 396

224. Printmaking: Silkscreen. ALP, R The silkscreen medium and its stencil-making processes including paper stencils, blockouts crayon, and photographic methods. Students develop a significant body of prints using these techniques. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 101 and consent of instructor. Instructor: Shatzman. One course.

225. Printmaking: Lithography. ALP, R Introduction to stone lithography and its drawing and printing methods. Includes both black and white and color printing. The methods and history of lithographic printing. Projects emphasize the development of visual images through this medium. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 101, 199 and consent of instructor. Instructor: Shatzman. One course.

226. Printmaking: Relief and Monotype. ALP, R Relief methods of woodcut and linoleum block printing and monotype techniques. Concentration on both the technical and historical aspects of the media and its expressive potentials. Students develop a significant body of prints using these techniques. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 101 and consent of instructor. Instructor: Shatzman. One course.

227. Printmaking: Intaglio. ALP, R Directed problems in the intaglio medium including etching, aquatint, drypoint, black and white, and color printing methods. Assigned projects emphasize conceptual issues supported by the medium. Students develop a significant body of prints through use of this medium. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 101, 199 and consent of instructor. Instructor: Shatzman. One course.

228S. Adapting Literature -- Producing Film. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 304S; also C-L: Documentary Studies 276S, Information Science and Information Studies

229S. Experimental Filmmaking. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 340S

230S. Collaborative Art: Practice and Theory of Working Within a Community. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 329S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 219S

232S. Small Town USA: Local Collaborations. ALP, CCI, R One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 230S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 389S, Visual and Media Studies 224S, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

233S. Costume Design. ALP, R One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 261S

234S. Scene Design. ALP, R One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 262S

235S. Lighting Design. ALP, R One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 263S; also C-L: Dance 276S

237. Book Art: Text as Image. ALP Investigates use of text as vehicle for communication and visual form within book format. Typography, interaction of writing and page design, history of typography, writing and printed page, use of written form as work of art, book design, binding and how text as visual element interacts with and becomes the image. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 101. Visual Arts 201 preferred. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Shatzman. One course.

238. Digital Printmaking: Exploring Photo Silkscreen and Photoshop. ALP Explore different facets of photo-silkscreen process through development of digital imagery using variety of digital approaches. Application of paralleling layering approaches found in image development and printing methods with image development in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator, combining handmade and photo-silkscreen stencil making methods. Different digital image making methods and silkscreen printing techniques in addition to serial image development. Pre-requisites: Visual Arts 101 required, Visual Arts 224 preferred. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Shatzman. One course.

239S. Gaming the System: Pervasive Gaming as Art. ALP, STS Explores the genre of pervasive or alternate reality gaming, in which the computer gameplay extends beyond typical screen spaces to any area of the player's life, often employing dispersed unconventional "real world" media, such as websites, emails, instant messaging, text messages, online videos, and even direct human interaction. Examines how blurring common distinctions between game and life opens new critical possibilities for artists. Engages students by designing and staging their own alternate reality game as a transformative social action. Open to undergraduates and graduate students. No prerequisites, though prior programming experience is helpful. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 273S, Visual and Media Studies 239S

240S. Color Photography: Fieldwork and Digital Color. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 236S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 227S

241S. The Photographic Essay: Narratives Through Pictures. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 239S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 399S

242L. Interactive Graphics: Critical Code. ALP, QS Introduction to interactive graphics programming for artists. Explores object-oriented programming via the Processing programming environment as well as historical and theoretical appreciation of interactivity and computer graphics as artistic mediums. Combines discussions of key concepts from the readings with hands-on Processing projects and critiques. No previous programming experience or prerequisites required. Enrollment limited to 15 students. Instructor: Alt. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 397L, Information Science and Information Studies 294L, Arts of the Moving Image 323, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

243. Painting. ALP Practice in painting. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

244. Photography. ALP Practice in photography. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

245. Multimedia. ALP Practice in multimedia. Permission of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

246. Drawing. ALP Practice in drawing. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

248S. Cinematography. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 355S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 260S, Documentary Studies 281S

249S. The Photobook: History and Practice. ALP, CCI, CZ Cultural, intellectual and artistic history and uses of the book in photographic practice. Traces technical, conceptual, formal innovations that mark international history of photography books through lectures/hands-on examination of key books, including lesser known innovations and uses of photobook in Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union and Japan. Marries historical awareness with studio practice. Simultaneous immersion in production of images as well as collecting of archives from various cultures. Crafting of photobooks in several genres as students edit, print, scan, assemble materials. Seminar includes readings, discussions, short writings, field trips. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Noland. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 350S

250S. Poverty and the Visual. ALP, CCI, CZ Relationship between art, visual culture, and poverty from the 1950s to the present across cultures. Readings, research, visual analyses, and production assignments based on a broader understanding of poverty as a philosophical, economic, social, and cultural concept. Instructor: Lasch. One course.

254S. Photography in Context. ALP, R One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 245S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 252S

255. Site, Situation, and Object: Sculpture and Architecture. ALP, R Studio course in which students are expected to produce a small series of closely related sculptural projects with an eye towards architectural concerns. Investigations into the mStudio course in which students are expected to produce a small series of closely related sculptural projects with an eye towards architectural concerns. Investigations into the making of objects and structures in human scale, set within a general context of engineering and the capturing or inhabiting of space. Programmatic considerations of site, shape, light, proportion, strength, tactility, spatial sequence and the surround. Instructor consent required. Prerequisite: ARTSVIS 210 or equivalent. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

258S. Electronic Music and Video Workshop. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Music 275S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 358S

269. Personal Geographics: Mapping Self-Identity. ALP, R Using mapping as structure of applying informational graphics, students explore aspects of visually charting self-identity. Through graphic design principles students investigate how to visually use mapping, signage and data to portray culture, history, ethnicity, memory relating to their individual backgrounds. Using traditionally based, digital media and typography students create digital images and artist book based on mapping addressing specific assignments using Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator and Indesign. ARTSVIS 54 prerequisite and some knowledge of Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator preferred. Instructor: Merrill Shatzman. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 270

290. Topics in Visual Arts. ALP Subject varies from year to year. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S. Special Topics in Visual Arts. ALP Subject varies from year to year. Instructor: Staff. One course.

325S. Visiting Filmmaker Master Courses: Special Topics. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 385S; also C-L: Documentary Studies 285S

326S. Film Animation Production. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 320S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 271S, Information Science and Information Studies

328. Animated Film: A History and Aesthetic. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 215; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 211

360A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Projects in Visual Arts. ALP, CCI Projects differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390S. Special Topics in Visual Arts. ALP Special Topics in Visual Arts. Subject varies from year to year. One course. Instructor: Staff. One course.

415S. Advanced Documentary Photography. ALP, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 415S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 398S, Visual and Media Studies 415S, Arts of the Moving Image, Policy Journalism and Media

450S. Advanced Narrative Production. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 450S

460S. Multimedia Documentary: Editing, Production, and Publication. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 460S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 460S

470S. Advanced Animation. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 460S

490S. Special Topics in the Visual Arts. ALP Subject varies from year to year. Instructor: Staff. One course.

491. Independent Study. Individual directed study in a field of visual practice on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a regular-rank faculty member, resulting in an academic and/or artistic product. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor Staff. One course.

492. Independent Study. Individual directed study in a field of visual practice on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a regular-rank faculty member, resulting in an academic and/or artistic product. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

498S. Senior Capstone in Visual Practice. ALP Capstone seminar focusing on advanced visual practice and theory, including the completion of a body of work and participation in a culminating exhibition. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. 510S. Body as the Computer. ALP, NS, R, STS Weekly discussions/lectures related to different disciplinary understandings of the body, exploring new computational and aesthetic paradigms for brain/mind/body/ environment relations, and working towards articulating bridging languages enabling researchers to talk across disciplines. Students required to participate in ongoing discussion, develop particular aspects of research and write a major research paper. Instructor: Seaman. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 510S, Information Science and Information Studies 666S, Arts of the Moving Image 622S

554S. Experimental Communities. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Interdisciplinary seminar examining visual culture and experimental social structures. Readings across academic spectrum focusing on alternative corporate models and workers' unions, early soviet social networks, neighborhood associations, anarchist communes, art collectives, minority alliances, reality TV, fan clubs and fundamentalist organizations, encouraging students to fuse theories of social change with practice to produce new social structures. Class productions may include research papers, performances, experimental theater, social actions, new media works, as well as conventional art forms. Work will be judged by its formal sophistication or aesthetic merits, its social or political relevance, and its engagement with methods of ethical inquiry studied throughout the semester. Consent of instructor required. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 554S, Sociology 636S

630. The Ongoing Moment: Presentations of Time in Still and Moving Images. ALP, R Project-driven studio course exploring time through video and still photography. Management, presentation and trace of time discussed in relation to various forms of art, augmented by examination of concepts of duration, aura, silence and thought as they pertain to still and moving images. Individual and group projects investigate various manifestations of stillness and movement in video and photography, with and without sound. Slices of time in both media examined for their properties of continuity, discontinuity and fissure, with emphasis on rendering meaning in and through time and space. Instructor consent required. Prerequisites: two 200-level or above photography or film production classes. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Noland. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 630

690S. Special Topics in the Visual Arts. ALP Subject varies from year to year. Instructor: Staff. One course.

VISUAL AND MEDIA STUDIES (VMS)

Visual Studies concerns all aspects of the production, circulation, and reception of visual images in culture, science, and society. Media Studies considers similar questions from the perspective of mass media as a social and cultural force through history. Taken together, these approaches engage students in the analysis of the rhetoric and expanded semiotics of images and their relationships to other media forms, both analog and digital, providing access to how meaning is socially, politically, and culturally constructed and received. Visual and Media Studies enables students to interpret the representations that shape the visual and conceptual constructs of a particular society, to consider how systems of media codes differ from culture to culture, and to think through how the symbolic constructions of life organize how one sees, understands, and participates in natural and social environments. Most importantly, establishing a clear connection between the theory and the practice of visuality and other media of expression are the foundations of Visual and Media Studies. In that light, students will both study and create visual and digital media as part of their coursework, and participate in individual or group capstone projects that include a media production dimension.

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary. Open only to first-year students. Instructor: Staff. One course.

102. Introduction to the Arts of the Moving Image. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 101; also C-L: Visual Arts 102, Information Science and Information Studies 111, Literature 111

103. Traditions in Documentary Studies. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 101

105. Fantasy, Mass Media, and Popular Culture. CCI, R, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 150; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 105, Documentary Studies, Policy Journalism and Media Studies, Study of Sexualities

106S. The Documentary Experience: A Video Approach. ALP, R, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 105S; also C-L: Cultural Anthropology 106S, Arts of the Moving Image 331S, History 125S, Political Science 105S, Public Policy Studies 170S, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

115. Introduction to Photography. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 115; also C-L: Visual Arts 115

130. Anthropology and Film. SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 130; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 104, Documentary Studies, Arts of the Moving Image, Marxism and Society

150. Introduction to Astronomy. NS One course. C-L: see Physics 134

160. Anthropology and the Motion Picture. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 160

170. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 170; also C-L: Sociology 160, Linguistics 170, Canadian Studies, International Comparative Studies, Arts of the Moving Image, Markets and Management Studies, Policy Journalism and Media Studies, Women's Studies

170D. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 170D; also C-L: Sociology 160D, Linguistics 170D

172. Artificial Life, Culture, and Evolution. QS, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 170; also C-L: Computer Science 107

180. Introduction to Cultural Studies. ALP One course. C-L: see Literature 150; also C-L: English 180, Arts of the Moving Image, Marxism and Society

190A. Duke Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in Visual Studies. ALP Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

195FS. Virtual Form and Space. ALP Studio course that explores various applications of virtual environments and specific 3D modeling techniques. Introduction to animation principles. Screenings, discussions, and lab. Open only to students in the Focus Program. Instructor: Salvatella de Prada. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 195FS, Information Science and Information Studies 195FS, Arts of the Moving Image 195FS

196FS. The Photobook: History & Practice. ALP, CZ Cultural, intellectual and artistic history and uses of the book in photographic practice. Traces technical, conceptual, formal innovations that mark international history of photography books through lectures/hands-on examination of key books, including lesser known innovations and uses of photobook in Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union and Japan. Marries historical awareness with studio practice. Simultaneous immersion in production of images as well as collecting of archives from various cultures. Crafting of photobooks in several genres as students edit, print, scan, assemble materials. Seminar includes readings, discussions, short writings, field trips. Focus Program only. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Noland. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 196FS

201. Book Art: Form and Function. ALP Studio course examining all aspects of bookmaking, including theories of bookmaking, designing and planning, typography, computer design, illustration, and binding. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 101 and 199 and consent of instructor. Instructor: Shatzman. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 201

203. Visualizing Cultural Dissent in Modernism, 1880-1945. ALP, CCI, CZ Interrelations of modernism and politics in a period of rapid social and technological change, rise of mass social movements, and political reaction on left and right. Development of new media in the form of prints and photography reflecting these changes and a variety of social movements and political positions by artists exploring a range of subjects, media, and exhibition venues from large-scale paintings in the annual state-sponsored salons to political satire in the press. Instructor: Leighten. One course. C-L: Art History 203, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

204S. Medicine and the Vision of Documentary Photography. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 206S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 377S

206. Digital Imaging. ALP Photoshop and Illustrator used to introduce single and serial images for print and web output. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 206, Documentary Studies, Information Science and Information Studies

207S. Children's Self Expression: Literacy Through Photography. EI, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 224S; also C-L: Education 244S

208. Art, Architecture, and Masquerade in Africa. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Major art forms, monuments, vernacular structures, and masking traditions in West, Central, and Southern Africa. From ancient times to the present. Instructor: Powell. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 228, Art History 379, International Comparative Studies 352

209. Representing Women in the Classical World. ALP, CCI, CZ, W The lives of women in the Classical world viewed through the visual culture of Classical art. Through images of women in statues, reliefs, coins, and painting, the course explores the role of visual representation in communicating complex social and political messages. Issues such as the construction of gender, the expression of power and status, the preservation of social hierarchies, the protection of normative values, and the manipulation and control of sexuality are considered. Instructor: Dillon. One course. C-L: Art History 215, Classical Studies 243

210S. Documenting Religion. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 338S; also C-L: Religion 251S, Cultural Anthropology 233S

211S. Children and the Experience of Illness. SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 202S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 395S

212S. A Digital Approach to Documentary Photography: Capturing Transience. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 209S; also C-L: Visual Arts 212S, Education 209S, Information Science and Information Studies

213S. Large Format Photography. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 212S; also C-L: Visual Arts 213S

215. Documentary Photography and the Southern Culture Landscape. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 215; also C-L: Visual Arts 216

216S. Alternative Photographic Processes. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 218S; also C-L: Visual Arts 221S

217S. Visual Research and the American Dream. ALP, R, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 221S; also C-L: Sociology 228S

218S. Sociology through Photography. ALP, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 227S; also C-L: Sociology 352S

219S. Collaborative Art: Practice and Theory of Working Within a Community. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 329S; also C-L: Visual Arts 230S

220S. Planning the Documentary Film: From Concept to Treatment. ALP, R One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 273S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 332S, Information Science and Information Studies

223. Melodrama East and West. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 211; also C-L: Women's Studies 279, International Comparative Studies 307

224S. Small Town USA: Local Collaborations. ALP, CCI, R One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 230S; also C-L: Visual Arts 232S, Public Policy Studies 389S, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

225S. American Communities: A Photographic Approach. ALP, CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 233S; also C-L: Visual Arts 217S, Public Policy Studies 397S, Arts of the Moving Image, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

227S. Color Photography: Fieldwork and Digital Color. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 236S; also C-L: Visual Arts 240S

228. Film and the African Diaspora. ALP, CCI, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 330; also C-L: Women's Studies 250, Arts of the Moving Image

229. Culture and Politics in Africa. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 340; also C-L: Cultural Anthropology 242, International Comparative Studies, Marxism and Society, International Comparative Studies

230. Black Popular Culture. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 331

231. Indian Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 251; also C-L: Literature 211, Arts of the Moving Image 253

232. Japanese Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 261; also C-L: Literature 213, Arts of the Moving Image 255

233. Religion in American Life. CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Religion 237

234. World of Korean Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 471; also C-L: Literature 212, Arts of the Moving Image 256

235. Modern Chinese Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 431; also C-L: Literature 214, Arts of the Moving Image 250

237. Global Chinese Cities through Literature and Film. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 233; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 302, Arts of the Moving Image 269

238S. Discourse of Disease and Infection. ALP, CCI, CZ, STS One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 409S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 404S, Arts of the Moving Image 215S

239S. Gaming the System: Pervasive Gaming as Art. ALP, STS Explores the genre of pervasive or alternate reality gaming, in which the computer gameplay extends beyond typical screen spaces to any area of the player's life, often employing dispersed unconventional "real world" media, such as websites, emails, instant messaging, text messages, online videos, and even direct human interaction. Examines how blurring common distinctions between game and life opens new critical possibilities for artists. Engages students by designing and staging their own alternate reality game as a transformative social action. Open to undergraduates and graduate students. No prerequisites, though prior programming experience is helpful. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 239S, Information Science and Information Studies 273S

240. Drama of Greece and Rome. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Classical Studies 304; also C-L: Theater Studies 227

241. Computer Graphics. QS One course. C-L: see Computer Science 344; also C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

242. History of Art Markets. R, SS, STS Analytical survey of emergence of art markets, interactions between market behavior(s), visual/media culture(s). Addresses questions regarding the nature of art markets, the specificity of art markets and the application of economic and historical methodologies, how and where players in local markets throughout the world shape visual culture(s), effective causes for art consumption, taste, fashion throughout ages, and methodological implications of art market research at interface of Economics, Art History, Law and Visual Studies. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Art History 231, Economics 344

247. Global Culture. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 210; also C-L: International Comparative Studies, Markets and Management Studies, Marxism and Society

248S. Political Economies of the Global Image. ALP, CCI, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Literature 335S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 247S, Women's Studies 249S, Cultural Anthropology 217S

250. Representing the Middle East. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 251; also C-L: Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 345, History 213, Turkish 372, International Comparative Studies 362, Islamic Studies, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

251. Representing Haiti. CCI, CZ, R, STS One course. C-L: see Romance Studies 345; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 215

252S. Photography in Context. ALP, R One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 245S; also C-L: Visual Arts 254S

253S. The Surface of the Earth. NS One course. C-L: see Earth and Ocean Sciences 203S

257. Aesthetics, Design, and Culture. One course. C-L: see Engineering 357

259S. The Arts in New York: A Thematic Approach. ALP, R, W One course. C-L: see English 312AS; also C-L: Theater Studies 213AS

260S. Cinematography. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 355S; also C-L: Documentary Studies 281S, Visual Arts 248S

261S. Moving Image Practice. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 301S; also C-L: Theater Studies 370S, Information Science and Information Studies

262A. History of Netherlandish Art in a European Context. ALP, CCI, CZ See Art History 506A. (Taught in the Netherlands.) Not open to students who have taken 506A-507A. Course credit contingent upon successful completion of Art History 263A. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Art History 262A, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 242A, International Comparative Studies

263A. History of Netherlandish Art in a European Context. ALP, CCI, CZ See Art History 507A. (Taught in the Netherlands.) Not open to students who have taken 506A-507A. Second half of Art History 262A-263A; required for credit for 262A. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Art History 263A, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 243A, International Comparative Studies

264. Contemporary Documentary Film: Filmmakers and the Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. ALP, CCI, STS One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 205; also C-L: Documentary Studies 270, Political Science 276, Public Policy Studies 374

265. History of Documentary Film. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 202; also C-L: Documentary Studies 107

266. Media History: Old and New. ALP, SS, STS Development of various media forms in historical and social contexts. Impact of old "new" media on established art, commerce, education, politics, entertainment from 19th c. on. Changing ideas about authenticity, authority, agency, reception, identity, and power relating to emerging media forms, production, circulation. Overlaps, disjunctures, convergences, persistences and antiquations via case studies and examples. Technologies include print publishing, photography, audio recording, film, telegraph, maps, exhibitions, architecture and installations alongside contemporary web, multimedia, database, game, virtual reality, and telepresence systems. Final rich media research project required. Instructor: Lenoir, Szabo. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 268

267. Film Genres. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 210; also C-L: Literature 220

268. American Film Comedy. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 211; also C-L: English 382, Literature 221

269. Documentary Photography and Film of the Nuclear Age. ALP, CZ, EI The role of photojournalism and documentary photographers in recording and communicating vital issues of the nuclear age including nuclear weapons testing and its effects, the environmental issues surrounding fallout and nuclear power-plant accidents, low-level waste disposal, and other human and environmental issues related to war, the technology of nuclear weapon and energy production and their cultural manifestations. Instructor: Stiles. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies, Documentary Studies, Arts of the Moving Image

270. Personal Geographics: Mapping Self-Identity. ALP, R Using mapping as structure of applying informational graphics, students explore aspects of visually charting self-identity. Through graphic design principles students investigate how to visually use mapping, signage and data to portray culture, history, ethnicity, memory relating to their individual backgrounds. Using traditionally based, digital media and typography students create digital images and artist book based on mapping addressing specific assignments using Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator and Indesign. ARTSVIS 54 prerequisite and some knowledge of Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator preferred. Instructor: Merrill Shatzman. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 269

271S. Film Animation Production. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 320S; also C-L: Visual Arts 326S, Information Science and Information Studies

272S. Motion Graphics in Film and Video. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 322S; also C-L: Visual Arts 236S

273S. Documentary Film/Video Theory and Practice . ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 330S; also C-L: Cultural Anthropology 355S, Documentary Studies

274S. Editing the TV Documentary: From Creativity to Collaboration to Negotiation. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 333S; also C-L: Documentary Studies 279S, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

276S. German Film. ALP, FL One course. C-L: see German 441S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 252S

279S. Freud's Vienna: Experiments in Modernity Around 1900. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL One course. C-L: see German 442S

280. German Film. ALP, CZ One course. C-L: see German 264; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image

280D. German Film. ALP, CZ One course. C-L: see German 264D; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 252D

283. Existentialist Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, STS One course. C-L: see German 386; also C-L: Theater Studies 372, Literature 218, Arts of the Moving Image 267, Arts of the Moving Image

284. Weimar and Nazi Germany. CZ, R One course. C-L: see History 289; also C-L: International Comparative Studies

285. Perspectives on Information Science and Information Studies. CZ, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 201

286S. Gender and Digital Culture. ALP, STS, W One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 340S; also C-L: Women's Studies 210S

287S. Constructing Immersive Virtual Worlds. QS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 270S; also C-L: Computer Science 102S

288. Fundamentals of Web-Based Multimedia Communications. ALP, QS, R One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 240; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 325, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

289. History and Concepts of Cinema. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 201; also C-L: Theater Studies 278, English 181, Literature 110, Documentary Studies 264, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

290. Special Topics in Visual Studies. ALP Subjects, areas, or themes that embrace a range of disciplines that relate to visual studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S. Special Topics in Visual Studies. ALP Subjects, areas, or themes that embrace a range of disciplines that relate to visual studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290-1. Gender and Sexuality in Japanese Anime Culture. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Literature 312

293. French Art and Visual Culture in the Early Modern Period. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Students proficient in French will be encouraged to do some of the reading in French. C-L: Art History 260. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Art History 260, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 237

295S. Sexualities in Film and Video. ALP One course. C-L: see Literature 315S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 220S, Study of Sexualities

297. International Popular Culture. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Literature 370; also C-L: International Comparative Studies, Arts of the Moving Image, Latin American Studies

298. Film Theory. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Literature 316; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 203, Women's Studies

299. Aesthetics: The Philosophy of Art. ALP, CZ One course. C-L: see Philosophy 202

301D. Introduction To Visual Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ Survey of visual culture, from issues of production, circulation and reception to how visual media have historically exerted power, elicited desire, and constructed social experience. Topics include: how photography, television, film, video, Internet, advertising, comics, and other imagery code vision and inscribe race, gender, sexuality and class differences, and dominate nature and animals; how the gaze links cultural performativity, from the coliseum to shopping malls and museums to sports events; and how the rhetoric and semiotics of representation provide access to ways in which visual meaning is socially, politically, and culturally produced and obtained.(Team-taught.) Instructor: Olson, Stiles. One course.

302. Philosophy of Mind. CZ, R One course. C-L: see Philosophy 212; also C-L: Linguistics 208, Information Science and Information Studies

303. History of Photography, 1839 to the Present. ALP, CCI, CZ Major artists and movements in the history of the photographic medium, including visual and critical traditions inherited and manipulated by photographers, the ways photography participated in nineteenth- and twentieth-century art movements as well as documentation and social change, and critical photographic discourse throughout this period. Topics include the invention of photography, 'Art' photography and documentary photography in the nineteenth century, pictorialism, 'straight' and purist photography, photography and modernist art movements (dada, surrealism, Bauhaus, Russian avant-garde), twentieth-century documentary, and photography of the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. Instructor: Leighten. One course. C-L: Art History 303, Documentary Studies, Arts of the Moving Image

303S. This Is Your Brain on the Internet. ALP, EI, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 225S

304. Media and National Security. SS, STS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 364; also C-L: Policy Journalism and Media Studies

305S. Television Journalism. SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 365S; also C-L: Policy Journalism and Media Studies 365S, Information Science and Information Studies, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

306S. Magazine Journalism. SS, W One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 366S; also C-L: Documentary Studies 356S, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

307S. News Writing and Reporting. R, SS, W One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 367S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

308. Italian Cinema. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Italian 380; also C-L: Literature 215, Arts of the Moving Image 254, Theater Studies 276

309. French Cinema. ALP, CCI, FL One course. C-L: see French 412; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 251

310. World War II and French Film. CCI, CZ, EI, FL One course. C-L: see French 413; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 261, History 295

311. Comics and Culture: Images of Modern France in the Making. ALP, CCI, FL One course. C-L: see French 414

312. Yesterday's Classics/Today's Movies. ALP, CCI, FL One course. C-L: see French 415; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 262

313. Contemporary Culture Wars. CCI, CZ, EI, FL One course. C-L: see French 416

314S. French Films/American Masks. ALP, CCI, FL One course. C-L: see French 420S

316S. Mexicana Throught from North and South: Writing, Art, Film. ALP, CCI, FL One course. C-L: see Spanish 435S

317S. Russian Language and Culture through Film. CCI, FL, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Russian 373S

318. Eastern Europe in Transition: Markets, Media, and the Mafia. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see Russian 350; also C-L: Sociology 221, International Comparative Studies 270, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

319S. Russian Language and Culture through Film II. ALP, CCI, FL, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Russian 374S

320A. Contemporary Russian Media. CCI, EI, FL, SS One course. C-L: see Russian 223A; also C-L: International Comparative Studies, Arts of the Moving Image

321. Contemporary Russian Culture: Detective Novels and Film. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL One course. C-L: see Russian 377

322. Art and Dissidence: The Films of Tarkovsky, Kubrick, Kurosawa, and Lynch. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Russian 382; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 265, Arts of the Moving Image

323. American Drama and Film: 1945-1960. ALP One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 270

324. American Drama and Film Since 1960. ALP One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 271

325L. Optics and Photonics. NS One course. C-L: see Electrical and Computer Engineering 340L

326. Representing Slavery. ALP, CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 314; also C-L: Cultural Anthropology 314, International Comparative Studies 212

327S. Theories of Visual and Media Studies. ALP Survey of visual and media studies theories. Development of analytical methods to critically engage with analog and digital visual media production, circulation and consumption in a global context. Overview of the historical development of visual studies and media studies as distinct critical fields with intellectual ties to cultural studies, art history, philosophy, sociology, literature, communications, and information science. Exploration of contemporary convergences between visual and media studies, in dialog with scientific visualization, cognitive neuroscience, and quantitative approaches to image processing. Course required for VMS majors. Prior completion of VMS 100D recommended. Instructor consent required. Instructors: Olson, Szabo, Weisenfeld. One course.

328S. Media Theory. STS One course. C-L: see Literature 317; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 204S, Information Science and Information Studies 214S

330. Gender and Popular Culture. CCI, SS, W One course. C-L: see Women's Studies 362

331S. Gender and Popular Culture. CCI, SS, W One course. C-L: see Women's Studies 362S

333S. Approaches to French Literature and Theory. ALP, CCI, FL, W One course. C-L: see French 306S

334. Roman Spectacle. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Gladiatorial games, wild beast hunts, elaborately-staged executions of condemned criminals, and chariot racing as some of the most popular forms of public entertainment in the Roman world. The ritual of these entertainments and spectacles, the circumstances of and occasions for their performance, and the form and elaboration of the venues - the amphitheater, the circus, the theater, and the stadium - in which they took place. Visual and literary representations of these spectacles. Instructor: Dillon. One course. C-L: Classical Studies 354

335. The Art of Medieval Southern Italy. ALP, CCI, CZ, R The art and architecture of southern Italy from the ninth through the fourteenth centuries. The wide range of cultural influences and mixtures of populations that characterized the Kingdom of Sicily and the impact of these rich and diverse importations on the art and architecture of the southern part of the peninsula. Special importance placed on the Islamic contribution to Italian art and its development under the Norman kings of Sicily. Instructor: Bruzelius. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 220

336. Pilgrimage and Tourism. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, W Investigation of pilgrimage and tourist destinations (Jerusalem, Rome, Santiago, Orlando, New York) from the Middle Ages to the present through a study of their material remains, primary sources and theoretical texts. Discussion of the moral and ethical issues involved in marketing authenticity from a cross-cultural and comparative perspective. Evaluation based on weekly student written assessments of the texts and the presentation of a pilgrimage site of their choice. Instructor: Wharton. One course. C-L: Religion 260

338. Paris: A City and its Culture 1850 - 1930. ALP, CCI, CZ The development of Paris, from the major remodeling initiated under the Second Empire to the advent of modern style in the interwar years, focusing on the changes in architecture and planning which transformed the French capital into a model of urban modernity. The city as a physical environment that has to be understood in terms of varied populations, transport systems, economic activities, and cultural representations. The role played by visual arts in shaping the city, recording its appearance and interpreting its meanings, together with Paris's role as a environment favoring cultural production and exchange. Instructor: McWilliam. One course.

339. Print Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ Survey of the modern image-based print culture in its technological advancements and social impact, including case studies of key moments and exemplary aesthetic expressions in the history of image reproduction on paper. Topics include early woodcut illustrations; subsequent printmaking projects; the carte-de-visite; European fin-de-siècle popularity of poster art and Japanese woodcuts; twentieth-century photography and printmaking collectives in the Americas; and the photogravure's role in the rise of the pictorial magazine. Instructor: Powell. One course.

340. History of the Museum. ALP, CCI, CZ, R The purposes and functions of the museum as a Western institution from precursors to the present. The architecture, display practices, and pedagogical goals of art, natural history, and other museums. The incorporation of non-Western visual culture and the globalization of the museum in the contexts of colonialism and modernism. Comparative study of the treatment of Western and non-Western objects. Critical theory, aesthetics, and museum practices in terms of visual studies. Field research in museums required. Instructor: Abe. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

341. Chinese Visual Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Introduction to visual culture produced in China from the Neolithic period to the present including archaeological discoveries of burials, tombs, temples, and palaces, the literati arts of calligraphy and painting, architecture, popular visual production, film, and fashion with attention to the role of overseas Chinese in recent history. Instructor: Abe. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

342. Contemporary Japanese Visual Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ, W Introduction to the art and visual culture of contemporary Japan concentrating on the postwar period, particularly 1980s to present. Performance art, installations, graphic and industrial design, photography, fashion, animation, and comics (manga). The transnational spread of popular culture within the Asia-Pacific region and the cross-cultural exchanges between East and West; the relationship between high art and popular culture; the impact of economic globalization and consumerism on visual culture. Instructor: Weisenfeld. One course.

344. Global Performance Art: History/Theory from 1950's to Present. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Performance Art History/Theory explores cultural experimentation, theoretical strategies, and ideological aims of performance art internationally; examines interchanges between artists' theories of performance, stylistic development, and impact in the context of cultural criticism and art history; traces interdisciplinary genealogies of performance globally; thinks about the body as a vehicle for aesthetic expression, communication, and information in its critique of social and political conditions; studies performance and gender, sexuality, race, and class; asks how performance alters the semiotics of visual culture and contributes to a paradigm shift from modernism to postmodernism. Instructor: Stiles. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 275, Literature 222, Theater Studies 235, Women's Studies 276

345. Cultural History of the Televisual. ALP, CZ, STS Critical history of the "televisual" in the American visual culture mediascape, broadcast television, cable television, and contemporary convergences with new media technologies, emphasizing social conceptions of television, and their influence on how the medium has emerged as a cultural, technological, and visual apparatus; consideration of the economic and social forces unfolding in the context of the televisual, examining the social forces shaping the development of television from its inception in the 1940s to the present-day. Instructor: Olson. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 283, Arts of the Moving Image 207, Policy Journalism and Media

346S. Visual Cultures of Medicine. ALP, STS Exploration of the visual culture(s) of medicine. The changing role of diagnostic visuality and medical imaging from various philosophical and historical perspectives. The connections between medical ways of seeing and other modes of visuality, photography, cinema, television, computer graphics. The circulation of medical images and images of medicine in popular culture as well as in professional medical cultures. Instructor: Olson. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 279S

347. Digital Perspectives: Navigating the Digital Visual. ALP, STS Extensive readings and online viewing of digital media. Discussion of social and cultural ramifications of particular digital forms. Authorship potentials including interactive text and media, interactive video, interactive music, and new form of combinatorial relational databases, locative media (media that is tied to particular locations via GPS), virtual reality, and augmented reality spaces. Empirical research, social interaction and technological potentials examined. Instructor: Seaman. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 285

348. Visual Culture and Photography. ALP How photographers create, document, and reflect visual culture, beginning with James Agee's notion of a photographer "ordering the façade" to interpretations, reflections, and comments on visual expressions in local landscapes and fieldwork. Instructor: Rankin. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 203

349. Advanced Visual Practice. ALP Interdisciplinary course focusing on student productions. Mixing of new and traditional disciplines (multimedia), and visual manifestations of knowledge from the wider field of visual studies, as well as areas normally considered outside art encouraged. Any number of media accepted, including concentration in just one. Embraces international contemporary art, as well as the multiple expressions of visual society. Prerequisites: at least one 200-level Visual Arts class, and at least one Art History course or equivalent work. Instructor: Lasch. One course.

350S. The Photobook: History and Practice. ALP, CCI, CZ Cultural, intellectual and artistic history and uses of the book in photographic practice. Traces technical, conceptual, formal innovations that mark international history of photography books through lectures/hands-on examination of key books, including lesser known innovations and uses of photobook in Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union and Japan. Marries historical awareness with studio practice. Simultaneous immersion in production of images as well as collecting of archives from various cultures. Crafting of photobooks in several genres as students edit, print, scan, assemble materials. Seminar includes readings, discussions, short writings, field trips. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Noland. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 249S

351. 3D Modeling and Animation. ALP Basic concepts of 3D modeling and animation; fundamentals of computer geometry; knowledge of basic tools of 3D software (Maya); introduction to modeling, animation, texturing, lighting, and rendering; combination of these techniques in a final project. Prerequisite: Visual and Media Studies 206 or 396 and consent of instructor. Instructor: Salvatella de Prada. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 209

354S. Poetic Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 311S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 266S

355. America Dreams, American Movies. ALP One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 272; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 212

355S. Foundations of Interactive Game Design. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 355S

356S. Digital Humanities: Theory and Practice. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 360S

357S. Digital Storytelling. ALP, STS, W One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 351S; also C-L: Literature 224S

358S. Digital Durham. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 356S; also C-L: Education 356S

359. Introduction to Global Los Angeles: An Interdisciplinary Survey. ALP For students enrolled in the Duke in Los Angeles program. To explore Los Angeles as the model for a new global (visual) culture. Approaches include visual studies, art (installation, video, sculpture, murals, performance, theater, and music), ethnic studies, urbanism, environmental studies, public policy, history of social movements, border studies, immigration, and language acquisition. Class discussions, field trips, and independent research involved. Final project in lieu of final exam. Instructor: Gabara. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 283, Literature 230A

366. Media Remix: Sampling Theory. ALP, EI, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 365

371S. Gender, Sexuality, and the Image. ALP, CCI, R, SS, W One course. C-L: see Women's Studies 371S; also C-L: Study of Sexualities 371S

390A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Visual Studies. ALP Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

391. Independent Study. Directed reading in a field of special interest, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in a substantive paper or report. Open to qualified students in the junior year, by consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

392. Independent Study. See Visual and Media Studies 391. Open to qualified students in the junior year, by consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

393. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open to qualified students in the junior year, by consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

394. Research Independent Study. R See Visual and Media Studies 393. Open to qualified students in the junior year, by consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

395LS. Virtual Form and Space. Studio course that explores various applications of virtual environments and specific 3D modeling techniques. Introduction to animation principles. Screenings, discussions, and lab. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 199 and consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 208LS, Arts of the Moving Image 321LS, Visual Arts 208LS

396. Graphic Design in Multimedia: Theory and Practice. ALP Design history and theory. Lectures and projects focused on direct interaction with digitized elements of historically significant designs. Design elements and principles. Comparison of the language and tools of old and new media. Analysis of visual materials, discovering conceptual and stylistic connections, including Illustrator and Photoshop. Consent of instructor required. Prerequisites: Visual Arts 101. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 223

397L. Interactive Graphics: Critical Code. ALP, QS Introduction to interactive graphics programming for artists. Explores object-oriented programming via the Processing programming environment as well as historical and theoretical appreciation of interactivity and computer graphics as artistic mediums. Combines discussions of key concepts from the readings with hands-on Processing projects and critiques. No previous programming experience or prerequisites required. Enrollment limited to 15 students. Instructor: Alt. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 294L, Arts of the Moving Image 323, Visual Arts 242L, Policy Journalism and Media

412S. Cultures of New Media. ALP, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 434S; also C-L: Literature 412S

415S. Advanced Documentary Photography. ALP, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 415S; also C-L: Visual Arts 415S, Public Policy Studies 398S, Arts of the Moving Image, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

433S. 20th Century Latin American Photography. CCI, CZ, FL One course. C-L: see Spanish 433S; also C-L: Art History 433S, International Comparative Studies 459S, Latin American Studies

460S. Multimedia Documentary: Editing, Production, and Publication. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 460S; also C-L: Visual Arts 460S

470S. Advanced Documentary Filmmaking. One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 470S; also C-L: Documentary Studies 470S, Public Policy Studies 383S, Information Science and Information Studies

471. Financial Markets and Investment. QS, SS One course. C-L: see Economics 471

490S. Special Topics in Visual and Media Studies. ALP An advanced investigation of major concepts and principles in visual and media studies and/or theories of visual and media studies. Contents and methods vary with instructors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

491. Independent Study. Directed reading in a field of special interest, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in a substantive paper or report. Open only to qualified students in the senior year. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

492. Independent Study. See Visual and Media Studies 491. Open only to qualified students in the senior year. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

493. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open to qualified students in the senior year. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

494. Research Independent Study. R See Visual and Media Studies 493. Open only to qualified students in the senior year. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

499S. Theories of Visual Studies. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Capstone seminar focusing on advanced visual studies theories, as well as individual senior projects undertaken as a written research paper or visual production. Consent of instructor required. Prerequisite: Visual and Media Studies 100D and 103S. Instructor: Abe, Olson, Stiles, Weisenfeld. One course.

506A. History of Netherlandish Art and Visual Culture in a European Context. ALP, CCI, CZ, R A contextual study of visual culture in the Greater Netherlands and its underlying historical and socioeconomic assumptions from the late medieval to early modern period, through immediate contact with urban cultures, such as Amsterdam, Leiden, Utrecht, Brussels, Ghent, Bruges, and Antwerp. Includes daily visits to major museums, buildings, and sites; hands-on research in various collections; discussion sessions with leading scholars in the field; and a critical introduction to various research strategies. (Taught in the Netherlands.) Not open to students who have taken Art History 262A-263A. Course credit contingent upon completion of Art History 507A. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Art History 506A, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 504A, International Comparative Studies

507A. History of Netherlandish Art and Visual Culture in a European Context. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Second half of Art History 506A-507A; required for credit for 506A. (Taught in the Netherlands.) Not open to students who have taken Art History 262A-263A. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Art History 507A, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 505A, International Comparative Studies

510S. Body as the Computer. ALP, NS, R, STS Weekly discussions/lectures related to different disciplinary understandings of the body, exploring new computational and aesthetic paradigms for brain/mind/body/ environment relations, and working towards articulating bridging languages enabling researchers to talk across disciplines. Students required to participate in ongoing discussion, develop particular aspects of research and write a major research paper. Instructor: Seaman. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 666S, Visual Arts 510S, Arts of the Moving Image 622S

512S. Performing Gender/Exhibiting Race. ALP, R Studying intersections of race/gender in art since 1945 with host of visual subjects and methodological strategies. Examines works by e.g. Barkley L. Hendricks, David Hammons, Adrian Piper, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Faith Ringgold, Kara Walker. Traces theorizing gender/race through historical documents and contemporary writings. Focus on images in documentary and fine art photography; silent and sound film; broadcast television and video art past/present. Assorted critical writings on mass media imagery. Opportunities for introduction of artists, art works, issues external to syllabus. Instructor: Powell. One course.

523S. Imaging a Nation: Japanese Visual Culture 1868-1945. ALP, CCI, CZ Focusing on various visual representations of Japanese national identity at home and abroad during the empire; contending interpretations of "Japaneseness" and changing discourses on Japanese aesthetics in relation to broader historical developments; examining cultural production, exhibition practices, patronage, nationalism, neo-traditionalism, Pan-Asianism, and the role of visual culture under imperialism. Instructor: Weisenfeld. One course.

524S. AfroFuturism. ALP One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 620S; also C-L: Dance 535S, Theater Studies 535S

533S. Live Images: Ancient and Medieval Representations of the Divine. ALP, CCI, CZ, W The study of ancient and medieval works--speaking statues, miraculous icons, moving paintings. Seminar address questions of artistic and pictorial agency. Readings include theoretical texts, primary sources, and historical studies. Instructor: Wharton and Dillon. One course. C-L: Religion 552S, Classical Studies 558S, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 507S

551LS. Wired! New Representational Technologies. ALP, CZ, STS Research and study in material culture and the visual arts expressed by using new visual technologies to record and communicate complex sets of visual and physical data from urban and/or archaeological sites. Introduces techniques for the presentation and interpretation of visual material through a series of interpretative and reconstructive technologies, including the development of web-pages (HTML/Dreamweaver), Photoshop, Illustrator, Google Sketch-up, Google Maps, and Flash. To develop techniques of interpretation and representation. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Brady, Bruzelius, Dillon, or Olson. One course.

552. Citizen Godard. ALP, CCI, W One course. C-L: see French 510; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 642

553S. From Caricature to Comic Strip. ALP, CCI, CZ, R History of caricature as a medium for political critique and social comment from the eighteenth century to the present, focusing on England, France, Germany, and the United States. Languages of graphic satire in the context of specific historical moments, from the War of Independence to the war in Iraq; history of popular journalism and the comic press; censorship and agitation for press freedom; growth of specialized juvenile graphic magazines and the development of the strip cartoon. Instructor: McWilliam. One course.

554S. Experimental Communities. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Interdisciplinary seminar examining visual culture and experimental social structures. Readings across academic spectrum focusing on alternative corporate models and workers' unions, early soviet social networks, neighborhood associations, anarchist communes, art collectives, minority alliances, reality TV, fan clubs and fundamentalist organizations, encouraging students to fuse theories of social change with practice to produce new social structures. Class productions may include research papers, performances, experimental theater, social actions, new media works, as well as conventional art forms. Work will be judged by its formal sophistication or aesthetic merits, its social or political relevance, and its engagement with methods of ethical inquiry studied throughout the semester. Consent of instructor required. One course. C-L: Sociology 636S, Visual Arts 554S

555S. Black Visual Theory. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, R Approaches to studying and theorizing of African diasporal arts and black subjectivity, with a special emphasis on art historiography, iconology, and criticism, and a particular focus on slavery, emancipation, freedom, and cultural nationalism, as pertaining to peoples of African descent and as manifested in such visual forms as paintings, sculptures, graphics, and media arts from the early modern period to the present, as well as the political edicts, philosophical tracts, autobiographies, and theoretical writings of individuals similarly preoccupied with these ideas. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Powell. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 589S

556S. Latin American Modernism and Visual Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Early twentieth-century modernist movements in Spanish America, Brazil, and the Caribbean. Topics include: race, primitivism, and indigenism; gender; theory of the avant-garde; peripheral modernity; and nationalism, regionalism, and cosmopolitanism. Instructor: Gabara. One course. C-L: Latin American Studies

557S. Trauma in Art, Literature, Film, and Visual Culture. ALP, CZ, EI Theories of trauma applied to visual representations of violence, destruction, and pain in contemporary art, film, and literature, examining the topic through multiple subjects from the Holocaust, cults, gangs, racism, and sexual abuse to cultures of trauma. Theories of trauma examined from a variety of sources including clinical psychology, cultural and trauma studies, art, film, and literature, aiming to enable students to gain the visual acuity to identify, understand, and respond to traumatic images with empathy. Not open to students who have previously taken this course as Art History 295S. Instructor: Stiles. One course.

558S. Spatial Practices. ALP, CCI, CZ, R How space works from medieval refectories to Starbucks, from Jerusalem to Las Vegas, from mikvaot to hot spring spas. Consideration of space through theoretical texts, including Lefebvre, Habermas, Eliade, Zizek, and mapped on specific historical landscapes. Consent of instructor required: preference given to students earning concentration in architecture. Instructor: Wharton. One course.

559S. Urbanism. ALP, CCI, CZ Introduction to urbanism through considerations of the political, social and economic forces that model urban space. Assessment of the expression in urban topography of state power, disempowered communities, competing ethnicities, religious groups. Readings include canonical works of urban history (Vitruvius, Jacobs), theory (Benjamin, Lefebvre), novels and media (Visconti, Zola).] Instructor: Wharton. One course.

560S. Poverty of the Visual. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Interdisciplinary seminar on the relationship between visuality and poverty from 1945 to the present. Theorizes visual culture through an examination of the forms of knowledge produced by impoverished populations. Uses philosophical and perceptual methods to explore the limits and limitations of visuality as it applies to science, ethics, the humanities, and the arts. Readings in the humanities and social sciences focus on issues related to lack, scarcity, absence, minimalism, and invisibility. Students encouraged to fuse theory and practice in research presentations and visual productions. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Lasch. One course.

561S. Critical Studies in New Media. ALP, R, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 650S; also C-L: Literature 621S, Art History 537S, Arts of the Moving Image, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

562S. Technology and New Media: Academic Practice. SS, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 540S; also C-L: Art History 536S

563. Media and Democracy. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 674; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

564S. Emergent Embodied Interface Design. ALP, STS Seminar exploring issues surrounding embodied approaches to interface design, including bio-memetics; haptic body knowledge; multi-modal sensing; physical computing; physical | digital relationships; networked relations; the potentials of virtual space and different qualities of space, both visual and sonic; as well as database potentials, and emergent generative methodologies for creating works of art, drawings, and diagrams related to these subjects. Instructor: Seaman. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 564S, Arts of the Moving Image 620S

565S. New Media, Memory, and the Visual Archive. ALP, STS Explores impact of new media on the nature of archives as technologies of cultural memory and knowledge production. Sustained engagement with major theorists of the archive through the optics of "media specificity" and the analytical resources of visual studies. Themes include: storage capacity of media; database as cultural form; body as archive; new media and the documentation of "everyday life;" memory, counter-memory, and the politics of the archive; archival materiality and digital ephemerality. Primary focus on visual artifacts (image, moving image) with consideration of the role of other sensory modalities in the construction of individual, institutional and collective memory. Instructor: Olson. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 565S, Policy Journalism and Media

566S. How They Got Game: History and Culture of Interactive Simulations and Video Games. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 510S

567S. Art and Markets. ALP, CCI, R, SS Cross-disciplinary art history-visual culture-economics seminar. Analytical and applied historical exploration of cultural production and local art markets, and their emergence throughout Europe, Asia, and the Americas. Criteria for valuation of imagery or what makes art as a commodity desirable or fashionable. Visual taste formation, consumer behavior, and the role of art dealers as cross-cultural negotiants. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Van Miegroet. One course. C-L: Art History 508S, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 506S, Economics 321S, Markets and Management Studies

568S. Digital Places and Spaces: Mirror, Hybrid, and Virtual Worlds. ALP, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 660S

569S. Information Archeology: Studies in the Nature of Information and Artifact in the Digital Environment. SS, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 680S; also C-L: Art History 542S

590S. Special Topics in Visual Studies. ALP Subjects, areas, or themes that embrace a range of disciplines related to visual studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

625S. Comparative Media Studies. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Literature 625S; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 615S  

THE MAJOR

The student will elect a sequence of courses emphasizing the history of art, visual arts, visual and media studies, or the combined major in art history/visual arts.

Art History

Major Requirements. The major in art history requires at least eleven courses, eight of which are at the 200-level or above. Both introductory art history courses, Art History 101D and 102D (Survey of Art), are required, as well as Visual Arts 101 (Introduction to Visual Practice). The other eight courses must include at least one course in each of the following five areas: ancient, medieval, Renaissance/Baroque, modern, and non-western, and may include two courses in Visual and Media  Studies. One of the eleven courses must be a 500-699-level seminar.

The requirements and prerequisites for the major can be satisfied by courses taken at other institutions or abroad, but no more than two courses taken away from Duke may count towards the major. Further courses are available for credit at North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Students planning to attend graduate school should consider taking two 500-699-level seminars: Art History 543S (Methodology of Art History), and a second seminar in the same field as a 200-level course already taken by the student. For example, Art History 255 (Art in Renaissance Italy), is a logical preparation for Art History 590S-4 (Topics in Italian Renaissance Art). Two years of a foreign language at the college level are strongly recommended. Students interested in preparing for graduate work in architecture should supplement their major requirements with the following courses: Visual Arts 101 and 199; Mathematics 111L, 112L, and 212; and/or Physics 141L or 142L; and/or Civil and Environmental Engineering 311 or 411. No more than two approved courses taken away from Duke (at other institutions or abroad) may count toward the requirements of the major.

Concentration in Architecture

The department offers a B.A. degree in art history with a Concentration in Architecture. Certification of this concentration is designated on the official transcript. Thirteen courses are required in four broad areas: (1) Either Art History 491/493 or 492/494 on a subject approved by the concentration in architecture advisor, or a relevant 500-699-level seminar; (2) seven additional courses in Art History, including at least three of the following: Art History 225, 226, 258, 382, 285 or 286D, or topics courses that focus on space or architecture in Visual and Media Studies or Art History; (3) two courses in the Visual Arts, including Visual Arts 100; (4) three courses in Mathematics, Physics, and/or Engineering courses that offer or require advanced math or physics skills (recommended courses include Mathematics 111L, 112L, and 212; Physics 141L or 142L; Civil and Environmental Engineering 311 or 411). Distribution requirements for the major must be fulfilled.

Visual Arts

Major Requirements. The major in visual arts requires at least eleven courses including Visual Arts 101 (Introduction to Visual Practice); seven courses in Visual Arts at the 200-level or above, including at least one course in three of the following: painting, printmaking, sculpture, graphic design, photography, film/video/digital; and two courses either in Art History and/or Visual and Media Studies. All senior visual arts majors are also required to take Visual Arts 498S (Senior Capstone in Visual Arts) during their final spring semester at Duke. Students are highly encouraged to enroll in an independent study during their junior or senior year as one of their upper-level requirements, and prior to their Senior Capstone experience.

The requirements and prerequisites for the major can be satisfied by courses taken at other institutions or abroad, but no more than two courses taken away from Duke may count towards the major. Further courses are available for credit at North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Visual and Media Studies

Major Requirements. The Visual and Media Studies major requires thirteen courses, at least eight of which must be at the 200-level or above. Courses required for the major include: Visual and Media Studies 301D (Introduction to Visual Culture), Visual and Media Studies 327S (Theories of Visual and Media Studies) and the capstone course Visual and Media Studies 499S (Visual and Media Studies Capstone), as well as ten additional courses to be divided as follows: two courses in visual and media history or art history; two courses in visual and media practice; three Visual and Media Studies electives; and three previously approved cross-listed courses in another department.

The requirements and prerequisites for the major can be satisfied by courses taken at other institutions or abroad, but no more than two courses taken away from Duke may count towards the major. Further courses are available for credit at North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

COMBINED MAJOR IN ART HISTORY/VISUAL ARTS

Major Requirements. A combined major in Art History and Visual Arts requires at least fourteen courses. These include: Visual Arts 199 (Drawing) and Art History 101D or 102D (Survey of Art); and twelve upper-level courses. The twelve upper-level courses are to be divided as follows:

Art History: Six upper-level courses distributed across the fields of ancient, medieval, Renaissance/Baroque, modern, and non-western (pre-Columbian, African, Asian). Students must take at least one course in four of these five areas. At least one of these courses must be a 500-699-level seminar.

Visual Arts: Six 200-level courses including a minimum of one course in at least three of the following primary areas of instruction: film/video/digital, graphic design, painting, photography, printmaking, and sculpture. Students are encouraged to enroll as seniors in an independent study and, during the spring of that year, in Visual Arts 390S (Special Topics in Visual Arts).

Departmental Graduation with Distinction

The department offers work leading to graduation with distinction. See the section on honors in this bulletin.

THE MINOR

Two transfer courses may count toward the requirements for the minor; courses taken pass/fail or Advanced Placement credits do not count towards the minor.

Art History

Requirements: Five courses in art history at the 200 level or above.

Photography

Requirements: Five courses at the 200 level or above, with the following courses required: Visual Arts 214(Introductory Photography); Art History 303(History of Photography, 1839 to the Present); and Visual Arts 492 (Individual Project).

Visual Arts

Requirements: Five courses in visual arts at the 200 level or above.

Visual and Media Studies

Requirements: Five courses to be distributed as follows: any three courses at the 200 level or above in visual and media studies and any two courses in any cross-listed discipline previously approved for the visual and media studies major.

Associate Professor Abe, Director

A certificate, but not a major, is available in this program

The Program in the Arts of the Moving Image provides students with the opportunity to study, analyze, and create film, video, television, digital media, and emergent computational art forms. Courses are taught in both arts of the moving image studies and arts of the moving image practice. Students may concentrate in one of these areas, or take courses in both.

ARTS OF THE MOVING IMAGE STUDIES

 Students develop critical understanding of the history, theory, and art form of cinema and computational media technologies. Courses offered in arts of the moving image studies include introduction to film, documentary film, film history, national cinemas, and new media. Course credit is also available for internships.

ARTS OF THE MOVING IMAGE PRACTICE

Students gain expertise in a wide range of technologies, from analog film creation and cell animation to digital video creation, motion graphics and computational programming. Courses offered in arts of the moving image practice include narrative, animation, documentary and experimental filmmaking, and interactive media. Independent Study credit is also available for individual projects for advanced students, but no more than two may count towards the certificate.  

CERTIFICATE REQUIREMENTS

Students must take a minimum of six courses, which must include at least one gateway course, either Introduction to Arts of the Moving Image (Arts of the Moving Image 101),  History and Concepts of Cinema (Arts of the Moving Image 201), or Moving Image Practice (Arts of the Moving Image 301S), and the  Arts of the Moving Image Capstone Course (Arts of the Moving Image 499S). . Additionally students must take at least one arts of the moving image practice course, which may include Arts of the Moving Image 301S, and one arts of the moving image studies course, which may include Arts of the Moving Image101 or Arts of the Moving Image 201, plus three other arts of the moving image courses. For the certificate, students may take no more than three courses originating in a single department or program, other than those originating in the Program in the Arts of the Moving Image.  

SCREEN SOCIETY

Arts of the Moving Image organizes and coordinates Screen/Society, an academically integrated program of public film and video screenings, sometimes accompanied by lectures, discussions, or filmmaker visits. Screen Society's mission is to advance the academic study of moving image culture at Duke by collaborating with schools, departments and programs throughout the University to relate film, video, and digital art to other disciplines, and to provide a venue for works from around the world.

ARTS OF THE MOVING IMAGE STUDIES COURSES

89S. First-Year Seminar. ALP Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

101. Introduction to the Arts of the Moving Image. ALP Examination of critical concepts in arts of the moving image from various perspectives. Spanning both traditional cinema and emergent fields. Emphasis on technology in relation to history and viewership. Exercises in film and digital production as well as theoretical writing. Instructor: Gatten. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 102, Visual Arts 102, Information Science and Information Studies 111, Literature 111

190A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in Film and Video. Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

195FS. Virtual Form and Space. ALP One course. C-L: see Visual Arts 195FS; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 195FS

201. History and Concepts of Cinema. ALP Basic film theory and history of motion picture technology. Introduction to experimental, documentary, and narrative forms of Third World, European, and United States cinemas. Basic film theory and history of motion picture technology. Introduction to experimental, documentary, and narrative forms of Third World, European, and United States cinemas. Economics and aesthetics. Not open to students who have taken Theater Studies 236 or who have taken this course as FVD 130. Instructor: Hadjioannou. One course. C-L: Theater Studies 278, English 181, Literature 110, Visual and Media Studies 289, Documentary Studies 264, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

202. History of Documentary Film. ALP, CCI Introduction to the history, theory, and styles of nonfiction film and video. Transformation in technologies and their influence on form, from actuality films to contemporary digital documentaries. Documentary's marginal status and surprising commercial appeal; the mixing of fiction and nonfiction strategies in cultural construction. Use of documentary as a tool for exploring individual identity, filmmaker/subject relationships, and fomenting political change. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 107, Visual and Media Studies 265

203. Film Theory. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Literature 316; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 298, Women's Studies

204S. Media Theory. STS One course. C-L: see Literature 317; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 214S, Visual and Media Studies 328S

205. Contemporary Documentary Film: Filmmakers and the Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. ALP, CCI, STS Integrated with the films and filmmakers of the Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. The art form, style, and technology of contemporary documentary films. Issues of autonomy and power, politics, and public policies. Analysis of outstanding films from around the world. Presentations and discussions by filmmakers. Not open to students who have taken this course as Film/Video/Digital 129. Instructor: Paletz and Rankin. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 270, Political Science 276, Public Policy Studies 374, Visual and Media Studies 264

207. Cultural History of the Televisual. ALP, CZ, STS One course. C-L: see Visual and Media Studies 345; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 283, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

210. Film Genres. ALP A historical survey of motion picture genre as a stylistic and narrative device, including comedy, horror, the musical, the western, and science fiction. Instructor: Hadjioannou. One course. C-L: Literature 220, Visual and Media Studies 267

211. American Film Comedy. ALP A historical survey of American film comedy from silent cinema to contemporary television and film. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: English 382, Literature 221, Visual and Media Studies 268

212. America Dreams, American Movies. ALP One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 272; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 355

213. Film and Politics. ALP, EI, R, SS One course. C-L: see Political Science 386S

214S. Documenting Black Experiences. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 350S; also C-L: African and African American Studies 225S, Cultural Anthropology 262S, Public Policy Studies 387S

215. Animated Film: A History and Aesthetic. ALP, STS Evolution of animation from the philosophical "toys" of the late eighteenth century to the major international entertainment form of today. Special focus on American animation as it evolved from inspired individuals like Emile Cohl and Winsor McCay to a full-blown industrial model allowing for the creation of the animated feature and contemporary special effects. Instructor: Burns. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 328, Information Science and Information Studies 211

215S. Discourse of Disease and Infection. ALP, CCI, CZ, STS One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 409S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 404S, Visual and Media Studies 238S

216. Women in Film. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: Women's Studies 227, Literature 219, Study of Sexualities 225

220S. Sexualities in Film and Video. ALP One course. C-L: see Literature 315S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 295S, Study of Sexualities

230S. Sound, Music, and the Moving Image. ALP, CCI, CZ, W One course. C-L: see Music 129S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies

246S. Social Movements and Social Media. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, STS One course. C-L: see Literature 320S; also C-L: African and African American Studies 247S, International Comparative Studies 320S

247S. Political Economies of the Global Image. ALP, CCI, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Literature 335S; also C-L: Women's Studies 249S, Cultural Anthropology 217S, Visual and Media Studies 248S

248. Movies of the World/The World of Movies. ALP, CCI, STS One course. C-L: see Literature 313; also C-L: German 363, Russian 384, Islamic Studies

249S. States of Exile and Accented Cinemas. ALP, CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Literature 314S; also C-L: Islamic Studies, Latin American Studies

250. Modern Chinese Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 431; also C-L: Literature 214, Visual and Media Studies 235

251. French Cinema. ALP, CCI, FL One course. C-L: see French 412; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 309

252D. German Film. ALP, CZ One course. C-L: see German 264D; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 280D

252S. German Film. ALP, FL One course. C-L: see German 441S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 276S

253. Indian Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 251; also C-L: Literature 211, Visual and Media Studies 231

254. Italian Cinema. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Italian 380; also C-L: Literature 215, Visual and Media Studies 308, Theater Studies 276

255. Japanese Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 261; also C-L: Literature 213, Visual and Media Studies 232

256. World of Korean Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 471; also C-L: Literature 212, Visual and Media Studies 234

257. Contemporary Israeli Cinema. ALP, CCI, EI One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 241; also C-L: Literature 217, Jewish Studies 241, Women's Studies 214, Islamic Studies

259. Colonial Cinema and Post-Colonial Reflections. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 301; also C-L: Literature 210, International Comparative Studies 301

260. Anime: Origins, Forms, Mutations. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 361

261. World War II and French Film. CCI, CZ, EI, FL One course. C-L: see French 413; also C-L: History 295, Visual and Media Studies 310

262. Yesterday's Classics/Today's Movies. ALP, CCI, FL One course. C-L: see French 415; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 312

263. Screening the Holocaust: Jews, WWII, and World Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 341; also C-L: Jewish Studies 266

264. Russian Revolutionary Cinema. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see History 281; also C-L: Russian 381, Marxism and Society

265. Art and Dissidence: The Films of Tarkovsky, Kubrick, Kurosawa, and Lynch. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Russian 382; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 322, Arts of the Moving Image

266S. Poetic Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 311S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 354S

267. Existentialist Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, STS One course. C-L: see German 386; also C-L: Theater Studies 372, Literature 218, Visual and Media Studies 283

268. Chinese Im/migration: Chinese Migrant Labor and Immigration to the US. ALP, CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 409; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 434

268S. Trauma and Nostalgia: East European Film in the 21st Century. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Slavic and Eurasian Studies 288S; also C-L: Literature 216S

270. Traffic in Women: Cultural Perspectives on Prostitution in Modern China. ALP, CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 333; also C-L: Cultural Anthropology 334, Women's Studies 233, Study of Sexualities 233

280AS. Studies in the United States Culture Industries. ALP, R, W An historical and contemporary survey of genre applications in film, television, gaming, and other United States culture industries, from production, marketing, exhibition, and reception perspectives. Theoretical genre concepts integrated with real world practical experience. Primary research in cultural archive resulting in substantive paper. Open only to students enrolled in the Duke in Los Angeles program. Instructor: Thompson. One course. C-L: Literature 290AS-1

283. Introduction to Global Los Angeles: An Interdisciplinary Survey. ALP One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 359, Literature 230A

290. Special Topics in Film Studies. Special Topics in Film Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S. Special Topics in Film Studies. Seminar version of Arts of the Moving Image 290. Instructor: Staff. One course.

295A. Media Internship in Los Angeles. Immersion in the for-profit and not-for-profit art and entertainment worlds through apprenticeship to a sponsoring artist, scholar, or institution selected to match each student's area of interest. Each student required to submit a substantive paper containing significant analysis and interpretation that considers the relationship between the student's sponsoring institution and the larger industrial/cultural complex within the local (Los Angeles) and national economies of art, culture, and commerce. Simultaneous enrollment in Literature 290AS-1 required. Open only to students admitted to the Duke in Los Angeles Program. Instructor: Staff. One course.

297SA. Writing the Hollywood Cyber Journal. ALP Seven week research and development of the web publication of a class journal on modern Hollywood practices/industries, public policy issues, and controversies confronting these industries including the culture wars, media violence, intellectual properties, and new technologies. Culminates with presentations in a class-planned conference interacting with industry professional respondents. Must be enrolled in the Duke in Los Angeles Program. Instructor: Thompson. Half course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 224AS

301S. Moving Image Practice. ALP, STS Film and digital video production in conjunction with the history and theory of these technologies. Students may produce work in 8mm, 16mm film and digital video and learn the basics of non-linear digital editing on Final Cut Pro. Not open to students who have taken this course as Film/Video/Digital 100S. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Theater Studies 370S, Visual and Media Studies 261S, Information Science and Information Studies

302S. Transforming Fiction for Stage and Screen. ALP, W One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 282S; also C-L: English 227S

303S. From Stories to Movies. ALP, W One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 274S

304S. Adapting Literature -- Producing Film. ALP Collaborative exploration of the process of adapting literature for production of documentary and or dramatic film projects. Generally linked to the production of a PBS or independent documentary film or the production of a short dramatic film. Students gain an understanding of the interdisciplinary aspects of filmmaking. Instructor: James. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 276S, Visual Arts 228S, Information Science and Information Studies

305S. Screenwriting. ALP, W One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 273S; also C-L: English 317S

306S. Writing the Movie. Introduction to the theory and practice of writing for the screen. ALP, W One course. C-L: English 221S

310S. Acting For the Camera. ALP One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 275S

320S. Film Animation Production. ALP Experimentation with various media; mastering animation techniques such as metamorphosis, timing, articulation, storytelling, sound design, special effects, and camera. Each student to produce a one-minute animated film on the Oxberry 16mm film animation stand. Not open to students who have taken this course as Film/Video/Digital 102S. Instructor: Burns. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 326S, Visual and Media Studies 271S, Information Science and Information Studies

321LS. Virtual Form and Space. One course. C-L: see Visual Arts 208LS; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 208LS

322S. Motion Graphics in Film and Video. ALP, STS An advanced post-production course designed to explore the history, theory, and practice of motion graphics techniques in film and video. Students produce digital motion sequences out of still images and create multiple motion paths through exposure to applications such as Adobe After Effects, Final Cut Pro, iMovie. Not open to students who have taken this course as Film/Video/Digital 109S. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 272S, Visual Arts 236S

323. Interactive Graphics: Critical Code. ALP, QS One course. C-L: see Visual Arts 242L; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 294L, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

325. Fundamentals of Web-Based Multimedia Communications. ALP, QS, R One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 240; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 288, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

330S. Documentary Film/Video Theory and Practice. ALP The politics and aesthetics of realism. History of styles from Griersonian "propaganda" to cinema verite and "reality TV." Practical exercises in location sound, camera to subject relationship, and camera movement. Prerequisite: English 181, Literature 110, Literature 111S, or Theater Studies 171. Not open to students who have taken this course as Film/Video/Digital 104S. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 355S, Visual and Media Studies 273S, Documentary Studies

331S. The Documentary Experience: A Video Approach. ALP, R, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 105S; also C-L: Cultural Anthropology 106S, History 125S, Political Science 105S, Public Policy Studies 170S, Visual and Media Studies 106S, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

332S. Planning the Documentary Film: From Concept to Treatment. ALP, R One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 273S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 220S, Information Science and Information Studies

333S. Editing the TV Documentary: From Creativity to Collaboration to Negotiation. ALP "Behind the scenes" look at editing a long form documentary for broadcast television. Discussions, readings and hands-on editing exercises introducing students to the language of editing and the tricky negotiations often needed to bring a film to dissemination. Instructor: Cutler. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 279S, Visual and Media Studies 274S, Policy Journalism and Media

334S. Producing Docu-Fiction. ALP Investigation of hybrid, genre-defying films that question traditional definitions of documentary and fiction. Emphasis on experimental forms, documentary reenactment, mockumentary and dramatized "true stories." Exploration of both documentary and fiction production techniques, culminating in the production of a final video project. Instructor: Gibson. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 278S

335S. Video for Social Change. ALP, CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 271S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 375S

336S. Documentary and Policy: How Documentary Influences Policy. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 272S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 228S

340S. Experimental Filmmaking. ALP The history of avant-garde in film and video combined with production exercises. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 229S

343S. Dance for the Camera. ALP, R, STS One course. C-L: see Dance 306S; also C-L: Documentary Studies 242S

350S. Sound for Film and Video. ALP, STS One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 277S, Music 121S, Information Science and Information Studies 243S

355S. Cinematography. ALP In-depth investigation of cinematographic techniques and principles for motion picture production. Exercises in both film and high definition digital video. Emphasis on advanced lighting techniques, lensing, camera mobility, set operations and close analysis of master works of cinematography. Instructor: Gibson. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 260S, Documentary Studies 281S, Visual Arts 248S

356S. 16mm Film Production. ALP Hands-on experience with 16mm motion picture film and photography. In-depth exploration of the techniques and aesthetics of film production, including basic screen writing, lighting, story telling, and editing. Each student will produce an individual 16mm film. Instructor: Burns. One course.

357S. Editing for Film and Video. ALP Theory and practice of film and video editing techniques. Exploration of traditional film cutting as well as digital non-linear editing. Exercises in narrative, documentary and experimental approaches to structuring moving image materials. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 248S, Documentary Studies 288S

358S. Electronic Music and Video Workshop. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Music 275S; also C-L: Visual Arts 258S

360S. Television Production Techniques. ALP Introduction to broadcast television techniques, including live multi-camera production, studio operations, field production and digital nonlinear editing. Practical experience in the production of a cable television program combined with industry study and theoretical readings. Instructor: Staff. One course.

385. Visiting Filmmaker Master Course: Special Topics. ALP Intensive production course with visiting filmmaker. Topics vary by semester. May be taken twice. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 285

385S. Visiting Filmmaker Master Courses: Special Topics. ALP Intensive production courses with visiting filmmaker. Topics vary by semester. May be taken twice. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 285S, Visual Arts 325S

390S. Special Topics in Film and Digital Video Production. ALP, STS An in-depth investigation of a particular production technology combined with an emphasis on an aesthetic or theoretical strategy. Exploration of lighting, cinematography, directing for camera, and/or nonlinear post-production techniques. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

395. Internship. Students may arrange academic work in conjunction with approved internship in the moving image industry. Academic work must be with AMI faculty and include the university minimum (one research paper) as well as reading from bibliography and/or viewing list approved by instructor in advance. Prerequisite: (one of the following) AMI 101, AMI 201, 202, or 301. Instructor: Staff. One course.

450S. Advanced Narrative Production. ALP Focus on narrative film and video techniques, from script to realization. Exercises in production management, cinematography, lighting, shot blocking and working with actors in dramatic productions, employing continuity editing techniques. Suggested prerequisite: Arts of the Moving Image 301S, Moving Image Practice. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 450S

460S. Advanced Animation. ALP Concentration on selected media primarily two-dimensional but including three dimensional forms. Animation camera including camera effects, motion analysis, and effects animation. American studio styles compared to independent artist animators. Instructor: Burns. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 470S

470S. Advanced Documentary Filmmaking. Intermediate to advanced filmmaking techniques. Presumes a working knowledge of Final Cut Pro, mini-DV camera, and some fieldwork experience with a camcorder. Topics include fieldwork in a variety of communities and work on pertinent social and cultural issues. Not open to students who have taken this course as Film/Video/Digital 116S. Prerequisite: Documentary Studies 105S or equivalent experience and knowledge. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 470S, Public Policy Studies 383S, Visual and Media Studies 470S, Information Science and Information Studies

480S. Advanced Production Projects. ALP Project-based course for advanced students to undertake preconceived film or digital productions. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Gibson. One course.

490S. Special Topics In Arts of the Moving Image. Advanced special topics investigation of major concepts and principles in arts of the moving image. Content varies with instructors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

491. Individual Project. Independent work open to highly qualified juniors and seniors on recommendation of instructor and/or invitation of department. Instructor: Staff. One course.

491-1. Individual Project. Independent work open to highly qualified juniors and seniors on recommendation of instructor and/or invitation of department. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

499S. Capstone Course in Arts of the Moving Image. ALP, STS Culminating seminar for Arts of the Moving Image Program certificate students. Designed to allow students to complete their certificate with a finished project or advanced research in the field. Instructor: Staff. One course.

610S. Basic Concepts in Cinema Studies. ALP One course. C-L: see Literature 610S

620S. Emergent Embodied Interface Design. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Visual and Media Studies 564S; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 564S

622S. Body as the Computer. ALP, NS, R, STS One course. C-L: see Visual Arts 510S; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 666S

630. The Ongoing Moment: Presentations of Time in Still and Moving Images. ALP, R One course. C-L: see Visual Arts 630

640S. Literary Guide to Italy. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Italian 586S; also C-L: Literature 542S, German 586S

641. Documentary and East Asian Cultures. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 511; also C-L: Documentary Studies 511

642. Citizen Godard. ALP, CCI, W One course. C-L: see French 510; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 552

643S. Environmental Issues & the Documentary Arts. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 615S; also C-L: Environment 615S

644S. Third Cinema. ALP, CCI, EI, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Literature 613S; also C-L: African and African American Studies 530S, International Comparative Studies 613S, Latin American Studies 613S

690S. Special Topics in Arts of the Moving Image. ALP Focus on aspects of Arts of the Moving Image. Topics vary. One course.

691. Independent Study. One course.  

RELATED COURSES OFFERED REGULARLY

African and African American Studies 

330. Film and the African Diaspora

Art History 

303. History of Photography, 1839 to the Present

537S. Critical Studies in New Media

782. Art and Dissidence: Films of Tarkovsky, Kubrick, Kurosawa, and Lynch

Arts of the Moving Image 

265. Art and Dissidence: The Films of Tarkovsky, Kubrick, Kurosawa, and Lynch

Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 

311S. Poetic Cinema

Cultural Anthropology 

130. Anthropology and Film

130D. Anthropology and Film

170. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective

Documentary Studies 

233S. American Communities: A Photographic Approach

415S. Advanced Documentary Photography

English 

180. Introduction to Cultural Studies

226S. Dramatic Writing

326S. Advanced Dramatic Writing

390-6. Special Topics in Film

390S-6. Special Topics in Film

German 

264. German Film

386. Existentialist Cinema

Information Science and Information Studies 

510S. How They Got Game: History and Culture of Interactive Simulations and Video Games

650S. Critical Studies in New Media

International Comparative Studies 

104. Anthropology and Film

Italian 

587S. Cinema and Literature in Italy

Literature 

150. Introduction to Cultural Studies

218. Existentialist Cinema

290S-2. Special Topics in National Cinema

370. International Popular Culture

371. Problems in Global Culture

371S. Problems in Global Culture

390S-4. Special Topics in Film

610S. Basic Concepts in Cinema Studies

611S. Film Feminisms

621S. Critical Studies in New Media

Music 

249. Hollywood Film Music

Political Science 

501S. Politics and Media in the United States

Public Policy Studies 

367S. News Writing and Reporting

376S. Telecommunications Policy and Regulation

397S. American Communities: A Photographic Approach

398S. Advanced Documentary Photography

Religion 

268. Religion and Film

Russian 

223A. Contemporary Russian Media

382. Art and Dissidence: The Films of Tarkovsky, Kubrick, Kurosawa, and Lynch

782. Art and Dissidence: Films of Tarkovsky, Kubrick, Kurosawa, and Lynch

Sociology 

160. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective  

160D. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective

Theater Studies 

255S. Directing

280S. Dramatic Writing

372. Existentialist Cinema

480S. Advanced Dramatic Writing

Visual Arts 

217S. American Communities: A Photographic Approach

219S. Photography

222S. Intermediate Digital Photography

415S. Advanced Documentary Photography

Visual and Media Studies 

130. Anthropology and Film

170. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective

180. Introduction to Cultural Studies

225S. American Communities: A Photographic Approach

228. Film and the African Diaspora

269. Documentary Photography and Film of the Nuclear Age

280. German Film

283. Existentialist Cinema

297. International Popular Culture

303. History of Photography, 1839 to the Present

307S. News Writing and Reporting

320A. Contemporary Russian Media

322. Art and Dissidence: The Films of Tarkovsky, Kubrick, Kurosawa, and Lynch

415S. Advanced Documentary Photography

561S. Critical Studies in New Media

Women's Studies 

512S. Film Feminisms 

SPECIAL TOPICS COURSES OFFERED PERIODICALLY

History 

104. Latin America through Film

Literature

293. Special Topics in Literature and History: The Rise of Consumer Culture in the United States, 1880-1930.

Portuguese

200S. Seminar in Portuguese Literature: Literatura e Cinema Os Classicos Brasilieros

Public Policy Studies

195S. Selected Public Policy Topics: Community Service and the Documentary Tradition

195S. Selected Public Policy Topics: Entertainment Industry: Policy and Practice

195S. Selected Public Policy Topics: Communications Frontier Technology: Media and Democracy

264. Advanced Topics: Media and Democracy

Spanish

142S. Cines del Caribe

169. Topics in Nineteenth- and Twentieth -Century Spanish Literature: Spanish Cinema

Theater Studies

139S. Special Topics in Dramatic Writing: Advanced Screenwriting

Associate Professor Ching, Chair; Associate Professor Rojas, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Professors Cooke and Liu; Associate Professors Ching, Hong, and Rojas; Assistant Professors Ginsburg, Hwansoo Kim, Kwon, McLarney; Professors of the Practice Hae-Young Kim; Associate Professors of the Practice Endo, Khanna, and Lee; Assistant Professor of the Practice Lo; Lecturers Cai, Kurokawa, Plesser and Vaishnava; Instructors Habib, Houssami, Hsieh, E. Kim, Naeymi-Rad, Saito, and Wang; Secondary Appointments: Professors Conceison (Theater Studies) and Goldman (Religion); Assistant Professor Göknar (Slavic and Eurasian Studies)

A major and minor is available in this program.

Asian and Middle Eastern Studies provides instruction in several languages and literatures of Asia and the Middle East. Languages offered are Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, Korean, Sanskrit and Persian. The program offers Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, and Korean literature courses, many in translation.

ASIAN AND MIDDLE EASTERN STUDIES (AMES)

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

105. Introduction to Asian and African Literature. ALP, CCI An exploration of the ways in which different societies in Asia and Africa encourage particular constructions of self, sexuality, and purposeful life in literature and film. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Literature 149, International Comparative Studies

107S. Gateway Seminar: Cultural Exchange in Continental Asia. CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see History 153S; also C-L: Slavic and Eurasian Studies 106S

109. War, Gender, and Postcoloniality. ALP, CCI, EI Covers selected wars in the twentieth century by examining the intersections between the experience of war and the ways in which men and women represent themselves. Focus on World Wars I and II, Vietnam, the Algerian Revolution, the Lebanese Civil War, and the Gulf War. Instructor: Cooke. One course. C-L: Islamic Studies

143FS. Modern Jewish Identity between Death and Mourning. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Representations of Death and Dying in modern Jewish literature, cinema, philosophy, anthropology and sociology. Traces the place of religious rites of mourning in secular Jewish culture. Explores the role played by religion in shaping the modern, so-called "secular" Jewish experience. Instructor: Ginsburg. One course.

145. Introduction to Israeli Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ The examination of contemporary Israeli culture through art, film, architecture, and literature. Concentration on interdisciplinary critical approaches to culture; interconnections of culture and Zionist ideology in the Israeli projection of the nation. Instructor: Ginsburg. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 185, Religion 185

154. History and Practice of the Dance and Dance-theatre of India. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Dance 355; also C-L: Religion 243, Theater Studies 234

176S. Religion and Culture in Korea. CCI, CZ, EI Introduction to Shamanism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism, Christianity, and new religions in Korea from ancient times to the present. Examination of religious traditions in close relationships with social, economic, political, and cultural environments in Korean society. Examination of religious tensions, philosophical arguments, and ethical issues that indigenous and foreign religions in Korea have engaged throughout history to maximize their influence in Korean society. Instructor: Kim. One course. C-L: Religion 211S

179. Korea in the World: Global Perspectives. ALP, CCI, CZ Variable topics on Korean culture from global perspectives. Colonialism, occupation, national division, wars, hyper-development, gendered/ethnic conflicts, global displacements, (post)modernity. Literature, film, pop-culture, history, testimonies, and other forms of representations. Topics framed in local, regional, and global contexts. Instructor: Kwon. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

183FS. The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict in Literature and Film. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI A cultural study of the collapse of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process and failure of Israeli and Palestinian doves to transform their respective communities and to change conditions on the ground. Focus on self-criticism as manifested in Israeli and Palestinian literature and cinema and on its limits. Open only to students in the Focus Program. Instructor: Ginsburg. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 183FS, Islamic Studies

187S. Gateway Seminar: Civil Rights and Asian Americans. CCI, CZ, EI, R, SS One course. C-L: see History 183S; also C-L: African and African American Studies 133S

190A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. Topics vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

202S. Francophone Literature. ALP, CCI, FL One course. C-L: see French 417S; also C-L: African and African American Studies 410S, International Comparative Studies 430S, History 387S, Canadian Studies, Latin American Studies

205. Understanding the Middle East. CCI, SS Introduction to central political, geopolitical, cultural, and socio-economic issues in the Middle East, offering a better understanding of new ideological, political, and cultural phenomena. Includes movies and guest speakers. Students will conduct interviews to broaden their worldview. Introduction to different variables that affect our understanding of the socio-political life of this volatile region. Instructor: Jawad Al Mamouri. One course.

207. Modern East Asia, 1600-2000. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see History 229

209. Critical Inter-Asia: Rethinking Local and Global Connections. ALP, CCI, CZ Reconsidering the nexus of cultures and societies in Asia. Critical, transnational and interdisciplinary perspectives on two or more Asian cultures and their interactions in the world. Variable concerns and texts from history, literature, current affairs, cinematic, visual, and pop-cultures. Topics framed in local, regional, and global contexts. Instructor: Kwon. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 321, International Comparative Studies

211. Melodrama East and West. ALP, CCI Melodrama as a genre in literature and as a mode of representation in film and other media. Issues include: gender construction, class formation, racial recognition, and national identity-building. Emphasis on comparative method attending American and Chinese cultures and the politics of cross-cultural representation. Instructor: Hong. One course. C-L: Women's Studies 279, International Comparative Studies 307, Visual and Media Studies 223

214. Music in East Asia. ALP, CCI, CZ East Asian musicians and their instruments, genres, performance traditions, and contexts. Study of the relationship of music to social, religious, historical, and philosophical trends informed by listening to the musical forms themselves in recorded and live performances. Instructor: Kramer. One course. C-L: Music 234, Religion 245

215S. The Middle East in Popular Culture. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 417S; also C-L: Islamic Studies

220S. Al-Qaeda's Terrorism: Roots, Responses, and Ramifications. CCI, CZ, EI, SS, W Focus on Al-Qaeda, its roots, ideology, and its terrorism. Examination of Al-Qaeda's ideology, political culture, and development by exploring the origins and the narrative discourse of modern Islamic organizations dating back to the Salfi Movement of the nineteenth century. Presentation of the patterns and ramifications of Al-Qaeda's terrorist activities. Use critical thinking in order to differentiate Muslim proper narrative discourse from that of Al-Qaeda and its affiliated groups. Instructor: Lo. One course. C-L: Islamic Studies

221. Arab Society and Culture in Film. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Examination of Arab worldviews (including cultural variations, artistic expressions, view about gender, and religion, and perspectives toward the U.S.). Explores the development of images of the Arab and seeks to understand them in the context of the Arab world as well as in its relationship to the West. Analyzes the dynamics between norms of modern civil society and those dictated by religious traditions. Critically examines current Western assumptions, representations and understanding of Arab societies, and the moral frameworks in which different choices are debated in the Arab context. Instructor: Lo. One course. C-L: Islamic Studies

222S. Syrian and Iraqi Cultures and Revolutions. ALP, CCI, CZ A cultural examination of Syrian and Iraqi revolutions in the post-independence period. Through fiction and films and an international conference, students will be exposed to the dynamics of the 2011 Arab Spring. One course. C-L: Islamic Studies

225. Egypt: Mother of the World. ALP, CCI, CZ Modern history of Egypt: Napoleon's conquest in 1798, the "Description of Egypt", Orientalist knowledge, the Ottoman Empire, Muhammad Ali, Islamic Reform, the Arab Renaissance, Women's Awakening, the Islamic Revival, Muslim Brotherhood, Arab Nationalism, Gamal Abd al-Nasser, war and peace with Israel, the culture of the petroleum industry, Egyptian cosmopolitanism, Egyptian letters (novel, drama, poetry), Egyptian cinema, mass media, television, and popular culture. Includes an optional voyage to Egypt during the spring vacation. Instructor: McLarney. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies, Islamic Studies

225FS. Islamic Awakening: Revival and Reform. CCI, CZ Explores religious revival in the Islamic world: revival as reinterpretation of sacred texts, revival as revolution, revival as social movement, revival as spiritual awakening, revival as political mobilization. Focuses on Wahabism, Salafism, the renaissance/enlightenment of the late 19th century, ijtihad and jihad, grassroots movements, the Muslim Brotherhood, Hassan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, the awakening (sahwa/yaqza) of the 1970s and 1980s, the Iranian revolution, Khomeini, Ali Shariati, feminist theologies in Islam, and the role of the media in circulating religion. Instructor: McLarney. One course. C-L: Religion 372FS

227. The Modern Middle East. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see History 214; also C-L: Jewish Studies 258, International Comparative Studies, Islamic Studies, International Comparative Studies

232S. Chinese Literature and Culture in Translation. ALP, CCI, CZ The transmutation of Chinese culture and literature from the perspective of translation conceived as a broad range of literary and cultural activities, including transactions between cultures, appropriation of a foreign work into a Chinese version, and adaptation of one literary-cultural form into another (such as literature into drama or film). Instructor: Hong. One course. C-L: Literature 248S

233. Global Chinese Cities through Literature and Film. ALP, CCI, CZ Modern Chinese cities in and beyond China, particularly as represented in literature and film. Considers city as object of cultural representation, as well as an engine of cultural production. Examines themes of modernization, alienation, nostalgia, migration, labor, and commoditization, and rethinks the very notion of "Chineseness" within an increasingly globalized world. Featured cities include Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Taipei, and New York. Instructor: Rojas. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 237, International Comparative Studies 302, Arts of the Moving Image 269, International Comparative Studies

237. China and the United States. CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see History 221; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 221, Marxism and Society

241. Contemporary Israeli Cinema. ALP, CCI, EI A comparative approach to Israeli cinema, in the context of American and European cinemas. Cinema and nationalism. Cinematic representations of social, political, racial, and ethnic tensions and fissures: social gap, immigration to and emigration from Israel, militarism and civil society, masculinity and femininity, and the Israeli-Arab conflict. Popular culture and its relationship with high culture. Instructor: Ginsburg. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 257, Literature 217, Jewish Studies 241, Women's Studies 214, Islamic Studies

243. Jerusalem: Past and Present. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Examines relations between the physical and spiritual spaces that make up Jerusalem. Explores the topography, demography, infrastructure, history, and cultures of the city Focuses on the interaction and conflicts between ethnicities, religions, cultures and political entities Studies divergent discourses about the city and examines the relationship between these discourses and the materiality of the city. Instructor: Ginsburg. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 230, Religion 230, Islamic Studies

251. Indian Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Sources of vitality in twentieth-century Indian cinema. The resilience of popular cinema in the face of Hollywood. Narrative and non-narrative expressive forms in folk and high culture in India. The work of Guru Dutt, Satyajit Ray, G. Aravindan, and Mani Kaul. Instructor: Khanna. One course. C-L: Literature 211, Arts of the Moving Image 253, Visual and Media Studies 231

254. Music in South Asia. ALP, CCI, CZ South Asian musicians and their instruments, genres, performance traditions, and contexts. Study of the relationship of music to social, religious, historical, and philosophical trends informed by listening to the musical forms themselves in recorded and live performances. Instructor: Kramer. One course. C-L: Music 235, Religion 246

255. Introduction to the Civilizations of Southern Asia. CCI, CZ The literary, historic, linguistic, and ethnic diversity of South Asia presented through both readings and contemporary films. Not open to students who have taken Religion 160. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: History 217, Religion 227, International Comparative Studies

259. Culture and Politics of South Asia. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 245

261. Japanese Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ An introduction to the history of Japanese cinema focusing on issues including the relation between the tradition-modernity or Japan-West in the development of Japanese cinema, the influence of Japanese films on the theory and practice of cinema abroad, and the ways in which cinema has served as a reflection of and an active agent in the transformation of Japanese society. Instructor: Chow. One course. C-L: Literature 213, Arts of the Moving Image 255, Visual and Media Studies 232

267. Ancient and Early Modern Japan. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see History 226; also C-L: International Comparative Studies

269. The Emergence of Modern Japan. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see History 227

272. Korean Literature in Translation. ALP, CCI A chronological overview from earliest times until today. Begins with a brief introduction to Korean language and history as they relate to the study of literature. Novels, essays, classics, and various other genres. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Literature 250, International Comparative Studies

272S. Korean Literature in Translation: Local and Global Connections. ALP, CCI, CZ Critical examination of variable topics in Korean literature. Texts contextualized in global and local histories. Boundaries of the nation and its narration interrogated. Themes may range from gender and sexuality, diaspora, global/local literary histories, translation, language and power, canonization, and (post)coloniality. Instructor: Kwon. One course.

283S. The City of Two Continents: Istanbul in Literature and Film. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Slavic and Eurasian Studies 307S; also C-L: Islamic Studies

291. Independent Study. Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

301. Colonial Cinema and Post-Colonial Reflections. ALP, CCI, CZ Introduces cinemas in different colonial contexts, such as British in India, French in Africa, and Japanese in East Asia. Surveys colonial cinemas produced by the colonizer to legitimate colonial enterprises and their postcolonial counterparts. Examines the decolonial strategies registered in postcolonial cinemas as responses to, or "reflections" of, their colonial legacy. Maps the larger historical contexts of colonialism since the late 19th century and reflects on the current transnational trend of globalization. Instructor: Hong, Kwon. One course. C-L: Literature 210, International Comparative Studies 301, Arts of the Moving Image 259

303A. Gender, Politics and Space in the Middle East. CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Slavic and Eurasian Studies 343A; also C-L: Political Science 213A

305S. Travel, Gender, and Power. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 430S; also C-L: Women's Studies 430S, Islamic Studies

306. Mahayana Buddhism. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Religion 322

308S. Bilingualism. CCI, SS Examination of bilingualism at the individual, interpersonal, and social levels from psycholinguistic, socio-linguistic, anthropological, and educational perspectives. Issues to include the relation between language and cognition, language development, language identity, socio-linguistic practices in multicultural settings, language maintenance, and language policy and planning. Instructor: Hae-Young Kim. One course. C-L: Linguistics 308S

311S. Poetic Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ Inquiry into sources of "resonance" in international cinema with emphasis on films from Asia and the Middle East. The object of the course is to attempt a description of aspects of film construction which conduce to intense experience for viewers. Readings in indigenous aesthetics. Instructor: Khanna. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 354S, Arts of the Moving Image 266S, Arts of the Moving Image

319. Palestine, Israel, Arab-Israeli Conflict. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 253; also C-L: Jewish Studies 283, Islamic Studies

322. Mystical Literature. ALP, CCI Explore & examine the tradition of mysticism in literature of the Arab/Muslim world and among British and American writers. Introduce students to numerous genres and literary works that manifest a deep religious attitude or experience as a way of life and cross-cultural phenomenon. Focus on selected works from Muslim writers, American & British writers as example of mystics- or Sufis outside the traditional Church. Reveal the recurrent theme of direct, intuitional experience of God through unifying love. Instructor: Jawad. One course. C-L: Religion 263, Islamic Studies

323S. Gender Jihad: Muslim Women Writers. ALP, CCI Roles and representations of women in Muslim societies of Asia (including Indonesia, South Asia, and the Middle East) and Africa, as well as in Muslim minority societies(including Europe and the United States). Examination of ways writers and filmmakers project images of women in today's Muslim societies. Focus on women as producers of culture and as social critics. Instructor: Cooke. One course. C-L: Islamic Studies

325. Islamic Awakening: Revival and Reform. CCI, CZ Explores religious revival in the Islamic world: revival as reinterpretation of sacred texts, revival as revolution, revival as social movement, revival as spiritual awakening, revival as political mobilization. Focuses on Wahabism, Salafism, the renaissance/enlightenment of the late 19th century, ijtihad and jihad, grassroots movements, the Muslim Brotherhood, Hassan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, the awakening (sahwa/yaqza) of the 1970s and 1980s, the Iranian revolution, Khomeini, Ali Shariati, feminist theologies in Islam, and the role of the media in circulating religion. Instructor: McLarney. One course. C-L: Religion 372, Islamic Studies, Policy Journalism and Media

326A. Religion and Civil Society in the Arab World. CCI, CZ, EI Examine how the Arab world is embodied in the global or world system of the 21st century. Learn the specific accents that inform its citizens and shape its prospects locally, regionally and internationally. Examine how the major Abrahamic traditions - Judaism, Christianity and Islam - had their historical origins in the eastern Mediterranean world, and how they continue to have adherents that populate the region and challenge the modern notion of citizenship. Explore how the current uprising reflects the challenges of reconciling local aspirations with global forces. STUDY ABROAD: Duke in the Arab World Summer 2012. One course. C-L: Religion 371A

333. Traffic in Women: Cultural Perspectives on Prostitution in Modern China. ALP, CCI, SS Dialectic of prostitution as lived experience, and as socio-cultural metaphor. Focus on literary and cinematic texts, together with relevant theoretical works. The figure of the prostitute will be used to interrogate assumptions about gender identity, commodity value, and national discourse. Transnational traffic in women will provide context for examination of discourses of national identity in China and beyond, together with the fissures at the heart of those same discourses. Instructor: Rojas. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 334, Women's Studies 233, Study of Sexualities 233, Arts of the Moving Image 270

335. Chinatowns: A Cultural History. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Explores the intersection of space and ethnicity through the myriad ways Chinatown has circulated as memory, fantasy, narrative, myth, in the dominant cultural imagination, and how lived realities of overseas Chinese communities, Asian American history, and changing conceptions of "Chineseness" have productively engaged with real and phantom Chinatowns. Research will emphasize multi-disciplinary approaches, such as urban history, architecture, ethnography, economics; or engagement in a creative project. Instructor: Chow. One course. C-L: History 228

337. China from Antiquity to 1400. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see History 220

339. Introduction to Islamic Communities in North Carolina. CCI, CZ, SS The diverse locales, practices, and ethnicities. Topics include: basic tenets of Islam, Islam in America, African American Islam, mosque and school, interfaith and pluralism, and Islamic feminism. Includes field trips and group projects in the local community. Instructor: McLarney. One course. C-L: Religion 386, Islamic Studies

341. Screening the Holocaust: Jews, WWII, and World Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Surveys representations of the Jewish Holocaust in World Cinema Explores different filmic strategies employed to represent what is commonly deemed as "beyond representation" Examines the heated debate spurred by a number of Holocaust films. Asks whether anything is permissible in representing such an event: Is there an appropriate way, in contradistinction to inappropriate way, to represent the Jewish Holocaust? Instructor: Ginsburg. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 263, Jewish Studies 266

343. Representing the Holocaust. ALP, CCI, CZ Issues of representing the Holocaust in Israel through various cultural media, such as literature, film, criticism, historiography, legal documents, and music. The limits of representation: the historical and ideological deployment of Holocaust representation in different cultural contexts. Instructor: Ginsburg. One course. C-L: Religion 267, Jewish Studies 267

345. Representing the Middle East. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 251; also C-L: History 213, Turkish 372, International Comparative Studies 362, Visual and Media Studies 250, Islamic Studies, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

350S. Zionism: Jewish and Christian Aspects. CCI, CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Religion 350S; also C-L: Jewish Studies 350S

355. Contemporary Culture in South Asia. ALP, CCI, CZ Integrates literature, film, anthropology, and history to explore themes and questions about modern South Asia and the realities of its peoples. Focus on contemporary academic and socio-cultural debates. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies, Documentary Studies

361. Anime: Origins, Forms, Mutations. ALP, CCI Historical origins of Japanese anime, as well as its status as art, narrative, genre. Ways in which anime mutates: formally (literature, manga, live action), culturally (fashion, otaku, fan communities), geographically. No prior knowledge of subject matter or Japanese language required. Instructor: Yoda. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 260

365S. The World of Japanese Pop Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ An examination of modern Japanese culture through a variety of media including literary texts, cultural representations, and films. Different material each year. Instructor: Ching. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 365S

376S. Modern Korean Buddhism in the Global Context. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI History, thought and practice of Buddhism in Korea from nineteenth century to present. Topics include colonial Buddhism; relationship with Christianity and Japanese Buddhism; reform movements; post-colonial factionalism; North Korea; critical role of nuns; response to Westernization of society; temples in America. Attention to influence of religious persecution, colonialism, modernity, nationalism, democracy, and globalization on Buddhist reformers, institutions, practices, and rituals. Readings drawn largely from primary sources (in translation), supplemented by secondary works. No prior knowledge of Korean language/culture/Buddhism required. Instructor: Hwansoo Kim. One course. C-L: Religion 325S

378S. Korean Sociolinguistics. CCI, CZ, SS Examination of Korean language in social and cultural contexts from sociolinguistic and linguistic anthropological points of view. Focus on construction of cultural identities, social order and interpersonal relationships through everyday language use. Honorifics and language ideology, language and gender, regional and social variations, language contact and language policy in contemporary Korea. Sociolinguistics literature introducing conceptual frameworks and empirical research on specifics of language in use and synchronic and diachronic variations. Readings and class conducted in English. Prerequisite: Familiarity with Korean or basics of Linguistics. Instructor: Hae-Young Kim. One course. C-L: Linguistics 306S

382. Orhan Pamuk and World Literature. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Slavic and Eurasian Studies 345; also C-L: International Comparative Studies, Islamic Studies

386S. Tibetan Buddhism: Culture, Ethics, Philosophy and Practice. CCI, CZ, EI, W One course. C-L: see Religion 327S

389A. Between Europe and Asia: The Geopolitics of Istanbul From Occupation To Globalization. CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Slavic and Eurasian Studies 342A

390. Special Topics. Topics vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. Topics vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390S. Special Topics. Seminar version of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 390. Topics vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390SA. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. Topics vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

391. Independent Study. Individual non-research directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic and/or artistic product. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

403. The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict in Literature and Film. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI A cultural study of the collapse of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process and failure of Israeli and Palestinian doves to transform their respective communities and to change conditions on the ground. Focus on self-criticism as manifested in Israeli and Palestinian literature and cinema and on its limits. Instructor: Cooke and Ginsburg. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 483, International Comparative Studies

409. Chinese Im/migration: Chinese Migrant Labor and Immigration to the US. ALP, CCI, EI, SS Comparative examination of contemporary China's "floating population" of migrant labor, and of Chinese immigration abroad (particularly to the US). Focus on cultural representation of these phenomena (particularly literary, cinematic, and artistic works), but sociological, anthropological, economic, and political perspectives will also be considered. Topics include cultural alienation, marginalization, and assimilation; education and health care; labor and commodification; gender and ethnicity; narratives of modernization and development; together with the ethical, social, and political implications of migration. Instructor: Rojas. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 434, Arts of the Moving Image 268

409S. Discourse of Disease and Infection. ALP, CCI, CZ, STS Modern discourses of disease and infection. The transmutation of medical theory into a metaphorical discourse of social structure and individual identity. Cultural representations of modern epidemics, including AIDS and SARS. Instructor: Rojas. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 404S, Visual and Media Studies 238S, Arts of the Moving Image 215S

410. Trauma and Space in Asia. ALP, CCI, CZ Space and Trauma across Asia. Introduces theoretical framework of "trauma discourse;" examines how the experience of space in Asia broadly defined has shaped historical traumas, which have marked the transition from colonialism to postcolonialism. Focus on Israel/Palestine, India/Pakistan, China/Taiwan, Japan/Korea; examine how critical terms originating in one historico-geographical context are translated across geographical boundaries. Instructor: Kwon, Ginsburg. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 366

413S. Vampire Chronicles: Fantasies of Vampirism in a Cross-Cultural Perspective. ALP, CCI Literary and cinematic representations of vampirism, from Dracula to Buffy, Chinese jiangshi to the politics of blood-selling and blood donation. The figure of the vampire as embodiment of anxieties about sexuality, desire, gender identity, and ethnic alterity. Cross-cultural circulation of vampiric traditions, vampirism as a symbol of circulation in its own right. Instructor: Rojas. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 406S, Women's Studies 231S, Study of Sexualities 231S, Arts of the Moving Image 217S, International Comparative Studies

422S. Arab Women Writers. ALP, CCI, CZ The emergence of women writers in the Arab world from nineteenth century poets to 21st century bloggers. Novels, short stories, autobiographies and poetry dealing with Arab women's rights in the home and in politics, war, colonialism, religion and sexuality. Writers include Syrian Idilbi and Samman, Egyptian El Saadawi and Bakr, Lebanese al-Shaykh, Palestinian Khalifa, Iraqi Riverbend, Algerian Djebar. Instructor: Cooke. One course. C-L: Islamic Studies

423. Arabic Culture and 9/11. ALP, CCI, CZ The impact of 9/11 on Arab culture. Considers post-1990 films and fiction by Iraqis, Palestinians, Syrians, Lebanese, Saudi Arabians, Tunisians, and Egyptians. The collapse of socialism in 1989 and the Gulf War as a turning point in the Arab world. Intensified awareness of the role of the United States in the region as a result of 9/11, of religion as a politically effective force, and of the Muslim difference in the homogenized consumerist global system. Response to these challenges in novels, films, and popular culture that draw on folktales, Sufism, magical realism and the poetry of T.S. Eliot. Instructor: Cooke. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies, Islamic Studies

431. Modern Chinese Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ Films, documentaries, television series, and soap operas produced in Mainland China in the post-Mao era, modern and contemporary Taiwan, and Hong Kong. Topics include the history and aesthetics of the new wave cinema, soap operas as the new forum for public debate o popular culture, and debate over the relationship between Euro-American modernist and the national cinema. C-L Film Video. Instructor: Hong. One course. C-L: Literature 214, Arts of the Moving Image 250, Visual and Media Studies 235

432S. Literati/Literature Culture: Pre Modern Chinese Literature. ALP, CCI Survey of works in Chinese from Confucius to the Qing Dynasty including short stories, novels, autobiographical writings, and poetry. Topics include the role of the educated elite in relation to literature and culture and how the literati portray themselves in their works. Relations between orthodoxy and marginalization of the literati and its impact on their writing. One course.

471. World of Korean Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI The world of Korean cinema, broadly defined in terms of national, generic, theoretical boundaries, beyond conventional auteur, genre, one-way influence, and national cinema theories. Cinematic texts examined in local, regional, and global contexts and intersections, in conversation with global theories and histories of cinema, visual cultures, and other representational forms. Variable topics informed theoretically and politically by discourses on gender/sexuality, race/ethnicity, global flows of people and cultures, popular and "high" culture crossovers, transnational co-productions, remakes, translations and retellings. No knowledge of Korean language/ culture presumed. Instructor: Kwon. One course. C-L: Literature 212, Arts of the Moving Image 256, Visual and Media Studies 234

473. Trauma and Passion in Korean Culture. ALP, CCI Representations of passion and trauma in Korean society and history through various cultural media including literature, historical texts, autobiographies, film, and other visual media. In dealing with historical traumas such as the Korean War, Japanese colonization, Western imperialism and political upheavals, sub-topics to include war, love, melodrama, nationalism, ideological strife and longing and loss. Instructor: Kwon. One course.

475S. North Korea: Politics, Economics and Culture. CCI, CZ, EI, SS Critical examination of the political and economic with social, cultural, and religious dimensions of North Korea. Topics includes North Korea's leadership, religious (especially cultic) aspects of the North Korean Juche ideology, the daily lives of its citizens, the Korean War, nuclear development and missiles, North Korean defectors and refugees in other Asian countries, human rights, international relationships, and unification. Instructor: Hwansoo Kim. One course.

482. Arabian Nights in the West. ALP, CCI Examines one of the most popular works of world literature, The Thousand and One Nights. Considers elements of fairy tales, romances, fables, legends, parables, and adventures. Comparison of narrative techniques used in Boccaccio's The Decameron and Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Comparative analysis of the structure of the story. Instructor: Jawad Al Mamouri. One course.

485S. Global Tibet. CCI, CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Cultural Anthropology 431S

490S. Special Topics. Seminar version of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 390. One course.

493. Research Independent Study. R Individual Research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

494. Research Independent Study on Contemporary China. FL, R Research and field studies culminating in a paper approved and supervised by the resident director. Includes field trips on cultural and societal changes in contemporary China. Offered at the Duke in China Program. Instructor: Staff. One course.

495S. Senior Honors Thesis Seminar. R, W Required for AMES seniors completing an honors thesis. Course will guide students through the writing of the thesis, the preliminary research for which will have been completed in the Fall. Students will share and critically evaluate portions of each other's projects. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

502S. Translation Studies and Workshop. ALP, CCI, CZ, W One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 530S; also C-L: Romance Studies 520S

503. Asian & Middle Eastern Studies. Graduate credit for undergraduate course in AMES. Consent of the instructor and the director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

505S. Seminar in Asian and Middle Eastern Cultural Studies. CZ Concentration on a theoretical problem or set of issues germane to the study of Asian and Middle Eastern cultures. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 540S, Literature 530S

511. Documentary and East Asian Cultures. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI Focus on documentary films from various regions in East Asia, including China, Taiwan, Korea and Japan, studying the specific historical and social context of each while attending to their interconnected histories and cultures. Emphasis on the ethical implications of documentary in terms of its deployment of visual-audio apparatus to represent different groups of people and beliefs, values and conflicts, both intra- and inter-regionally in East Asia. Special attention paid to the aesthetics and politics of the documentary form in terms of both its production of meanings and contexts of reception. Instructor: Hong. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 641, Documentary Studies 511

529S. Gender Jihad: Muslim Women Writers. ALP, CCI Roles and representations of women in Muslim societies of Asia (including Indonesia, South Asia, and the Middle East) and Africa, as well as in Muslim minority societies (including Europe and the United States). Examination of ways writers and filmmakers project images of women in today's Muslim societies. Focus on women as producers of culture and as social critics. Same as AMES 173S but requires extra assignments. Staff: Cooke. One course.

535S. Chinese Media and Pop Culture. ALP, CCI, R Current issues of contemporary Chinese media and popular culture within the context of globalization. Cultural politics, ideological discourse, and intellectual debates since gaige kaifang (reform and opening up); aspects of Chinese media and popular culture: cinema, television, newspapers and magazines, the Internet, popular music, comics, cell phone text messages, and fashion. Instructor: Liu. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 535S, Policy Journalism and Media

565. The World of Japanese Pop Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ, R An examination of modern Japanese culture through a variety of media including literary texts, cultural representations, and films. Different material each year; may be repeated for credit. (Same as Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 365 but requires extra assignments.) Instructor: Ching. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 565, International Comparative Studies

590. Special Topics in Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. ALP, R Topics vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

593. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

603. The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict in Literature and Film. A cultural study of the collapse of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process and failure of Israeli and Palestinian doves to transform their respective communities and to change conditions on the ground. Focus on self-criticism as manifested in Israeli and Palestinian literature and cinema and on its limits. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 683

605. East Asian Cultural Studies. ALP, CCI, CZ, R East Asia as a historical and geographical category of knowledge emerging within the various processes of global movements (imperialism, colonialism, economic regionalism). (Same as Asian and MIddle Eastern Studies 153 but requires extra assignments.) Instructor: Ching. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 605, Literature 571, International Comparative Studies

611. Melodrama East and West. Melodrama as a genre in literature and as a mode of representation in film and other media. Issues include: gender construction, class formation, racial recognition, and national identity-building. Emphasis on comparative method attending American and Chinese cultures and the politics of cross-cultural representation. (Same as Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 411 but requires extra assignments.) Instructor: Hong. One course.

620S. Critical Genealogies of the Middle East: An examination of the canon of Middle East scholarship. CCI, CZ, SS This course provides an in-depth investigation into the various theoretical and textual traditions that inform interdisciplinary Middle East studies with a focus on History, Cultural Studies, Religion and Social Sciences. Interdisciplinary in scope, the course will maintain a disciplinary rigor so that students learn how knowledge is produced within the framework of specific disciplines. Foci include social history, literary theory, critical visual studies, and postcolonial theory. Staff: Cooke. One course.

625. Islamic Awakening: Revival and Reform. Explores religious revival in the Islamic world: revival as reinterpretation of sacred texts, revival as revolution, revival as social movement, revival as spiritual awakening, revival as political mobilization, revival as cultural renaissance. Graduate students will pursue in depth research in their specific area of concentration, read selected sources in the original languages, and design a final project that furthers their course of study. Instructor: McLarney. One course. C-L: Islamic Studies

629S. Muslim Networks Across Time and Space. CCI, CZ, EI Muslim networks are at once an historical and a contemporary phenomenon. Networks for the exchange of material goods, people and cultural practices define Islamic civilization, and now the Internet provides a new network of communication in cyberspace. This course will explore various hermeneutical strategies for understanding both Muslim cybernauts and their role in the future of Muslim communities from America to Asia. Instructor: Cooke, Lawrence. One course. C-L: Religion 662S, Islamic Studies

631. Seminar on Chinese Cinema. CZ, R Films, documentaries, television series, and soap operas produced in mainland China in the post-Mao era. Topics include the history and aesthetics of the cinema, soap operas as the new forum for public debates on popular culture, the emerging film criticism in China, the relationship of politics and form in postrevolutionary aesthetics. (Same as Chinese 188S but requires extra assignments.) Research paper required. Prerequisite: Chinese 436S or advanced oral and written proficiency in Mandarin Chinese. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

631S. Seminar on Modern Chinese Cinema. CZ, R Films, documentaries, television series, and soap operas produced in mainland China in the post-Mao era. Topics include the history and aesthetics of the cinema, soap operas as the new forum for public debates on popular culture, the emerging film criticism in China, the relationship of politics and form in postrevolutionary aesthetics. (Same as Chinese 188S but requires extra assignments.) Research paper required. Prerequisite: Chinese 436S or advanced oral and written proficiency in Mandarin Chinese. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

632S. Literati/Literature Culture: Pre Modern Chinese Literature. ALP, CCI, R Survey of works in Chinese from Confucius to the Qing Dynasty including short stories, novels, autobiographical writings, and poetry. Topics include the role of the educated elite in relation to literature and culture and how the literati portray themselves in their works. Relations between orthodoxy and marginalization of the literati and its impact on their writing.(Same as Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 432S but requires extra assignments.) Instructor: Staff. One course.

661. Japanese Cinema. ALP, CCI, CZ An introduction to the history of Japanese cinema focusing on issues including the relation between the tradition-modernity or Japan-West in the development of Japanese cinema, the influence of Japanese films on the theory and practice of cinema abroad, and the ways in which cinema has served as a reflection of and an active agent in the transformation of Japanese society. (Same as Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 461, but requires extra assignments.) Instructor: Chow. One course.

673. Trauma and Passion in Korean Culture. ALP, CCI Representations of passion and trauma in Korean society and history through various cultural media including literature, historical texts, autobiographies, film, and other visual media. In dealing with historical traumas such as the Korean War, Japanese colonization, Western imperialism and political upheavals, sub-topics to include war, love, melodrama, nationalism, ideological strife and longing and loss. (Same as Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 473 but requires extra assignments.) Instructor: Kwon. One course.

682. Arabian Nights in the West. ALP, CCI Graduate version of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 482. Examines one of the most popular works of world literature, The Thousand and One Nights. Considers elements of fairy tales, romances, fables, legends, parables, and adventures. Comparison of narrative techniques used in Boccaccio's The Decameron and Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Comparative analysis of the structure of the story. Students in this graduate section will have a supplementary reading list, additional assignments, and meet regularly with the professor outside regular class time. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Jawad Al Mamouri. One course.

690S. Special Topics in Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. ALP, CCI Seminar version of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 590. Topics vary each semester. One course.

ARABIC (ARABIC)

101. Elementary Arabic. FL Understanding, speaking, reading, and writing modern standard Arabic. Language laboratory. Instructor: Lo. One course.

102. Elementary Arabic. FL Continuation of Arabic 101. Prerequisite: Arabic 101 or equivalent. Instructor: Lo. One course.

131. Conversational Egyptian and Contemporary Culture. FL Designed to develop proficiency in conversational Egyptian Arabic within a cultural context: manners, social interaction, customs, and holiday traditions. Consent required if student has not taken any Arabic previously. Instructor: Staff. One course.

203. Intermediate Arabic. CZ, FL Reading, composition, and conversation in modern standard Arabic. Readings include selections from the Qur'an, contemporary literature, and the Arabic press. Prerequisite: Arabic 102 or equivalent. Instructor: Habib. One course.

204. Intermediate Arabic. CZ, FL Continuation of Arabic 203. Prerequisite: Arabic 203 or equivalent. Instructor: Habib. One course.

205A. Dardasha Masriyyah: Egyptian Dialect. CZ, FL Intermediate level foundation in the structure, pronunciation, vocabulary, culture of Egyptian Arabic. Focus on communicative skills of listening and speaking of Egyptian dialect of Arabic. Develop the automated production skills necessary to function in an Arabic speaking environment of Egyptian culture. Understand Egyptian culture as reflected in popular imagery & films. Visit cultural sites & icons for historical awareness. Offered only in the Duke in the Arab World Study Abroad Program. Pre-req: Arabic 2 or equivalent. Instructor: Habib. One course.

305. Advanced Arabic. ALP, CCI, FL Readings in classical and contemporary fiction and nonfiction. Works include al-Jahiz, Ibn Arabi, Taha Husain, Ibn Battuta, Ghada al-Samman and 1001 Nights. Prerequisite: Arabic 204 or equivalent. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

306. Advanced Arabic. ALP, FL Continuation of Arabic 305. Prerequisite: Arabic 305 or equivalent. Instructor: Staff. One course.

391. Independent Study. Individual study of language for conducting research involving sources written or spoken in the language. Students have to submit a proposal describing the purported research, types of sources to be analyzed, and kinds of language knowledge or skills they need to be equipped with. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

407. Issues in Arabic Language and Society I. ALP, CCI, FL Readings and other material, including films, television, and radio broadcasts. Exercises in composition. Prerequisite: Arabic 306 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Cooke. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

408. Issues in Arabic Language and Society II. ALP, FL Continuation of Arabic 407. Prerequisite: Arabic 306 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Cooke. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

481. Media Arabic. CZ, FL Expose students to a wide variety of media Arabic taken from written news sources and TV and Internet programs. help develop skills in speaking, writing, reading, and listening comprehension beyond the intermediate high level. Expose students to media materials and programs from al-Jazeera. Teach students to hold informed discussions and write simple analyses and reports of current events and debates. Help students read articles from a selection of newspapers, magazines and websites from around the Arab world with focus on specialized vocabulary of media Arabic. Instructor: Habib. One course.

501S. Translation as a Research Tool in Arabic and Islamic Studies. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Introduces advanced students of Arabic to the science of translation as a major tool to pursue research in Arabic and Islamic studies. Learn techniques of translating Arabic text, editing, accessing biographical translation. Teach students how to translate literary text, religious text etc. (Qur’an, Hadith, poetry, etc.) Instructor: Jaward. One course. C-L: Islamic Studies

502S. Classical Arabic Texts. ALP, CCI, CZ Readings of Classical Arabic texts to include pre-Islamic poetry, philosophy, historiography, tafsirs, adaption. Instructor: Habib. One course. C-L: Islamic Studies

CHINESE (CHINESE)

101. Elementary Chinese. FL Introduction to speaking, understanding, reading, and writing modern standard Chinese (Mandarin, or putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect). Instructor: Lee. One course.

102. Elementary Chinese. FL Continuation of Chinese 101. Prerequisite: Chinese 101 or equivalent. Instructor: Lee. One course.

131. Literacy in Chinese I. FL Designed for students who were raised in a Chinese-speaking environment and who can converse about personal information or daily topics but have little or no reading and writing skills in Mandarin Chinese. Gain knowledge of the etymologies of Chinese characters and writing system. Substantial work on the development of reading and writing competencies in Chinese while continuing to improve aural understanding and speaking competency. Topics focus on issues concerning the aspects of bilingual and bicultural experiences specifically addressed for Chinese heritage learners. Instructor: Yao. One course.

203. Intermediate Chinese. FL Reading, oral practice, language laboratory. Not open to students who have completed Chinese 232 or 242. Instructor: Cai. One course.

204. Intermediate Chinese. FL Continuation of Chinese 203. Prerequisite: Chinese 203. Not open to students who have completed Chinese 232 or 242. Instructor: Cai. One course.

223A. Intensive Progress in Chinese. FL Offered in the Duke Study in China Program at Capital Normal University. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

224A. Intensive Progress in Chinese. FL Continuation of Chinese 223A. Offered in the Duke Study in China Program at Capital Normal University. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. 

232. Literacy in Chinese II. FL Continuation of Chinese 131. Further development of reading and writing fluency and competencies through studying a range of topics consisting of more complex vocabulary and grammatical structures. Content covering necessary understanding of language and cultural heritage concerning Chinese customs, civilization, and history. Prerequisite: Chinese 131 or equivalent. Instructor: Yao. One course.

242. Intensive Literacy in Chinese. Intensive Literacy in Chinese. Covers the curriculum of Chinese for advanced-beginners (Chinese 131 and 232) in one semester. Equal attention to listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Introduction to various aspects of Chinese culture. Not open to students without previous exposure to Mandarin Chinese, or to students who can read and write more than 300 Chinese characters. Instructor: Staff. Two courses.

305. Advanced Chinese. CCI, FL Proficiency in speaking, aural comprehension, reading, and writing. Content drawn from newspaper articles, essays, and other readings concerning history, culture, and current political, social, and simple economic issues in China and Taiwan. Prerequisite: Chinese 204 or equivalent. Instructor: Yao. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

306. Advanced Chinese II. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Continuation of Chinese 305. Designed for Chinese as a foreign/second language. Builds knowledge of more sophisticated linguistic forms and learning to differentiate between different types of written and spoken discourse. Development of writing skills in selected formats and genres while continuing to develop correct use of speech patterns and vocabulary and cross-cultural understanding. Content drawn from newspaper articles, essays, and other readings concerning social and cultural issues in contemporary Chinese society. Prerequisite: Chinese 305 or equivalent. Instructor: Yao. One course.

325A. Advanced Progress in Chinese. CCI, FL Third-year Chinese. Offered in the Duke Study in China Program at Capital Normal University. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

326A. Advanced Progress in Chinese. CCI, FL Continuation of Chinese 325A. Third-year Chinese. Offered in the Duke Study in China Program at Capital Normal University. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

333. Advanced Literacy in Chinese. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Continuation of Chinese 232, Literacy in Chinese. Designed for Chinese as a second language. Practice in formal and informal speech and discourse in speaking and writing. Content drawn from newspaper articles, essays, TV and radio broadcasts concerning social and cultural issues in contemporary China. Develops fluency and skills in writing expository essays and short stories (narrative) while continuing to advance understanding of heritage culture and aural/oral proficiency. Prerequisite: Chinese 232 or equivalent proficiency. Instructor: Staff. One course.

334. Issues in Modern Chinese. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Further development of the elements practiced in Chinese 131-333. Designed for Chinese as a second language. Theme-based approach focusing on aspects of social/cultural phenomena and historical/political background of topics in contemporary China and Taiwan. Guided writing practice and development of skills in reading authentic texts in both colloquial and literary Chinese. Prerequisite: Chinese 333 or equivalent. Instructor: Cai. One course.

371S. Classical Chinese in the Modern Context I. ALP, FL Introduction to Classical Chinese for the basic reader. Historical background of essential texts in the ancient period, covering classical literature, philosophy, and history. Focus on grammar, systematic sentence analysis, and distinctive functions of grammatical particles. A gateway to advanced literary reading and writing (shu-mian-yu). Enhancement of knowledge of classical literature, philosophy, and history. Consent of instructor required. Prerequisite: Chinese 333 or Chinese 407S. Instructor: Staff. One course.

372S. Classical Chinese in the Modern Context II. ALP, CZ, FL Continuation of Chinese 371S. Acquaintance with historical background of essential texts in the ancient period. Focus on grammar, systematic sentence analysis, and distinctive functions of grammatical particles. A gateway to advanced literary reading and writing (shu-mian-yu). Enhancement of knowledge of classical literature, philosophy, and history. One course.

393. Independent Study. Individual study of language for conducting research involving sources written or spoken in the language. Students have to submit a proposal describing the purported research, types of sources to be analyzed, and kinds of language knowledge or skills they need to be equipped with. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

407S. Issues in Chinese Language and Society I. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Materials from public media used to analyze diverse social phenomena and cultural issues in contemporary China. Major focus on developing literary reading and writing skills along with learning methods of writing academic Chinese essays on a wide range of complex topics. Topics include popular culture, food, marriage outlooks, Cultural Revolution, Confucianism, and social issues after the economic reform in China. Analysis of cultural and literary texts from variety of media and genres providing a basis for practice in discussion and writing. Instructors: Lee and staff. One course.

408S. Issues in Chinese Language and Society II. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL See Chinese 407S. Prerequisite: Chinese 305, 306, 427A, 428A, 473A, 474A, or consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course.

427A. Intensive Advanced Chinese. ALP, CCI, FL Study of diverse public media in which Mandarin Chinese is the principal language of communication. Includes interviews, methods of writing Chinese essays, and rhetorical analysis on a range of topics. Equivalent of fourth-year Chinese. Offered in the Duke Study in China Program at Capital Normal University. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

428A. Intensive Advanced Chinese. ALP, CCI, FL Continuation of Chinese 427A. Equivalent of fourth-year Chinese. Offered in the Duke Study in China Program at Capital Normal University. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

435S. Themes in Modern Chinese I. ALP, CCI, FL Readings and other material, including web sites, films, television, and radio broadcasts. Exercises in composition. Prerequisite: Chinese 305, 306, 127, 129, or consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

436S. Selected Readings in Contemporary Chinese Literature II. ALP, CCI, FL Continuation of Selected Readings in Contemporary Chinese Literature I. Designed for advanced learners of Chinese as a second language. Further development of literary reading and writing skills on a range of formal topics. Advancing analytical competency in the language and cultural literacy. Content drawn from authentic materials and literary work by prominent writers in contemporary China. Instructor: Staff. One course.

455. Contemporary Chinese Culture. ALP, CCI, FL Elements of Contemporary Chinese Culture including media, popular culture, literature and the arts. Prerequisite: Chinese language proficiency at the fourth year level or the equivalent. Instructor: Liu. One course.

456. Aspects of Chinese Culture and Society. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Topics in Chinese culture and society including media, popular culture, literature, and the arts of China. Prerequisite: Chinese language proficiency at the fourth-year level or the equivalent. Instructor: Liu. One course.

473A. Current Issues in Modern Chinese I. CCI, CZ, FL Equivalent to fifth year. Discussion based on oral and written reports and topical readings. Offered in the Duke Study in China Program at Capital Normal University. Instructor: Staff. One course.

474A. Current Issues in Modern Chinese II. CCI, CZ, FL Equivalent to fifth year. Readings and discussion of selections from modern Chinese literature, expository prose, and the Chinese press. Offered in the Duke Study in China Program at Capital Normal University. Instructor: Staff. One course.

HEBREW (HEBREW)

101. Elementary Modern Hebrew. FL Introduction to speaking, understanding, reading, and writing modern Hebrew. Language laboratory. Instructor: Plesser. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 101

102. Elementary Modern Hebrew. FL Continuation of Hebrew 101. Prerequisite: Hebrew 101 or equivalent. Instructor: Plesser. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 102

171. Biblical Hebrew I. FL One course. C-L: see Religion 105; also C-L: Jewish Studies 105

172. Biblical Hebrew II. FL One course. C-L: see Religion 106; also C-L: Jewish Studies 106

203. Intermediate Modern Hebrew. ALP, FL Reading, composition, conversation, and language laboratory. Prerequisite: Hebrew 101, 102 or equivalent. Instructor: Plesser. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 203

204. Intermediate Modern Hebrew. ALP, CZ, FL Continuation of Hebrew 203. Prerequisite: Hebrew 203 or equivalent. Instructor: Plesser. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 204

305S. Advanced Modern Hebrew. ALP, CCI, FL Introduction to modern Hebrew literature and Israeli culture. Emphasis on critical reading of literary and cultural texts, including prose, poetry, drama, and film. Conducted in Hebrew. Consent of instructor required. Prerequisite: Hebrew 204 or equivalent. Instructor: Ginsburg. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 305S, International Comparative Studies

306S. Advanced Modern Hebrew. ALP, CCI, FL Continuation of Hebrew 306S. Consent of instructor required. Prerequisite: Hebrew 306S or equivalent. Instructor: Ginsburg. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 306S

391. Independent Study. Individual study of language for conducting research involving sources written or spoken in the language. Students have to submit a proposal describing the purported research, types of sources to be analyzed, and kinds of language knowledge or skills they need to be equipped with. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

407S. Issues in Modern Hebrew. ALP, CCI, FL Readings and other material, including films, television, and radio broadcasts. Exercises in composition. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Ginsburg. One course. C-L: Jewish Studies 407S  

HINDI (HINDI)

101. Elementary Hindi. FL Conversation, basic grammar, and vocabulary; introduction to the Devanagari script and the reading of graded texts. Instructor: Vaishnava. One course.

102. Elementary Hindi. FL Continuation of Hindi 101. Prerequisite: Hindi 101. Instructor: Vaishnava. One course.

123A. Intensive Elementary Hindi. FL Covers the basic elementary Hindi language curriculum (Hindi 1 and 2) in one semester. Conversation, basic grammar, and vocabulary; introduction to the Devangagari script, the reading of texts, and culture. Open only to students in the Duke INtense Global program in Hyderabad. Two courses. Instructor: Staff. Two courses.

203. Intermediate Hindi. CZ, FL Reading, composition, and conversation. Cultural component emphasized through short readings. Prerequisite: Hindi 102. Instructor: Vaishnava. One course.

204. Intermediate Hindi. CZ, FL Continuation of Hindi 203. Prerequisite: Hindi 203. Instructor: Vaishnava. One course.

225A. Intensive Intermediate Hindi. FL Covers the intermediate Hindi language curriculum (Hindi 63 and 64) in one semester. Includes reading, composition, and coversation, as well as cultural components. Open only to students in the Duke INtense Global program in Hyderabad. Two courses. Instructor: Staff. Two courses.

305. Advanced Hindi. ALP, CCI, FL Proficiency in reading, writing, and speaking. Prerequisite: Hindi 204 or equivalent. Instructor: Khanna. One course.

306. Advanced Hindi. ALP, CCI, FL Continuation of Hindi 305. Prerequisite: Hindi 305 or equivalent. Instructor: Khanna. One course.

391. Independent Study. Individual study of language for conducting research involving sources written or spoken in the language. Students have to submit a proposal describing the purported research, types of sources to be analyzed, and kinds of language knowledge or skills they need to be equipped with. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

407S. Issues in Hindi Language and Society II. ALP, CCI, FL Readings in prevailing literary and mass media forms. Prerequisite: Hindi 306 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Khanna. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

408S. Issues in Hindi Language and Society II. ALP, CCI, FL Continuation of Hindi 407S. Prerequisite: Hindi 306 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Khanna. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies  

JAPANESE (JPN)

101. Elementary Japanese. FL Introduction to speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Instructor: Endo. One course.

102. Elementary Japanese. FL Continuation of Japanese 101. Prerequisite: Japanese 101 or equivalent. Instructor: Endo. One course.

203. Intermediate Japanese. CZ, FL Continuation of Japanese 102. Continued development of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Cultural component emphasized through short readings. Instructor: Endo. One course.

204. Intermediate Japanese. CZ, FL Continuation of Japanese 203. Prerequisite: Japanese 203 or equivalent. Instructor: Endo. One course.

305. Advanced Japanese. ALP, CCI, FL Readings and other materials, including video. Exercises in composition and conversation. Instructor: Kurokawa. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

306. Advanced Japanese. ALP, CCI, FL Continuation of Japanese 305. Prerequisite: Japanese 305 or equivalent. Instructor: Kurokawa. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

391. Independent Study. Individual study of language for conducting research involving sources written or spoken in the language. Students have to submit a proposal describing the purported research, types of sources to be analyzed, and kinds of language knowledge or skills they need to be equipped with. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

407S. Issues in Japanese Language and Society I. ALP, CCI, FL Readings and other materials, including television and radio broadcasts. Exercises in composition. Instructor: Saito. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

408S. Issues in Japanese Language and Society II. ALP, CCI, FL Continuation of Japanese 407S. Instructor: Saito. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

471S. Classical Japanese. ALP, CCI, FL Topics vary each semester. Prerequisite: Japanese 184 or equivalent. Instructor: Staff. One course.

650. Research Methods in Japanese (B). CCI, SS Introduction to various research approaches to literary, sociological, and historical studies of Japan. Emphasis on bibliographical sources that best serve needs in chosen area of specialization. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: History 503, Sociology 664  

KOREAN (KOREAN)

101. Elementary Korean. FL Designed for true beginners with no prior knowledge of Korean, introduces the basics of Korean. The sounds of spoken Korean, the writing system Hangul, and greetings; basic communication, fundamentals of grammar, and elementary reading skills for simple sentences. Instructor: E. Kim. One course.

102. Elementary Korean. FL Continuation of Korean 101. Developing speaking and listening skills for everyday personal communication; reading simple narratives and descriptions; learning core grammatical patterns. Prerequisite: Korean 101 or equivalent (knowledge of Hangul and rudimentary speaking ability). Instructor: E. Kim. One course.

203. Intermediate Korean. FL Focus on developing reading skills for narrative and descriptive texts, and on writing. Practice in listening and speaking in social settings with peers and colleagues; development of complexity and sociolinguistic appropriateness in speech. Prerequisite: Korean 102 or equivalent (ability to communicate in service encounters and express oneself in basic personal situations). Instructor: E. Kim. One course.

204. Intermediate Korean. CZ, FL Continuation of Korean 203. Listening and speaking about cultural practices and historical events, reading and writing informative and expository texts, and honing grammatical usage and vocabulary choice. Prerequisite: Korean 203 or equivalent (ability to speak on daily topics fluently and to read simple stories). Instructor: E. Kim. One course.

305. Advanced Korean. ALP, CCI, FL Listening and speaking about cultural, social, and political issues; reading and responding to authentic texts; honing grammatical usage at the discourse level. Prerequisite: Korean 204 or equivalent (fluency in speaking, familiarity with culture, and experience in reading at grade 1 to 3 level). Instructor: Kim. One course.

306S. Advanced Korean. CCI, CZ, FL Continuation of Korean 305. Introduction to Chinese characters; focus on reading and discussing authentic texts on modern Korean history and its social and cultural legacies. Prerequisite: Korean 305 or equivalent (fluency in speaking, familiarity with culture, and experience in reading at grade 4 or 5 level). Instructor: Kim. One course.

391. Independent Study. Individual study of language for conducting research involving sources written or spoken in the language. Students have to submit a proposal describing the purported research, types of sources to be analyzed, and kinds of language knowledge or skills they need to be equipped with. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

407S. Issues in Korean Language and Society I. ALP, CCI, FL Focus on developing interpretive and expressive abilities through reading and discussions of essays, short stories, and newspaper articles. Prerequisite: Korean 306S or equivalent. Instructor: Kim. One course.

408S. Issues in Korean Language and Society II. ALP, CCI, FL Continue developing interpretive and expressive abilities through reading and discussions of essays, short stories, and newspaper articles. Prerequisite: Korean 407S or equivalent. Instructor: Kim. One course.

455S. Korean Politics and Society: Academic Reading and Writing. CCI, CZ, EI, FL, SS An advanced class for students having completed a fourth year course in Korean, or for international students schooled in Korea. Explores controversial issues in contemporary South Korea such as economic aid to North Korea, restrictions on online anonymity, legal status of immigrants, the US-Korea Free Trade Agreement, revision of National Security Laws, with focus on their ethical dimensions, diverging perspectives, underlying ideologies, and historical contexts . Course materials drawn from media and academic publications in Korean. Instructor: Staff. One course.  

PERSIAN (PERSIAN)

101. Elementary Persian. FL Introduction to spoken and literary Persian: understanding, speaking, reading, and writing. Language laboratory drill. Instructor: Staff. One course.

102. Elementary Persian. FL Continuation of Persian 101. Instructor: Staff. One course.

203. Intermediate Persian. FL Four hours of classroom work. Advanced reading and composition in classical Persian. Prerequisite: elementary Persian. Instructor: Staff. One course.

204. Intermediate Persian. FL Continuation of Persian 203. Instructor: Staff. One course.

391. Independent Study. Individual study of language for conducting research involving sources written or spoken in the language. Students have to submit a proposal describing the purported research, types of sources to be analyzed, and kinds of language knowledge or skills they need to be equipped with. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490AS. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Persian. CCI Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

SANSKRIT (SANSKRIT)

101. Introductory Sanskrit Language and Literature. Introduces classical, literary Sanskrit, the ancient and trans-continental language of India's intellectual heritage, history, and sacred scriptures. Teaches students Devanagari script, to learn and analyze grammatical forms and structures, vocabulary, and to interpret meaning. Provides an overview to the literature and civilizational importance of Sanskrit, from the ancient past to the present. Instructor: Freeman. One course. C-L: Religion 107

102. Introductory Sanskrit Language and Literature. Continuation of Sanskrit 101/Religion 107, as prerequisite. Further learning of grammatical forms and structures of the higher language. Introduction of elementary readings from literature and scriptures. Instructor: Freeman. One course. C-L: Religion 108

203. Intermediate Sanskrit. Selected readings in the literature and scriptures, with introduction to the conventions of traditional literary forms, grammar, and interpretation. Prerequisite: Sanskrit 102/Religion 108. Instructor: Freeman. One course. C-L: Religion 209

391. Independent Study. Individual study of language for conducting research involving sources written or spoken in the language. Students have to submit a proposal describing the purported research, types of sources to be analyzed, and kinds of language knowledge or skills they need to be equipped with. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.   

 THE MAJOR

Asian and Middle Eastern Studies offers a curriculum that reflects an increasing awareness of the interconnectedness of the globe. It provides students with an understanding of languages, literatures, and cultures beyond America and the West to prepare them for professional work or advanced graduate study in a number of international arenas. The curriculum is based on a theoretical framework that examines contemporary cultures of Asia and the Middle East within a global context. Its mission is to foster a view of literature and culture at once indigenous and global, informed by local histories of internal development as well as by theories of cross-cultural influence. The course requirements for the major provide an intellectual vision that includes both study of language and culture practice and a critical theoretical framework for analyzing cultural experience.

The major requires a minimum of ten courses (at least eight of which must be at the 200 level or above), with concentration in one of the six following areas: Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, or Korean.  Students must receive a C- or above in all courses taken for the major. The major is organized in accordance with three overlapping structures, as reflected in the following requirements:

I.    For advanced linguistic skills, the student should take a minimum of three and up to a maximum of six language courses, two of which must be at the 300 level or above. Elementary level courses do not count toward the major.

II.    For comprehensive understanding and critical analysis of the literary and cultural traditions, along with theoretical examination of cultural identities such as gender, class, ethnicity, nation, and sexuality, the student is required to take a minimum of three and up to a maximum of five corresponding literature/culture courses at the 100 level or above, two of which must be taken in the department of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. Majors should consult with their advisor for appropriate courses from other departments.

III.    For critical analysis of the issue of cultural identities and cross-cultural links with other cultures in Asian and Middles Eastern Studies, every student is required to complete a minimum of one and up to a maximum of two Asian and Middle Eastern Studies courses at the 100 level or above on other cultures.

Study Abroad. An integral part of the student's experience will be study abroad; while not a requirement of the major, it is strongly encouraged. Students should discuss this option as early as possible with their major advisor.

Advising. Majors will be assigned a faculty advisor from the department.

Departmental Graduation with Distinction. Majors with grade point averages of 3.5 or higher in the major may apply in their junior year to the Director of Undergraduate Studies for Graduation with Distinction (see the section on honors in this bulletin). Students working on their honors thesis will take an independent study with their thesis advisor in the Fall of their senior year, and will take a departmental honors seminar (AMES 495S) in the Spring. Students will have an oral defense of their theses at the end of their final semester, at which point their thesis committee will determine what level of distinction the student will receive.  In order to graduate with honors, the student must obtain at least an A- in the honors seminar.

THE MINOR

A minor is offered to students interested in the study of language, literature, and culture of a particular region of Asia and the Middle East. Areas of concentration include: Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, or Korean.

The minor offers two tracks: Concentration in (1) an Asian and Middle Eastern Studies with a  Language Concentration and (2) in Asian and Middle Eastern Studies with a Literature Concentration. Five courses are required in each track. Students must receive a C- or above in all courses taken for the minor.

1.       Minor in an Asian and Middle Eastern Studies with a Language Concentration: includes Arabic, Chinese, modern Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, or Korean. Five courses are required as follows: (i) a minimum of three and up to a maximum of four language courses, two of which must be at the 300 level (elementary level courses do not count toward the minor); (ii) a minimum of one and up to a maximum of two corresponding literature/culture courses at the 100 level or above which must be taken from the department of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies.

2.       Minor in Asian and Middle Eastern Studies with a Literature Concentration: Five courses are required as follows: (i) two language courses at the intermediate (200) level or above; (ii) a minimum of one and up to a maximum of two corresponding literature/culture courses at the 100 level or above from Asian and Middle Eastern Studies; and (iii) a minimum of one and up to a maximum of two courses on other cultures at the 100 level or above, which must be taken from the department of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies.

For courses in astronomy, see Physics on page 483.

For courses in biochemistry, see Medicine (School)—Graduate (School) Basic Science Courses Open to Undergraduates (on page 440); also see Biology (on page 179) and Chemistry (on page 200).

Professor Kiehart, Chair; Professor Manos, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Assistant Professor of the Practice J.A. Reynolds, Associate Director of Undergraduate Studies; Professors Alberts, Benfey, Brandon (philosophy), Christensen (Environmental Sciences and Policy), Clark, Cunningham, Dong, Forward (Marine Science and Conservation), Goldstein (molecular genetics and microbiology), Jackson (Environmental Science and Policy), Kiehart, Manos, McClay, McShea, Mitchell-Olds, Morris, H. Nijhout, M. Noor, Nowicki, Pryer,Rausher, J. F. Reynolds, Rittschof (Marine Science and Conservation), Rodrigo, Rosenberg (philosophy), Shaw, Siedow, Smith, Staddon (psychology and brain sciences), Sun, Terborgh (Environmental Sciences and Policy), Uyenoyama, Vilgalys, Willard (molecular genetics and microbiology), Willis, Wray, and Yoder; Associate Professors Bejsovec, Bernhardt, Donohue, Drea (evolutionary anthropology), Haase, Hartemink (computer science), Johnsen, Lutzoni, Pei, Roth, D. Sherwood and Wilson; Assistant Professors Baugh, Bhandawat, Buchler, Chen, Hunt (marine science and conservation), Johnson (marine science and conservation), Koelle, Leal, Magwene, Schmid, Volkan, and Wright; Professors Emeriti Barber, Boynton, Fluke, Gillham, Klopfer, Nicklas, Searles, Strain, Tucker, Wainwright, Ward, White, and Wilbur; Associate Professors of the Practice Armaleo, Broverman, Mercer, and Motten; Assistant Professors of the Practice Reid,JA Reynolds, and Spana; Research Professors Cook-Deegan (public policy), Livingstone, and Vogel; Assistant Research Professor N. Sherwood; Adjunct Professors Eubanks, Kohorn and Lacey; Adjunct Associate Professor DeCruz,; Adjunct Assistant Professor Isikhuemhen; Adjunct Professor of the Practice Hartshorn(environmental science and policy);; Lecturers Grunwald, Hill, J. Noor, and Perz-Edwards; Instructor Eason

A major or a minor is available in this department.

The biology major and minor and biology courses in a variety of areas are offered by the Department of Biology. Additional courses in the biological sciences are offered by the Departments of Evolutionary Anthropology, Chemistry, and Psychology and Neuroscience in Trinity College of Arts and Sciences; by the basic sciences departments in the School of Medicine; and by the Pratt School of Engineering and the Nicholas School of the Environment.

20. General Biology. Credit for Advanced Placement on the basis of the College Board Examination in biology. One course.

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

150. Biology of Aging: The Quest for a Fountain of Youth. EI, NS, STS Current research in the cellular and molecular mechanisms of aging, specifically focusing on model organisms (e.g. yeast, worms, and flies) and how this is being applied to extending longevity in humans. Topics including the forces of natural selection and aging, stress and telomere length, free radicals and oxidative damage, calorie restriction, the obesity epidemic, degenerative diseases and stem cells. Social and political impact of increasing life expectancies and the consequences of shifting global demographics. Ethical questions such as the value of doubling human life span. Intended for nonmajors. Instructor: Hill. One course.

151. The Role of Trees in Urban Environments. NS, STS Discussion in first part of course of various environmental properties of city living; in second part, examination of how trees, as a proxy for vegetation, affect those properties. Also discussed are socioeconomic aspects of trees in the city. Instructor: Wilson. One course.

152. Life's Beginnings. NS, STS Cells, molecules, and evolution from the start. The origin and evolution of life on earth as a case study in science, as a human enterprise, and as a way of knowing. Intended for non-biology majors. Instructor: Mercer. One course.

153. Ecosystem Health and Human Well-Being. NS, STS Explores interactions between ecosystem health and human well-being in context of global change and human population growth. Effects of climate change on food supply, water availability, land degradation and human well-being; impact of species distribution, disease spread, and human health; ecosystem services and human well-being. Case studies used to illustrate the scientific process and to evaluate supporting evidence. For nonmajors. Instructor: Reid. One course. C-L: Environment 153, Global Health

154. AIDS and Other Emerging Diseases. NS, STS Explores the interaction of biology and culture in creating and defining diseases through an investigation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and other emerging diseases: molecular biology; biology of transmission and infection; the role of people and culture in the evolution of infectious diseases; reasons for the geographic variations in disease. The inductive-deductive methodology of science is both used to develop and test hypotheses as well as examined itself as an analytical tool. Intended for nonmajors. Instructor: Broverman. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 103, Global Health

155. The Biology of Dinosaurs. NS, STS Introduction to the history of ideas about the anatomy, diversity, behavior, reproduction, and ecology of dinosaurs and their relatives. The historical and social contexts of important scientific discoveries and controversies. Controversies and current research used to illustrate the scientific method as a way of learning about the natural world. Topics such as plate tectonics, the age of the earth, natural selection, and parental care in dinosaurs illustrating how scientists draw upon observation and experiment to frame, test, and refine hypotheses. Intended for nonmajors. Instructor: Wray. One course.

156. Genetics, Genomics, and Society: Implications for the 21st Century. EI, NS, SS, STS Introduction to the foundation of genomic sciences with an emphasis on recent advances and their social, ethical and policy implications. Foundational topics including DNA, proteins, genome organization, gene expression, and genetic variation will be interwoven with contemporary issues emanating from the genome revolution such as pharmacogenetics, genetic discrimination, genomics of race, genetically modified crops, and genomic testing. Genomic sciences and policy science applied to present and future societal, and particularly ethical, concerns related to genomics. Intended for non-Biology majors. Not open to students who have taken Biology 210FS, 201L or 202L. Instructor: Hill. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy 156, Marine Science and Conservation

157. The Dynamic Oceans. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Earth and Ocean Sciences 102; also C-L: Marine Science and Conservation

158. Plants and Human Use. NS, STS Historical and present interactions between humans and plants like coffee, tea, sugar, opium, pepper, potato and hemp, illustrating major changes in human civilization and cultures as a result. Social economic, trade, exploration, spiritual, medicinal, and plant structural and chemical reasons underlying the pivotal roles certain plant species have played in the development of human culture and technology. Case studies of different plant commodities (products) revealing these biological and historical interactions. For nonmajors. Instructor: Pryer. One course.

159. The Past and Future of the Human Genome. EI, NS, SS, STS Exploration of current DNA technology and potential impacts which are in continual flux because of new scientific findings, medical advances, judicial rulings. Introduction to the structure of the genome, genetic variation, and the genetic basis of disease to study existing and future medical, ethical, and policy issues. Intended for nonmajors. Instructor: Goldstein and Angrist. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy 159

161. Plants of Duke Campus. NS Ecology, morphology, and identification of trees and shrubs; topics include plant anatomy and wood structure, reproduction, classification, evolution; outdoor class meetings focus on identification of native and cultivated species; intended for nonmajors. Instructor: Shaw. One course.

175LA. Marine Biology. EI, NS, STS Physical and chemical aspects of estuarine and marine ecosystems and environments. Functional adaptations of marine organisms and the role of man and society on the ecosystems. Includes field trips to local environments with an emphasis on impacted environments and their relation to societal activity and policy. For students not majoring in natural sciences. (Given at Beaufort.) Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

179S. Biology and Human Disease. NS, STS Exploration of important concepts in molecular biology and genetics designed for members of the Cardea Fellows Program. The course will cultivate curiosity and promote deep understanding of important biological principles by examining them in the context of human health and disease. Students will utilize case studies and group problem solving to apply biological knowledge to biomedical and societal challenges. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Perz-Edwards. One course.

180FS. Global Diseases. NS, STS Biological, social, and cultural factors impacting global disease spread and/or reduction; current challenges in vaccination and disease control programs. Open only to students in the Focus Program. One course. C-L: Global Health

190A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in Biology. NS, STS Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190FS. Focus Program Topics in Biology. NS Open only to students in the Focus Program; for first-year students with consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190S. Topics in Modern Biology. NS Occasional seminars in various topics in biology. Intended for nonmajors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

201L. Gateway to Biology: Molecular Biology. NS, STS Introduces major concepts in biology through the lens of molecular biology. Molecular mechanisms that comprise the Central Dogma and variants. DNA structure and function, replication, transcription, and translation. Protein synthesis, folding, structure and function. Supporting topics related to the structure of cells, metabolism and energetics. Integration of physical and quantitative principles to molecular biology. Relevance to human diseases and the biotechnology industry. Laboratory includes an introduction to recombinant DNA technology. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101DL, or equivalent. Instructor: Buchler, Haase, Kiehart, Wray. One course.

201LA. Gateway to Biology: Molecular Biology. NS, STS Introduces major concepts in biology through the lens of molecular biology. Molecular mechanisms that comprise the Central Dogma and variants. DNA structure and function, replication, transcription, and translation. Protein synthesis, folding, structure and function. Supporting topics related to the structure of cells, metabolism and energetics. Integration of physical and quantitative principles to molecular biology. Relevance to human diseases and the biotechnology industry. Laboratory includes an introduction to recombinant DNA technology. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101DL. Taught only in the Beaufort Marine Lab program. Instructor: Schultz. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

202L. Gateway to Biology: Genetics and Evolution. NS, STS Introduction to principles transmission genetics and evolution. Includes Mendelian and non-Mendelian inheritance, quantitative genetics, genetic mapping, evidence for evolution, natural selection, genetic drift, kin selection, speciation, molecular evolution, phylogenetic analysis. Relevance to human family and social structure, evolution of infectious disease, human hereditary disorders, social implications of genetic knowledge. Instructor: Donohue, Noor, Rausher, Willis or staff. One course.

204. Biological Data Analysis. NS, QS Principles and applications of statistics in biology, with emphasis on genetics, molecular biology, ecology and environmental science. Topics include: the presentation of biological data, summary statistics, probabilities and commonly-applied probability distributions, the central limit theorem, statistical hypothesis tests, errors and power, tests using the z- and t-distributions, correlation and regression, analyses of variance and covariance, non-parametric tests, and sampling design. Not open to students who have credit for another 100-level statistics course. Instructor: Rodrigo. One course.

205. Marine Megafauna. NS, STS Ecology, systematics, and behavior of large marine animals including giant squid, bony fishes, sharks, sea turtles, seabirds, and marine mammals. Relations between ocean dynamics, large marine animals, and their role in ocean food webs. Impact of human activities and technological advancement on populations. Economic, social, and policy considerations in the protection of threatened species. Prerequisite: AP Biology, Introductory Biology, or consent of the instructor. Instructor: Johnston. One course. C-L: Environment 205, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

206L. Organismal Diversity. NS Broadly integrated survey of biological diversity, including the major lineages of prokaryotes, plants, protists, animals and fungi, with an emphasis on evolutionary relationships, ecological and functional anatomical features of major groups. Lectures closely coordinated with twice-weekly intensive laboratory exercises emphasizing live material to present. Required weekend field trips to distinctive habitats in North Carolina. Intended for Biology or prospective Biology majors. Prerequisite: Biology 20 or 202L, recommended. Not open to students who have taken Biology 26AL, 26B(L) 207. Instructor: Motten. One course.

207. Organismal Evolution. NS Exploration of the diversity of life by emphasizing evolutionary, structural, and functional aspects of the major lineages of bacteria, plants, protists, animals and fungi. Not open to students who have taken Biology 26AL, 26B(L), or 206L. Instructor: Manos and Cunningham. One course.

209. Ecology for a Crowded Planet. NS, STS Human activities are fundamentally altering our landscapes and our atmosphere. The science of ecology is central to our ability to sustain populations of organisms, regional and global biodiversity, and the provision of critical ecosystem services. Course emphasizes critical analysis of ecological data and the design and interpretation of ecological experiments and models. Students will become well equipped to evaluate environmental science as it is reported in the popular press. Instructor: Bernhardt, Reid, or Wright. One course.

210FS. Genomes, Biology, and Medicine. NS, R, STS Implications of Human Genome Project for understanding biology of molecules, cells, organs, organisms and populations. Topics include: genome and evolution, infectious disease, sex, Implications of Human Genome Project for understanding biology of molecules, cells, organs, organisms and populations. Topics include: genome and evolution, infectious disease, sex, aging, behavior, impact on the practice of medicine and society's perception of health and disease. Examination of case studies based on primary scientific literature. Open only to students in the Focus Program. Prerequisite: Biology 20 or the equivalent. Instructor: Willard. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy

212L. General Microbiology. NS Classical and modern principles of the structure, physiology, and genetics of microorganisms and their roles in human affairs. Prerequisite: one course in a biological science or consent of instructor. Instructor: Dong, Lutzoni, Schmid, or Vilgalys. One course. C-L: Global Health

213. Cell Signaling and Diseases. NS During the past several decades, exploration in basic research has yielded extensive knowledge about the numerous and intricate signaling processes involved in the development and maintenance of a functional organism. In order to demonstrate the importance and processes of cellular communication, this course will focus on cell signaling mechanisms and diseases resulting from their malfunction, such as cancer, stroke, and neuron degeneration (including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, and Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis). Students will be exposed to current literature and cutting edge knowledge. Prerequisite: Biology 201L. Instructor: Chen and Pei. One course.

214L. Experimental Cell and Molecular Biology. NS, R, W Application of contemporary molecular techniques to biological problems. Questions addressed on protein-DNA binding, protein domain structure and function, differential gene expression, protein localization. Techniques include genetic transformation, gel mobility shift assay, Western blot, Northern blot, PCR, RT-PCR, microarrays, immunolocalization, DNA sequencing. Students learn to write three scientific-style papers on their experiments. Prerequisite: Biology 201L or 202L. Instructor: Armaleo. One course.

215. Introduction to Mathematical Modeling in Biology. NS, QS, R A first course applying mathematics to biological problems. Topics drawn from cell and molecular biology, molecular evolution, enzyme catalysis, biochemical pathways, ecology, systems biology, and developmental biology. Prerequisite: Mathematics 212 or equivalent. Instructor: Mercer. One course. C-L: Modeling Biological Systems 205

215L. Introduction to Modeling in Mathematical Biology. NS, QS, R A first course in biological modeling. Emphasizes methods common to model building in general. Mathematica based lab develops and applies a high level programming language to simplify model building. Topics drawn from cell and molecular biology, molecular evolution, enzyme catalysis, biochemical pathways, population genetics, ecology, systems biology, and developmental biology. Prerequisite: Mathematics 103 or equivalent. Instructor: Mercer. One course.

219. Modern Genetics and Genomics: from Microbes to Mammals. NS Explores the flow of information from gene to phenotype, and the social implications of modern genetic analysis and the genomic revolution. Topics include: organization and stability of genomes from bacteria to humans, conversion of the genetic code into a functioning organism, classical transmission (Mendelian) genetics and its relevance to human hereditary disorders, content of the genome and societal issues that include genetic privacy, eugenics, genetically modified organisms, and cloning. Prerequisites: Bio 201L and Bio 202L. Instructor: Bejsovec. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy

220. Cellular and Developmental Biology. NS The role of genes and proteins in mediating basic cellular and development processes. Topics include: structure and function of cellular membranes and organelles; protein targeting and transport; signal transduction; role of the cytoskeleton in cell shape and motility; function of the immune system; genetic regulation of cell growth/division and the relationship to cancer; genetic control of development processes. Prerequisite: Biology 201L. Instructor: Baugh, Chen, Kiehart, McClay, Pei, D. Sherwood, or staff. One course.

223. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology. NS This course will cover the molecular and cellular components underlying nervous system function. Topics include the regulation of the neuronal cytoskeleton, process outgrowth and axon guidance, transport mechanisms, the generation and propagation of the action potential, components of the presynaptic and postsynaptic terminals, growth factors in development and regeneration, neuronal stem cells, and sensory signal transduction. Lectures by the instructor and expert guests, with regular readings of current and/or historical primary literature. Prerequisites: Biology 20 or 201L or equivalent, and Psychology 106. Instructor: Sherwood and Volkan. One course. C-L: Neuroscience 223

224. Fundamentals of Neuroscience (B). NS, STS One course. C-L: see Psychology 275; also C-L: Neuroscience 201

227. Molecular Plant Physiology. NS Principal physiological processes of plants, including respiration, photosynthesis, water relations, and factors associated with plant morphogenesis. Prerequisites: Biology 20 or 201L and Chemistry 101DL; organic chemistry is desirable. Instructors: Pei, Siedow, and Sun. One course.

228. Food and Fuel for a Growing Population: Nuts and Bolts of Plant Growth and Production. NS, STS Covers primary physiological processes from subcellular to whole plant that affect plant growth in a changing environment. Processes include photosynthesis, respiration, water relations, nutrient and carbohydrate allocation, signaling, and stress responses to various biotic and abiotic factors for a range of plant species adapted to different environments. Applications include plant improvement for food and biofuel production, management of plant growth in response to global change. Local field trip planned. Prerequisites: Biology 201L or 202L. Instructors: Reid and Siedow. One course. C-L: Environment 228

232S. Comparative Biomechanics. NS How living organisms interact with the physical world, their design, and operation. Covers solid and fluid mechanics using examples from plants, invertebrates, and vertebrates. Emphasizes biological principles. Prerequisite: Physics 141L or equivalent. Instructor: Staff. One course.

248. Evolution of Animal Form. NS, R, W A survey of the history of animal life focusing on major revolutions in design such as the Cambrian explosion, the Mesozoic radiation of dinosaurs, and the Cenozoic radiation of mammals. Exploration of three views of form: the Darwinian view which stresses function; the historicist view which emphasizes historical accident; and the structuralist view that form is mainly the result of fixed mathematical relationships. The different ways in which each view applies the comparative method. Prerequisite: Biology 20 or 202L. Instructor: McShea. One course.

250. Population Genetics. NS Use of genetic sequence analysis to examine aspects of natural populations of humans and other organisms in the past and present. Topics include molecular phylogenetics; the origin, maintenance, and loss of major features of evolution; the evolutionary process at the molecular level; reconstruction of human origins and paleohistory; and genetic information in forensic studies. Instructor: Uyenoyama. One course. C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

251. Molecular Evolution. NS Evolutionary dynamics of genes in populations, molecular phylogenetics, evolutionary pattern and process at the molecular level and some of their consequences for organism-level evolution. Evolution of genomes, gene families, gene function, regulatory genes, and of developmental control genes. Prerequisite: Biology 201L, and 202L or Biology 20, or consent of instructor. Instructor: Mercer. One course.

251L. Molecular Evolution. NS, QS, R Evolution of genes, gene families, and genomes and relation to their structure, function and history. Contemporary computer-based analysis of nucleic acid and protein evolution including: BLAST searches; sequence alignment; estimation of rates, patterns, types of substitution; interpreting evolutionary changes in structure-function relations; protein homology modeling; visualizing and annotating protein structure. Prerequisite: Biology 201L or consent of the instructor. Instructor: Mercer. One course.

255. Philosophy of Biology. CZ, NS, R, STS One course. C-L: see Philosophy 314; also C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy, Marine Science and Conservation

261S. Ecosystem Ecology for a Crowded Planet. EI, NS, STS Concepts of ecosystem ecology within the ethical, social and political context context of current environmental policy issues. Lectures, discussions and class activities examine environmental policy issues, linkage between ecosystem science and political issues. Prerequisites: Biology 209 or Environment 89S or consent Instructor: Bernhardt. One course. C-L: Environment 261S

262. People, Plants and Pollution: Introduction to Urban Environments. NS, STS Cities turn natural lands into impervious surfaces, like roofs and parking lots, while trees, forests, and grass decrease. Course covers urban environmental issues, including energy and carbon, air, heat, and water pollution, the health and welfare of people, and changes in other species and regional/global climatic patterns. Examines costs/benefits of urban nature on solving urban environmental problems, including enhancing the social welfare of people's lives. Instructor: Wilson. One course. C-L: Environment 274

267. Evolution of Animal Behavior. NS, R, STS, W How animal behavior is shaped by natural selection, historical factors, and ecological constraints. These factors considered in the context of mating systems, parental care, foraging, and other current issues in behavior. Prerequisite: Biology 20 or 202L. Instructor: Alberts. One course.

267-1. Evolution of Animal Behavior. NS, R, STS Non-writing intensive version of Biology 267. Instructor: Alberts. One course.

268. Learning and Adaptive Behavior (B, C). NS One course. C-L: see Psychology 251

270A. Conservation Biology and Policy. EI, NS, STS Introduction to the key concepts of ecology and policy relevant to conservation issues at the population to ecosystems level. Focus on the origin and maintenance of biodiversity and conservation applications from both the biology and policy perspectives (for example, endangered species, captive breeding, reserve design, habitat fragmentation, ecosystem restoration/rehabilitation). (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisites: introductory biology; suggested: a policy and/or introductory ecology course. Instructors: Nowacek and Orbach. One course. C-L: Environment 270A, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

272A. Analysis of Ocean Ecosystems. NS The history, utility, and heuristic value of the ecosystem; ocean systems in the context of Odum's ecosystem concept; structure and function of the earth's major ecosystems. (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisite: one year of biology, one year of chemistry, or consent of instructor. Instructor: Johnson. One course. C-L: Environment 272A, Earth and Ocean Sciences 272A, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

273LA. Marine Ecology. NS, R, W Factors that influence the distribution, abundance, and diversity of marine organisms. Course structure integrates lectures and field excursions. Topics include characteristics of marine habitats, adaptation to environment, species interactions, biogeography, larval recruitment, and communities found in rocky shores, tidal flats, beaches, mangrove, coral reefs, and subtidal areas. Not open to students who have taken Biology 773LA. (Given at Beaufort fall and summer.) Prerequisite: introductory biology. Instructors: Crowder, Kirby-Smith, or staff. One course. C-L: Environment 273LA, Earth and Ocean Sciences 374LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

275A. Biology for Engineers: Informing Engineering Decisions. NS, STS Biology from an engineering perspective. Emphasis on biological processes that inform engineering decisions. Topics include: environmental chemicals, biological command and control, nanostructures, e-waste, biology and engineered materials, organotoxins, metaltoxins, nanotoxins, biofouling, biomemetics, biological glues, biocorrosion, biodegradation, bioremediation, biological resistance, and biological virulence. Environmental and human health policy. (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisite: introductory chemistry. Instructor: Rittschof. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

278LA. Physiology of Marine Animals. NS, R, W Comparative physiology of estuarine and marine animals. Physics and chemistry of estuarine and marine environments and physiological adaptations of animal residents. Focus on theory, behavioral, and physiological responses of animals to the major environmental drivers of temperature, salinity, oxygen, and light. Lectures and laboratories illustrating the approaches and methodology, analysis techniques, and written reporting of classical environmental physiology research. One course (fall); one and one-half courses (summer). (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisites: AP biology, introductory biology, or consent of the instructor, and Chemistry 101DL. Instructor: Forward. Variable credit. C-L: Environment 278LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

280A. Fundamentals of Tropical Biology. NS Conceptual themes in ecology, emphasizing tropical organisms and ecosystems. Topics range from behavioral and physiological adaptation of individuals to processes and patterns in diverse assemblages, including: mutualism and parasitism in the tropics, competition and the structure of tropical guilds, pollination ecology, forest dynamics and gap-phase regeneration, island biogeography and the design of biological reserves, and evolutionary processes responsible for promoting high tropical biodiversity. (Taught in Costa Rica.) Instructor: Staff. One course.

280LA. Fundamentals of Tropical Biology. NS, R Laboratory version of Biology 280A. Field activities and independent field research projects. (Taught in Costa Rica, summer). Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Latin American Studies

281LA. Research Methods in Tropical Biology. NS, R, W Field-based course. Student design and implementation of ecological projects in different tropical ecological zones. Introduces basic concepts in statistical populations, sampling techniques, and experimental design and hypothesis testing. Topics include: measuring abiotic micro- and macroclimatic variables; estimating population abundance and distribution; performing demographic and life history analyses; investigating mutualistic, competitive, and predator-prey coevolutionary processes; and measuring patterns of species diversity. (Taught in Costa Rica.) Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Latin American Studies

282LA. Introduction to Field Ethnobiology. NS, STS Four-week summer course in Costa Rica on the scientific study of subsistence, medicinal, ceremonial, and esthetic use of plants and animals by human societies. Lectures and demonstrations in San José. Travel to southern Costa Rica to learn the use of resources in contrasting communities including Zancudo coastal community, Abrojos Guaymi Indian Reservation, and Guatil, a Chorotega Indian village. Offered by the Organization for Tropical Studies in Costa Rica from mid-July to mid-August. Prerequisites: one semester of biology and Spanish. Taught at Gómez, Las Cruces Biological Station/Wilson Botanical Garden. Instructor: Staff. One course.

284A. South African Ecosystems and Diversity. NS, STS Conceptual themes in ecology emphasizing savannas; also consideration of fynbos, highveld, podocarp forests, coastal and intertidal zones. Topics include climate and geology of South Africa; roles of fire, drought, human presence, invasive species, and herbivores in shaping ecosystems; top-down and bottom-up control of mammalian herbivores; plant pollination and seed dispersal; role of rivers in defining savanna characteristics; origin and maintenance of biodiversity; vertebrate social systems; major research programs in Kruger National Park (taught in Kruger National Park, South Africa). Prerequisite: Biology 20 or introductory ecology. Instructor: McClearn. One course. C-L: Environment 284A

285LA. Field Research in Savana Ecology. NS, R, W Field-based course stressing student design and implementation of research projects in savana ecosystems. Introduces basic concepts in experimental design and hypothesis testing, long-term monitoring, sampling techniques, parametric and nonparametric analysis. Each student will participate in several faculty-led research projects. In addition, students in small groups will design independent projects, consult with faculty, collect and analyze data, and make oral and written presentations of their results. Each student will work on two of these independent projects. (Taught in Kruger National Park, South Africa) Prerequisite: Biology 20 or introductory ecology or equivalent. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Environment 285LA

288A. Biogeography in an Australian Context. NS, STS Distribution of plants and animals in space and time as determined by the interaction of geophysics, geology, climate, and evolutionary history. Special emphasis on the unique terrestrial and marine faunas and floras of the Australian continent and on the impact of humans on the distribution of these plants and animals. Taught in Australia. Instructor: Manos, Shaw, or Vilgalys. One course. C-L: Environment 288A, Earth and Ocean Sciences 288A

290. Topics in Biology. NS Occasional topics in the biological sciences. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S. Seminar in Biology. NS Instructor: Staff. One course.

293. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest, under the supervision of a faculty member, the major product of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open to all qualified students with consent of supervising instructor and director of undergraduate studies. May be repeated. Continued in Biology 493. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

293-1. Research Independent Study. R Individual research and reading in a field of special interest, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open to all qualified students with consent of supervising instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. Half course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

293A. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest, under the supervision of a faculty member the major product of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. May be repeated. Continued in Biology 493A. Taught only in the Beaufort Marine Lab program. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Science and Conservation

309S. Current Research in Biology. EI, NS, STS, W Biology Research Forum Fellows write and review research proposals, discuss ethical issues in the conduct of biological and biomedical research, and present and discuss their research projects. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Sun. One course.

311. Systems Biology: An Introduction for the Quantitative Sciences. NS Introduction to concepts and applications of Systems Biology. Identification of molecular interactions that underlie cellular function using high dimension data acquired through high-throughput approaches. Intended for students with prior training in quantitative fields (computer science, math, physics, statistics, engineering). Instructor: Benfey, Haase, or Schmid. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy

321. Primate Sexuality. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Evolutionary Anthropology 341

321D. Primate Sexuality. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Evolutionary Anthropology 341D

329D. Principles of Animal Physiology. NS Non-laboratory version of Biology 329L. Does not carry the R or W curricular designations. Not open to students who have taken BIO 329L or BME 244L. Prerequisites: Biology 20 or 201L and Physics 141L and Chemistry 101DL. Instructor: Staff. One course.

329L. Principles of Animal Physiology. NS, R, W Animals as physical and chemical machines; respiration, circulation, neural and hormonal coordination, movement, water balance/excretion, metabolism, thermoregulation, digestion, and responses to special environments. Comparative study of all animals, with an emphasis on vertebrates. Laboratories and independent investigations. Research proposal and class presentation required. Not open to students who have taken Biology 329D or BME 244L. Prerequisites: Biology 20 or 201L and Physics 141L and Chemistry 101DL. Instructor: Staff. One course.

330L. Comparative and Functional Anatomy of the Vertebrates. NS The structure, function and evolution of the vertebrate body. Emphasis on understanding the functional, evolutionary and developmental basis for the similarities and difference observed among living vertebrates. Laboratories examining specific problems in the evolution of major organ systems through dissection, comparison and analysis of functional data. Instructor: Smith. One course.

333L. Principles of Animal Morphology. NS, R Principles of animal structure, from three different perspectives: (1) function; (2) development and; (3) evolution. Prerequisites: Biology 107 or Biology 377LA or equivalent course in animal diversity. Instructor: Roth. One course.

340L. Plant Diversity. NS Major groups of living plants, their evolutionary origins and phylogenetic relationships. Instructor: Shaw. One course.

341L. Plant Communities of North Carolina. NS Overview of plant communities in the mountains, piedmont, and costal plain of North Carolina, primarily through field trips. The dominant native plants of each community; the biology and identification of important invasive species. Required weekend field trip to the mountains, and several weekend day trips. Instructor: Manos. One course.

342L. Plant Systematics and Evolution. NS, STS Plants as providers of food, shelter, and medicine and as one of evolution's great success stories. Phylogenetic principles and methods of analysis used to recognize major families of vascular plants. Flowering plants and the evolution of floral form and function, pollination, and breeding systems. Sources of taxonomic evidence including morphology, anatomy, and DNA. Both traditional and modern identification tools. The interdisciplinary nature of plant systematics and its importance in modern society. Prerequisite: Biology 20 or 202L. Field trips. Instructor: Pryer. One course.

343L. Bryophyte Biology and Ecology. NS, R Identification, classification, evolution, and ecology of bryophytes (mosses, liverworts, and hornworts). An ecological survey of bryophytes in their natural habitats focusing on the skills required to identify bryophytes and use them as indicators of environmental features. Natural plant communities of the southeastern United States. Uses of bryophytes for ecological assessment. Instructor: Shaw. One course.

344S. Plant Diversity: a Field Approach. NS Field-based study of plant diversity. Collection, identification, and ecology of plant species in a specific forested location. Biodiversity informatics, plant evolution, and ecology. Instructor: Shaw. One course. C-L: Environment 344S

345. Dinosaurs with Feathers and Whales with Legs: Major Evolutionary Transitions in the Fossil Record. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Earth and Ocean Sciences 341

350. Complex Traits and Evolutionary Genetics. NS Introduction to the principles of evolutionary genetics and variation of complex phenotypic traits. Genetic variation, neutral theory, natural selection, quantitative genetics, human population genetics, phylogenetic reconstruction, evolutionary genomics, and evolutionary bioinformatics. Prerequisites: Biology 20 or 202L. Instructor: Mitchell-Olds. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy

361LS. Terrestrial Field Ecology. NS, R, W Ecosystem, community, and physiological ecology of temperate plants and animals through hands-on experimentation. How biological processes are affected by biotic interactions. Theory and methods reviewed through discussions; hypothesis formulation, experimental design, data acquisition and processing, and data analysis learned through field investigation. Includes several field trips, including two weekends. Prerequisites: Biology 20 or one course in ecology or consent of instructor; Mathematics 21. Instructor: Wright. One course. C-L: Environment 361LS

362LS. Aquatic Field Ecology. NS, R, W Explore the stream, wetland and reservoir ecosystems of NC. Through hands on inquiry and field experimentation students will gain experience in formulating hypotheses, designing field observations and experiments, analyzing field data and interpreting field results. In addition to weekly field labs, the course will include two weekend field trips, one to the Duke Marine Lab and the second to the NC mountains. Prerequisites: Biology 20 or one course in ecology or consent of instructor; Mathematics 21. Instructor: Bernhardt. One course. C-L: Environment 213LS

365. From Influenza A to Varicella Zoster: The Physiology, Ecology, and Evolution of Infectious Disease. NS Covers the physiology and the ecological and evolutionary dynamics of a suite of infectious diseases. Case studies include influenza, cholera, HIV, and myxomatosis, among others, with an emphasis on pathogens infecting humans. Topics include: basic immunology, the physiology of different disease processes and transmission, the role of population size on disease transmission, the effects of climate and behavioral changes on disease dynamics, networks of disease spread, spatial spread of disease, evolution of virulence, antigenic evolution, emerging infectious diseases. Pre-reqs: Biology 201L and 202L. Instructor: Johnsen and Koelle. One course.

369LA. Biological Oceanography. NS, R Physical, chemical, and biological processes of the oceans, emphasizing factors controlling distribution and abundances of organisms. The theory, methods, and limitations of biological oceanographic research. The laboratory teaches quantitative methods, experimental design, data acquisition, data processing, and data analysis and culminates in a research cruise where the students organize into a scientific party. One course (spring); one and one-half courses (summer). (Given at Beaufort) Prerequisite: AP Biology, Introductory Biology, or consent of the instructor. Instructor: Johnson. Variable credit. C-L: Environment 369LA, Earth and Ocean Sciences 273LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

372LA. Biochemistry of Marine Animals. NS, R, W The molecular basis of behavioral and physiological responses of organisms. Evolution of molecular endocrinology and signal transduction pathways. Focus on the theory and research methodology used to study the evolution of molecular signaling and control systems. Research projects using local invertebrates to study behavioral and physiological responses to environmental signals. Field trips include night walks in local environments and marine fossil expeditions to local strip mines involved with production of fertilizer, food additives, cement, and gravel. One course (fall); one and one-half courses (summer). (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisites: AP Biology, introductory biology, or consent of instructor; and Chemistry 101DL. Instructor: Rittschof. Variable credit. C-L: Environment 372LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

373LA. Sensory Physiology and Behavior of Marine Animals. NS, R, W Sensory physiological principles with emphasis on visual and chemical cues. Laboratories will use behavior to measure physiological processes. (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisites: AP Biology or introductory biology or consent of instructor and Chemistry 101DL. Instructor: Rittschof. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

374LA. Marine Molecular Ecology. NS, R, STS One course. C-L: see Environment 382LA; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

375A. Biology and Conservation of Sea Turtles. NS, STS Essential biology of sea turtles (evolution, anatomy, physiology, behavior, life history, population dynamics) and their conservation needs; emphasis on their role in marine ecosystem structure and function. Basic ecological concepts integrated with related topics including the conservation and management of endangered species, the contributions of technology to the management of migratory marine species, the role of research in national and international law and policy, and the veterinary aspects of conservation. (Given at Beaufort.) Field trip to Puerto Rico required. Prerequisite: Introductory Biology. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Piniak. One course. C-L: Environment 375A, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

375LA. Biology and Conservation of Sea Turtles. NS, STS Laboratory version of Biology 375A. Includes laboratory and field experience with animals and with their habitat requirements. (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisite: Introductory Biology. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Environment 375LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

376A. Marine Mammals. NS, STS The biology of cetaceans, pinnipeds, sirenians, and sea otters. Topics covered include the diversity, evolution, ecology, and behavior of marine mammals and their interactions with humans. Detailed consideration given to the adaptations that allow these mammals to live in the sea. Evaluation of the scientific, ethical, and aesthetic factors influencing societal attitudes toward these animals and of their conservation management in light of domestic legislation and international treaties. (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisite: introductory biology. Instructor: Read or staff. One course. C-L: Environment 376A, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

376LA. Marine Mammals. NS, R, STS Laboratory version of Biology 376A. Laboratory and field exercises consider social organization, behavior, ecology, communication, and anatomy of local bottlenose dolphins. (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisite: introductory biology. Instructor: Read or staff. One course. C-L: Environment 376LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

377LA. Marine Invertebrate Zoology. NS, R Structure, function, and development of invertebrates collected from estuarine and marine habitats. Not open to students who have taken Biology 777LA. One course (fall, spring, and Summer Term II); one and one-half courses (Summer Term I). (Given at Beaufort fall, spring, and summer.) Prerequisite: AP Biology or introductory biology or consent of instructor. Instructor: Kirby-Smith or staff. Variable credit. C-L: Environment 377LA, Earth and Ocean Sciences 377LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

378LA. Marine Ichthyology. NS, STS Overview of the bony and cartilaginous fishes, including their taxonomy, anatomy, functional morphology, and physiology. Aspects of their relationship with humans, specifically how fish biology and life history affect this relationship. Lectures and discussion of current scientific literature, and field/lab experiences to explore and collect data on local fish populations. Quantitative genetic techniques to explore fish population and community structure. (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisite: AP Biology or introductory biology or consent of instructor. Instructor: Nowacek. One course. C-L: Environment 378LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

379LA. Research Methods in Marine Science. NS, R, W Introduction to research methods in the marine sciences through lectures and customized individual independent research. Lectures on all aspects of research including ethics, intellectual property, budgeting, laboratory and reporting practices, data analysis techniques, reporting and presenting. Draft manuscript and proposal for future research and travel to meeting required. (Given at Beaufort, summer) Prerequisite: AP Biology or Introductory biology and permission of instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Environment 379LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

380LA. Marine Molecular Microbiology. NS One course. C-L: see Environment 383LA; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

390A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Biology. Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

410S. Advanced Approaches to Genome Science Research. NS, QS, STS, W Exploration of current experimental and computational approaches in genomics and genetics and their applications to contemporary research questions. Formulation and design of interdisciplinary research plans with discussion of implications for biology, medicine and society. Utilizing primary scientific literature, students write critical reviews and research proposals. Prerequisite: Biology 201L or 210FS, 220 or 413L, or consent of instructor. Recommended co- or prerequisite: independent study in genomics or computational biology. Instructor: Willard. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy

411S. Molecular Genetic Analysis. NS Seminar course designed to help students understand research talks by working scientists, such as those presented in the Developmental Biology Colloquium and the UPGG and CMB seminar series at Duke. Read and discuss research papers that use the yeast, C. elegans, and Drosophila genetic model systems to study cellular processes at the molecular level. Topics will include forward and reverse genetic screen strategies, gene manipulation and expression analysis, somatic mosaics and transgenics. Prerequisites:Biology 201L and 202L, or equivalent molecular genetics course. Instructor: Bejsovec. One course.

412S. Sensory Signal Transduction. NS, R Recent progress in sensory signal transduction mediated by calcium channels and receptors. Topics include history and techniques in the study of ion channels, such as electrophysiology, calcium imaging, and cell and molecular biology; cell surface perception for external signals, including light receptors, olfactory receptors, taste receptors, hot and cold receptors, and mechanical receptors; heart and brain pacemakers; sensory channel receptor-related human diseases; and plan sensory signaling network. Instructor: Pei. One course.

413L. Genomics Laboratory. NS, R, STS Introduction to the field of genomics. Genomic techniques including genome sequencing, microarray analysis, proteomics, and bioinformatics; applications of genomics to understanding biological problems including biological networks, human origins, evolution; applications to medicine and agriculture. Computer-based research lab with participation in colloborative bioinformatics projects. Prerequisites: Biology 201L or consent of instructor. Instructor: Spana. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy

414LS. Experiments in Developmental and Molecular Genetics. NS, R Experimental approaches in development and genetics using animal and plant models. Laboratory training in molecular genetics, immunochemistry, microscopy, protein chemistry, and genetic screening. Experiments include immunochemical localization, in situ hybridization, polymerase chain reaction, genetic screening, embryo micromanipulation, microscopic imaging, and mutant analysis. Prerequisite: Biology 201L or 202L; recommended, prior or concurrent registration in Biology 220. Instructor: Spana. One course.

415S. Developmental and Stem Cell Biology Colloquium. NS Lectures, seminars, and discussion of current topics in developmental biology. Prerequisites: Biology 201L or 202L and/or 220 or equivalent. Instructor: Sherwood. One course.

416S. Systems Biology Colloquium. NS Lectures, seminars, and discussion of current topics in systems biology. Introduction to both experimental and quantitative approaches to understanding the function of biological networks. Weekly lectures by experts in the field. Instructor: Haase. One course. C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

417S. Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. NS, STS Applications of recombinant DNA in medicine and in agriculture. Topics include diagnosis of genetic diseases, gene therapy, drugs for AIDS and cancer, DNA fingerprinting, cloning of mammals, phytoremediation, crop improvement, and pharmaceutical protein production in transgenic plants and animals. Social and environmental impacts of biotechnology. Prerequisites: Biology 201L. Recommended: Biology 220 or lab experience or consent of instructor. Instructor: Sun. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy

418. Biophysics in Cellular and Developmental Biology. NS One course. C-L: see Physics 414; also C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

420. Cancer Genetics. NS, R Overview of the genetic changes associated with cancer and the molecular events that transform normal cellular processes into tumor-promoting conditions. Topics include: tumor viruses, oncogenes, growth factors, signal transduction pathways, tumor suppressors, cell cycle control, apoptosis, stem cells, and metastasis. Prerequisites: Biology 201L and 202L. Recommended: Biology 220. Instructor: Bejsovec. One course.

421S. Biology of Nervous System Diseases. NS Primary literature investigating the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms of nervous system disorders such as neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's), mental illness, and epilepsy. Prerequisite: Neuroscience 201 or 223 or Biology 220 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Sherwood, Nina. One course. C-L: Neuroscience 421S, Psychology 477S

422. Neural Circuits and Behavior. NS Perception and behavior at the level of single neurons and neural circuits. Operation of neural circuits, and experimental and theoretical approaches used to unravel them. Progress from sensory systems (how sensory stimuli are represented) to motor systems (how behavioral output is controlled) to "decision-making circuits" in the brain. A range of model systems including electric fish, songbirds, squids, fruitfly, c. elegans, mice, primates etc. Design principles and constraints that have shaped the nervous system during evolution will be discussed. Prereq: Bio 101L or Bio 102L and one course in Neurosciences. Instructor: Bhandawat. One course. C-L: Neuroscience 422

427S. Current Topics in Sensory Biology. NS Exploration of recent and classic studies in sensory biology. Actual topics are chosen by students at the start of the semester. Usually includes vision, hearing, smell, taste, pheromones, electroreception, magnetoreception, bioluminescence, touch, time, and music. Prerequisites: Bio 25L, or Bio 101L and 102L, or the equivalent, and one course in Neuroscience, or consent of instructor. Instructor: Johnsen. One course. C-L: Neuroscience 427S

430S. Advanced Anatomy. NS For students with prior course work in vertebrate (incl. human or primate) anatomy who wish to pursue study of selected topics in greater detail. Focus on integrating anatomy with physiology, biomechanics, development, evolution and/or clinical aspects. Potential topics include cardiac structure, function, and disease; developmental basis of craniofacial form; muscle function at cell, tissue and whole animal levels; use of animal models in the design of robotics; reproductive anatomy and physiology; functional morphology of feeding or locomotion; integrated studies of bone and skeletal tissue function. Pre-reqs: previous course work in anatomy or related field, instructor consent required. Instructor: Smith. One course.

431S. Human Embryology. NS, STS The development of the mammalian embryo. Emphasis on human embryology, the origin of major human teratologies, birth defects, ethical and social issues of reproductive biology, aspects of comparative vertebrate development. The evolution of developmental patterns, and the molecular mechanisms of development. Prerequisites: Biology 330L or 414LS or Evolutionary Anthropology 333L or equivalent. Permission of instructor required. Instructor: Smith and Wall. One course. C-L: Evolutionary Anthropology 431S

452S. Genes & Development. NS Literature-based seminar covering transcriptional regulation of development. Regulatory mechanisms and genome-wide approaches will be covered. Topics: embryogenesis, stem cells, transcription factors, regulatory networks, chromatin, nuclear organization, small RNAs, imprinting and Pol II pausing. Prerequisites: BIO 118 or BIO 101L. Instructor: Baugh. One course.

453S. Gene-Environment Interaction: Genes in an Ecological Context. NS Seminar on genotype-environment interaction. Topics include the evolution and adaptive value of environment-dependent phenotypes (phenotypic plasticity), ecological consequences of genotype-environment interaction, molecular mechanisms of phenotypic plasticity, and how genotype-environment interaction pertains to outstanding debates in evolutionary biology and genetics. Pre-requisites: Bio 102L. Instructor: Donohue. One course.

462S. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Colloquium. NS Lectures, seminars, and discussion of current research in ecology and evolution. Guest lectures will focus on research at Duke. Intended for advanced undergraduates. Prerequisites: Biology 202L and one course in ecology. Instructor: J. Noor. One course.

490. Topics in Biology. NS Lecture course on selected topic. Offerings vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490S. Special Topics Seminar. NS Seminar on a selected topic. Offerings vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490T. Tutorial. For junior and senior majors with consent of director of undergraduate studies and supervising instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

490T-1. Tutorial. For junior and senior majors with consent of director of undergraduate studies and supervising instructor. Instructor: Staff. Half course. C-L: Marine Sciences

490TA. Tutorial (Topics). For junior and senior majors with consent of Director of Undergraduate Studies and supervising instructor. Taught only in the Beaufort Marine Lab program. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

490TA-1. Tutorial (Topics). For junior and seniors with consent of director of undergraduate studies and supervising instructor. Taught only in the Beaufort Marine Lab program. Half course. Instructor: Staff. Half course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

493. Research Independent Study. R Continuation of Biology 293. Individual research and reading of the primary literature in a field of special interest, under the supervision of a faculty member, the major product of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open to juniors and seniors only with consent of supervising instructor. Pre-requisites: Biology 293 or Biology 379LA. May be repeated. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

493A. Research Independent Study. Continuation of Biology 293A. Individual research and reading of the primary literature in a field of special interest, under the supervision of a faculty member, the major product of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open to juniors and seniors only with consent of supervising instructor. Taught only in the Beaufort Marine Lab program. Pre-requisites: BIO 293A or BIO 379LA. May be repeated. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

495. Writing in Biology. W Conventions of scientific writing, focusing on the process of writing a thesis or other major research paper in the biological sciences. Course intended for all candidates for Graduation with Distinction in Biology. Instructor: Reynolds, JA. One course.

515. Principles of Immunology. NS, R One course. C-L: see Immunology 544

516. Developmental Biology. NS Principles of development, from gametogenesis to adulthood. Gene regulatory network control, genetic analysis of early specification, dynamics of morphogenesis, evolution of developmental mechanisms. Current topics from a wide range of model animals and plants. Prerequisite: Biology 220 or equivalent. Instructor: McClay. One course.

517S. From Neurons to Development: The Role of Epigenetics in Plasticity. NS Readings and discussion of current literature on epigenetics and plasticity. A comparative look at epigenetic factors in mediating plasticity in biological systems from neuronal learning to development and aging. Prerequisites: Biology 201L and Psychology 106. Instructor: Volkan. One course. C-L: Neuroscience 517S

521S. Visual Processing. NS Focus on understanding how visual systems adapt to an animal's requirement. About a third of the course will focus on understanding the evolutionary processes that shape the visual system. The remaining 2/3 will focus on understanding the neural processes underlying vision. A comparative approach--comparing invertebrate vs. vertebrate vision will be used to highlight different ways in which visual information is processed. Introduction of methods used to study vision (and brain function) from "single molecules to whole organism." Prereq: Biology 201L or 202L and one course in Neurosciences. Instructor: Bhandawat. One course. C-L: Neuroscience 521S

523. Development of Neural Circuits. NS Lectures on molecular pathways regulating development and assembly of neural networks in the brain through out the lifespan of the organism. Comparative exploration of sensory neural circuits in different model systems (fly, worms, and rodents). Includes discussion of the classic and recent literature. Prerequisites: Biology 201L and Biology 223. Instructor: Volkan. One course. C-L: Neuroscience 523

540L. Mycology. NS Survey of the major groups of fungi with emphasis on life history and systematics. Field and laboratory exercises. Instructor: Vilgalys. One course.

546S. Biology of Mammals. NS The biology of mammals: diversity, evolutionary history, morphology, and aspects of physiology and ecology. Local field trips. Prerequisite: Biology 20 or 202L or equivalent. Instructor: Roth. One course.

547L. Entomology. NS The biology of insects: diversity, development, physiology, and ecology. Field trips. Prerequisite: Biology 20 or 202L or equivalent. Instructor: H. Nijhout. One course.

548L. Herpetology. NS, R Biology of recent amphibians and non-avian reptiles, evolutionary history, morphology, life history, physiology, behavior, and ecology. Local field trips. Prerequisites: Biology 20 or equivalent. Instructor: Leal. One course.

554. Genomic Perspectives on Human Evolution. NS, R, STS, W Human evolutionary history as studied from the perspective of the genome. Nature of contemporary genomic data and how they are interpreted in the context of the fossil record, comparative anatomy, psychology, and cultural studies. Examination of both the origin of modern humans as a distinct species and subsequent migration across the world. Emphasis on language, behavior, and disease susceptibility as traits of particular evolutionary interest. Prerequisite: Biology 201L and 202L or equivalent course. Instructor: Wray. One course. C-L: Evolutionary Anthropology 514, Genome Sciences and Policy

555S. Problems in the Philosophy of Biology. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Philosophy 634S

556. Systematic Biology. NS Theory and practice of identification, species discovery, phylogeny reconstruction, classification, and nomenclature. Prerequisite: Biology 102L or equivalent. Instructor: Lutzoni. One course.

556L. Systematic Biology. NS Laboratory version of Biology 556. Theory and practice of identification, species discovery, phylogeny reconstruction, classification, and nomenclature. Prerequisite: Biology 202L or equivalent. Instructors: Lutzoni and Swofford. One course.

557L. Microbial Ecology and Evolution. NS, R Survey of new advances in the field of environmental and evolutionary microbiology, based on current literature, discussion, and laboratory exercises. Topics to include bacterial phylogeny, molecular ecology, emerging infectious diseases, bacterial symbiosis, experimental evolution, evolution of drug resistance, and microbial genomics. Prerequisite: Biology 20 or 212L or 201L or 202L. Instructor: Vilgalys. One course.

559S. Foundations of Behavioral Ecology. NS Readings on behavioral ecology, both historical papers and papers from the current literature that represent the most vital areas of research in the discipline. Instructors: Alberts. One course.

560. Ecology and Global Change. NS, R, STS Feedbacks between ecological processes and global environmental change; physiological and ecosystem ecology using a variety of sources, including the primary scientific literature. Topics include global warming, biodiversity, land-use change, ozone depletion, and the application of ecological research to policy. Prerequisite: Recommended: One course in ecology. Instructor: Jackson. One course.

561D. Tropical Ecology. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Environment 517D; also C-L: Latin American Studies

564. Biogeochemistry. NS, STS Processes controlling the circulation of carbon and biochemical elements in natural ecosystems and at the global level, with emphasis on soil and surficial processes. Topics include human impact on and social consequences of greenhouse gases, ozone, and heavy metals in the environment. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101DL or equivalent; Recommended: Chemistry 210DL. Instructor: Bernhardt. One course. C-L: Environment 564

565L. Biodiversity Science and Application. NS, R Processes responsible for natural biodiversity from populations to the globe. Topics include species interactions (e.g., competition, predation, parasitism), natural and human disturbance, climate change, and implications for management and conservation. Lab section involving observation and data from large-scale manipulations, such as experimental hurricanes, fire, and herbivore exclosures. Instructors: Clark and Wright. One course. C-L: Environment 575L

567S. Genetic Basis of Behavior. NS The relationship between genotype and behavioral phenotype. Readings from the primary literature, including papers on humans, lab mice, and wild animal populations. Exploration of two philosophical topics: the question of causality in the natural world and the question of determinism in biology. Short research paper required. Instructor: Alberts. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy

570LA-1. Experimental Tropical Marine Ecology. NS, R Distribution and density of marine and semi-terrestrial tropical invertebrate populations; behavioral and mechanical adaptations to physical stress, competition, and predation using rapid empirical approaches and hypothesis testing. Offered only at Beaufort, with preparation for fieldwork before and analysis and presentation of projects after required one week intensive field experience on the coast of Panama. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Diaz. Half course. C-L: Marine Sciences

570LA-2. Marine Ecology of the Pacific Coast of California. NS, STS Ecology of the rocky intertidal, kelp forest, and mud flat habitats. Introduction to marine mammals, fish and other large West Coast vertebrates. Offered only at Beaufort, with preparation for fieldwork before and analysis and presentation of projects after required one week intensive field experience on the coast of Northern California. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Biology 273LA and consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. Half course. C-L: Marine Sciences

570LA-3. Harmony in Brittany: French Use of Marine Environments. NS, STS Intensive field experience on the coast of Brittany, including French maritime cultural heritage, regional and national coastal reserves (Le Parc naturel régional d'Armorique; Presqu'île de Crozon), shellfish aquaculture (La Tremblade), seaweed harvest (Lanildut), and tidal energy (La Rance). Offered only in Beaufort, with preparation for fieldwork before and analysis and presentation of projects after required one week intensive field experience on the coast of France over Fall Break. Prerequisites: AP Biology or introductory biology and consent of instructor. Instructor: Van Dover. Half course. C-L: Marine Sciences

571LA. Sojourn in Singapore: Urban Tropical Ecology. CCI, NS, SS, STS The mix of human ecology, tropical diversity, disturbed habitats and invasive species in Singapore. How Singapore maintains and enhances the quality of life of its citizens while radically modifying its environment. Research on politics, management or biology. Travel to Singapore required. Taught in Beaufort. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Orbach and Rittschof. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

588S. Macroevolution. NS Evolutionary patterns and processes at and above the species level; species concepts, speciation, diversification, extinction, ontogeny and phylogeny, rates of evolution, and alternative explanations for adaptation and evolutionary trends. Prerequisite: Biology 202L or equivalent. Recommended: one course in plant or animal diversity and one course in evolution beyond 102L. Instructor: Roth. One course. C-L: Evolutionary Anthropology 588S

590. Topics in Biology. NS Lecture course on selected topic. Offerings vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590S. Seminar (Topics). NS Seminar on a selected Topic. Offerings vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

605S. Modeling biological systems using Matlab. NS, QS Introduction to Matlab programming and numerical methods for biological systems. Implementation of models for ecological and evolutionary dynamics and cellular and molecular dynamics. Topics covered include basic programming fundamentals (for/while/if statements), data input/output, data structures, numerical simulations of deterministic and stochastic systems. Includes a final project, decided upon by the student. Prerequisites: Bio 201L and 202L, or the equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Instructor: Koelle. One course.

650. Molecular Population Genetics. NS Genetic mechanisms of evolutionary change at the DNA sequence level. Models of nucleotide and amino acid substitution; linkage disequilibrium and joint evolution of multiple loci; analysis of evolutionary processes, including neutrality, adaptive selection, and hitchhiking; hypothesis testing in molecular evolution; estimation of evolutionary parameters; case histories of molecular evolution. For graduate students and undergraduates with interests in genetics, evolution, or mathematics. Instructor: Uyenoyama. One course.

651S. Speciation. NS Experimental and phylogenetic approaches to the origin of plant and animal species. Emphasis on current literature and modern approaches to evolutionary patterns and processes. Prerequisites: basic courses in systematics and genetics. Instructors: Noor and Willis. One course.

652S. The Life and Work of Darwin. NS Readings by and about Darwin and his contemporaries, especially Wallace. Darwin's "Autobiography" and Janet Browne's biography as context for readings of some of his major works and works of his contemporaries. Consent of instructor required. Instructors: Alberts and McShea. One course.

665L. Models for Environmental Data. NS Formulation of environmental models and applications to data. Topics include physiology, population growth, species interactions, disturbance, and ecosystem dynamics. Model development, analysis, and interpretation. Discussions focus on classical and current primary literature. Lab focuses on analysis of data using R, making use of likelihood models, bootstrapping, and Bayesian approaches. Instructor: Clark. One course. C-L: Environment 665L, Information Science and Information Studies, Modeling Biological Systems

668. Population Ecology. NS Key questions in population ecology from a theoretical perspective. Topics include demography and dynamics of structured populations, population regulation, stochastic and spatial population dynamics, life history characteristics, species interactions, and conservation of threatened populations. Computer labs will emphasize fitting models to data. Prerequisites: One course in Ecology. Instructor: Staff. One course.

669. Simulating Ecological and Evolutionary Systems. NS Computer programming using C within a UNIX environment applied to ecological and evolutionary problems. The relationship between simulation and analytic modeling. Knowledge of programming or work within the UNIX computer environment not expected. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Wilson. One course.  

THE MAJOR

The Bachelor of Arts and the Bachelor of Science degrees are offered with a major in biology or in an individually designed interdepartmental concentration approved by the director of undergraduate studies in biology. Information may be obtained in the office of the director of undergraduate studies.

For the A.B. Degree

This degree program is the general liberal arts major program. Students contemplating a career in biological or biomedical sciences should elect the program leading to the B.S. degree. A minimum of thirteen courses is required for this major.

Prerequisites. Chemistry 101DL or equivalent.

Corequisites. Mathematics 105L and 106L, or equivalent.

Major Requirements. Two gateway courses: one in molecular biology (Biology 201L) and one in genetics and evolution (Biology 202L). These courses, which may be taken in any order, are prerequisites to many of the advanced courses in these subject areas. In addition to the gateway courses, a minimum of eight full courses in at least eight course registrations in the Biological Sciences, not including the above corequisites or courses specified not for science majors; two of these courses must include related laboratory experience at the 200-level or above; one laboratory independent study course may be counted toward the laboratory requirement. The eight courses must include one course in structure and function (chosen from a list of approved courses), one course in organismal diversity (chosen from a list of approved courses), and one course in ecology (chosen from a list of approved courses). The remaining courses may be elected from among courses numbered 200 or above in Biology; or from approved courses in the basic science departments of the School of Medicine; or from approved courses of a basic biological character in related departments. Six of these eight courses must be in Biology. A maximum of two independent study or tutorial courses may be counted toward the eight course minimum. At least one of these eight courses must be an advanced course at the 400-level or above in biology. This requirement may not be satisfied by a first semester of an independent study but may be satisfied by a second semester continuation of an independent study. The elective courses acceptable for a biology major with an area of concentration (see below) are defined by the requirements for that concentration.

For the B.S. Degree

This is the program in biology for students contemplating a career in biological or biomedical sciences. A minimum of fifteen courses is required for this major.

Prerequisites: Chemistry 101DL or equivalent.

Corequisites: Chemistry 201DL; Mathematics 21 or 111L, either Calculus II (122, 112L, or 122L) or Statistics 102 or above or Bio 204. Physics 141L or 151L. Additional corequisites may be required for professional schools or particular areas of concentration (see below).

Major Requirements. Two gateway courses: one in molecular biology (Biology 201L) and one in genetics and evolution (Biology 202L). These courses, which may be taken in any order, are prerequisites to many of the advanced courses in these subject areas. In addition to the gateways, a minimum of eight full courses in at least eight course registrations in the Biological Sciences, not including the above corequisites or courses specified not for science majors; two of these courses must include related laboratory experience at the 200-level or above; one laboratory independent study course may be counted toward the laboratory requirement. The eight courses must include one course in structure and function (chosen from a list of approved courses), one course in organismal diversity (chosen from a list of approved courses), and one course in ecology (chosen from a list of approved courses). The remaining courses may be elected from among courses numbered 200 or above in Biology; or from approved courses in the basic science departments of the School of Medicine; or from approved courses of a basic biological character in related departments. Six of these eight courses must be in Biology. A maximum of two independent study or tutorial courses may be counted toward the eight course minimum. At least one of these eight courses must be an advanced course at the 400-level in Biology. This requirement may not be satisfied by a first semester of an independent study but may be satisfied by a second semester continuation of an independent study. The elective courses acceptable for a biology major with an area of concentration (see below) are defined by the requirements for that concentration.

Areas of Concentration

Students may elect to complete requirements in specified areas of concentration. Currently available areas of concentration in the biology major are: anatomy, physiology and biomechanics; animal behavior; biochemistry; cell and molecular biology; ecology; evolutionary biology; genetics; genomics; marine biology; neurobiology; pharmacology; and plant biology. For information on areas of concentration see the director of undergraduate studies.

Departmental Graduation with Distinction

Biology majors who achieve excellence in both their studies and a research based thesis may apply for Graduation with Distinction in Biology. Students may apply if they have a grade point average of 3.0 or above in Biology courses, not including independent study, at the time of application. The award of distinction requires the maintenance of this grade point average and completion of an original research project, usually carried out as an independent study in biology or as an interdisciplinary study that includes biology. The application for distinction must be endorsed by the student's research supervisor. Distinction will be awarded by a three-member faculty committee based on an oral poster presentation and the written thesis. Two levels of distinction are offered in biology: Distinction and High Distinction. See the director of undergraduate studies for more details.

THE MINOR

Minor Requirements. Five courses in Biology, which may include the gateway courses, but not including advanced placement credit (Biology 20); the five courses may include any course numbered 200 or above in Biology. A maximum of one course from approved courses in the basic science departments of the School of Medicine or from approved courses of a basic biological character in related departments. A maximum of one independent study or tutorial courses may be counted toward the five courses.

For courses in biomedical engineering, see “Pratt School of Engineering” on page 648.

Professor Moss, Director; Professor Kelly, Associate Director; Professors Gereffi (sociology), Goodwin (economics), O'Barr (cultural anthropology), Thompson (history), Vidmar (law); Associate Professors Fenn (history), Mayer (public policy studies and political science), Peck (history); Assistant Professor Metzger (English); Professors Emeriti Tiryakian (sociology), and Wood (history); Instructors Ferney and Wittmann

A second major or a minor is available in this program.

The program in Canadian Studies seeks to provide the student with an understanding of Canada. Students may undertake the program to supplement another major, or to complete a second major in Canadian Studies, or as part of an interdepartmental concentration, or under Program II. Canadian Studies may also be an area concentration in the comparative area studies major, described elsewhere in this bulletin. See sections below on the program, the major, and the minor. The courses are described in the departmental and interdisciplinary listings.

89S. First Year Seminar in Canadian Studies. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

101. Introduction to Canada (B). SS History, economy, society, politics, and institutions of Canada. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: History 128, Sociology 108

103S. Geography of Canada. CCI, SS A regional geography of Canada; its physical features, topography, climate; the historic economic and social development of the regions; economic and cultural interactions among the regions. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in Canadian Studies. Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

250S. Critical Current Issues in North America. CCI, EI, SS, W A survey course on current critical issues impacting North America, examined from a continental perspective. Specific areas of focus: trade, energy, immigration, the environment, continental defense, organized crime and the border. Course theme: to what extent are these challenges amenable to joint action by the three countries? Taught from the perspective of a U.S. diplomat, with emphasis on cross-cultural awareness - how do Mexicans or Canadians look at these issues? - the history of current problems, and workable policy solutions. Specific skills taught include the basics of effective memo writing and delivering compelling, succinct oral briefings. Instructor: Kelly. One course. C-L: Political Science 223S

312. Europe's Colonial Encounter, 1492-1992. CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see History 312; also C-L: African and African American Studies 212, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

328SA. Made in Quebec: Marketing and Cultural Identity. CCI, FL, R, SS One course. C-L: see French 328SA; also C-L: Markets and Management Studies

350S. The U.S. Border and its Borderlands. CCI, CZ, EI, SS, W Examines the challenges and opportunities of the U.S. border from a geopolitical perspective. Detailed review of how the current U.S. boundaries were set, and how this shapes current attitudes and conflicts. Assessment of various means of border control, including visa issues, border walls and port of entry screening. Cultural and historical comparison of two borderlands, Seattle-Vancouver and San Diego-Tijuana, and the EU experience. Overall course theme: Can the border effectively and ethically screen noxious elements without blocking legitimate and necessary travel and trade. Specific skills taught: policy memo writing and oral briefing strategies. Instructor: Kelly. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 216S, Latin American Studies

359S. Canada from the French Settlement. CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see History 359S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies

382. Baseball in Global Perspective. CCI, CZ, EI, R, SS One course. C-L: see History 382

390-1. Special Topics in North American Issues. Topics vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390-2S. Special Topics in Canadian Studies. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390-3S. Special Topics in Québec Studies. CCI Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Canadian Studies. Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

391. Independent Study in Canadian Studies. Individual non-research directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member. Consent of Director of Undergraduate Studies and instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.  

OTHER COURSES

The following courses offered by other departments count as one course in the five required for the minor in Canadian Studies and in the ten required for the major in Canadian Studies. Independent studies may also be arranged with Canadian Studies faculty.

African and African American Studies 

410S. Francophone Literature

Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 

202S. Francophone Literature

Cultural Anthropology 

170. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective

Economics 

555S. International Trade

568S. Current Issues in International and Development Economics

French 

328SA. Made in Quebec: Marketing and Cultural Identity

356. France's Cultural Legacy in the New World: Quebec

417S. Francophone Literature

422. North of the Border: The Novel in French Canada

714. Migration, Literature, Transnational Writers, and Postnational Literature

History 

359S. Canada from the French Settlement

382. Baseball in Global Perspective

387S. Francophone Literature

International Comparative Studies 

430S. Francophone Literature

512S. Current Issues in International and Development Economics

601S. Comparative Party Politics

Linguistics 

170. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective  

Political Science 

501S. Politics and Media in the United States

522S. Comparative Party Politics

Public Policy Studies 

335. Comparative Health Care Systems

Sociology 

160. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective

160D. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective  

371. Comparative Health Care Systems

Visual and Media Studies 

170. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective  

THE MAJOR

Prerequisite: Canadian Studies 101.

Corequisite: Completion of another major; two years of college-level French.

Major Requirements. Ten courses with Canadian content, including Canadian Studies 101 and 250S and eight additional courses, seven of which must be at the 200 level or above. Some of the course requirements may be fulfilled by independent study or special readings courses. No more than four courses required for the first major may be counted for a Canadian Studies major. In special cases, an aboriginal or "heritage" language may be substituted for the French requirement.

THE MINOR

Requirements. Five courses with Canadian content; three must be at the 200 level or above; courses must include Interdisciplinary Canadian Studies 101 (Introduction to Canada) and 250S (Canadian Issues in North America). Strong encouragement for equivalent of two years of college-level French.

For further information, contact the director.

For courses in cell biology, see Biology (on page 179) and Medicine (School)—Graduate (School) Basic Science Courses Open to Undergraduates (on page 440)

Professor Craig, Chair; Associate Professor MacPhail, Associate Chair and Co-Director of Undergraduate Studies; Professor Bonk, Co-Director of Undergraduate Studies; Lecturer Roy, Associate Director of Undergraduate Studies and Supervisor of First-Year Instruction; Professor Baldwin, Director of Graduate Studies; Professors Baldwin, Beratan, Bonk, Craig, Crumbliss, Fitzgerald, Liu, McCafferty, Therien, Toone, Vo-Dinh, Warren, Widenhoefer, and Yang; Associate Professors Franz, Hong, and MacPhail; Assistant Professors Charbonneau, Wang, and Wiley; Professors Emeriti Arnett, Chesnut, Lochmüller, McPhail, Palmer, Quin, Ramsay-Shaw, Wells, and Wilder; Research Assistant Professors Fischer and Zhang; Secondary Appointments: Professors Chilkoti, Ferguson, Oas, and Reichert; Associate Professors Zauscher and Zhou; Assistant Professor Yokoyama; Senior Lecturing Fellow Woerner; Lecturing Fellow Lyle; Instructors, Canelas, Hyman, and Kasper

A major or minor is available in this department.

20. General Chemistry Credit. Pre-matriculation credit awarded for a score of 4 on the College Board AP chemistry examination (or the equivalent). Recommended placement is Chemistry 110DL, but a student may choose to take Chemistry 101DL without loss of credit. Students completing both Chemistry 101DL and 210DL, or both Chemistry 110DL and 210DL forfeit entrance credit for Chemistry 20. One course.

21. General Chemistry Credit. Pre-matriculation credit awarded for a score of 5 on the College Board AP chemistry examination (or the equivalent). Recommended placement is Chemistry 201DL, but a student may choose to take Chemistry 110DL without loss of credit. Students completing both Chemistry 101DL and 210DL, or both Chemistry 110DL and 210DL forfeit entrance credit for Chemistry 21. One course.

81S. Introduction to Research in Chemistry. EI, NS, R Active participation in chemistry (or chemistry related) research group, accompanied by seminar classes covering research methodologies, case studies of ethical issues in chemistry, and communication of results of research. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101DL, or 110DL, or 20, or 21. Instructor: Staff. One course.

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

91. Chemistry, Technology, and Society. NS, STS Science, the scientific method, and background topics from chemistry, biochemistry, and environmental chemistry that enable citizens to utilize the inductive-deductive methodology of science to better evaluate the potential benefits and risks associated with selected existing and proposed technologies. Intended primarily for nonmajors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Energy and the Environment

99D. Introduction to Chemistry and Chemical Problem Solving. NS Introductory course for students with limited background in chemistry emphasizing chemical problem solving. Topics include atoms, molecules, ions, compounds, and the periodic table, stoichiometry and chemical reactions, reactions in solution, and an introduction to chemical bonding, thermochemistry, and gas laws. To be followed by Chemistry 101DL. Not open to students who have credit for Chemistry 20, 21 or 101DL. Instructor: Staff. One course.

101DL. Core Concepts in Chemistry. NS Emphasizes core concepts required for organic chemistry, including atomic and molecular structure, chemical equilibrium with applications to acids and bases, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, and reaction mechanisms. Relevance and integrated nature of these concepts illustrated through applications to a modern theme in chemistry, e.g. in biological, materials, or environmental chemistry. Laboratory illustrates experimental applications of these core concepts. Instructor: Staff. One course.

110DL. Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in Context. NS Emphasizes core concepts required for organic chemistry, including atomic and molecular structure, chemical equilibrium with applications to acids and bases, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, and reaction mechanisms. Strong emphasis on applications of these concepts in context of large, interdisciplinary scientific challenge, e.g. in cancer biology or nanoscience. Laboratory illustrates experimental applications of these core concepts. Students may not receive credit for both Chemistry 101DL and 110DL. Instructor: Staff. One course.

150FS. Special Topics in Chemistry. Focus version of Chemistry 93. Instructor: Staff. One course.

180. Chemistry Outreach: Sharing Chemistry with the Community. NS Principles of chemistry outreach with emphasis on chemical demonstrations. Activities include readings, discussion, and practice related to staging effective demonstrations, as well as structured service learning experiences in local schools and other venues. Societal issues relevant to chemistry outreach will be examined, along with assessment and pedagogical strategies. Participation in service learning is required. Prerequisites: Chemistry 101DL, or 110DL, or 20, or 21. Instructor: Lyle. One course.

190A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in Chemistry. Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190S. Special Topics in Chemistry. Seminar on special topics in chemistry and chemistry related areas. Content varies by semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

201DL. Organic Chemistry. NS, STS The structures and reactions of the compounds of carbon and the impact of selected organic compounds on society. Laboratory: techniques of separation, organic reactions and preparations, and systematic identification of compounds by their spectral and chemical properties. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101DL, or 110DL, or 21. Instructor: Staff. One course.

202L. Organic Chemistry. NS, STS Continuation of Chemistry 201DL. Prerequisite: Chemistry 201DL. Instructor: Staff. One course.

210DL. Modern Applications of Chemical Principles. NS Modern applications of chemistry in context of larger scientific theme, e.g. in biology, materials science, or environmental chemistry. Revisits core concepts from Chemistry 101DL or 110DL, incorporating additional topics including intermolecular interactions, phases of matter, solutions, quantitative treatment of aqueous equilibria, electron transfer reactions, and inorganic and coordination chemistry. Laboratory illustrates experimental approaches to modern problems in biological, materials, and environmental chemistry, as well as analytical and synthetic techniques. Prerequisite: Chemistry 101DL or 110DL. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Chemistry. NS, STS Four week course on Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery at Duke-NUS Graduate and Medical School in Singapore. Special topics include the identification of druggable targets, sources of small molecules, including natural product isolation and library screening, animal models of human disease, preclinical medicinal chemistry, including lead optimization and synthetic organic chemistry, toxicology, adsorption distribution metabolism and excretion (ADME), and the regulatory approval process. Excursions to local research facilities, pharmaceutical research centers, and the animal research station at Bintan, Indonesia. Prerequisites: Chemistry 201DL and Chemistry 202L. Recommended Course: Biochemistry 301. Instructor: Toone. One course.

290S. Special Topics In Chemistry. Seminar on special topics in chemistry and chemistry-related areas. Content varies by semester. Consent of department required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

295. Introduction to Research Independent Study. NS, W Includes research methodology, retrieval techniques for, and use of, the chemical literature, safety in the research laboratory, the ethical conduct of research, and writing a research proposal. Co-requisite: registration for a first course in research independent study in chemistry (393) or a related area. Lecture/discussion. Instructor: Bonk. Half course.

301. Elements of Physical Chemistry. NS Survey of physical chemistry including quantum chemistry, molecular structure, molecular spectroscopy, thermodynamics, and kinetics. Prerequisites: Chemistry 210DL; or Chemistry 20 plus 101DL; or Chemistry 20 plus 110DL; or Chemistry 21; Mathematics 112L, and Physics 142L or 152L or 162L or consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course.

301L. Physical Chemistry Laboratory. NS, W Laboratory experiments designed to accompany Chemistry 301. Includes instruction and practice in writing the laboratory notebook and formal laboratory reports. Prerequisite: (or corequisite) Chemistry 301. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

302. Biophysical Chemistry. NS The physical chemical principles of and experimental methods employed in the study of biological macromolecules. Prerequisite: Chemistry 301 or 310, or Biochemistry 301 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course.

310. Physical Chemistry. NS Fundamentals of physical chemistry. Emphasizes quantum chemistry, molecular structure, and molecular spectroscopy. Chemistry 310L should be taken concurrently with Chemistry 310. Prerequisites: Chemistry 210DL; or Chemistry 20 plus 101DL; or Chemistry 20 plus 110DL; or Chemistry 21; Mathematics 212, Physics 142L, 152L, or 162L or consent of the instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course.

310L. Physical Chemistry I Laboratory. NS, W Laboratory experiments designed to accompany Chemistry 310. Includes instruction and practice in writing the laboratory notebook and formal laboratory reports. Prerequisite: (or corequisite) Chemistry 310. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

311. Physical Chemistry II. NS Continuation of Chemistry 310. Fundamentals of physical chemistry. Emphasizes thermodynamics and kinetics. Chemistry 311L should be taken concurrently with Chemistry 311. Prerequisite: Chemistry 310 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course.

311L. Physical Chemistry II Laboratory. NS, W Laboratory experiments designed to accompany Chemistry 311. Prerequisite: (or corequisite). Chemistry 311 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

393. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. Variable credit.

394. Research Independent Study. R See Chemistry 393. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. Variable credit.

401. Analytical Chemistry. NS Fundamentals of qualitative and quantitative measurement with emphasis on chemometrics, quantitative spectrometry, electrochemical methods, and common separation techniques. Corequisite: Chemistry 401L. Prerequisite: Chemistry 301L or 310L. Instructor: Staff. One course.

401L. Analytical Chemistry Laboratory. NS Laboratory experiments designed to accompany Chemistry 401. Corequisite: Chemistry 401. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

410. Inorganic Chemistry. NS Bonding, structures, and reactions of inorganic compounds studied through physical chemical concepts. Prerequisite: Chemistry 301 or 311. Instructor: Staff. One course.

420L. Advanced Laboratory Techniques. NS Synthesis of less common substances by techniques such as high or low pressure, high or low temperature, and/or inert atmospheres. Characterization of products from measurements such as electrical conductance, optical rotation, ultraviolet-visible spectra, infrared spectra, and/or mass spectra. Prerequisite: (or corequisite) Chemistry 410. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

493. Research Independent Study. R See Chemistry 393. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

494. Research Independent Study. R See Chemistry 393. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

496. Graduation with Distinction in Chemistry. Course for majors who are candidates for graduation with distinction in chemistry. Includes preparation of the research thesis, preparation and presentation of a poster describing student's research, and oral defense of the research thesis. Pre- or co-requisite: two semesters of research independent study. Lecture/discussion. Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory grading only. Staff: Instructor. Half course.

501. Analytical Chemistry. Fundamental considerations of chemical measurements, optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and separation methods. Instructors: Fitzgerald. One course.

502. Spectrochemical Analysis. Advanced topics in spectroscopic analysis, emphasizing absorption, emission, and luminescence techniques and applications to biomolecules. Prerequisite: Chemistry 501 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

504. Separation Science. Fundamental separation chemistry, practical aspects of chromatographic methods, larger scale processes. Prerequisite: Chemistry 501 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

506. Biomolecular Mass Spectrometry. Advanced topics in the mass spectral characterization of biopolymers with an emphasis on protein and DNA analysis. Fundamental and practical aspects of the ionization processes and the instrumentation associated with MALDI- and ESI-Mass spectrometry discussed along with applications of these techniques to structural problems in chemistry and biochemistry. Prerequisite: Chemistry 501 or consent of instructor. Instructor Fitzgerald. Half course.

511. Biological Chemistry. Chemistry of the major classes of biological molecules, including nucleic acids, amino acids and proteins, carbohydrates and lipids. Topics include structure, reactivity and synthesis, and the interaction of biological molecules. Instructors: Hong, McCafferty, and Toone. One course.

512. Chemistry and Biology of Nucleosides, Nucleotides, and Nucleic Acids. Synthesis, biosynthesis, and reactivity of nucleic acids and their polymers. Mechanisms of DNA and RNA coding, decoding, transmission, and in vitro evolution. Covalent and reversible interactions of nucleic acids with small molecules and macromolecules. Instructors: Hong, McCafferty, and Toone. One course.

514. Chemical Genomics. Information transfer, restructuring, and decoding in biological systems. Gene expression and evolution of function. Functional consequences of gene expression. Instructors: Toone. Variable credit.

516. Techniques in Biochemistry. Purification and study of biological molecules including macromolecules. Chromatography, spectroscopy (IR, UV/vis, fluorescence, CD), electrophoretic methods, immunological methods, analytical ultracentrifugation, and their application to the study of biomolecules. Instructors: Fitzgerald, Hong, McCafferty, and Toone. Half course.

518S. Chemical Biology. The application of chemical concepts and methods to solving problems in molecular and cell biology, with emphasis on the use of small molecules to elucidate and control information transfer in biological systems. Provides relevant background on both useful chemical tools and new biological targets. Instructors: Hong, Toone, McCafferty. One course.

520. Physical Methods in Inorganic Chemistry. Physical methods covered include paramagnetic NMR, EPR, magnetism, NQR, Mossbauer spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy, and x-ray analysis. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

521. Inorganic Chemistry. Bonding and spectroscopy, reactions, transition metal chemistry, main group chemistry, organometallics/catalysis, and solid state. Instructors: Franz. One course.

522. Chemical Applications of Group Theory Including Spectroscopy. Topics covered include symmetry, point groups, group theory, character tables, electronic absorption spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and microwave spectroscopy. Instructors: Warren. Half course.

524. Bioinorganic Chemistry. Topics covered include metal activated enzymes in hydrolysis, oxygencarriers, nitrogen fixation, iron storage and transport, photosynthesis, protein electron transfer, and DNA mediated electron transfer. Instructors: Crumbliss, Therien, and Franz. Variable credit.

526. Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms. A discussion of the mechanism of coordination reactions in solution. Examples include redox reactions and linear free energy relationships. Instructor: Crumbliss. Half course.

528. Synthesis and Synthetic Methods in Inorganic/Organometallic Chemistry. A discussion of inorganic synthetic methods including supramolecular chemistry and organometallic reactions. Instructor: Widenhoefer. Half course.

531. Organic Chemistry. Bonding and structure, stereochemistry, conformational analysis, substitution, addition, and elimination reactions, carbon reactive intermediates, concerted reactions, photochemistry, carbon alkylation, carbonyl addition nucleophilic substitution, electrophilic additions, reduction, cycloadditions, rearrangements, main group organometallics, oxidation. Instructors: Baldwin, Craig, Hong, Toone, and Widenhoefer. One course.

532. Organic Synthesis. Synthetic design, retrosynthetic analysis, synthetic methods, total syntheses. Instructors: Baldwin, Hong, and Widenhoefer. One course.

533. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Structural elucidation of organic and inorganic compounds by NMR. Fundamentals of data acquisition (pulse sequences, detection), multidimensional techniques, study of dynamic processes and their application to the determination of structure. Instructors: Baldwin and Widenhoefer. Variable credit.

534. Physical Organic Chemistry. Reactive intermediates: carbocations, carbanions, carbenes radicals, photochemistry. Prerequisite: Chemistry 531. Instructors: Craig and Toone. One course.

536. Bioorganic Chemistry. Basic enzymology, mechanisms of enzymatic reactions, cofactors, oxidoreductases, C1 chemistry, carbon-carbon bond formation, carboxylation/decarboxylation, heme, pyridoxal enzymes, thiamine enzymes. Prerequisite: Chemistry 331 or equivalent. Instructor: Toone. One course. C-L: Biochemistry 536

538. Organometallic Chemistry. Bonding electron counting and structure. Ligand substitution, oxidative addition/reductive elimination, transmetallation, CO and olefin insertion, beta-hydride elimination, methathesis and attack on coordinated ligands. Cross-coupling, Heck coupling, catalytic hydrogenation, olefin polymerization, carbocyclization hydroformylation and related carbonylation chemistry, Wacker oxidation. Transition metal carbene complexes; transition metal oxo complexes. Instructors: Widenhoefer. Half course.

541. Quantum Chemistry. Foundations and approximate methods in quantum chemistry, with an emphasis on their applications to molecular structure and modeling. Instructors: Beratan, Liu, MacPhail, Warren, and Yang. One course.

542. Quantum Mechanics. Special emphasis on chemical applications. Topics include: linear algebra, the uncertainty relations, angular momentum, perturbation theory, time-dependent phenomena, molecules in electromagnetic fields, group theory, and electron correlation. Prerequisite: Chemistry 541 or consent of instructor. Instructors: Beratan, Liu, MacPhail, and Yang. One course.

543. Statistical Thermodynamics. Introduction to statistical thermodynamics, with an emphasis on ideal systems and selected model approaches to more complex systems, for example, lattice models. Instructors: Beratan, Charbonneau, MacPhail, and Yang. Half course.

544. Statistical Mechanics. Fundamentals of quantum and classical statistical mechanics using the ensemble approach. Introduction of modern techniques and applications including the renormalization group treatment of phase transitions and linear response theory of time-dependent statistical mechanics. Prerequisite: Chemistry 543 or consent of instructor. Instructors: Beratan, Charbonneau, MacPhail, and Yang. One course.

545. Kinetics. The phenomenology and theory of chemical dynamics and reaction rates. Instructors: Beratan, Liu, MacPhail, and Warren. Half course.

546. Biophysical Chemistry. The interrelationships between structure, function, and mechanisms of biological macromolecules. Principles of dynamics, including kinetics, reactivity and transport, and structure, including thermodynamics, NMR, fluorescence, and CD spectroscopy. Instructors: Beratan, Oas,  and Warren. One course.

548. Solid-State and Materials Chemistry. Introduction to the structure, physical, and electronic properties of solid-state materials. Instructor: Beratan and Liu. Variable credit.

601. Biosensors. Biosensors (GE, IM, MC). Biosensors are defined as the use of biospecific recognition mechanisms in the detection of analyte concentration. The basic principles of protein binding with specific reference to enzyme-substrate, lectin-sugar, antibody-antigen, and receptor-transmitting binding. Simple surface diffusion and absorption physics at surfaces with particular attention paid to surface binding phenomena. Optical, electrochemical, gravimetric, and thermal transduction mechanisms which form the basis of the sensor design. Prerequisites: Biomedical Engineering 83L and 100L or their equivalent and consent of instructor. Instructors: Reichert or Vo-dinh. One course.

For the A.B. Degree

Prerequisites. Chemistry 101DL or 110DL or 21; Mathematics 111L-112L, or 122L; Physics 141L-142L or 151L-152L, or 161L-162L.

Major Requirements. Chemistry 201DL, 202L, 210DL or 20 or 21, 301and 301L, or 310 and 310L and 311, 401, 401L plus one of the following three course options:

1.       Three of the following: Chemistry 302, 410, any 500 or 600 level courses; Biochemistry 301, 302.

2.       One of the following: Chemistry 302 or 311, 410, any 500 or 600 level courses; Biochemistry 301 plus Chemistry 393 and 394 or the equivalent in an approved chemistry-related discipline.

3.       One of the following:

a. Physics emphasis. Chemistry 302 or 311; plus two of the following: Physics 264L, 361, 362.                                    Physics 143L, Physics 181, Physics 182.

b.Mathematics emphasis. Chemistry 302 or 311; plus either of the following pairs of courses: Mathematics 221 and Mathematics 356, or Mathematics 216 and Mathematics 353.

c.Biology emphasis. Biochemistry 301 plus two of the following: Biology 201L, 214L, 220, 227, 329L, 414LS, and 515.

In certain cases, substitutions may be made for courses outside the chemistry department with consent of the director of undergraduate studies.

For the B.S. Degree

Prerequisites. Chemistry 101DL or 110DL or 21; Mathematics 111L-112L, or 122L, 212; Physics 141L-142L or 151L-152L, or 161L-162L.

Major Requirements. Chemistry 201DL, 202L, 210DL or 20 or 21, 310, 310L, 311, 311L, 393 (or its equivalent in an approved chemistry-related discipline), 401, 401L, 410, 420L; plus two additional courses selected from the following: Biochemistry 301*; Chemistry 302, 3941 (or its equivalent in an approved chemistry-related discipline)1, and any Chemistry courses at the 500 or 600 level.

The Concentration in Biochemistry

In cooperation with the Department of Biochemistry in the School of Medicine, the Chemistry Department offers both an A.B. and a B.S. degree in chemistry with concentration in biochemistry. Certifica­tion of this concentration is designated on the official transcript.

For the A.B. Degree with Concentration in Biochemistry

Prerequisites. Chemistry 101DL or 110DL or 21; Mathematics 111L-112L, or 122L; Physics 141L-142L or 151L-152L, or 161L-162L; Biology 201L.

Major Requirements. Chemistry 201DL, 202L, 210DL or 20 or 21, 301and 301L, or 310 and 310L and 311, 401, 401L; Biochemistry 301, 302; plus one of the following: (Chemistry 393, Biology 293, or Biochemistry 593).

For the B.S. Degree with Concentration in Biochemistry

Prerequisites. Chemistry 101DL or 110DL or 21; Mathematics 111L-112L, or 122L; Physics 141L-142L or 151L-152L, or 161L-162L; Biology 201L.

Major Requirements. Chemistry 201DL, 202L, 210DL or 20 or 21, 301 and 301L and 302, or 310 and 310L and 311, 401, 401L, 410; Biochemistry 301, 302; Biology 220; plus one of the following: (Chemistry 393, Biology 293, or Biochemistry 593). 

The Concentration in Pharmacology

In conjunction with the Department of Pharmacology in the Duke Medical Center, the Chemistry Department offers both an A.B. and a B.S. degree in chemistry with a Concentration in Pharmacology. Certification of the concentration is designated on the official transcript.

For the A.B. Degree with Concentration in Pharmacology

Prerequisites. Chemistry 101DL or 110DL or 21; Mathematics 111L-112L, or 122L; Physics 141L-142L or 151L-152L, or 161L-162L; Biology 201L.

Major requirements:  Chemistry 201DL, 202L, 210DL or 20 or 21, 301 and 301L, or 310 and 310L and 311, 401, 401L; Biochemistry 301; Pharmacology 350 and 360; plus 2 semesters of independent study involving some aspect of pharmacology (Chemistry 393, 394 or Pharmacology 493, 494).

For the B.S. Degree with Concentration in Pharmacology

Prerequisites. Chemistry 101DL or 110DL or 21; Mathematics 111L-112L, or 122L; Physics 141L-142L or 151L-152L, or 161L-162L; Biology 201L.

Major Requirements Chemistry 201DL, 202L, 210DL or 20 or 21, 301 and 301L and 302, or 310 and 310L and 311, 401, 401L, 410; Biochemistry 301; Pharmacology 350 and 360; plus 2 semesters of independent study involving some aspect of pharmacology (Chemistry 393, 394 or Pharmacology 493, 494).

The Concentration in Environmental Chemistry

In conjunction with the School for the Environment of Duke University, the Chemistry Department is pleased to offer both an A.B. and a B.S. degree in Chemistry with Concentration in Environmental Chemistry. Official recognition of the completion of the requirements given below will appear on the permanent transcript of a major.

For the A. B. Degree with Concentration in Environmental Chemistry

Prerequisites. Chemistry 101DL or 110DL or 21; Mathematics 111L-112L, or 122L; Physics 141L-142L or 151L-152L, or 161L-162L; Biology 201L.

Major Requirements. Chemistry 201DL, 202L, 210DL or 20 or 21, 301 and 301L, or 310 and 310L and 311, 401, 401L; Environment 360 or Civil Engineering 461L; plus two of the following: Environment 239, 540, 542; plus one semester of independent study involving some aspect of environmental chemistry (Chemistry 393 or Environment 393 or Civil Engineering 391).

For the B.S. Degree in Chemistry with Concentration in Environmental Chemistry

Prerequisites. Chemistry 101DL or 110DL or 21; Mathematics 111L-112L, or 122L; Physics 141L-142L or 151L-152L, or 161L-162L; Biology 201L.

Major Requirements. Chemistry 201DL, 202L, 210DL or 20 or 21, 301 and 301L and 302, or 310 and 310L and 311, 401, 401L, 410; Environment 360 or Civil Engineering 461L; plus two of the following: Environment 239, 540, 542; plus one semester of independent study involving some aspect of environmental chemistry (Chemistry 393 or Environment 393 or Civil Engineering 391).

Departmental Graduation with Distinction

The department offers a program for Graduation with Distinction in Chemistry. Selection for the honor by the Chemistry Department Undergraduate Awards Committee is based on fulfilling the following requirements: at least a B average in chemistry courses at the time of application and at graduation, satisfactory completion of at least two courses of research independent study in chemistry (or in an approved chemistry-related area), enrollment and participation in Chemistry 295 (Introduction to Research Independent Study) and Chemistry 496 (Graduation with Distinction in Chemistry), submission of a high quality research thesis based upon the results of independent study, nomination for the honor by the research advisor, presentation of a poster on the research project, and an oral defense of the research thesis.

THE MINOR

Requirements. Chemistry 101DL or 110DL or 21; plus four additional courses selected from the following: Chemistry 180, 201DL, 202L, 210DL or 20, Chemistry courses numbered above 210; Biochemis­try 301, 302; Biology 372A; Environment 540, 542; Pharmacology 350, 360, 533.

In certain cases, substitutions may be made for courses outside the chemistry department with the consent of the director of undergraduate studies.

Assistant Research Professor Muschkin, Director

A certificate, but not a major, is available in this program.

The goal of the certificate in Children in Contemporary Society is to provide undergraduates with the opportunity to engage in interdisciplinary inquiry to solve problems facing today's children and families. Because of the complexity of these problems, the certificate will allow students the opportunity to study issues by incorporating the perspectives of numerous disciplines, including psychology, sociology, public policy, economics, and education. The certificate emphasizes engagement in empirical research; each student will work closely with a faculty member to produce an original, scholarly research paper. Examples of topics that could be pursued with this certificate include: social and economic inequalities in schooling, the pervasiveness of gang violence in high schools, or the long-term consequences of childhood obesity.  The certificate program culminates in a capstone seminar, in which students build upon the research experience by exploring real-world implications and translating their scholarship to policy solutions.

CERTIFICATE REQUIREMENTS

In order to complete the certificate, students must take six courses: the cornerstone course Children in Contemporary Society 250S, the capstone course Children in Contemporary Society 495S, two electives, one research course, and one methods course. The research course is an independent study: students may register for Children in Contemporary Society 350S or for an independent study in public policy or another department. The research course requirement also may be fulfilled through completion of an honors thesis in the student’s home department. The methods course can either be Multi-Method Approaches to Social and Policy Research  (cross-listed as Public Policy 241 and Children in Contemporary Society 241) or a methods course in the student's home department. Both the research course and the methods course must be approved by the program director. The two electives may be drawn from a list of pre-approved electives. No more than two courses that are counted toward this certificate may also be used to satisfy the requirements of any major, minor, or other certificate program. In addition, no more than three of the courses that count toward the certificate may originate in a single department or program. More information is available at http://childandfamilypolicy.duke.edu/teaching/ccscertprogram.php.

89S. First-Year Seminar. SS Topics vary each semester offered. Open only to first year students. Instructor: Staff. One course.

241. Multi-Method Approaches to Social and Policy Research. QS, R, SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 241

250S. Children in Contemporary Society. R, SS Major developmental stages of childhood and influences in a child's life: parents/family life, schools, communities, the economy Emphasis on 1) applying of theory for analyzing complex societal problems (often involving issues of race, class, and gender; 2) using material and methodologies from psychology, sociology, economics, and public policy. Required course for certificate program Children in Contemporary Society, but open to all undergraduate students. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 242S

290. Selected Children in Contemporary Society Topics. R, SS Topics vary but pertain to the development and social and economic well-being of children and their families. Interdisciplinary in nature and drawing material from disciplines such as sociology, psychology, public policy, economics, and education. An elective course for students pursuing Children in Contemporary Society certificate. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S. Selected Children in Contemporary Society Seminar Topics. R, SS Seminar version of Children in Contemporary Society 290. Instructor: Staff. One course.

393. Research Independent Study. R, SS Individual research on a topic of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper containing significant analysis and interpretation. Consent of instructor and director of the Children in Contemporary Society certificate program required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

495S. Multidisciplinary Approaches to Contemporary Children's Issues. R, SS An integrative, multi-disciplinary study of the psychological, social, and political factors that affect American children and families. Specific topics to be determined by students and instructor, for example, the behavioral and economic consequences of juvenile delinquency; the implications of different family structures on infants, children, and adolescents; or the civic and social responsibilities of public education. Individual and group research projects required. Capstone course required for the Children in Contemporary Society certificate program. Consent of Director of that certificate program required. Instructor: Rosch or staff. One course.

590. Advanced Children in Contemporary Society Topics. SS Topics vary but pertain to the development and social and economic well-being of children and their families. Interdisciplinary in nature and drawing material from disciplines such as sociology, psychology, public policy, economics, and education. An elective course for students pursuing Children in Contemporary Society certificate. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590S. Advanced Children in Contemporary Society Seminar Topics. SS Seminar version of Children in Contemporary Society 590. Instructor: Staff. One course.

634S. Making Social Policy. R, SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 563S; also C-L: Sociology 634S

ELECTIVES

Students will choose two electives from the following list of pre-approved courses. If a student wishes to take a course for Certificate credit that is not on the pre-approved list, then the Certificate director will decide on the appropriateness of that course on a case-by-case basis.

Regularly Scheduled Courses

African and African American Studies 

246. Comparative Race and Ethnic Studies

248. Psychology of Ethnicity and Context (D)

381. Urban Education

Education 

237. Contemporary Issues In Education

240. Educational Psychology (C, D)

243S. Children, Schools, and Society

321S. Infancy, Early Childhood, and Educational Programs

325S. Unrecognized Talent: Minority Children and Gifted Education

347. Urban Education

Linguistics 

336S. Issues in Language Development (C, D)

Psychology 

207. Child Clinical Psychology (D, P)

237. Social Development (D,S)

238. Psychology of Ethnicity and Context (D)

239. Adolescence (D)

240. Educational Psychology (C, D)

304. Child Observation (D)

336S. Issues in Language Development (C, D)

337S. Infancy (C, D, S)

655S. Children's Peer Relations (D)

656S. Pediatric Psychology (D, P)

660S. Achievement Motivation

Public Policy Studies 

243S. Children, Schools, and Society

544S. Schools and Social Policy

563S. Making Social Policy

Sociology 

111. Contemporary Social Problems

217. Childhood in Social Perspective

218. Sex, Gender, and Society

219. Juvenile Delinquency

227. The Latino Population in the United States

316. Comparative Race and Ethnic Studies

336. Urban Education

350. The Changing American Family

634S. Making Social Policy  

For courses in Chinese, see “CHINESE (CHINESE) ” on page 172, under "Asian and Middle Eastern Studies."

For courses in civil and environmental engineering, see “Pratt School of Engineering” on page 648.

Professor Antonaccio, Chair; Professor Janan, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Professors Antonaccio, Boatwright, Burian, Janan, and Johnson; Associate Professors Sosin and Woods; Assistant Professors Atkins and González; Professors Emeriti Clay, Davis, Newton, Richardson, Rigsby, and Stanley

A major or a minor is available in this department.

The objective of classical studies is to increase knowledge and understanding of the civilizations of Greece and Rome, part of the roots of Western culture. Toward this aim, the department offers courses in three areas (Latin, Greek, and classical studies) and two majors (classical languages, classical civilization). Concentration in the languages offers students opportunities to explore at first hand the literature, history, and thought of antiquity. In the process of learning Greek and/or Latin, students will gain a deeper insight into language itself, as well as an appreciation of the problems of interpretation and the varieties of evidence upon which interpretation may be based. For students interested in history, ancient art, or archaeology, courses in classical civilization offer a means of assessing the culture and the material remains of Greece and Rome in their own rich and varied context.

Students considering careers not in classical studies or a closely related discipline will also enjoy the benefits from either major offered by the department. The experience of analyzing language, literature, artifacts and architecture, and other ancient subjects will hone their intellectual abilities well for any profession.

CLASSICAL STUDIES (CLST)

89S. First-Year Seminar. CCI Topics in classical literature and/or art and archaeology vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

121. Medieval Cultures. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Medieval and Renaissance Studies 151; also C-L: Art History 121, History 241

144. Principles of Archaeology. CCI, CZ, EI Introduction to the many disciplines of archaeology, using a survey of cultures and civilizations to explain archaeological techniques, methods, theory, results, and ethics. Instructor: Antonaccio. One course.

181S. Greek Civilization. CCI, CZ The culture of the ancient Greeks from the Bronze Age to Alexander the Great: art, literature, history, philosophy, and religion. Not open to students who have had, or are taking, Classical Studies 283. Instructor: Staff. One course.

182. Roman Civilization. CCI, CZ The culture of the ancient Romans from their beginnings to Constantine: art, literature, history, philosophy, and religion. Not open to students who have taken or are taking Classical Studies 284. Instructor: Staff. One course.

185FS. Good and Evil in Imagined Worlds. ALP, CCI Exploration of ancient and medieval underpinnings of popular virtual-world building tropes around good and evil as found in video games, films, and novels. What pre-modern texts underlie the persistent connection between fantasy/sci-fi and our contemporary cultural practices? How do modern societies "consume" the past, rework it, and remodel it through various media for contemporary audiences? Open only to students in the Focus Program. Instructor: Woods. One course.

186FS. Ancient and Modern Liberty. CCI, CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Political Science 184FS

187FS. The World of the Greek Theater. ALP, CCI, CZ The tragedies and comedies of the fifth-century theater as a window on Athens: the conventions and public context of performance; the plays as indicators of social values, debates, and limits; the literary consciousness of authors and audience. Open only to students in the Focus Program. Instructor: Staff. One course.

204. Ancient and Medieval Epic. ALP, CCI Reading the major epics of antiquity in translation (Gilgamesh, Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, Vergil's Aeneid) and the European Middle Ages (Beowulf, Song of Roland, Dante's Inferno), emphasizing the changing definition and concept of the hero. Instructor: González, Janan, or Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 303

206. Classics of Page and Screen: Exploring the Iconic in Literature and Film. ALP, CCI, CZ Exploration of ancient, medieval and modern conceptualizations of good and evil as found in the iconic heroes, villains, and buffoons of literature and film; film and literature as windows onto their contemporary historical contexts, and as indicators of social values, debates, and limits. Instructor: Janan. One course.

208. Ancient Myth. ALP, CCI, CZ Myth in Ancient to Medieval contexts, from Homer and Hesiod to Boccaccio. Attention to nature of myth, its cultural functions, its adaptation to various literary forms, its reuse, possible interpretive approaches to myth, and its representation in art. Instructor: Woods, Janan or Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 301

243. Representing Women in the Classical World. ALP, CCI, CZ, W One course. C-L: see Visual and Media Studies 209

248. Art and Archaeology of Ancient Athens. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Art History 208

250. The Art of Greece and Rome. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Art History 210

264. Greek and Roman Religion. CCI, CZ Topics in Greek and Roman religion from the Bronze Age through the rise of Christianity, based on literary, documentary, and archaeological sources. Coverage within the chronological boundaries via survey, case-studies, or a combination of both. Topics might include the relationship of myth and ritual, hero cult, mysteries, festivals, interface between philosophy and religion, "public" and "private" religion, religious "imports" and exoticism, architecture and landscape of religion. Instructor: González or Staff. One course. C-L: Religion 215

268S. Daily Life in Antiquity. ALP, CCI, CZ Daily life in Greek and Roman antiquity through written sources and material culture. Topics may include gender, sexuality, and family; slavery, class and order in Greek and Roman society; diet and dining; population and popular culture; discourse on the emotions and private letters. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Women's Studies 218S

271. History of Ancient Philosophy. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Philosophy 203

272A. The Birth of Reason in Ancient Greece. CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Philosophy 236A

283. Greek History. CCI, CZ The political and intellectual history of the Greeks from earliest times to the death of Alexander the Great. Not open to students who have had, or are taking, Classical Studies 181S. Instructor: Sosin, Johnson, or Staff. One course. C-L: History 230

284. Roman History. CCI, CZ From the founding of Rome by Romulus to the founding of Constantinople by Constantine: social, cultural, and political history. Not open to students who have taken or are taking Classical Studies 182S. Instructor: Boatwright. One course. C-L: History 233

290. Special Topics in Classical Studies. CCI Aimed at first and second-year students. Instructor: Staff. One course.

291. Independent Study. Individual non-research directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic and/or artistic product. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

293. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or project containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open only to qualified juniors and seniors; for seniors, the paper or project may partially fulfill the requirements for graduation with distinction. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

304. Drama of Greece and Rome. ALP, CCI, CZ Reading in translation selected tragedies (Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Seneca) and comedies (Aristophanes, Menander, Plautus, Terence) with emphasis on political, social, and cultural developments, contemporary theatrical practice, and later influence on world theater and other media. Instructor: González or Staff. One course. C-L: Theater Studies 227, Visual and Media Studies 240

308. Greek and Roman Law. CCI, CZ Law of Greece and Rome from the birth of the Greek polis and Rome's Twelve Tables to the Digest of Justinian. Coverage within the chronological boundaries via survey, case-studies, or a combination of both. Topics might include murder trials, political trials, civil law and procedure, family law, delict, religious "laws," oratory, and others. Instructor: Sosin. One course.

308S. Greek and Roman Law. CCI, CZ Law of Greece and Rome from the birth of the Greek polis and Rome's Twelve Tables to the Digest of Justinian. Coverage within the chronological boundaries via survey, case-studies, or a combination of both. Topics might include murder trials, political trials, civil law and procedure, family law, delict, religious "laws," oratory, and others. Instructor: Atkins or Sosin. One course.

320A. Mediterranean Cultures (Study Abroad). CCI, CZ Examination of diverse cultures and cultural interactions in ancient Sicily, including the Sicels, the Phoenicians, the Greeks, and the Romans. Particular attention paid to the identities developed and projected by the Greek colonies in relation to the native Sicels, the mainland Greeks and Phoenician settlements. Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Catania. Instructor: Staff. One course.

324S. Special Studies in Greek History. CZ Investigation into a topic chosen from Greek history from the Bronze Age to the consolidation of the Roman Empire in 30 BC. Individual topics might include the rise of the Macedonian Kingdom, the fourth century, Hellenistic Kingdoms, interactions between (Greek) colonizers and colonized, and the Roman presence in the Greek world vel sim. Instructor: Antonaccio, Johnson, Sosin, or staff. One course. C-L: History 232S

328S. Special Studies in Roman History. CZ Investigation into a topic chosen from Roman history from Romulus to Justinian. Topics might include the Roman military, the lives of provincials and freedmen, women in Roman politics and society, games and spectacles, imperial dynasties, the rise and triumph of Christianity, Roman law, and the emergence of Byzantium vel sim. Instructor: Atkins, Boatwright, or staff. One course. C-L: History 235S

340A. Rome: History of the City. ALP, CCI, CZ On-site study of the development of Rome's urban plan and its major monuments through the ages; the influence of the ancient Republic and Empire, the Papacy, and the modern secular state; change and continuity in artistic forms and daily life. (Summer program in Italy.) Instructor: Boatwright. One course. C-L: Art History 209A, History 238A

341A. The Ancient City. CCI Examination of the archaeological monuments of Rome and other Italian sites, as well as literary sources, inscriptions, and works of art. Consent required. Taught in Rome as part of the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies program. Students must register for both 341A-1 and 341A-2. Instructor: Staff.

341A-1. Art and Archaeology. ALP, CCI Instructor: Staff (Study Abroad). One course.

341A-2. Political, Social, and Cultural Context. CCI, CZ Instructor: Staff (Study Abroad). One course.

344. Early Greek Archaeology: From the Fall of Mycenae to the Persian Wars. ALP, CCI, CZ, W Greek material culture in its social, economic, and historical contexts, 1200 to 480 BCE. Instructor: Antonaccio. One course. C-L: Art History 206

348. Greek Art and Archaeology II: Classical to Greco-Roman. ALP, CCI, CZ The archaeology of the Greek citystate including its historical context. Emphasis on both themes (sanctuaries, death and burial, warfare) and the ability to understand material culture in context. Instructor: Antonaccio. One course. C-L: Art History 207

352. The Aegean Bronze Age. ALP, CCI, CZ Survey of Greek prehistory, from the final Neolithic to the end of the era in ca. 1200 BCE. Issues to be considered include the historicity of the Trojan War, the relationship of this period to later Greek history and cultural identity. Instructor: Antonaccio. One course. C-L: Art History 205

354. Roman Spectacle. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Visual and Media Studies 334

364. Ancient Science and Technology. CZ, STS Development of scientific thought and technological innovation in the Ancient Near East, Greece, and Rome. Topics might include the rise of scientific thought, as against myth; impact of scientific and technological developments on Greek and Roman society and culture; history of medicine; history of mathematics; military technology. Instructor: González. One course. C-L: History 236

368. The Afterlife of Classics. ALP, CCI, CZ The appropriation of classical antiquity by later cultures and its reinterpretation by different audiences and for different purposes, with emphasis on the use of antiquity in the construction of social/cultural identities. Topics may include examination of various "classical revivals" in the arts, e.g., architecture, opera, epic; classics and ancient history in film; the use and misuse of ancient political thought and structures to shape and interpret modern institutions and historical discourse. Instructor: Janan, Woods, or Staff. One course.

368S. The Afterlife of Classics. ALP, CCI, CZ The appropriation of classical antiquity by later cultures and its reinterpreation by different audiences and for different purposes, with emphasis on the use of antiquity in the construction of social/cultural identities. Topics may include examination of various "classical revivals" in the arts, e.g., architecture, opera, epic; classics and ancient history in film; the use and miususe of ancient policital thought and structures to shape and interpret modern institutions and historical discourse. Instructor: Atkins, Janan, Woods, or staff. One course.

371. Aristotle. CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Philosophy 317

374. Ancient Political Theory. EI, SS, W One course. C-L: see Political Science 384; also C-L: Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

480S. Capstone Seminars in Classical Studies. ALP, CCI, CZ, R, W Specific aspects of the history, art, and literature of classical Greece and Rome. Open only to qualified juniors and seniors; some knowledge of classical studies and history desirable, but not strictly necessary; research paper required. One course.

490. Special Topics in Classical Studies. CZ Aimed at third- and fourth-year students. Topic. Instructor: Staff. One course.

491. Independent Study. Individual non-research directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic and/or artistic product. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

493. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or project containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open only to qualified juniors and seniors; for seniors, the paper or project may partially fulfill the requirements for graduation with distinction. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

524S. Greek History from the Bronze Age to the fifth century BCE. CZ Study of Greek history from the Bronze Age to the fifth centure BCE via survey, case-studies, or a combination of both. Offerings might include Fifth-century Greece, Archaic Greece, The Athenian Empire, Western Greeks, Ancient Democracy, vel sim. Instructor: Johnson. One course. C-L: History 533S

528S. Greek History: Fifth Through First Centuries BC. CZ Studies in later Greek History from the fifth through first centuries BC. Coverage within these chronological boundaries via survey, case-studies, or a combination of both. Offerings might include Fourth-century Greece, The Hellenistic World, Ptolemaic Egypt, vel sim. Instructor: Sosin. One course. C-L: History 528S

532. The Roman Republic. CCI, CZ, R The rise of Rome, to its mastery of the Mediterranean; the political, social, and cultural consequences. Instructor: Boatwright. One course. C-L: History 516

532S. Roman History from Romulus to Augustus. CCI, CZ Study of Roman history form its earliest beginnings to the age of Augustus. Coverage via survey, case-studies, or a combination of both. Offerings might include The Roman Republic, Conflict of the Orders, Roman Revolution, vel sim. Instructor: Boatwright. One course. C-L: History 534S

536. The Roman Empire. CCI, CZ, R The foundation, consolidation, and transformation of Roman rule from Augustus to Diocletian. Instructor: Boatwright. One course. C-L: History 538

536S. Roman History from Augustus through Late Antiquity. CCI, CZ Study of Roman history from Augustus to the early medieval period via survey, case-studies, or a combination of both. Offerings might include The Roman Empire, The Julio-Claudians, The Second Sophistic, The Severans, The Third-Century Crisis, Late Antiquity, vel sim. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: History 539S

541S. Greek Art and Society: Archaic To Classical. ALP, CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Art History 501S

542S. Greek Art and Society: Hellenistic. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Art History 502S

558S. Live Images: Ancient and Medieval Representations of the Divine. ALP, CCI, CZ, W One course. C-L: see Visual and Media Studies 533S; also C-L: Religion 552S, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 507S

568. The Legacy of Greece and Rome. ALP, CCI, CZ The reception of classical antiquity--its literature, art and architecture--in subsequent ages, from the early medieval period to the present day. Instructor: Woods. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 648

571S. Ancient Political Philosophy. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Political Science 575S; also C-L: Philosophy 571, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

572S. Plato. CZ One course. C-L: see Philosophy 511S

573S. Aristotle. CZ One course. C-L: see Philosophy 512S

580S. Proseminar: Introduction to Classical Studies. Credit/no credit grading only. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590S-2. Special Topics in Roman Archaeology. ALP, CZ Studies in Roman art and archaeology on focused themes, or on particular assemblages or problems. Offerings might include Art and Architecture of Pompeii, Roman Portraiture vel sim. Instructor: Boatwright or staff. One course. C-L: Art History 590S-10

690S. Special Topics in Classical Studies. CCI, CZ Topic varies from semester to semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

691. Directed Reading and Research. Credit to be arranged. Instructor: Staff. Variable credit.

GREEK (GREEK)

101. Elementary Greek. FL Structure of the language (grammatical forms, syntax, vocabulary, and pronunciation); introduction to reading. Instructor: Staff. One course.

102. Elementary Greek. FL Second half of Greek 101,102. Prerequisite: Greek 101. Instructor: Staff. One course.

203. Intermediate Greek. CZ, FL Readings in classical Attic prose literature. Prerequisite: Greek 102 or equivalent. Instructor: Staff. One course.

203A-1. Intermediate Greek. FL Review of grammar, reading of selected texts. Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome. Consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

203A-2. Intermediate Greek: Prose (Study Abroad). FL Review of grammar, reading of selected texts. Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Catania. Consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

204. Advanced Intermediate Greek. CZ, FL Introduction to Athenian Drama. Prerequisite: Greek 203 or the equivalent. Instructor: Staff. One course.

204A-1. Advanced Intermediate Greek. FL Review of grammar, reading of selected texts. Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome. Consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

204A-2. Intermediate Greek: Verse (Study Abroad). FL Review of grammar, reading of selected texts. Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Catania. Consent Required Instructor: Staff. One course.

291. Independent Study. Individual non-research directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic and/or artistic product. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

292. Independent Study. Individual non-research directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic and/or artistic product. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

301A-1. Advanced Greek. ALP, CCI, FL Readings vary. Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome. Consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

301AS-2. Advanced Greek. ALP, CCI, FL Readings vary. Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Catania. Consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

304S. Greek Historians. ALP, CZ, EI, FL Historians. Readings in Greek historians illuminating key themes, periods, historiographical conventions, especially historiography's role as font of ancient moral and ethical exempla. Authors might include Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, Polybius, Diodorus Siculus, vel sim. Must have 2 years of Greek (or equivalent). Instructor: Sosin or Staff. One course.

308S. Greek Philosophy. CZ, EI, FL Philosophy. Investigation into key trends, themes, developments in Greek Philosophy, especially moral and political, through readings from the Pre-Socratic philosophers, Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and/or others. Must have 2 years of Greek (or equivalent). Instructor: González or Staff. One course.

312S. Greek Oratory and Rhetoric. ALP, CCI, FL Oratory/Rhetoric. Exploration of the theory and practice of ancient oratory and rhetoric, especially as regards negotiation of power through public speech. Includes readings from Antiphon, Andocides, Lysias, Isocrates, Isaeus, Demosthenes, Gorgias, Alcidamas, Aristotle, Ps.-Longinus, Demetrios' On Style, and/or others. Must have 2 years of Greek (or equivalent). Instructor: González, Sosin, or Staff. One course.

324S. Greek Epic. ALP, CCI, FL Epic. Readings in Greek epic, with attention to language, meter, oral poetics, characterization, narrative structure, ancient and modern interpretation, the epic tradition beyond Greece and Rome, epic poems as codifiers of socially constructed cultural norms. Authors and works might include Homer, Hesiod, and the Homeric Hymns. Must have 2 years of Greek (or equivalent). Instructor: González or Staff. One course.

328S. Lyric and Hellenistic Poetry. ALP, CCI, FL Lyric and Hellenistic Poetry. Readings in Greek lyric and Hellenistic poetry. Possible authors and works include selected fragments from the major lyric poets, Pindar, Theocritus and/or others, particularly as they illuminate construction, testing, examination of Greek cultural identity. Must have 2 years of Greek (or equivalent). Instructor: González or Staff. One course.

332S. Greek Drama. ALP, EI, FL Drama. Reading and interpretation of selected plays by Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, and Menander, with attention to language, meter, staging, characteristic themes and conventions, and especially the cultural context of ancient drama and its use as an instrument and venue of public ethical and political debate. Must have 2 years of Greek (or equivalent). Instructor: González or Staff. One course.

493. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or project containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open only to qualified juniors and seniors; for seniors, the paper or project may partially fulfill the requirements for graduation with distinction. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

504. Historians. ALP, CCI, FL Investigation of the Greek concept and practice of writing history from Atthis to Agathius,with attention to key themes, periods, historiographical conventions. Authors and works might include Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, Polybius, Diodorus Siculus, Arrian, Appian, Eusebius, Procopius, Agathius. Instructor: Johnson, Sosin, or staff. One course.

508S. Rhetoric, Literary Criticism, and Philosophy. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Readings of rhetorical speeches and treatises (e.g. Demosthenes, Isocrates, Aristotle's Rhetoric, Rhetorica ad Alexandrum); and/or of ancient literary criticism (e.g. Aristotle, Ps.-Longinus); and/or of philosophical works (e.g. Plato's Dialogues, fragments of the pre-Socratics); and/or of authors, works, trends in Greek literature of the Roman Empire. Instructors: González or Staff. One course.

524. Epic and Lyric. ALP, CCI, FL Readings in Greek epic and/or Lyric, with attention to language, meter, poetics, characterization, narrative structure, ancient and modern interpretation, traditions beyond Greece and Rome, epic poems as codifiers of socially constructed cultural norms, lyric construction, and examination of Greek cultural identity. Authors and works might include selections of fragmentary works, Pindar, Bacchylides, Callimachus, Theocritus, the Greek Anthology, and others. Instructor: Burian or González. One course.

528. Drama. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, FL Readings in the dramatic and mimetic genres, especially Attic Tragedy and Comedy, with attention to language, meter, staging, characteristic themes and conventions, and especially the cultural context of ancient drama and its use as an instrument of public ethical and political debate. Authors may include Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, Menander, Sophron, Herodas, Lycophron. Instructor: Burian. One course.

580. Survey of Greek Literature. ALP, CCI, FL Instructor: Staff. One course.

582S. Greek Epigraphy. CZ, FL Introduction to the field of Greek Epigraphy, its history, methods, and place within the field of Classical Studies. Close attention to reading and translation of the variety of inscribed documentary and literary Greek. Instructor: Sosin. One course.

586S. Papyrology. CZ, FL Introduction to the field of Greek Papyrology, its history, methods and place within the field of Classical Studies. Close attention to reading and translation of the variety of documentary and/or literary papyrological Greek. Instructor: Sosin or Staff. One course.

691. Directed Reading and Research. Instructor: Staff. Variable credit.

LATIN (LATIN)

25. Introduction to Literature. This number represents course credit for a score of 4 or 5 on one or more of the College Board Advanced Placement tests in Latin. One course.

101. Elementary Latin. FL Study of the structure of the language (i.e., forms, vocabulary, syntax, and pronunciation); selected readings in prose and poetry. Instructor: Staff. One course.

102. Elementary Latin. FL Second half of Latin 101, 102. Prerequisite: Latin 101. Instructor: Staff. One course.

203. Intermediate Latin. CZ, FL Politics and thought in the late Republic: Caesar and Cicero. Instructor: Boatwright or staff. One course.

203A-1. Intermediate Latin: Caesar's Civil War. FL Review of grammar, reading of selected texts. Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome. Consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

204. Advanced Intermediate Latin. CZ, FL The culture of Augustan Rome: readings in Vergil's "Aeneid." Prerequisite: Latin 203 or equivalent. Instructor: Staff. One course.

204A-1. Advanced Intermediate Latin. FL Review of grammar, reading of selected texts. Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome. Consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

204A-2. Intermediate Latin: Verse (Study Abroad). FL Review of grammar, reading of selected texts. Taught at the Intercol Center for Classical Studies, Catania. Instructor: Staff. One course.

280. Transition to Advanced Latin. CZ, FL For first-year and sophomore students who have received credit for Latin 85 and are enrolling in their first college Latin course. Literature and life in the Roman Empire: selections from the epigrams of Martial and the letters of Pliny the Younger, combined with extensive grammar review. Instructor: Staff. One course.

291. Independent Study. Individual non-research directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic and/or artistic product. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

292. Independent Study. Individual non-research directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic and/or artistic product. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

301A-1. Advanced Latin. ALP, CCI, FL Readings vary. Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome. Consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

301AS-2. Advanced Latin. ALP, CCI, FL Readings vary. Taught at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Catania. Consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

304S. History and Biography. ALP, CZ, EI, FL Readings in one or more Roman historical works, illuminating key themes, periods, historiographical conventions, and especially ancient historiography's role as font of moral and ethical exempla. Authors might include Caesar, Sallust, Livy, Tacitus, Velleius, Ammianus Marcellinus, Gregory of Tours, Suetonius, vel sim. Students must have two years of Latin or equivalent. Instructor: Boatwright, Woods, or Staff. One course.

308S. Latin Epistle. ALP, FL Readings in the form, function, history, and conventions of the Latin epistle. Material might range from the letters of Cicero, Cyprian, Augustine, Jerome, or medieval collections; from Seneca's Letters to Lucilius to Ovid's Heroides or Pliny's correspondence with the Emperor Trajan. Students must have two years of Latin or equivalent. Instructor: Boatwright, Sosin, Woods, or staff. One course.

312S. Oratory/ Rhetoric. ALP, CCI, FL Readings in Roman oratory and rhetoric. Focus on negotiation of power through public speech, definitions of identity, and public construction of cultural norms. Authors and works might include Cicero, Quintilian's Institutes of Oratory, Tacitus' Dialogue on Oratory, Seneca the Elder, selected speeches from Roman historians, vel sim. Students must have two years of Latin or equivalent. Instructor: Boatwright or staff. One course.

316S. Latin Novel. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Readings in Latin novel, with special attention to the form's literary predecessors and and its particular illumination of social, economic, and cultural features of the Roman world. Authors include Petronius and/or Apuleius. Students must have two years of Latin or equivalent. Instructor: Boatwright or staff. One course.

324S. Latin Epic. ALP, CCI, FL Readings in Roman Epic with attention to genre, language, meter, characterization, narrative structure, ancient and modern interpretation, the epic tradition in and beyond Greece and Rome, and the genre's role in construction of cultural identity. Authors might include Vergil, Ovid, and Lucan. Students must have two years of Latin or equivalent. Instructor: Janan or staff. One course.

328S. Elegy and Lyric. ALP, CCI, FL Readings in Latin Elegy and Lyric, with special attention to Roman responses to Greek literary traditions and to the contemplation of human passions and vices, within a specifically Roman culture. Authors might include Catullus, Tibullus, Propertius, Ovid, Horace, and Martial. Students must have two years of Latin or equivalent. Instructor: Janan or staff. One course.

332S. Drama. ALP, CCI, FL Readings in Roman Comedy and Tragedy. Special attention to Roman 'translation' and reception of the Greek literary tradition before it; the genre's illumination of social, economic, and cultural conditions; the form's scrutiny of core cultural ideals. Authors include Plautus, Terence, and Seneca. Instructor: Janan, Woods or staff. One course.

336S. Satire. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, FL Readings in Roman Satire with special attention to the genre's self-critical posture and its ethical critique of Roman culture and the Latin literary tradition. Authors might include Lucilius, Horace, Persius, and Juvenal. Students must have two years of Latin or equivalent. Instructors: Janan, Sosin, or staff. One course.

364S. Educating Rome. ALP, CCI, EI, FL Readings in the very Roman category of 'didactic.' How Romans thought to educate themselves and others about the world they controlled and lived in; Roman education as cultural, moral education. Authors and works might include Ovid's Ars Amatoria, Vitruvius' handbook on architecture, Lucretius' De rerum natura, Columella on farming. Students must have two years of Latin or equivalent. Instructor: Boatwright, Sosin, or staff. One course.

368S. Snapshots of Rome. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Readings in Latin literature from a specific time period and historical context, such as the Age of Augustus; Nero and His Times; Life in the Late Republic; or the Fall of the Roman Empire. Emphasis on how literature and society construct and inform each other at critical moments in Roman history. Students must have two years of Latin or equivalent.Instructor: Boatwright, Woods or staff. One course.

372S. Interpreting Rome. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Readings on retrospective views on Rome's past; how cultures view themselves through the lens of others. Topics may include late ancient scholia and commentaries and the texts they sought to illuminate, Christian views of a pagan past, Medieval perspectives on ancient texts and history. Students must have two years of Latin or equivalent. Instructor: Woods or staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 304S

376S. Roman Culture. CCI, CZ, FL Readings on Roman cultural themes, trends, or characteristics. Emphasis on variety of viewpoints from which to understand Roman culture. For example, public spectacle, Stoic cultural commentary, popular culture, 'street' Latin found in inscriptions, papyri, and graffiti, or Roman attitudes toward provincials and provincials' toward Romans. Students must have two years of Latin or equivalent. Instructor: Boatwright or staff. One course.

390. Special Topics in Latin Literature. ALP, CCI, FL Prerequisite: the completion of second-year or third-year Latin, depending on the topic. Instructor: Staff. One course.

493. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or project containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open only to qualified juniors and seniors; for seniors, the paper or project may partially fulfill the requirements for graduation with distinction. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

504S. Selections From Latin Texts/Authors in the Genres of History, Oratory, and/or Philosophy. ALP, CZ, EI, FL Detailed study of selections from one or more genres. Typical iterations might investigate Roman concept and practice of writing history from Cato to Ammianus Marcellinus; study of Roman oratory (readings might include Cicero, Quintilian, Tacitus); and/or philosophical texts (readings might include Lucretius, Seneca, Pliny the Elder, Vitruvius, Augustine, Boethius). Instructor: Boatwright or Staff. One course.

508S. Medieval and Renaissance Latin. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Detailed study of selections from one or more authors or genres. Selections either constitute a survey of Latin literature from late antiquity through the Renaissance, or focus on specific locations or periods (e.g. Insular Writers, or the Carolingian "Renaissance", or the Long Twelfth Century). Authors and readings might include Augustine, Isidore of Seville, Bede, Einhard, Carolingian poetry, Hrotsvita, the Carmina Burana, Heloise and Abelard, Hildegard of Bingen, Petrarch, Lorenzo Valla, Leonardo Bruni. Topics may vary. Instructor: Woods. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 608S

524S. Latin Poetry: Epic, Lyric, and Elegy. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Detailed study of selections from one or more genre. Authors and readings might include Vergil, Ovid, Lucan, Statius' Thebaid and Silvae, Valerius Flaccus, Silius Italicus, Catullus, Horace, Tibullus, Propertius, Martial, Juvencus, medieval Latin court poetry and love lyric. Instructor: Janan. One course.

528S. Selections From Latin Texts/Authors in the Genres of Drama, Satire, and/or the Novel. ALP, CCI, CZ, FL Detailed study of selections from one or more of the genres Drama, Satire, Novel. Authors and readings might include Plautus, Terence, Seneca, Horace, Persius, Juvenal, Petronius, Apuleius. Instructor: Janan or Staff. One course.

580. Survey of Latin Literature from its Beginnings to Late Antiquity. ALP, CCI, FL Instructor: Staff. One course.

581S. Latin Prose Syntax and Style. CCI, FL Latin prose composition combined with analysis of the style and syntax of select Latin prose authors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

584S. Latin Palaeography. ALP, CZ, FL Introduction to the field of Latin Palaeography, its history and methods; also the role of the book in the intellectual life of the medieval and Renaissance periods. Particular emphasis placed on learning to read Latin scripts from antiquity to the Renaissance. Instructor: Woods. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 647S

585S. Latin Epigraphy. CZ, FL Introduction to the field of Latin epigraphy, its history, methods, and place within the field of Classical Studies. Close attention to reading and translation of the variety of inscribed documentary and literary Latin texts, and to the original physical and social contexts of inscriptions. Instructor: Boatwright. One course.

691. Directed Reading and Research. Credit to be arranged. Instructor: Staff. Variable credit.

THE MAJOR

Classical Languages (Greek and Latin)

Major Requirements. Knowledge of both Greek and Latin through the second year: through Greek 204  and Latin 204  or the equivalent. Eight courses in Greek and/or Latin, at least six of which must be at or above the 300-400 level ; one course in Classical Studies  200-400 ; Capstone Seminar (Classical Studies 480S . Total 10 courses.

For double majors in classical languages and classical civilization, no more than two courses may be counted toward both majors.

Classical Civilization (Ancient History, Culture, Literature, Archaeology)

Major Requirements. Two required introductory courses: Option 1: Classical Studies 181S  or 283  and 182S  or 284 ; Option 2: two courses in Greek or Latin below the 300 level. Note: the two options may not be combined (e.g., Classical Studies  181S and Latin 102 do not satisfy the requirement). Seven Classical Studies courses at or above the 200-400 level ; literature in the original language, at or above the 300-400 level. Courses must be in at least three of the following areas: literature in translation at or above the 200 level  or in the original language at or above the 300-400 level ; history; art and archaeology; philosophy. (Note: Classical Studies 283/4  may not be counted toward the seven advanced courses.) Capstone Seminar (Classical Studies 480S ). Total 10 courses.

For double majors in classical languages and classical civilization, no more than two courses may be counted toward both majors.

Departmental Graduation with Distinction

Graduation with distinction is available to majors. Eligible students have a 3.5 grade point average in the major on beginning their project. In the context of a Research Independent Study (Classical Studies/Greek/Latin 493) the candidate writes a major research paper. A committee of three faculty members votes whether to award Distinction, High Distinction, or Highest Distinction for the work. Majors interested in applying shall consult the director of undergraduate studies by the spring of their junior year.

THE MINOR

Four minors are offered by the department, as listed below. No courses used to fulfill the requirements of one minor may be used for another, or for the majors in classical languages or classical civilization.

Classical Archaeology

Requirements. Five courses in ancient art and archaeology, at least three at the 200-400 level, at least three of these originating in the Department of Classical Studies.

Classical Civilization

Requirements. Five courses in CLST, at least three at or above the 200-400 level; literature in the original language, at or above the 300-400 level. Courses must be in at least two of the following areas: literature in translation at or above the 200-400 level or in the original language at or above the 300-400 level; history; art and archaeology; philosophy.

Greek

Requirements. Five courses in ancient Greek, at least three at or above the 300-400 level.

Latin

Requirements. Five courses in Latin, at least three at or above the 300-400 level.

For courses in comparative literature, see the listing in this chapter under “Literature Program in Global Cultural Studies (LIT)” on page 407.

510S. Computational Biology Seminar. A weekly series of seminars on topics in computational biology presented by invited speakers, Duke faculty and CBB doctoral and certificate students. This course is required for all first and second year CBB students. In addition, all certificate students must register and receive credit for the seminar for four semesters.

511. Journal Club. NS, R A weekly series of discussions led by students that focus on current topics in computational biology. Topics of discussion may come form recent or seminal publications in computational biology or from research interests currently being pursued by students. First and second year CBB doctoral and certificate students are strongly encouraged to attend as well as any student interested in learning more about the new field of computational biology. Instructor: Furey.

520. Genome Tools and Technologies. This course introduces the laboratory and computational methodologies for genetic and protein sequencing, mapping and expression measurement. Instructor: Dietrich. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy

521. Computational Gene Expression Analysis. QS This course covers topics spanning the technological and computational areas of modern gene expression analysis, developing computational methods in important and current problems of clinical and physiological phenotyping, including custom computation and algorithmic development. Prerequisites: Statistics 611, or 831 or 841. Instructor: Staff. C-L: Statistical Science 505, Molec Genetics & Microbiology 521

523S. Computational Immunology. Course will integrate empirical and computational perspectives on immunology and host defense. Students are expected to have significant preparation in either biomedicine or a quantitative science. Topics covered are intended to provide an entree into the use of computational methods for research and practice in immunology and infectious disease, from basic science to medical applications. Consent of instructor required. Instructors: Kepler and Cowell. One course. C-L: Immunology 523S

525. Core Concepts Bridging Genomic and Computational Biology. Advances in the biological sciences are often the result of multi-disciplinary teams of investigators. Successful collaboration requires effective communication, which in turn is facilitated by the construction of a hierarchical "concept map" that spans both disciplines and can be used as the basis of new shared insights and analysis. This course will use important publications that resulted from the successful alignment of biological and computational investigations to help students develop such concept maps and use them to enhance their cross-disciplinary communication. At each session, two faculty representing the appropriate disciplines will be present. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

540. Statistical Methods for Computational Biology. Methods of statistical inference and stochastic modeling with application to functional genomics and computational molecular biology. Topics include: statistical theory underlying sequence analysis and database searching; Markov models; elements of Bayesian and likelihood inference; multivariate high-dimensional regression models, applied linear regress analysis; discrete data models; multivariate data decomposition methods (PCA, clustering, multi-dimensional scaling); software tools for statistical computing. Prerequisites: multivariate calculus, linear algebra and Statistical Science 611. Instructor: Mukherjee. One course. C-L: Statistical Science 613

541. Statistical Genetics. Mechanisms, probability models and statistical analysis in examples of classical and population genetics, aimed at covering the basic quantitative concepts and tools for biological scientists. This module will serve as a primer in basic statistics for genomics, also involving computing and computation using standard languages. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Statistical Science 504, Genome Sciences and Policy

550. Computational Structural Biology. QS, R One course. C-L: see Computer Science 664; also C-L: Statistical Science 614

590. Special Topics in Computational Biology. Instructor: Staff. One course.

591. Independent Study. Faculty directed experimental or theoretical research. Instructor: Staff. Variable credit.

Professor Tomasi, Chair; Associate Professor of the Practice Lucic, Associate Chair; Professor of the Practice Astrachan, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Associate Professor K. Munagala, Director of Graduate Studies; Professors Agarwal, Calderbank, Chase, Conitzer, Donald, Edelsbrunner, Harer, Henriquez, Lebeck, Lenoir, Maggs, Reif, Rose, Sun, Tomasi, and Trivedi; Associate Professors Board, Dwyer, Ferrari, Hartemink, Kedem, Kim, Mukherjee, Munagala, Ohler, Parr, Roy Choudhury, Schmidler, Sorin, J. Yang and X. Yang; Assistant Professors Babu, Conitzer, Gordan, Lee, and Maggioni; Professors Emeriti Biermann, Ellis, Gallie, Loveland, Patrick, Ramm, Starmer and Wagner; Professors of the Practice Astrachan and Rodger; Associate Professors of the Practice Forbes and Lucic; Adjunct Professors Arge, Baldine, Fowler, LaBean, Lombardi, Pitsianis and Pormann; Research Scientists Brady and Schultes; Lecturer Duvall

A major or a minor is available in this department.

The Department of Computer Science provides courses on the concepts of computing and computers, their capabilities, and uses. In most courses students make extensive use of the available computing facilities. Students who wish to take a single introductory course, as part of their general education, usually elect either Computer Science 94 or 101.

88S. Introduction to Problem Solving. QS Techniques for solving computational problems in groups and individually. Topics vary every semester the course is offered. Course may be repeated once. Consent of instructor required. Co-requisite: Enrollment in Computer Science 94 or Computer Science 101. Instructor: Rodger. Half course.

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

91. Principles of Computer Science. QS, STS An overview for students not intending to major in computer science. Computer programming, algorithms, symbolic and numeric computation, computer systems, basic theoretical foundations, and the effects of computer and information technology on society. Not open to students having credit for Computer Science 101 or higher. Instructors: Forbes. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

92. Technical and Social Analysis of Information and the Internet. EI, QS, STS The development of technical and social standards governing the Internet and Information Technology in General. The role of software as it relates to law, patents, intellectual property, and IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) standards. Analysis of issues from a technical perspective with an emphasis on the role of software and the relationship of standards to social and ethical issues. Not open to students who have taken Computer Science 82S or 342S. Instructor: Astrachan, Forbes. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 101, Policy Journalism and Media

94. Programming and Problem Solving. QS Programming and problem solving in a specific domain such as robotics, virtual worlds, web programming, biology, genomics, or computer science. Students learn the basics of programming by studying problems in one application area. Instructor: Astrachan, Duvall, Forbes, or Rodger. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

101. Program Design and Analysis I. QS Introduction to the practices and principles of computer science and programming and their impact on and potential to change the world. Algorithmic, problem-solving, and programming techniques in domains such as art, data visualization, mathematics, natural and social sciences. Programming using high-level languages and design techniques emphasizing abstraction, encapsulation, and problem decomposition. Design, implementation, testing, and analysis of algorithms and programs. No previous programming experience required. Instructor: Astrachan or staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

101L. Introduction to Computer Science. QS Introduction practices and principles of computer science and programming and their impact on and potential to change the world. Algorithmic, problem-solving, and programming techniques in domains such as art, data visualization, mathematics, natural and social sciences. Programming using high-level languages and design techniques emphasizing abstraction, encapsulation, and problem decomposition. Design, implementation, testing, and analysis of algorithms and programs. No previous programming experience required. Instructor: Astrachan, Duvall, Forbes, or Rodger. One course.

102S. Constructing Immersive Virtual Worlds. QS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 270S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 287S

104FS. Introduction to Computational Genomics and Computer Science. QS, STS The role of computation in prior and current biological research, both in large-scale genomics projects such as the human genome project and in basic biology and medical research. Introduction to programming possibly including scripting, CGI programming, dynamic programming, web protocols. Introduction to specific algorithms, tools, and resources for biological research including genome sequence alignment and database design and mining. Technical and social implications of genomics and genome studies made possible by advances in algorithms, computational methods, and computational models. For Focus Program students only. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy

107. Artificial Life, Culture, and Evolution. QS, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 170; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 172

109FS. Minds and Computers: Foundations of Artificial Intelligence. QS, R The project of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the idea of understanding the mind/brain as a computing machine. Elementary ideas both in computational theory and in programming (for example, LISP). Examination of neural network models built to understand the workings of the brain, and major AI projects in knowledge representation, game playing and autonomous robotics, issues in the philosophical foundations of AI, such as the idea of Turing Test, and evaluation of debates between AI researchers and their critics. Open only to students in the Focus Program. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

149S. Computer Science Education Research Seminar. EI, QS, STS Project-based robotics course linked with community service. Designing and implementing the software and hardware architecture of a LEGO robot to perform tasks such as line tracking and simple map building. Reactive and deliberative control. Mentoring students in local schools. Course promotes ability to reason about core algorithms and challenges present in field of autonomous mobile robotics, and to effectively convey and formulate mobile robotics curricula for middle or high school students. Prerequisite: None. One course. C-L: Education 149S

190. Topics in Computer Science. QS Instructor: Staff. One course.

190A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in Computer Science. Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190S. Topics in Computer Science. QS Seminar version of Computer Science 190, topics from various areas of computer science, changing each year. Instructor: Staff. One course.

201. Data Structures and Algorithms. QS Analysis, use, and design of data structures and algorithms using an object-oriented language like Java to solve computational problems. Emphasis on abstraction including interfaces and abstract data types for lists, trees, sets, tables/maps, and graphs. Implementation and evaluation of programming techniques including recursion. Intuitive and rigorous analysis of algorithms. Prerequisite: Computer Science 101 or Engineering 110L, or equivalent. Instructor: Astrachan, Duvall, staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

210. Introduction to Operating Systems. QS Basic concepts and principles of multiprogrammed operating systems. Processes, interprocess communication, CPU scheduling, mutual exclusion, deadlocks, memory management, I/O devices, file systems, protection mechanisms. Also taught as Electrical and Computer Engineering 353. Prerequisites: Computer Science 201 and 250. Instructor: Chase, Cox, or Maggs. One course. C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

220. Introduction to Numerical Methods and Analysis. QS Theory, algorithms, and software that concern numerical solution of linear equations, approximation and interpolation of functions, numerical solution of nonlinear equations, and numerical solution of ordinary differential equations. Prerequisite: Computer Science 101; Mathematics 21; 122; 221 or 111. Instructor: Rose or Sun. One course. C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

220S. Introduction to Numerical Methods and Analysis. QS Seminar version of Computer Science 220. One course.

223. Computational Microeconomics. QS Use of computational techniques to operationalize basic concepts from economics. Expressive marketplaces: combinatorial auctions and exchanges, winner determination problem. Game theory: normal and extensive-form games, equilibrium notions, computing equilibria. Mechanism design: auction theory, automated mechanism design. Prerequisites: 100-level Statistics and 100-level Mathematics or consent of instructor. Instructor: Conitzer. One course.

224. Introduction to Computer Modeling. QS Introduction to techniques for developing, evaluating, and analyzing computational models for problems in the sciences and social sciences. Stochastic, deterministic, discrete, and continuous models. Stability of numerical approximations, parameter estimation, perturbation theory. Case studies from biology and economics. Prerequisites: Mathematics 21, 122, 100-level Statistics. Instructor: Tomasi. One course. C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

230. Discrete Math for Computer Science. QS Mathematical notations, logic, and proof; linear and matrix algebra; graphs, digraphs, trees, representations, and algorithms; counting, permutations, combinations, discrete probability, Markov models; advanced topics from algebraic structures, geometric structures, combinatorial optimization, number theory. Prerequisites: Mathematics 21 and 122; Computer Science 101. Instructor: Agarwal, Edelsbrunner, Forbes, Reif, or Tomasi. One course.

241S. Computer Science Seminar. QS, R, W In-depth exploration of specific areas in computer science. The methods of critical inquiry and scholarly research reinforced with regular written analysis, seminar-style presentations and collaborative research projects. Prerequisites: Computer Science 201 and 250. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

249S. CompSci Majors - Project-based Robotics Course with Service Learning. EI, STS Project-based robotics course linked with community service. Introduction and implementation of algorithms for navigation, map building, and object recognition. Representing uncertainty in robot motion and sensing. Mentoring students in local schools. After taking this course, students should be able to reason about the core algorithms and challenges present in the field of autonomous mobile robotics; and effectively convey and formulate mobile robotics curricula for middle or high school students. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or equivalent programming experience. Instructor: Forbes. Half course.

250. Computer Organization and Programming. QS Computer structure, machine language, instruction execution, addressing techniques, and digital representation of data. Computer systems organization, logic design, microprogramming, and interpreters. Symbolic coding and assembly systems. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Kedem or Lebeck. One course. C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

260. Introduction to Computational Genomics. NS, QS A computational perspective on the analysis of genomic and genome-scale information. Focus on exploration and analysis of large genomic sequences, but also attention to issues in structural and functional genomics. Topics include genome sequence assembly, local and global alignment, gene and motif finding, protein threading and folding, and the clustering and classification of genes and tissues using gene expression data. Students to learn computational approaches to genomics as well as to develop practical experience with handling, analyzing, and visualizing information at a genome-scale. Instructor: Hartemink. One course. C-L: Genome Sciences and Policy

270. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence. QS Algorithms and representations used in artificial intelligence. Introduction and implementation of algorithms for search, planning, decision, theory, logic, Bayesian networks, robotics and machine learning. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201. Instructor: Parr. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies, Modeling Biological Systems

288. Logic and Its Applications. QS One course. C-L: see Mathematics 388; also C-L: Philosophy 350

290. Topics in Computer Science. QS Topics from various areas of computer science, changing each year. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or equivalent. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Computer Science. Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S. Topics in Computer Science. QS Seminar version of Computer Science 290. Instructor: Staff. One course.

308. Software Design and Implementation. QS Techniques for design and construction of reliable, maintainable and useful software systems. Programming paradigms and tools for medium to large projects: revision control, UNIX tools, performance analysis, GUI, software engineering, testing, documentation. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201. Instructor: Astrachan or Duvall. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies, Modeling Biological Systems

309S. Problem Solving Seminar. QS Techniques for attacking, solving, and writing computer programs for challenging computational problems. Algorithmic and programming language tool kits. Course may be repeated. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Astrachan. Half course.

316. Introduction to Database Systems. QS, R Databases and relational database management systems. Data modeling, database design theory, data definition and manipulation languages, storaging and indexing techniques, query processing and optimization, concurrency control and recovery, database programming interfaces. Current research issues including XML, web data management, data integration and dissemination, data mining. Hands-on programming projects and a term project. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201, recommended: Computer Science 308. Instructor: Babu or J. Yang. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

330. Introduction to the Design and Analysis of Algorithms. QS Design and analysis of efficient algorithms including sorting, searching, dynamic programming, graph algorithms, fast multiplication, and others; nondeterministic algorithms and computationally hard problems. Prerequisites: Computer Science 201 and 230. Instructor: Edelsbrunner, Mungala, or Reif. One course. C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

334. Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science. QS An introduction to theoretical computer science including studies of abstract machines, the language hierarchy from regular sets to recursively enumerable sets, noncomputability, and complexity theory. Prerequisites: Computer Science 201 and Mathematics 212. Instructor: Reif or Rodger. One course. C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

342S. Technical and Social Analysis of Information and the Internet. EI, QS, R, SS, W Technical version of Computer Science 82S. Requires a significant technical project. The development of technical and social standards governing the Internet and information technology in general. The role of software as it relates to law, patents, intellectual property, and IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) standards. Written analysis of issues from a technical perspective with an emphasis on the role of software and on how standards relate to social and ethical issues. Meets as a seminar with an additional weekly meeting to accommodate guest lectures. Not open to students who have taken Computer Science 82S. Prerequisites: Computer Science 308 and recommended Computer Science 316. Instructor: Astrachan and Forbes. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

344. Computer Graphics. QS Overview, motivation, and history; OpenGL and OpenInventor; coordinate systems and geometric transforms; drawing routines, antialiasing, supersampling; 3d object representation, spatial data structures, constructive solid geometry; hidden-surface-removal algorithms, z-buffer, A-buffer; illumination and shading models, surface details, radiosity; achromatic light, color specification, colorimetry, different color models; graphics pipeline, SGI reality engine, Pixel 5; animation, levels of detail. Prerequisites: Computer Science 308 and Mathematics 221. Instructor: Agarwal or Duvall. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 241, Modeling Biological Systems

390. Topics in Computer Science. QS, R Topics from various areas of computer science, changing each year. Includes research intensive work exposing the student to computer science research methodology and resulting in a major document or project. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201. Instructor: Staff. One course.

391. Independent Study. Individual work in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper, project, or written report covering a previously approved topic. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

393. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper, project, or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

394. Research Independent Study. R See Computer Science 393. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

430. Algorithmic Paradigms. QS Applications include dynamic data structures,graph algorithms, randomized algorithms. Intractability and NP completeness. Prerequisite: Computer Science 100 and 102. Instructor: Agarwal, Edelsbrunner, Munagala, or Reif. One course.

434. Topology with Applications. QS One course. C-L: see Mathematics 412

445. Introduction to High Dimensional Data Analysis. QS One course. C-L: see Mathematics 465  

510. Operating Systems. QS Fundamental principles of operating system design applied to state-of-the-art computing environments (multiprocessors and distributed systems) including process management (coscheduling and load balancing), shared memory management (data migration and consistency), and distributed file systems. Instructor: Chase, Cox, or Maggs. One course.

512. Distributed Information Systems. Principles and techniques for sharing information reliably and efficiently in computer networks, ranging from high-speed clusters to global-scale networks (e.g., the Internet). Topics include advanced distributed file systems, distributed programming environments, replication, caching and consistency, transactional concurrency control, reliable update and recovery, and issues of scale and security for Internet information services. Prerequisites: Computer Science 210 or 510 and Computer Science 514, or consent of the instructor. Instructor: Chase, Cox, or Maggs. One course.

514. Computer Networks and Distributed Systems. QS, R Basic systems support for process-to-process communications across a computer network. The TCP/IP protocol suite and the Berkeley sockets application programs interface. Development of network application programs based on the client-server model. Remote procedure call and implementation of remote procedure call. Prerequisite: knowledge of the C programming language. Instructor: Maggs or X. Yang. One course. C-L: Electrical and Computer Engineering 558

515. Wireless Networking and Mobile Computing. One course. C-L: see Electrical and Computer Engineering 556

516. Data-Intensive Computing Systems. QS, R Data-Intensive Computing Systems. Principles and techniques for making intelligent use of the massive amounts of data being generated in commerce, industry, science, and society. Topics include indexing, query processing, and optimization in large databases, data mining and warehousing, new abstractions and algorithms for parallel and distributed data processing, fault-tolerant and self-tuning data management for cloud computing, and information retrieval and extraction for the Web. Prerequisites: Computer Science 316 or an introductory database course or consent of instructor. Instructor: Babu or J. Yang. One course.

520. Numerical Analysis. QS, R Error analysis, interpolation and spline approximation, numerical differentiation and integration, solutions of linear systems, nonlinear equations, and ordinary differential equations. Prerequisites: knowledge of an algorithmic programming language, intermediate calculus including some differential equations, and Mathematics 221. Instructor: Rose or Sun. One course. C-L: Mathematics 565, Statistical Science 612, Modeling Biological Systems

524. Nonlinear Dynamics. QS, R One course. C-L: see Physics 513; also C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

527. Introduction to Computer Vision. Image formation and analysis; feature computation and tracking; image motion analysis; stereo vision; image, object, and activity recognition and retrieval. Prerequisites: Mathematics 221 or 216; Mathematics 230 or Statistical Science 230; Computer Science 101. Instructor: Tomasi. One course.

528. Introduction to Computational Science. QS Introduction to scientific computing and its applications to facilitate interdisciplinary collaborative research. Brief intro to contemporary high performance computer architectures, basic linear algebra, numerical analysis, programming languages and widely available software packages. Study high performance algorithms in finite elements, fast transforms, molecular dynamics, high dimensional optimization, computational quantum mechanics and visualization. Parallel lab sessions by experts offer further specialization. Prerequisite: programming experience in Fortran or C, calculus, numerical linear algebra or equivalent. Instructor: Staff. One course.

530. Design and Analysis of Algorithms. QS Design and analysis of efficient algorithms. Algorithmic paradigms. Applications include sorting, searching, dynamic structures, graph algorithms, randomized algorithms. Computationally hard problems. NP completeness. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or equivalent. Instructor: Agarwal, Edelsbrunner, Munagala, or Reif. One course.

532. Approximation Algorithms. QS Cover traditional approximation algorithms with combinatorial and linear programming techniques; extended survey of cut problems and metric embeddings; embeddings, dimensionality reduction, locality sensitive hashing, and game theory. Instructor: Agarwal or Munagala. One course.

534. Computational Complexity. QS Turing machines, undecidability, recursive function theory, complexity measures, reduction and completeness, NP, NP-Completeness, co-NP, beyond NP, relativized complexity, circuit complexity, alternation, polynomial time hierarchy, parallel and randomized computation, algebraic methods in complexity theory, communication complexity. Prerequisite: Computer Science 334 or equivalent. Instructor: Agarwal or Reif. One course.

550. Advanced Computer Architecture I. QS, R Fundamental aspects of advanced computer architecture design and analysis. Topics include processor design, pipelining, superscalar, out-of-order execution, caches (memory hierarchies), virtual memory, storage systems, simulation techniques, technology trends and future challenges. Prerequisite: Computer Science 250 or Electrical and Computer Engineering 350 or equivalent. Instructors: Board, Kedem, Lebeck, or Sorin. One course. C-L: Electrical and Computer Engineering 552, Modeling Biological Systems

554. Fault-Tolerant and Testable Computer Systems. One course. C-L: see Electrical and Computer Engineering 554

555. Probability for Electrical and Computer Engineers. One course. C-L: see Electrical and Computer Engineering 555; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies, Modeling Biological Systems

561. Computational Sequence Biology. Introduction to algorithmic and computational issues in analysis of biological sequences: DNA, RNA, and protein. Emphasizes probabilistic approaches and machine learning methods, e.g. Hidden Markov models. Explores applications in genome sequence assembly, protein and DNA homology detection, gene and promoter finding, motif identification, models of regulatory regions, comparative genomics and phylogenetics, RNA structure prediction, post-transcriptional regulation. Prerequisites: basic knowledge algorithmic design (Computer Science 530 or equivalent), probability and statistics (Statistical Science 611 or equivalent), molecular biology (Biology 118 or equivalent). Alternatively, consent instructor. Instructor: Hartemink or Ohler. One course. C-L: Computational Biology and Bioinformatics 561

570. Artificial Intelligence. QS Design and analysis of algorithms and representations for artificial intelligence problems. Formal analysis of techniques used for search, planning, decision theory, logic, Bayesian networks, robotics, and machine learning. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 and Computer Science 330. Instructor: Conitzer or Parr. One course.

571. Machine Learning. QS Theoretical and practical issues in modern machine learning techniques. Topics include statistical foundations, supervised and unsupervised learning, decision trees, hidden Markov models, neural networks, and reinforcement learning. Minimal overlap with Computer Science 570. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201, Mathematics 221, and Statistical Science 111 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Parr. One course.

579. Statistical Data Mining. QS One course. C-L: see Statistical Science 622

590. Advanced Topics in Computer Science. QS Instructor: Staff. One course.

630. Randomized Algorithms. QS, R Models of computation, Las Vegas and Monte Carlo algorithms, linearity of expectation, Markov and Chebyshev inequalities and their applications, Chernoff bound and its applications, probabilistic methods, expanders, Markov chains and random walk, electric networks and random walks, rapidly mixing Markov chains, randomized data structures, randomized algorithms for graph problems, randomized geometric algorithms, number theoretic algorithms, RSA cryptosystem, derandomization. Prerequisite: Computer Science 530. Instructor: Agarwal, Munagala, or Reif. One course.

634. Computational Geometry. QS Models of computation and lower-bound techniques; storing and manipulating orthogonal objects; orthogonal and simplex range searching, convex hulls, planar point location, proximity problems, arrangements, linear programming and parametric search technique, probabilistic and incremental algorithms. Prerequisite: Computer Science 530 or equivalent. Instructor: Agarwal or Edelsbrunner. One course. C-L: Computational Biology and Bioinformatics 634, Modeling Biological Systems

636. Computational Topology. QS Introduction to topology via graphs; facts about curves and surfaces; representing triangulations; discussion of simplicial complexes; emphasis on Delaunay and alpha complexes and on homology groups; computational via matrix reduction; Morse functions; PL functions; Reeb graphs; development of persistent homology; proof of stability; applications and extensions. Prerequisite: Computer Science 530. Instructor: Edelsbrunner or Harer. One course. C-L: Mathematics 619

650. Advanced Computer Architecture II. QS Parallel computer architecture design and evaluation. Design topics include parallel programming, message passing, shared memory, cache coherence, cache coherence, memory consistency models, symmetric multiprocessors, distributed shared memory, interconnection networks, and synchronization. Evaluation topics include modeling, simulation, and benchmarking. Prerequisite: Computer Science 550 or Electrical and Computer Engineering 552 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Lebeck or Sorin. One course. C-L: Electrical and Computer Engineering 652, Modeling Biological Systems

662. Computational Systems Biology. NS, QS, R Provides a systematic introduction to algorithmic and computational issues present in the analysis of biological systems. Emphasizes probabilistic approaches and machine learning methods. Explores modeling basic biological processes (e.g., transcription, splicing, localization and transport, translation, replication, cell cycle, protein complexes, evolution) from a systems biology perspective. Lectures and discussions of primary literature. Prerequisites: basic knowledge of algorithm design (Computer Science 530 or equivalent), probability and statistics (Statistical Science 611 or equivalent), molecular biology (Biology 201L or equivalent), and computer programming. Alternatively, consent of instructor. Instructor: Hartemink or Ohler. One course. C-L: Computational Biology and Bioinformatics 662, Genome Sciences and Policy

663. Algorithms in Structural Biology and Biophysics. NS, QS, R Introduction to algorithmic and computational issues in structural molecular biology and molecular biophysics. Emphasizes geometric algorithms, provable approximation algorithms, computational biophysics, molecular interactions, computational structural biology, proteomics, rational drug design, and protein design. Explores computational methods for discovering new pharmaceuticals, NMR and X-ray data, and protein-ligand docking. Prerequisites: basic knowledge of algorithm design (Computer Science 530 or equivalent), probability and statistics (Statistics 611 or equivalent), molecular biology (Biology 118 or equivalent), and computer programming. Alternatively, consent of instructor. Instructor: Donald. One course. C-L: Computational Biology and Bioinformatics 663

664. Computational Structural Biology. QS, R Introduction to theory and computation of macromolecular structure. Principles of biopolymer structure: computer representations and database search; molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo simulation; statistical mechanics of protein folding; RNA and protein structure prediction (secondary structure, threading, homology modeling); computer-aided drug design; proteomics; statistical tools (neural networks, HMMs, SVMs). Prerequisites: basic knowledge algorithmic design (Computational Biology and Bioinfomatics 230 or equivalent), probability and statistics (Statistics 611 and 721 or equivalent), molecular biology (Biology 118 or equivalent), and computer programming. Alternatively, consent of instructor. Instructor: Schmidler. One course. C-L: Computational Biology and Bioinformatics 550, Statistical Science 614

673S. Computer Models and the Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders. NS, QS One course. C-L: see Psychology 673S; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 673S, Pharmacology and Cancer Biology 673S

THE MAJOR

For the A.B. Degree

Prerequisites. Computer Science 101, Mathematics 11lL, 112L or equivalents.

Major Requirements. Computer Science 201, 230, 250, 210, and 330. Three 200- level and above electives: one in Computer Science (not an independent study course) and two in either Computer Science (independent study possible), Electrical and Computer Engineering, Mathematics, Statistics, or a related area approved by the director of undergraduate studies

For the previous curriculums, see: http://www.cs.duke.edu/cseducation/undergrad/ba.html

For the B.S. Degree

Prerequisites. Computer Science 101, Mathematics 111L, 112L, or equivalents.

Major Requirements. Computer Science 201, 230, 250, 210, and 330. Three 200- or 500-level electives in Computer Science (not independent study courses). Two courses at the 200-level and above in Computer Science (including independent study), Electrical and Computer Engineering, Mathematics, Statistics, or a related area approved by the director of undergraduate studies.  Mathematics Mathematics 230 or a Statistics course at or above 111. Also one of Math 202, 216, 221, or 222.  

For the previous curriculums, see: http://www.cs.duke.edu/cseducation/undergrad/ba.html.

Departmental Graduation with Distinction

A program for Graduation with Distinction in computer science is available. Candidates for a degree with distinction, high distinction, or highest distinction must apply to the director of undergraduate studies and meet the following criteria. Candidates for Graduation with Distinction must have a grade point average of 3.0 or higher in computer science courses numbered above 200. Candidates must complete a substantial project, representing at least one year's work and including at least one independent study, under the guidance of a faculty member in computer science who oversees and endorses the project. The project should represent a significant intellectual endeavor including the writing of a report. A presentation of the project must be made to a committee of three faculty members, two of whom will normally be from computer science although for interdisciplinary projects this restriction can be relaxed. Graduation with high or highest distinction is awarded at the discretion of the faculty committee in consultation with the director of undergraduate studies. Graduation with high or highest distinction is typically awarded for projects that are of publishable quality. In addition, candidates for a degree with high or highest distinction should have a grade point average of 3.5 or higher in those computer science courses related to the area of research; these courses must include at least one course at the 500 level.

THE MINOR

Computer Science

Five courses in computer science (including the prerequisite), at least four of which must be at the 200 level or above.

Prerequisites. Computer Science 101, or equivalent.

Requirements. Computer Science 201 and 250.  All 200-level and above courses count in meeting the minor requirements.

Computational Biology and Bioinformatics

Prerequisites. Mathematics 111L, 112L, and 100-level statistics course.

Requirements. Five courses at the 200 level or above (not including the prerequisites); three from Computer Science and two from Biology, as follows: Computer Science 201, Computer Science 260. One course from CompSci 220, 224, 270, or any 500-level course, or as approved by the director of undergraduate studies in computer science, e.g., an independent study in an area related to bioinformatics or computational biology. Biology 201L; one biology course from the following: 220, 251, 214L, 414LS, 556, 413L or as approved by the director of undergraduate studies in computer science in consultation with the director of undergraduate studies in biology.

Professor Starn, Chair; Associate Professor Stein, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Professors Allison, Baker, Ho, Nelson, O'Barr, Piot, Silverblatt, and Starn; Associate Professors Litzinger, Meintjes, and Stein; Assistant Professors Makhulu, McIntosh, and Solomon; Professors Emeriti Apte, Ewing, Friedl, and Quinn; Secondary Appointments: Professors Andrews (Slavic languages), Mignolo (romance studies), and Reddy (history); Associate Professor Tetel (English) and Wilson (Women’s Studies); Assistant Professors Holsey (African and African American Studies); Lecturer Thompson (documentary studies)

A major or minor is available in this department.

Cultural anthropology is a comparative discipline that studies the world's peoples and cultures. It extends perspectives developed from anthropology's initial encounter with the "primitive" world to studies of complex societies including rural and urban segments of the Global South and contemporary industrial countries, with an emphasis on power, identity, and social justice.

Cultural anthropologists at Duke concentrate on political economy, culture, ideology, history, mass media, and discourse, and the relations among them. These concerns lead them to such specific research and teaching interests as: colonialism and state formation; the politics of representation and interpretation; histories of race and racism; popular culture, music, film, and advertising; the bases of ideological persuasion and resistance; gender ideology; language use in institutional contexts; class formation and political consciousness; war, peace-making, and human rights, and the creation and use of ethnic and national identities. The department also offers courses that introduce the various traditional subfields and methods of cultural anthropology, and other, integrative courses on world areas. Faculty draw on their fieldwork in various geographic areas, with special strengths in Africa and the African diaspora, Latin America, Middle East, Japan, China, and the United States. Students without prerequisites for a course may ask the instructor for admission.

80S. Studies in Special Topics. SS Opportunities for first-year students to engage with a specific issue in cultural anthropology, with emphasis on student writing. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

101. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. CCI, CZ, SS Theoretical approaches to analyzing cultural beliefs and practices cross-culturally; application of specific approaches to case material from present and/or past cultures. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 101

101D. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. CCI, CZ, SS Same as Cultural Anthropology 101 except instruction is provided in lecture and discussion group each week. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 101D, International Comparative Studies

105. Introduction to African Studies. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 103; also C-L: History 129, Political Science 108

106S. The Documentary Experience: A Video Approach. ALP, R, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 105S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 331S, History 125S, Political Science 105S, Public Policy Studies 170S, Visual and Media Studies 106S, Policy Journalism and Media

120. Alcohol and Culture. CCI, EI, SS Examination of cultural and social dimensions of alcohol use cross-culturally, with special attention to ethical issues surrounding control of alcohol use, frameworks for judging ''abuse,'' and the political and social agendas of researchers and caregivers in a range of societies. Local field research (on and off campus). Instructor: Ewing. One course.

130. Anthropology and Film. SS The study of feature films and documentaries on issues of colonialism, imperialism, war and peace, and cultural interaction. An introduction to critical film theory and film production in non-Western countries. Instructor: Allison, Jackson, or Litzinger. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 104, Visual and Media Studies 130, Documentary Studies, Arts of the Moving Image, Marxism and Society

130D. Anthropology and Film. SS Same as Cultural Anthropology 130 except instruction is provided in lecture and discussion group each week. Instructor: Litzinger. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image, Marxism and Society

131. World Music: Aesthetic and Anthropological Approaches. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Music 130; also C-L: International Comparative Studies, Documentary Studies

133S. African Mbira Music: An Experiential Learning Class. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Music 133S; also C-L: African and African American Studies 109S

137. Music, Social Life, and Scenes. ALP, CCI, CZ, R, W One course. C-L: see Music 137; also C-L: Documentary Studies

140. Life in America: Identity and Everyday Experience. CCI, CZ, SS How American culture shapes the everyday lives of people in the United States. Focus on two themes: cultural differences as well as similarities within and between ethnic groups, and the impact of history, large institutions, and global relations on all Americans. Instructor: Baker. One course.

150. Fantasy, Mass Media, and Popular Culture. CCI, R, SS A cross-cultural study of how images and stories that are mass produced affect the world view, identities, and desires of their consumers. Independent ethnographic research on a phenomenon in mass culture required. Instructor: Allison. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 105, Visual and Media Studies 105, Documentary Studies, Policy Journalism and Media, Study of Sexualities

160. Anthropology and the Motion Picture. ALP, CCI, CZ Study of the representation of non-US cultures in the genre of major motion pictures (as opposed to ethnographic film). Focus will be on films about Kenya, Italy, and the South Pacific. Examination of motives for foreign travel and experiences of living abroad as depicted in films. Consideration of how other cultures are romanticized and orientalized in movies. Films about each of the cases to be screened. Discussions focus on critical film reviews, issues of anthropological theory and the theory of representation, as well as students' own insights. Instructor: O'Barr. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 160

160S. Anthropology and the Motion Picture. ALP, CCI, CZ Seminar version of Cultural Anthropology 160. Instructor: O'Barr. One course.

170. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective. CCI, SS History and development of commercial advertising; advertising as a reflector and/or creator of social and cultural values; advertisements as cultural myths; effects on children, women, and ethnic minorities; advertising and language; relation to political and economic structure; and advertising and world culture. Emphasis on American society complemented by case studies of advertising in Canada, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Western Europe, and selected other countries. Instructor: O'Barr. One course. C-L: Sociology 160, Linguistics 170, Visual and Media Studies 170, Canadian Studies, International Comparative Studies, Arts of the Moving Image, Markets and Management Studies, Policy Journalism and Media, Women's Studies

170D. Advertising and Society: Global Perspective. CCI, SS Same as Cultural Anthropology 170 except instruction is provided in lecture and discussion group each week. Instructor: O'Barr. One course. C-L: Sociology 160D, Linguistics 170D, Visual and Media Studies 170D, Markets and Management Studies

190A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Introductory Special Topics in Cultural Anthropology. CCI Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190FS. Special Topics in Focus. Selected topics vary each semester. Open only to students in the Focus Program. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

195. Comparative Approaches to Global Issues. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see International Comparative Studies 195; also C-L: History 103, Political Science 110, Religion 195, Sociology 195, Marxism and Society

202. Languages of the World. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Linguistics 202; also C-L: Russian 362, International Comparative Studies 210

203. Marxism and Society. CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Literature 380; also C-L: Education 239, Sociology 339, International Comparative Studies, Marxism and Society

204. Self and Society. CCI, SS The nature of human social identities, the contexts in which they are shaped, and the processes by which they change. May include an optional service-learning component. Instructor: Ewing. One course. C-L: Psychology 224, Women's Studies

205. The Law and Language. CCI, CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Linguistics 205

206. Anthropology of Law. CCI, EI, SS Comparative approach to jurisprudence and legal practice, dispute resolution, law-making institutions and processes, and the relation of law to politics, culture, and values. Instructor: O'Barr. One course.

207. Anthropology of Sports. CCI, CZ, SS The role of sports in different cultures in the contemporary world. Dynamics of race, gender, sexuality, fantasy and desire, mythmaking and the culture of celebrity, commercial and mass media. Instructor: Starn. One course.

208. The Anthropology of Race. CCI, EI, SS Human variation and the historical development of concepts of race; science and scientific racism; folk-concepts of race; and the political and economic causes of racism; ethics of racism. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 251

208FS. The Anthropology of Race. CCI, EI, SS Same as Cultural Anthropology 208 but taught as part of the FOCUS program. Instructor: Baker. One course.

209. Sport As Performance. ALP, CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 201; also C-L: Sociology 201

210. Global Culture. CCI, SS Globalization examined through some of its dominant cultural forms—the marketing of pop music, the globalization of TV culture, the spread of markets and commodities, the export of political ideologies. Special focus given to the way in which these forms both affect and are transformed by local cultures in Africa, South Asia, East Asia, and Latin America. Instructor: Allison, Litzinger, Piot, or Starn. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 247, International Comparative Studies, Markets and Management Studies, Marxism and Society

211. Religious Movements. CCI, CZ, SS Religious responses to modernity and colonialism. Religion and social change in complex societies. The psychology and politics of conversion. Instructor: Ewing. One course. C-L: Religion 280

212. Language and Society. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see English 395; also C-L: Linguistics 451, Slavic and Eurasian Studies 385

213. Cyborgs. CCI, SS, STS, W Philosophical, cross-cultural, historical, mass media, and political assumptions about what it means to be human that serve as the foundation for technological development. Instructor: Nelson. One course. C-L: Women's Studies 215, Policy Journalism and Media

214S. Shamanism and Spirit Possession. CCI, CZ, EI, R, SS One course. C-L: see Religion 213S; also C-L: History 215S

215S. Indian Civilization. CCI, CZ, EI, SS, W One course. C-L: see History 219S

217S. Political Economies of the Global Image. ALP, CCI, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Literature 335S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 247S, Women's Studies 249S, Visual and Media Studies 248S

222S. Sound in Social Life. ALP, CCI, STS Considers sonic environments as socially cultivated and sound production (recording, processing, mixing) and listening as cultural practices, shaped by acoustic space. Includes study of music, recorded soundscapes (films, games, installations, field recordings), built and ecological environments (rainforests, cities, institutions), and the history and use of sound technology (sound production, reproduction, reception, acoustic materials). Instructor: Meinjtes. One course. C-L: Music 239S

225. Magical Modernities. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 356

226. Espionage, Cryptology, Psyops. SS, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 235

230D. The History of Emotions. CCI, CZ, R, W One course. C-L: see History 264D

231D. The History of Romantic Love. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, W One course. C-L: see History 263D

232. Gender and Language. CCI, R, SS One course. C-L: see Russian 364; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 207, Women's Studies 232, Linguistics 364

233S. Documenting Religion. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 338S; also C-L: Religion 251S, Visual and Media Studies 210S

234S. Anthropology and Education. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Education 234S

235S. Human Rights Activism. CCI, EI, R, SS Introduction to the foundations and development of the human rights movement. Explore themes related to mass violence and social conflict, U.S. foreign policy and international humanitarian law, and the challenges of justice and reconciliation around the world. Emphasis on the changing nature of human rights work and the expanding, contested boundaries of the struggle to protect basic human dignity both at home and abroad. Required participation in service learning. Instructor: Kirk. One course. C-L: Political Science 380S, Public Policy Studies 230S

236S. Farmworkers in North Carolina: Roots of Poverty, Roots of Change. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 332S; also C-L: Latino/a Studies in the Global South

237. Psychological Anthropology (C, D, P). CCI, SS Examines how culture is learned and expressed, and comes to be more or less compelling for individuals and more or less widely shared by them. Applies theory from psychoanalysis, child development studies, cognitive science, and psychological anthropology to cross-cultural ethnographic evidence. Considers, from a comparative perspective, topics including child rearing, the self and personality, emotion and motivation, gender and sexuality, language and thought, individualism versus collectivism, human universals and cultural variation. Prerequisites: none. Instructor: Ewing or Quinn. One course. C-L: Psychology 260

238S. Politics of Food: Land, Labor, Health, and Economics. ALP, CCI, EI, R One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 341S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 380

239S. Who Cares and Why: Social Activism and its Motivations. CCI, R, SS, W One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 335S

240S. The Anthropology of Hinduism: From Encounter to Engagement. ALP, CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Religion 310S; also C-L: Documentary Studies, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

241. Culture and Politics in China. CCI, CZ, SS Introduction to the study of contemporary China, including Taiwan and the Chinese Diaspora. Key themes include family and kinship, sex and gender, regional diversity, ethnic minority relations, the politics of modernity, revolution, and reform, and the representation of Chinese identity through popular media, film, and travel. Instructor: Litzinger. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies, Marxism and Society

242. Culture and Politics in Africa. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 340; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 229, International Comparative Studies, Marxism and Society

243. Culture and Politics in Latin America. CCI, CZ, EI, SS Key themes in Latin American societies, including art, literature, history, violence and human rights, economic development, and rebellion and revolution. Instructor: Nelson or Starn. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 325, Documentary Studies, Marxism and Society

245. Culture and Politics of South Asia. CCI, CZ, SS Explores the politics, history, cultures, art, and literature of societies and nation-states across the South Asian continent. Focus on issues such as urbanization; internal/external migration; linguistic, religious, and ethnic identities and conflicts; the impact of colonialism, development, and globalization. Instructor: Ewing. One course. C-L: Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 259

246S. Civil/Human Rights Activism: In the Spirit of Pauli Murray. ALP, CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 347S; also C-L: African and African American Studies 236S

247. Indigenous Medicine and Global Health. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Global Health Certificate 301

248. The Arts and Human Rights. ALP, EI, SS Investigate multiple relationships between arts and human rights discourse and practice. Instructor: Admay/Meintjes. One course. C-L: Study of Ethics 261, Music 238, Public Policy Studies 252

249. Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Human Development: A View From Modern Day Japan and Asia (C,D). CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Psychology 241; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 213

250. Muslim World: Transformations and Continuities. CCI, SS The diversity of social practices within the community of Islam. Particular emphasis on gender relations, religious movements, diaspora communities, and social change. Instructor: Ewing. One course. C-L: Religion 380, International Comparative Studies 170, Women's Studies

251. Representing the Middle East. CCI, CZ, SS Diverse representations of the Middle East by communities inside and outside the region. Travelogues, films, photography, literature, newspapers/media and memoir from the late nineteenth-century Ottoman context to the modern Middle East. Readings on identity, orientalism, violence, gender, and (post) colonialism. Instructors: Goknar and Stein. One course. C-L: Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 345, History 213, Turkish 372, International Comparative Studies 362, Visual and Media Studies 250, Islamic Studies, Policy Journalism and Media

252. Muslims in the West. CCI, CZ, SS The varieties of Muslim experience in Europe and North America, with particular attention to local debates and controversies focused on Muslims, especially post 9-11. How the various situations of Muslim minorities can contribute to anthropological understandings of identity, ethnicity, and diaspora. How Muslim practices can affect Western common, unexamined understandings of religion, secularism, and the nature of human rights. Includes visits to local mosques. Instructor: Ewing. One course. C-L: Religion 385, Islamic Studies

253. Palestine, Israel, Arab-Israeli Conflict. CCI, EI, SS Introduction to Israeli and Palestinian culture, politics, and society and the central historical events of the Israel/Palestinian conflict. From early Zionist settlement in Palestine in the late nineteenth century and concluding with the 'Peace Process' of the 1990s, the second Palestinian uprising (Intifada), and the Israeli military reoccupation of the Palestinian territories. Ethics of both the Israeli occupation and the Palestinian resistance struggles against occupation. Instructor: Stein. One course. C-L: Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 319, Jewish Studies 283, Islamic Studies

256. Islamic Civilization I. CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Religion 375; also C-L: History 210, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 268, Information Science and Information Studies, Islamic Studies, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

257. Islamic Civilization II. CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Religion 376; also C-L: History 211, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 269, International Comparative Studies, Islamic Studies, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

258S. Our Culinary Cultures. ALP, CCI, W One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 344S

260S. Africa and the Slave Trade. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 313S

262S. Documenting Black Experiences. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 350S; also C-L: African and African American Studies 225S, Arts of the Moving Image 214S, Public Policy Studies 387S

263. Black Europe: Race, Ethnicity and Diaspora in Contemproary Europe. CCI, CZ, EI, SS Exploration of the historical and contemporary presence and impact of the African diaspora throughout Europe. Course engages an anthropological examination of ethnographic texts, including examples of biography, film and visual culture. Instructor: McIntosh. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 263

265. Culture and Politics in Contemporary Europe: Citizenship, Migration, and National Belonging. CCI, CZ, EI, SS Critically examine current scholarship on the anthropology of Europe, and social and political theories concerning perplexities of identities, citizenship, nationalism, and national identity formation, with focus on related ethical questions and dilemmas. Instructor: McIntosh. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 236

269. Black Gods and Kings: Priests and Practices of the Afro-Atlantic Religions. CCI, CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Religion 270; also C-L: African and African American Studies 269

271. Gender and Culture. CCI, SS Explanation of differing beliefs about gender cross-culturally, by comparison with dominant themes about gender in our own cultural history and contemporary ideological struggles. Instructor: Allison or Silverblatt. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 203, Women's Studies 217, Marxism and Society, Study of Sexualities, Women's Studies

272S. Advertising and Masculinity. CCI, SS Gender representations in advertising, focusing on masculinity. Consideration also given to representations of femininity in advertising, to the nature and complexity of gender, and to the history and place of advertising in society and culture. Case materials drawn primarily from contemporary American advertising, with examples from other time periods and other national advertising traditions. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: O'Barr. One course. C-L: Markets and Management Studies, Policy Journalism and Media, Women's Studies

274D. Global France. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see French 480D; also C-L: History 274D

275. Culture and Politics in Native America. CCI, CZ, EI Past and contemporary conditions of American Indian life, with an emphasis on North America. Social and political organization, gender relations, changing economic patterns, cultural themes and variations, spirituality, the effects of anti-Indian wars, policies, and prejudice, and the emergence of movements for self-determination. Instructor: Starn. One course.

290. Current Issues in Anthropology. Selected topics in methodology, theory, or area. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in Cultural Anthropology. CCI Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S. Current Issues in Anthropology. Same as Cultural Anthropology 290 except instruction is provided in seminar format. Instructor: Staff. One course.

291. Independent Study. Individual non-research directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic product. With consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. One course. Instructor: Staff. One course.

293. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. With consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

301. Theoretical Foundations of Cultural Anthropology. CCI, SS Major schools and theories of cultural anthropology. Open to seniors and juniors. Sophomores by permission only. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies, Marxism and Society

302. Fieldwork Methods: Cultural Analysis and Interpretation. EI, R, SS, W Anthropology as a discipline (a field of study) and the site where anthropologists work: the field. Combines theories of anthropological fieldwork methods with practice, including participation, observation, and interviews. Students undertake original research in a local fieldsite of their choice and produce their own mini-ethnography. This requirement may also be satisfied by taking Cultural Anthropology 290A Duke in Ghana Anthropological Field Research. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Global Health

305. The African Diaspora. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 305; also C-L: International Comparative Studies

307. Development and Africa. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 307; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 207, International Comparative Studies, Marxism and Society

308T. BorderWork(s): At Home/On the Wall: between Belfast and Durham. CCI, CZ, R, W BorderWork(s)lab course. Working in teams, students research specific questions related to walls, human rights and the ways communities shape the divisions in their lives; we start by looking at walls and partitions around us in Durham and in places like Belfast, Northern Ireland, then at divisions in other contemporary societies like Israel and the Occupied Territories, India/Pakistan, and North Africa. Instructor: Kirk. One course. C-L: see International Comparative Studies 395T

311S. Gender and Sexuality in Africa. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 311S; also C-L: Women's Studies 288S

314. Representing Slavery. ALP, CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 314; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 326, International Comparative Studies 212

321. African American Intellectual History, Twentieth Century. CCI, CZ, W Ideas about race, culture, and identity still shape strategies for African American empowerment and securing the ideals of democracy in the United States. ''Classic'' texts from each decade of the twentieth century. Explore the location of the authors' work within its historical and political contexts. Attention given to the texture of (debates within) the African American intellectual community. Instructor: Baker. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 281, History 350

333S. The Wire. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 333S

334. Traffic in Women: Cultural Perspectives on Prostitution in Modern China. ALP, CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 333; also C-L: Women's Studies 233, Study of Sexualities 233, Arts of the Moving Image 270

340. Anthropology and Public Policy. CZ, EI, SS Explore legacy of anthropological policy research to get a sense of its conflicts and contributions, since the end of the 19th century to the present. Survey anthropological inquiry into development, migration, global agriculture, indigenous peoples’ advocacy, public health, gender, human rights, and bioethics. Ethnographically examine how policy makers construct policy problems to be solved in particular ways, and discuss and critique anthropological approaches to understanding these problems. Instructor: McIntosh. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 226

341. Survival in Precarious Times. CCI, CZ, EI, SS Examines contemporary conditions(economic, environmental, militaristic, social) of risk in the world today, the differential effects this has on segments of the population, and various strategies people adopt to survive. Explores these issues in terms of real-life subjects’migration , homelessness, addiction, wartime, cancer, joblessness in cross- cultural comparison: W. Africa, Japan, the U.S., India, China. Instructor: Allison. One course.

343A. Themes in Chinese Culture and History. CCI, CZ, SS An interdisciplinary approach to explore political, social, and cultural issues, both historical and contemporary, in China. (Taught in China) Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: History 224, Political Science 298A, International Comparative Studies

355S. Documentary Film/Video Theory and Practice. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 330S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 273S, Documentary Studies

365S. The World of Japanese Pop Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 365S

366. Trauma and Space in Asia. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 410

367D. Mayas, Aztecs and Incas: The World According to the Indigenous People of Latin America. CZ, EI, R One course. C-L: see Spanish 412D; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 460D, Latino/a Studies in the Global South 412D

367S. Mayas, Aztecs, and Incas: The World According to the Indigenous People of Latin America. CZ, EI, FL, R One course. C-L: see Spanish 412S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 460S, Latino/a Studies in the Global South 412S

388S. Back in the U.S.S.R.: Everyday Soviet Culture, 1956-1989. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Russian 388S

393A-1. Research Independent Study on Contemporary China. R Research and field studies culminating in a paper approved and supervised by the resident director of the Duke in China Program. Includes field trips on cultural and societal changes in contemporary China. Offered only in the Duke in China Program. Instructor: Staff. One course.

395AS. Environment, Health, and Development in China. CCI, EI, SS, STS Critical overview and investigation of the culture, politics, and political economy of environment, health, and development issues in contemporary China, with special attention to case studies exploring a range of issues from public health panics, HIV and AIDS, sex work, migrant workers, the Beijing Olympics, water politics, earthquake relief, and environmental protest. Includes readings across disciplines, and engagement with the work of government, academic, multilateral and non-governmental groups. Instructor consent required. Course taught in China as part of the Global Study Abroad Program. Instructor: Litzinger. One course. C-L: Global Health Certificate 383AS, Political Science 299SA, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

396AS. Health Policy in Transition: Challenges for China. CCI, EI, SS, STS Critical introduction to the dynamics and challenges of health policy in China, from the early twentieth century to the present, with a particular focus on the reform period. Topics to be addressed: health care and economic development, state responsibility and welfare systems, privatization, and disparities in access to health services; history of state policy on regional health planning, community health services, rural health provisions in poverty areas, and the developments in public health infrastructure urban and rural settings. Instructor consent required. Course taught in China as part of the Global Study Abroad Program. Instructor: Guo. One course. C-L: Global Health

397S. Language in Immigrant America. ALP, CCI, R One course. C-L: see English 396S; also C-L: Linguistics 396S, Slavic and Eurasian Studies 396S

399S. Global Russia. CCI, CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Russian 399S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 201S

403S. Politics and Obligations of Memory. CCI, CZ, EI, SS Explores political contexts, and often competing visions, surrounding construction and reproduction of public memory. Asks how sites of memory, presenting an image of the past, express understandings, desires, and conflicts of the present. Particular focus on how times of crisis and trauma are commemorated, challenged, or hidden. Open only to juniors and seniors. Instructor: Silverblatt. One course. C-L: History 395S

404. Asians in the United States. CCI, EI, SS Exploration of contours of Asian migration to the U.S. against the backdrop of the social and political transformations in American society from the mid-19th century to the present. Considers how Asian Americans have been constituted by world-historical processes and have constituted themselves as social and political actors. Instructor: Subramanian. One course.

405. Religion and Social Transformation in South Asia. CCI, EI, SS Considers the making of religious identity in colonial and postcolonial South Asia and contemporary debates over secularism, conversion, and citizenship. Some key issues: the relationship between religious identity and state formation; the role of religion in the modern public sphere; the relationship between religious community and democratic participation. One course. C-L: Religion 225, Islamic Studies

416S. Capstone Seminar: Imperialism and Islamism. CZ, R, SS One course. C-L: see History 453S; also C-L: Islamic Studies

417S. The Middle East in Popular Culture. CCI, CZ, SS Popular culture in the Middle East and images of the Middle East in United States' popular culture, covering a variety of cultural forms, including film, music, and comic books. How cultural forms relate to political and historical processes. Wars and political conflicts; gender, race, sexuality, and ethnicity. Instructor: Stein. One course. C-L: Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 215S, Islamic Studies

418. American Marriage: A Cultural Approach. R, SS Americans' cultural understandings of marriage and its central place in American life and relation to American ideas about fulfillment, commitment, autonomy, love, and gender roles. Interdisciplinary readings; individually designed research project involving conduct and analysis of interviews about marriage. Instructor: Quinn. One course.

419S. Global Environmentalism and the Politics of Nature. CCI, CZ, SS, STS Exploration of several themes: how local, national, and transnational organizations manage the environment, discuss it, study it, protect and defend it; who speaks for nature and to what ends; the differences between capitalist and socialist approaches to the environment; how relations among natures, nations, social movements, individuals, and institutions have changed over time. Case studies from Africa, East and Southeast Asia, India, Latin America, and the United States; study of new theoretical writing on the relationship between humans, technology, capital, and nature. Instructor: Litzinger. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

420S. The Inca Empire and Colonial Legacies. CCI, CZ, SS Focus on the history of the Inca empire, its complex economic organization, ecologically sensitive use of environmental resources, sophisticated political and religious structures, and magnificent architecture and material culture. How the empire's descendents accommodated and challenged the forces of Spanish colonialism. Instructor: Silverblatt. One course. C-L: History 401S

422. Myth, Ritual, Symbol. CCI, CZ, SS, W Cross cultural examination of roles of myths, rituals, and symbols in meaning-making, creation of identity, reproduction of cultural forms and challenges to the construction of "normal." Draws on ethnography, classical anthropological theory, film and participant-observation. Explores functionalist, psychoanalytic, structuralist, and feminist modes of analysis. Culture areas include Ndembu of Zambia, Maya of Guatemala, Turkish village life, Nazi Germany, and present-day United States. Instructor: Nelson. One course.

423. Sex and Money. CCI, SS Sexual practices that involve transactions of money in different cultural and historical settings, including "regular" marriage practices that involve exchanges of money and goods as well as extramarital practices where one party is selling bodily acts. Examination of the ethics and politics of these exchanges questioning who benefits from them (and who not) and how to also assess other bodily transactions including prostitution and surrogacy. Reading materials on sexual practices in different cultural contexts (including Tonga, Thailand, Brazil, India, Ghana, China, Japan, Russia, Turkey, Indonesia). Comparisons made in terms of culture, religion, ethical systems, politics, and economy. Instructor: Allison. One course. C-L: Islamic Studies, Marxism and Society

424. Medical Anthropology. EI, SS, STS, W Same as Cultural Anthropology 424T except taught in writing intensive manner. Instructor: Nelson. One course. C-L: Global Health Certificate 321

424T. Medical Anthropology. CCI, EI, SS, STS Cross cultural experiences and understanding of health and illness, the body and non-biological aspects of medicine. Culture-specific sickness (like envidia, running amok, attention deficit disorder). Class, race, and gender inflected experiences of health. Various societies' organization of health care specialists, including biomedical doctors, voudon priestesses, and shamans. Instructor: Davis. One course. C-L: Global Health Certificate 321T

425. Globalization and Anti-Globalization. CCI, CZ, SS The politics and process of globalization in light of the responses, ideologies, and practices of the anti-globalization movement. Focus on the interrelationship between the analysis of globalization and policy formulation on such topics as social justice, labor, migration, poverty, natural resource management, and citizenship. Case studies from the United States, Latin America, South and East Asia, Africa, and Europe. Instructor: Litzinger. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 404, Markets and Management Studies

426S. Anthropology of Space. CCI, SS Explores relationship between space and culture; ways in which communities make and negotiate space; space both a locus of control and a tool of resistance, as well as other issues. Interdisciplinary readings include scholarship from anthropology, geography, critical theory, history, and literary studies. Topics include identity formation, globalization, migration, popular culture, race and racism, gender and sexuality with attention to the ways that space and place intersect with these issues. Instructor: Stein. One course. C-L: Literature 235S, Women's Studies 280S, Islamic Studies

427S. The Invention of Ethnography. CCI, SS Focus on Bronislaw Malinowski and his role in the invention of the ethnographic method through his fieldwork in the Trobriand Islands in the early decades of the 20th century. Malinowski's publications examined in the light of the tradition of ethnography they spawned. Malinowski's biography, field notes, and diaries will be considered as will more recent criticisms of Malinowski and the ethnographic method itself. Instructor: O'Barr. One course.

428S. Doing Good: Anthropological Perspectives on Development. CCI, EI, R, SS Course will move through the evaluation of the impact of development projects to consider the role of development as a global phenomenon that affects both what it means to be American and how the `other' is constructed. Instructor: Mathers. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 401S, Public Policy Studies 210S

429. Gender and Sexuality in Latin America. CCI, CZ, SS Gender and sexuality as strands within complex fabrics of identification. Anthropological case studies, including ethnography, film, and theoretical analyses, drawn from Latin America; the possibility of specific gender formations in that geographical region. Relations among men, women, "cochones," "machos," "virgenes," Malinches, "mestizos," "mujeres Mayas," "travestis," revolutionaries, gringos and gringas, throughout the whole continent of the Americas. How gender and sexuality affect and are affected by other forms of identification such as race and ethnicity, class, colonialism, nationalism, and globalization. The role of stereotypes. Instructor: Nelson. One course. C-L: Women's Studies 429, International Comparative Studies 426, Latin American Studies, Marxism and Society, Study of Sexualities

430S. Travel, Gender, and Power. CCI, SS Nineteenth-century travel and imperialism; contemporary tourism; the relationship between leisure and power, globalization and consumption, the role of gender, sex and exploitation. Instructor: Stein. One course. C-L: Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 305S, Women's Studies 430S, Islamic Studies

431. Diasporic South Asia. CCI, SS Explores histories of migration from South Asia and the cultural politics of identity and rights in a variety of host societies including, Malaysia, South Africa, Fiji, Trinidad, Uganda, United Kingdom, and the United States. Instructor: Subramanian.

431S. Global Tibet. CCI, CZ, EI, SS Exploration of Tibet in regional, national, and global perspective, from the nineteenth century to the present; critical appraisal of the Tibet Question, the global image of Tibet as a mystical and utopian Shangri-la; and the geopolitical and socioeconomic dimensions of social movements to know, develop, free, save, and defend Tibet. Course materials draw from anthropology, history, international politics, film and popular culture, novels, web sites and blogs. Previous knowledge of Tibet and China, and theories colonialism, imperialism, nationalism, and post-colonialism. Permission of instructor required. Instructor: Litzinger. One course. C-L: Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 485S

432S. Gender, Sex and Citizenship. CCI, EI, SS Explore current issues and debates relating to the relationship between gender, sexuality and global flows of people, labor, capital and ideas. Consider feminist analyses of the citizen-subject and foundational questions central to this area of study relationship between cultural representation, queer subjectivities, and sexual citizenship. Examine scholarship on gendered vulnerability and the welfare state; the politics of `terror’, security, and stereotyped masculinities; domestic labor and contemporary slavery; and the controversial debates about the connections between sex tourism, human trafficking and commercial sex work. Prereq: Previous gender studies course or consent of the instructor.Instructor: McIntosh. One course. C-L: Study of Sexualities 432S, Women's Studies 432S

433S. Childhood in Theory and Practice. CCI, EI, SS Critical examination of childhood as both a social construction and a diversely lived experience linked to notions of race, class, gender and national identity. In addition to examining how they function as objects of moral panics and political projects, we will also approach children as agents of change. We will consider topics such as education, human rights, child labor, consumerism, media, and adoption. Instructor: Campoamor. One course.

434S. Cultures of New Media. ALP, SS, STS Anthropological look at `new media’ their varied forms and histories, how they are used and understood, and their meanings and effects within different communities of users. Charts a number of technologies deemed `new’ in their day and the social meanings and communities that such technologies generated. Explores new media in domains of art and literature, as well as issues of race, gender, sexuality and how other indices of difference come to bear on new media and its use. Grounded in anthropology, readings will also draw on media studies, visual studies, cultural studies and critical theory, queer and gender theory, history and geography. Instructor: Stein. One course. C-L: Literature 412S, Visual and Media Studies 412S

465S. Global Cities. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 465S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 465S

498S. Senior Seminar Distinction Program Sequence. R No credit for Cultural Anthropology 498S without satisfactory completion of Cultural Anthropology 499S. Consent of director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

499S. Senior Seminar Distinction Program Sequence. W Continuation of Cultural Anthropology 498S, and required for credit for 498S. Consent of director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

501S. Anthropology and History. SS Recent scholarship that combines anthropology and history, including culture history, ethnohistory, the study of mentalité, structural history, and cultural biography. The value of the concept of culture to history and the concepts of duration and event for anthropology. Prerequisite: major in history, one of the social sciences, or comparative area studies; or graduate standing. Instructor: Reddy. One course. C-L: History 572S

520S. Anthropology and Psychology (C, P). CCI, SS Cross-cultural approaches to the psyche, including applications of social psychology, psychoanalysis, and trans-cultural psychiatry to anthropological questions such as culturally expressed psychic conflicts and pathologies, gender and sexuality, communication, rationality, affect, and motivations. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Psychology 628S

525S. Culture, Power, History. CCI, SS Debates in cultural theory and anthropology: identity and nationalism, memory and tradition, globalization, and poststructuralist, feminist and postcolonial theory. Some previous coursework in anthropology and or cultural theory recommended. Instructor: Starn and Stein. One course.

530S. Millennial Capitalisms: Global Perspectives. CCI, CZ, R, SS Critical examination of the problematic of capital from the late nineteenth century until the present moment. Anthropological frameworks and related disciplinary approaches to the multiple cultural productions and lived experiences under divergent forms of capitalism in the new millennium. Focus on East Asia. Theories of capitalism, globalization and anti-globalization movements, "imaginaries" and fantasies, nature and the virtual, consumption, and disciplinary practices of the body. Instructors: Allison and Litzinger. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 545S

535S. Race, Racism, and Democracy. CCI, SS, W The paradox of racial inequality in societies that articulate principles of equality, democratic freedom, and justice for all. Instructor: Baker. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 545S

540S. Masculinities. CCI, CZ, R, SS How masculinities are constructed, performed and inhabited. Theorization of the masculine subject in sociocultural, political and psychodynamic terms within colonial and modernizing contexts. Issues of gendered citizenship. Role of scholarship and the media in constituting hegemonic, subaltern, ethnic, female, and stigmatized masculinities. Instructor: Ewing. One course. C-L: Women's Studies 581S

545S. Transnationalism and Public Culture. CCI, SS Critical examination of issues in transnational studies in anthropology and beyond. Tracking the theories of contemporary scholars of the global, and examining new multisited strategies of method, we explore the emerging ethnographic landscape of the global and the role transnational studies is playing in a revitalized anthropology of the twenty-first century. Instructor: Piot. One course.

555S. Development, Modernity, and Social Movements. CCI, SS Modernization and ideologies of progress and nationalism; social movements, revolution, and political protest in the United States and around the world. Some prior background in cultural anthropology or social theory preferred. Consent of instructor required for undergraduate students. Instructor: Starn. One course.

560S. African Modernities. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 645S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies

565. The World of Japanese Pop Culture. ALP, CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 565; also C-L: International Comparative Studies

570S. Ethnohistory of Latin America. CCI, CZ, R, SS Analysis of what can be known about nonwestern cultures described in texts written by European colonizers. Focus on native peoples whose lives were transformed by Spanish colonialism, with particular attention to post-Inca Andean Societies. Instructor: Silverblatt. One course. C-L: History 540S, Literature 573S

590. Selected Topics. Special topics in methodology, theory, or area. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590S. Seminar in Selected Topics. Same as Cultural Anthropology 590 except instruction provided in seminar format. Instructor: Staff. One course.

594S. Cultural (Con)Fusions of Asians and Africans. CCI, CZ, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 594S; also C-L: Latin American Studies 594S, Sociology 594S

605. East Asian Cultural Studies. ALP, CCI, CZ, R One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 605; also C-L: Literature 571, International Comparative Studies

611S. Global Mental Health. CCI, NS, R, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Global Health Certificate 560S; also C-L: Psychology 611S

THE MAJOR

Major Requirements. A total of ten courses distributed in the following manner: Cultural Anthropology 101, 301, and 302; six courses at the 100 level or above, including at least one at the 400 level or above; one additional cultural anthropology course at any level. Students must take at least five of their ten courses with instructors whose primary appointment is in the Department of Cultural Anthropology. No more than three courses may be transferred from other institutions or study abroad.

Suggested Work in Related Disciplines. Related courses in other departments are strongly advised. Each student's advisor will recommend a program of related work to complement the student's concentration and interests in cultural anthropology.

Departmental Graduation with Distinction

The department offers an intensive and personalized Graduation with Distinction program to qualified seniors, who research and write a senior thesis on a topic of their own choice in close collaboration with members of the cultural anthropology faculty. Admission to the program requires a 3.0 grade point average overall and a 3.3 grade point average in the major, both of which must be maintained to graduation for the student to be eligible for distinction. Qualified juniors will be notified each year by the director of undergraduate studies about their eligibility. To pursue distinction, students must then enroll in the senior seminar, Cultural Anthropology 498S and Cultural Anthropology 499S, in the fall and spring of their senior year, where they will learn about research methods and prepare a thesis. Credit for Cultural Anthropology 498S and Cultural Anthropology 499S is given for a passing grade whether or not the student is awarded distinction. The thesis can be based on original fieldwork on a topic of the student's choice, archival or library research, or some combination of various anthropological methods. Previous topics have ranged from studies of the influence of feminism in cultural anthropology to causes of revolution in Latin America, patterns of socialization of Mormon youth in Utah, music in the African diaspora (drawing on summer study in Ghana), and the consolidation of Korean-American identity through the 1992 Los Angeles rebellion. The student also forms a supervisory committee for the thesis during the fall of the senior year. It should consist of three faculty members who offer the student advice and support in preparing the thesis. At least two of the members must be faculty from the cultural anthropology department. Due in April of the senior year, the thesis must be judged of at least B+ quality by the supervisory committee to receive distinction. In addition, the student must pass an oral examination on the thesis, which is given on its completion by the supervisory committee, and present their findings to the public. Students who fulfill the above requirements graduate with distinction in cultural anthropology.

A typical sequence would be: select a research topic; take the senior seminar in fall and spring; form a supervisory committee; complete the research and writing by April and submit the final draft to the supervisory committee; schedule the oral defense for some time in early or mid-April; defend the thesis in an oral examination given by the supervisory committee. 

THE MINOR

Requirements. A total of five courses distributed in the following manner: Cultural Anthropology 101; three courses at the 200 level or above; and one additional course at any level (this may include courses taken in the Focus Program).

Associate Professor of the Practice Khalsa, Director of the Program; Professor of the Practice Dickinson, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Professor DeFrantz; Associate Professor of the Practice of Ballet T. Walters; Associate Professors of the Practice Shah and Vinesett; Assistant Professors of the Practice J. Walters and Woods Valdés; Professor of the Practice Emeritus Taliaferro; Associate Professor of the Practice Emeritus Dorrance

A major or a minor is available in this program.

The field of dance includes the practice, creation, observation, and analysis of theatrical, social, and culturally specific dance forms both contemporary and historical. Choreographic and developmental processes and technical disciplines are the foundations that define every dance form. Cultural body behaviors are the movement vocabularies from which dance forms are made. The observation and analysis of dance in its cultural context is central to the study of cultures and a vital aspect of exploration in cross-cultural inquiry. A culture's values are embodied (literally and figuratively) in its dance forms, and for most civilizations of the world, dance is one of the most important expressions of their world-view.

Because dance integrates the physical, creative, emotive and intellectual spheres, the Dance Program emphasizes a balanced integration between the creative/performance and the historical/theoretical aspects of dance, and provides a learning environment that challenges the student's intellectual, expressive, and physical capabilities. The aim of the program is to develop students who are sensitive and articulate physical and verbal communicators of the visual art of dance and who are proficient in the analysis of dance in its cultural manifestations.

Courses in technique and performance (partial credit courses) and theory courses (full course credit) are offered. Courses in technique and performance may be repeated for credit. A maximum total of four course credits (made up of partial credit courses) in technique and performance courses may count toward the thirty-four courses required for graduation.

Students are encouraged to enroll in a summer session with the American Dance Festival. One course credit earned at the American Dance Festival may be counted toward the requirements of the major or minor.

Through the Duke in New York Arts Program a student has the opportunity in the fall semester of the junior or senior year to pursue the study of dance in New York City. Appropriate courses taken at New York University may fulfill a requirement of the major or minor.

COURSES IN TECHNIQUE AND PERFORMANCE (HALF-CREDIT COURSES)

110. Modern Dance I. A movement course exploring modern dance through technique, improvisation, and composition. No previous dance experience necessary. Instructor: Dickinson, Khalsa, or staff. Half course.

111. Modern Dance II. Prerequisite: Dance 110 or equivalent. Instructor: Dickinson, Khalsa, Woods Valdés, or staff. Half course.

120. Ballet Fundamentals. Basic classical ballet technique, body alignment, vocabulary, and musicality for the absolute beginner. Barre and center exercises included. Instructor: Walters. Half course.

121. Ballet I. Barre work concentrating on body alignment and correct placement within the ballet vocabulary followed by center adagio and allegro sequences. Prerequisite: a semester of ballet or equivalent. Instructor: Walters. Half course.

122. Ballet II. Barre work concentrating on body alignment and correct placement within the ballet vocabulary followed by center adagio and allegro sequences. Prerequisite: Dance 121 or equivalent. Instructor: Walters. Half course.

130. African Dance Technique I. Introduction to African dance styles and related rhythmic structures from selected countries such as Guinea, Senegal, Nigeria and Cote d'Ivoire. Taught in the context of their social, occupational, and religious functions. Instructor: Vinsett, Johnson, or staff. Half course.

131. Capoeira: Brazilian Dance/Martial Art. Introduction to Capoeira, the dynamic art form that emerged in Brazil during the era of the Atlantic Slave Trade and blends music, ritual, acrobatic movement, and combat. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

132L. African Dance Percussion. Practice in rhythms and techniques of selected West African, Afro-Brazilian and Haitian percussion. Integration of music and dance will be a focal point, experienced through live accompaniment of African dance. Includes two sessions per week, one with the instructor, and one with the dance class. Instruments include dun-dun, djembe, atabaques, congas and bells. Half course. Instructor: R. Vinesett. Half course. C-L: Music 101L-6

140. Jazz Dance I. No previous dance experience required. Instructor: Wheeler. Half course.

141. Swing Dance. A studio course to learn the "lindy-hop" (jitterbug) and a variety of related steps and partnering including simple lifts. Instructor: Badu. Half course.

142. Hip Hop I. Hip-Hop, an inner-city culture that has created its own art, language, fashion, music and dance styles. This is a beginning level of Hip Hop dance. Using dance as a time-line the course explores the history, development and core elements of hip-hop dance culture. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

150. Kathak: Classical Dance of North India. An introduction to Kathak, which, like all classical dances of India, synthesizes physical energy and spiritual power. Fundamentals of Kathak's facial expressions, graceful movements of the arms and torso, and intricately complex footwork which creates rhythmic sound patterns using ankle bells. Instructor: Shah. Half course.

160. Somatic Methods. Somatic Methods and Experiential Anatomy. An introduction to exploring anatomical parts of the body by moving and initiating movement through space. Investigations include postural and limitation concerns, interpretation and expression, qualities of movement and being, inner and outer awareness, and the use of different Somatic methods including Laban Movement Analysis, Qi Gong, Alexander Technique, Pilates, Body-Mind Centering and Ideokinesis. Useful to students of dance, music and theater and as a basis for inspiration and improvisation. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

210. Modern Dance III. Increased complexity of movement sequences and greater emphasis on clarity of expression and quality of performance. Prerequisite: Dance 111 or equivalent. Instructor: Dickinson, Khalsa, Woods Valdés, or staff. Half course.

220. Ballet III. Greater complexity of barre and center sequences with increased emphasis on correctness of style and quality of performance. Prerequisite: Dance 122 or equivalent. Instructor: Walters or staff. Half course.

230. African Dance Technique II. Continuation of Dance 130. Dances from selected African ethnic groups providing increasingly complex movement sequences and rhythmic structures. Emphasis on greater technical proficiency, clarity of expression and quality of performance. Taught in the context of their social, occupational and religious functions. Prerequisite: Dance 130 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Vinesett. Half course.

240. Jazz Dance II. Prerequisite: Dance 140 or equivalent. Instructor: Wheeler. Half course.

242. Hip Hop II. Hip-Hop, an inner-city culture that has created its own art, language, fashion, music and dance styles. This is the second level of Hip Hop dance and requires previous dance experience with the form. Using dance as a time-line the course explores the history, development and core elements of hip-hop dance culture. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

261. Intermediate/Advanced Tap Dance. Prerequisite: previous training at the intermediate level. Instructor: Medler or DeFrantz. Half course.

280. Individual Dance Program: Special Topics. An individualized program of study of dance technique from existing class sessions. Consent of instructor required. Half course.

310. Modern Dance IV. Continuation of Dance 210. Prerequisite: Dance 210 or equivalent. Instructor: Dickinson, Khalsa, Woods Valdés, or staff. Half course.

320. Ballet IV. Progression of Dance 220 with increased emphasis on line, style, and performance-level quality and technique. Diverse batterie, pirouettes, and tours included in allegro combinations. Prerequisite: Dance 220 or equivalent. Instructor: Walters or staff. Half course.

321. Pointe and Variations: Advanced Study of Pointe Work for Ballet. Classical and contemporary pointe technique and variations. Refinement of the classical style and the exploration of contemporary studies en pointe in the ballet lexicon. Training in and analysis of the principles of classical and neoclassical variations and their historical and aesthetic context. Development of interpretative skills, enhancement of style and performance qualities through coaching and informal showings. Prerequisite: Dance 220 or Dance 320 or Dance 420 or permission of instructor. Instructor: Walters. Half course.

390L. Special Topics. ALP Content to be determined each semester. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

410. Modern Dance V. Prerequisite: Dance 310 or equivalent. Instructor: Dickinson, Khalsa, Woods Valdés, or staff. Half course.

412. Repertory: Modern. The study of choreography and performance through participation in the mounting of a dance work from inception through rehearsal to performance. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Dickinson, Khalsa, Woods Valdés, or staff. Half course.

420. Ballet V. Continuation of Dance 320. Daily training for the performing student at the advanced/professional level. Prerequisite: Dance 320 or equivalent. Instructor: Walters or staff. Half course.

422. Repertory: Ballet. The study of choreography and performance through participation in the mounting of a dance work from inception through rehearsal to performance. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Walters or staff. Half course.

432. Repertory: African Dance. The study of choreography and performance through participation in the mounting of a dance work from inception through rehearsal to performance. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Vinesett. Half course.

442. Repertory: Jazz Dance. Study of choreography and performance through participation in the mounting of a dance work in the jazz idiom from inception through rehearsal to performance. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Wheeler or Staff. Half course.

452. Repertory: Indian Classical Dance. The study of choreography and performance through participation in the mounting of a dance work from inception through rehearsal in performance. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Shah. Half course.  

THEORY COURSES

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

101. Introduction to Dance. ALP, CCI Dance as a reflection of historical and current cultural values. Introduction to some of the major forms of world dance (for example, classical dances of Europe, Asia and Africa, and American modern dance); how dance forms illuminate and define gender, personal and group identity, political and religious status, aesthetic values, and the intentions of the dance-makers; dance as an educative force, a facilitator of cultural acquisition, and a reflection of cultural change; the function of dance in various cultural settings; how to look at dance, to analyze movement, and to read the text of dance structure. Instructor: Dickinson or Shah. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 102

105S. Dance Composition. ALP, R The basic elements of movement (time, space, weight, flow) and their choreographic applications explored through structured improvisation, short movement studies, viewing of videotaped dances, and selected readings. Experimentation with devices for movement manipulation and choreographic forms through longer movement studies. Prerequisite: a beginning level dance technique course (modern, ballet, jazz, or African) or consent of instructor. Instructor: Dickinson, Khalsa, or Woods Valdés. One course.

195FS. The Art of Transformation: A Workshop in Movement and Theater. ALP One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 195FS

205T. Advanced Dance Composition. ALP, R Continuation of the basic elements of movement, choreographic devices and forms explored in Dance 105S. The use of props, sets, lighting and costuming; the relationship of music to dance. Choreographing and directing ensembles. Prerequisite: Dance 105S or consent of instructor. Instructor: Dickinson or Khalsa. One course.

206S. Solo Performance. ALP, W One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 340S

207S. Performance and Social Change. ALP, EI Service learning course based on the body of work of Brazilian theater director, writer, activist and legislator Augusto Boal. Examination of Boal's ideology and philosophy of "liberatory" theater and physical and vocal exploration of Boal's "arsenal" of theater techniques. Service learning teams work with community groups of middle and high school students to develop and perform interactive Forum theater. Instructors: Khalsa and Royals. One course. C-L: Theater Studies 204S

208. Contemporary Performance. ALP, R Workshop/Exploration of modes of contemporary performance including dance theater, live art, participatory events including flash mobs, and immersive theater. Histories and theories of contemporary performance explored, along with the practice of visiting artists. Students create brief performances as part of coursework. Instructor: DeFrantz. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 229, Theater Studies 208, Art History 229

255. T'ai Chi and Chinese Thought. CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Religion 247

277S. Movement for the Theater. ALP One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 244S

305T. Choreography. ALP, R Advanced study in dance composition designed to develop the student's personal mode of expression. Prerequisites: Dance 105S, Dance 205T, and consent of instructor. Instructor: Dickinson or Khalsa. One course.

306S. Dance for the Camera. ALP, R, STS The choreographic and bodily experience essential to dance for the camera. Hands on experience in videodance production through the exploration/production of several short individual and group videodance projects. Issues in creative and conceptual thinking, experimentation, pre/post video production, camera techniques, non-linear editing (Final Cut Pro), choreography for the camera. Viewings of seminal as well as experimental videodance works; discussions; readings; internet site visits; computer lab and dance studio/shooting location time; gallery/museum or video installation site visits. Prerequisite: Intermediate or above level of any dance technique, or Dance 105S. Instructor: Woods Valdes. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 242S, Arts of the Moving Image 343S

308. Performance and Technology: Composition Workshop. ALP, STS Workshop exploration of technologies embedded in performance: robots, media, computer interface. Students create performance projects and discuss theoretical and historical implications of technologies in performance. Open to dancers, actors, musicians, spoken word artists and all those interested in technology and the arts. No previous experience or programming skills required. Instructor: DeFrantz. One course. C-L: Theater Studies 364, Information Science and Information Studies 376

315S. History of Modern Dance, 1880-1950. ALP, CCI Modern dance as an art of individuals who created new dance styles that challenged established systems of culture and pushed the boundaries of good taste. Reflection and commentary on contemporary mores and events, international influences from France, new anthropological studies, German expressionism and the religions of Asia, Native Americans and African Americans. The Americanization of theatrical dance in the bicultural environment of the United States during the 1930s and '40s. Instructor: Dickinson or Shah. One course.

316S. Postmodernism in Dance, 1950-2000. ALP, W An examination of American modern dance since the 1950s, which reinstructed what kinds of movements were considered ''dance'' and what kind of dance was considered art. Postmodern dance as iconoclastic and inclusive, embracing performance art and film, theater and hip hop, fostering the rebirth of modern dance in Europe between 1970-90, and now re-absorbing and recycling the new forms it helped to create. Videos of dancing, guests, workshops, performances. Instructor: Shah. One course.

325. Ballet, Science and Technology: the First 400 Years. ALP, CZ, STS Ballet history from 1500 through 1910 studied through the lens of contemporary science and philosophy, and as facilitated by technological developments. Ballet's beginnings in the Italian City-States of the Renaissance and the court of Louis XIV of France, to the classical ballet form forged by Marius Petipa in Russia. Topics include: Descartes' principles of reason and mathematics made manifest in the aristocratic world view, physical behavior and Ballets du Cour at the court of Louis XIV; gas lighting, hashish, French Romanticism and ballet iconography in theatrical presentation of the Romantic period; the human body as machine and the development of ballet technique. Instructor: Dickinson and Walters. One course.

326S. The Diaghilev Ballet:1909-1929. ALP, CCI, CZ, R, W The Diaghilev Ballet as a focal point for modernist movements in the arts and a revitalizing force for ballet in the West. Diaghilev's Ballets Russes as a creative forum for seminal figures: choreographers Fokine, Nijinsky, Massine, Nijinska, and Balanchine; composers Stravinsky, Ravel, Satie, and Prokofiev; artists Bakst, Benois, Picasso, Gontcharova, and Roualt. Instructor: Dickinson and Walters. One course. C-L: Music 341S, Russian 218S

327. Ballet Masterworks of the Twentieth Century. ALP Works by Fokine, Nijinski, Balanchine, Tudor, Tharp, Forsythe, and other major choreographers in the classical idiom, and how they initiated, influenced, absorbed and responded to modernist and post-modernist ideas and trends. The transformation of the classical aesthetic through the century. Instructor: Walters. One course.

335L. West African Rootholds in Dance. ALP, CCI, CZ Lecture and dance laboratory exploring three West African traditional dance forms and their relationship to religious and social life in Africa and the Diaspora. Continuity and transformation of physical texts as cultural heritage, examined historically and aesthetically. Guest lecturers, videos, research project. Two lab sections, one for students with prior training in African Dance, and one for students with no experience. Instructor: Vinesett. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 220, Religion 240

355. History and Practice of the Dance and Dance-theatre of India. ALP, CCI, CZ National and regional forms of dance and dance-theatre of India. Ancient treatises on Indian dramaturgy, and the expressive interpretation of the poetics in the traditional forms of performance. Rasa theory of aesthetic rapture and audience reception. Social forms of entertainment in their cultural context. Colonialism and nationalism in relation to classical dance; dance as an integral component of the national and regional identity of the people; dance as an emerging public culture in post-independence India; Indian dance in Diaspora. Guest artists, videos, and dance demonstrations. Instructor: Shah. One course. C-L: Religion 243, Theater Studies 234, Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 154

356. Dance and Dance Theater of Asia. ALP, CCI, CZ Asian dance and dance theater performance genres and the cultural aesthetics that inform them. Cultural traditions of China, Korean, Japan, India, Indonesia, Thailand and Cambodia. Religious, ritual, folk and royal court forms of artistic performance. The mythology, legends and symbolic interpretations that underlie the thematic core of these performance traditions; spiritual importance of disciplined training; the intercultural translation and adaptation of Asian performance disciplines to the West. Instructor: Shah. One course. C-L: Theater Studies 233, Religion 241, International Comparative Studies 378

357L. Kundalini Yoga and Sikh Dharma. ALP, CCI, CZ Introduction to Kundalini Yoga and meditation and yogic lifestyle as taught by Yogi Bhajan through practice, lecture, writing and discussion. Overview of the basic philosophy of Sikh Dharma and the development of Sikhism and Kundalini Yoga in the Western Hemisphere. Instructor: Khalsa. One course. C-L: Religion 242

365L. The Art and Cultural History of Flamenco. ALP, CCI, CZ A lecture and dance laboratory course that examines the history of Flamenco, a dance and music form of southern Spain forged by a remarkable intercultural exchange among Arabic, Judaic, and Iberian cultures, inhabitants of Spain, and subsequently enriched by rhythms and influences from the East Indian gypsies and from Latin America. Examination of the three elements of flamenco: cante (song); baile (dance); and toque (guitar). Flamenco's place in the cultural life of Spain and its evolution to contemporary forms. Lab component introduces students to the complex footwork, rhythms, and physical style of flamenco. Taught in English. Instructor: Santana. One course. C-L: Spanish 364

367. Dance and Religion in Asia and Africa. ALP, CCI, CZ Dance and dance-theatre forms in relation to religious beliefs, concepts, and mystic practices within Asian and African cultures. How religion shapes the way the body is perceived, and how spiritual power and energy is symbolically transmitted to the dancer through religious practices. Impact of colonialism and globalization on traditional religious performances. Instructors: Shah and Vinesett. One course. C-L: Religion 244, African and African American Studies 222, International Comparative Studies 214

368. Gender in Dance and Theatre. ALP, CCI, CZ Ways in which gender and sexuality are conceptualized in selected performance cultures. Interprets these historically constituted social formations through an examination of the diverse cultural constructions of gender meanings, representations and ideologies as interpreted and expressed in dance and theatre. Symbolic meanings of gender in relation to forms of social life and theatrical experience. The Devadasi in India, the concept of the male embodied Onnagata, and the notion of the female embodied Otokoyaku in the dance-theatre of Japan. Instructor: Shah. One course. C-L: Women's Studies 212, Theater Studies 236, International Comparative Studies 215, Study of Sexualities

375. Music for Dancers. ALP Exploration of the elements of music, music structures, and their relationship to movement and dance. Practical emphasis on rhythmic fundamentals, rhythm notation, musicality, mindful listening, and how they apply to choreography/composition and dance class. Daily movement, rhythm and/or choreographic exercises, both solo and in groups, along with written assignments. Useful for dance students interested in the dance/music connection. Instructor: Hanks. One course. C-L: Music 342

376. Functional Anatomy for Dancers. ALP The functional anatomy of the musculoskeletal system (muscles, bones, and joints) as specifically applied to dance technique approached through observation, analysis, and movement exploration. Concepts of efficient use and questions of misuse of the body in motion or at rest. Instructor: Staff. One course.

377S. Dance Science: An Evolutionary Approach to Functional Anatomy. ALP, NS, R One course. C-L: see Evolutionary Anthropology 336S

378S. Beyond Technique: The Art of Performance. ALP, R Examination of the complex artistic process of performance necessary to realize the choreographer's intent; development of interpretive abilities beyond the mastery of technique and style; classic and contemporary approaches to embodying content. Readings in the literature of performance and imaging; written analysis of performance; vigorously coached rehearsal sessions. Prerequisite: intermediate/advanced level of modern, ballet, or African dance technique. Instructor: Dickinson and Walters. One course.

390. Special Topics. ALP Content to be determined each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390S. Special Topics. ALP Content to be determined each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

393. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

394. Research Independent Study. R See Dance 393. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

487S. Research Methods in Dance Studies and Choreographic Performance. ALP, CCI, CZ, R, W Research Methods in Dance Studies and Choreographic Performance. Methods used in dance theory, history, ethnography, education, choreography/practice, and therapy. Methods of interviewing and documentation; examination of issues concerning participatory experience and objectivity in ethnographic research. Students develop a research paper that culminates in an extensive individual project completed in this course, or, in the case of dance majors, in Dance 489T. Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing, Dance 101, and one additional course in dance history, theory or world cultures of dance. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Shah. One course.

488T. Senior Project. ALP, R, W Choreographic project to be researched, created, produced, and performed at the end of term; an accompanying written research paper that presents the themes of the choreographic project, the process of creation in accordance with the guiding metaphor that drives the choreography, and the place of the work within contemporary artistic trends. Open only to seniors earning a major in dance and with permission to seniors earning a minor in Dance. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

489T. Senior Project. ALP, R A research paper, project, or program (with appropriate written documentation) under dance faculty supervision. Open only to seniors earning a major in dance and with permission to seniors earning a minor in Dance. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. 490S. Special Topics in Dance. ALP Special Topics in Dance. Instructor: Staff. One course.

535S. AfroFuturism. ALP One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 620S; also C-L: Theater Studies 535S, Visual and Media Studies 524S

545S. Selected Topics in Dance Theory. ALP Topics vary. Instructor: Staff. One course.  

THE MAJOR

Major Requirements: To major in Dance, a student must take a minimum of twelve courses.

I. Theory courses - 10 course credits

A.   101. Introduction to Dance

B.   105S. Dance Composition

C.   One course in dance history, theory, or world cultures of dance selected from the following list. Students cannot select a course that is also listed under their chosen concentration (below).

335L. West African Rootholds in Dance

365L. The Art and Cultural History of Flamenco

325. Ballet, Science and Technology; The First 400 Years

327. Ballet Masterworks of the Twentieth Century

315S. History of Modern Dance, 1890-1950

316S. Postmodernism in Dance, 1950-2000

335. History and Practice of Dance of India

356. Dance and Dance Theater of Asia

367. Dance and Religion in Asia and Africa

368. Gender in Dance and Theatre

326S. The Diaghilev Ballet, 1909-1929

D.   375. Music and Movement

E.   Two courses chosen from one of the following three concentrations:

1.      Dance of the Twentieth and Twenty-first Centuries

195FCS. The Art of Transformation (Focus Program)

208. Contemporary Performance

306S. Dance for the Camera

327. Ballet Masterworks of the Twentieth Century

315S.History of: Modern Dance, 1890-1950

316S. Postmodernism in Dance, 1950-2000

207S. Performance and Social Change

326S. The Diaghilev Ballet, 1909-1929

2.    Dance and Human Movement in its Cultural Context

335L. West African Rootholds in Dance

255. T'ai Chi and Chinese Thought.

365L. The Art and Cultural History of Flamenco

355. History and Practice of Dance of India

356. Dance and Dance Theater of Asia

357L. Kundalini Yoga and Sikh Dharma

367. Dance and Religion in Asia and Africa

368. Gender in Dance and Theatre

3.     Choreography and Performance

306S. Dance for the Camera

205T. Advanced Dance Composition.

206S. Solo Performance

308. Performance and Technology: Composition Workshop

376. Functional Anatomy for Dancers

207S. Performance and Social Change

378S. Beyond Technique: The Art of Performance

305T. Choreography.

F.   487S. Research Methods in Dance Studies and Choreographic Performance

G.   488T or 489T. Senior Project

H.   Two additional full-credit courses in dance at the 200 level or above.

In addition, students may petition for credit for courses offered in other programs and departments, with clear documentation of their intellectual value to the overall goals of the major.

II. Technique and performance half-credit courses—equivalent to two course credits

A.   Two courses (one in each of two different dance forms) in dance technique at the 200 level or above (e.g., Modern Dance III, African Dance II, Ballet III, Jazz II).

B.   Two courses in repertory chosen from Dance 412, 422, 432, 442, and 452.

Students majoring in Dance are expected to attain and/or maintain the high intermediate level of modern dance or ballet or African dance technique. Twenty hours total of crew and production work are required of each student. This may be completed at any time during the four-year undergraduate experience.

THE MINOR

Requirements. To earn the minor in dance, students take six course credits: two semesters (equivalent of one course credit) of repertory chosen from Dance 412, 422, 432, 442, and 452 and five full-credit courses including 101 (Introduction to Dance); Dance 135S (Dance Composition); one course in dance history, theory, or world cultures of dance selected from the list below; and two additional courses in dance at the 200 level or above.

Courses in dance history, theory or world cultures of dance:

335L. West African Rootholds in Dance

365L. The Art and Cultural History of Flamenco

325. Ballet, Science and Technology: The First 400 Years

327. Ballet Masterworks of the Twentieth Century

315S. History of Modern Dance, 1890-1950

316S. Post-Modernism in Dance, 1950-2000

335. History and Practice of Dance of India

356. Dance and Dance Theater of Asia

367. Dance and Religion in Asia and Africa

368. Gender in Dance and Theatre

326S.The Diaghilev Ballet, 1909-1929

The student is expected to attain and/or maintain the intermediate level of at least one of the following: modern dance, ballet, or African dance technique. Twenty hours total of crew and production work are required of each student. This may be completed at any time during the four-year undergraduate experience. With the permission of the student’s dance faculty advisor and the director of undergraduate studies, a student may be allowed to substitute other dance courses for the above requirements.

Associate Professor of the Practice Rankin and Lecturer Thompson, Co-Directors

A certificate, but not a major, is available in this program.

The goal of this interdisciplinary program is to introduce, broaden, and enhance the technical skills and the theoretical and ethical awareness of students who specialize in one or more of the following modes of community-based fieldwork: photography, oral history, audio, filmmaking, folklore, and ethnographic writing. Courses in this area are offered through the Center for Documentary Studies, African and African-American Studies, Art, Cultural Anthropology, Film/Video/Digital, History, and Public Policy Studies. The Center for Documentary Studies also houses a number of documentary projects that address issues of literacy, collaborative photography, oral history, and farmworker advocacy that students will be exposed to through their affiliation with this program. A major goal of this program is to connect student experience and creativity to community life. Documentary Studies courses teach an arts-and-humanities-based fieldwork research methodology.

Achievement of the program's goal is facilitated by an integrated curriculum of required and elective courses that allow students to specialize in one or more areas of documentary work, and to complete a major documentary project under the guidance of participating faculty members. An active advisory procedure assists students in planning fieldwork projects and other learning opportunities. A certificate is available for students who complete program requirements. Participation in documentary studies courses, with the exception of the capstone course, is available to all undergraduates whether or not they seek the certificate.

The Certificate in Documentary Studies is awarded to students who successfully complete six courses approved as part of the Documentary Studies program. These include a required survey course titled Traditions in Documentary Studies, four related courses from the approved courses (including electives) listed in this undergraduate bulletin, and a required capstone course, Seminar in Documentary Studies. During the seminar, students are expected to bring to completion one major documentary project (using audio, video, photos, and/or ethnographic writing methods) and to present this project to an audience outside the classroom by the semester's end. The Seminar in Documentary Studies is designed as the culminating experience of the certificate program and is therefore open only to students enrolled in the program. Electives chosen by the student under the guidance of the program co-director should facilitate the completion of the final project.

89S. First Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

101. Traditions in Documentary Studies. ALP, CCI Traditions of documentary work seen through an interdisciplinary perspective, with an emphasis on twentieth-century practice. Introduces students to a range of documentary idioms and voices, including the work of photographers, filmmakers, oral historians, folklorists, musicologists, radio documentarians, and writers. Stresses aesthetic, scholarly, and ethical considerations involved in representing other people and cultures. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 103

105S. The Documentary Experience: A Video Approach. ALP, R, SS A documentary approach to the study of local communities through video production projects assigned by the course instructor. Working closely with these groups, students explore issues or topics of concern to the community. Students complete an edited video as their final project. Not open to students who have taken this course as Film/Video/Digital 105S. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Hawkins. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 106S, Arts of the Moving Image 331S, History 125S, Political Science 105S, Public Policy Studies 170S, Visual and Media Studies 106S, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

107. History of Documentary Film. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 202; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 265

110S. Introduction to Oral History. CZ, R Introductory oral history fieldwork seminar. Oral history theory and methodology, including debates within the discipline. Components and problems of oral history interviewing as well as different kinds of oral history writing. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: History 126S

111S. Documentary Writing: Creative Nonfiction Through Fieldwork. ALP, R, W Techniques of independent field research and reporting in the documentary tradition. Emphasis on structure, development, and style of factual narrative-including exercises in redrafting and editing-culminating in a final piece of documentary writing based on students' fieldwork experience. Historical development of documentary writing in relation to the diverse cultures that produced it. Instructors: Staff. One course. C-L: English 111S, Policy Journalism and Media

115. Introduction to Photography. ALP Foundation class in black-and-white photographic process as the basis for using photography as a visual language. Class learns to make a printable exposure using black-and-white film, make a "proper proof" and an 8 x 10 enlargement. Assignments include portraits, alternative techniques, landscape, and a final portfolio that embodies a single visual idea. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Hunter. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 115, Visual and Media Studies 115

135S. Introduction to Audio Documentary. ALP, R Recording techniques and audio mixing on digital editing software for the production of audio (radio) documentaries. Various approaches to audio documentary work, from the journalistic to the personal; use of fieldwork to explore cultural differences. Stories told through audio, using National Public Radio-style form, focusing on a particular social concern such as war and peace, death and dying, civil rights. Instructor: Biewen. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

153FS. The U.S./Mexico Border. CCI, EI, SS Focus on the border/frontera: a scar, a divide, a wall between friendly nations, a challenge for policy-makers, a line of demarcation for human rights abuses, a law enforcement nightmare, a pass-through for trade and NAFTA, a net for the poor. Study history, culture, policy, creative writing and art about the only border dividing two nations with such disparity in wealth. Look at the issue as it relates to Mexican farm workers and their work in U.S. fields. Think about solutions together. Learn what this all means for the future of the United States and how its citizens define themselves. Know where you stand along this deadly line in the sand. Students will engage in a service-learning project related to immigrant laborers and will conduct this work in coordination with a local group such as Student Action with Farmworkers or El Centro Hispano. Instructor: Thompson. One course.

202S. Children and the Experience of Illness. SS An exploration of how children cope with illness, incorporating the tools of documentary photography and writing. Students will work outside class with children who are ill and teach them how to use a camera, working toward an exhibit of photographs at the end of the semester. Permission required. Required participation in service learning. Instructor: Moses. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 395S, Visual and Media Studies 211S

203. Visual Culture and Photography. ALP One course. C-L: see Visual and Media Studies 348

206S. Medicine and the Vision of Documentary Photography. ALP The intersection of documentary photography and the medical community. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Moses. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 377S, Visual and Media Studies 204S

209S. A Digital Approach to Documentary Photography: Capturing Transience. ALP Documentary photography as a tool for exploring public education in Durham. Learn digital techniques including camera function, Photoshop, ink-jet printing, audio capture and production of audio-visual slide shows. Discuss ethical issues that emerge as a result of digital photographic impermanence. Service-learning environment consisting of fieldwork photography in collaboration with community organization, culminating in an exhibit. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Post-Rust. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 212S, Visual and Media Studies 212S, Education 209S, Information Science and Information Studies

212S. Large Format Photography. ALP Advanced black and white photography course exploring unique creative latitude of large negative format. Includes advanced printing/toning techniques and alternative processes such as platinum/palladium. Prerequisite: Documentary Studies 115, Visual Arts 115, or its equivalent. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Satterwhite. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 213S, Visual and Media Studies 213S

215. Documentary Photography and the Southern Culture Landscape. ALP, CCI Emphasis on the tradition and practice of documentary photography as a way of seeing and interpreting cultural life. The techniques of black-and-white photography - exposure, development, and printing - diverse ways of representing the cultural landscape of the region through photographic imagery. The role such issues as objectivity, clarity, politics, memory, autobiography, and local culture play in the making and dissemination of photographs. Instructor: Rankin. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 216, Visual and Media Studies 215

218S. Alternative Photographic Processes. ALP Survey of historic photographic processes, including Gun Bichromate, Cyanotype, Kalotype and Platinum/Palladium printing. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Hunter. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 221S, Visual and Media Studies 216S

221S. Visual Research and the American Dream. ALP, R, SS A documentary and sociological approach to the idea of the American Dream, using readings, photography, films, and visual sociological research. Ideology of attainable prosperity by different groups of people; cultural and material symbols of the dream. Field-based course. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Sociology 228S, Visual and Media Studies 217S

224S. Children's Self Expression: Literacy Through Photography. EI, SS Children's self-expression and education through writing, photograph and documentary work. Focus on reading and critical interpretation of images. The history, philosophy, and methodology of Literacy Through Photography. Includes internship in an elementary or middle school classroom. Required participation in service learning. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Hyde. One course. C-L: Education 244S, Visual and Media Studies 207S

227S. Sociology through Photography. ALP, SS Documentary photography used as a tool to see the world through a sociological lens. Photographs and the social construction of reality; generic components of social organization (codes of conduct, mechanisms of social control); power relations and social inequalities; and social identities (how they're formed in relation to structures, experiences, history and culture). Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Hyde. One course. C-L: Sociology 352S, Visual and Media Studies 218S

230S. Small Town USA: Local Collaborations. ALP, CCI, R Theory and practice of documentary photography in a small-town context. Students working in collaboration with one nearby small town complete a documentary photographic study of one individual or group within that town. Includes analysis of the documentary tradition, particularly as it relates to locally situated work and to selected individual projects; building visual narrative, developing honest relationships with subjects, responsibility to subjects and their communities, and engaging with and portraying a community as an outsider. Photo elicitation and editing techniques. Consent of instructor required. Required participation in service learning. Instructor: Post-Rust. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 232S, Public Policy Studies 389S, Visual and Media Studies 224S, Policy Journalism and Media

233S. American Communities: A Photographic Approach. ALP, CCI, SS Theory and practice of documentary photography. Students complete a documentary photographic study of a community outside the university. Study of the documentary tradition and classic documentary books while emphasizing the photographs produced by the students. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Harris or Sartor. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 217S, Public Policy Studies 397S, Visual and Media Studies 225S, Arts of the Moving Image, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

236S. Color Photography: Fieldwork and Digital Color. ALP Field-based course examining color photography as a documentary tool. Students learn about aesthetic and technical foundations of color photography using recent digital technology. Class-conducted intensive examination of the work of historic and contemporary color documentary photographers. Advanced techniques in film scanning, Photoshop, and color pigment printing using Arts Warehouse multimedia classroom. Completion of semester-long color photographic project, and final project consisting of production of a series of color pigment prints. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Harris. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 240S, Visual and Media Studies 227S

239S. The Photographic Essay: Narratives Through Pictures. ALP Documentary field work course. Students create four distinct photographic essays, studying the ways other photographers have created photographic essays aimed at wide audiences. Students create, choose, sequence, and pace their images while studying classic and contemporary masters of photography. Instructor: Harris. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 241S, Public Policy Studies 399S

242S. Dance for the Camera. ALP, R, STS One course. C-L: see Dance 306S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 343S

245S. Photography in Context. ALP, R Uses the Duke Library Photography Archive as a resource to challenge students to think critically about photography. Considers how photography offers insights into areas of academic study such as social change, sexual identity, and regional culture, and how images have shaped collective understanding of these issues. Focuses on analyzing and contextualizing bodies of photographic work, the historical moment in which the pictures were made, personal history and artistic sensibility of the photographer, tools of the medium, along with considering personal responses to images and the ways in which all factors come together. Instructor: Sartor. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 254S, Visual and Media Studies 252S

248S. Environmental Conservation and Documentary Photography. ALP, EI, R One course. C-L: see Environment 222S; also C-L: Marine Science and Conservation

264. History and Concepts of Cinema. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 201; also C-L: Theater Studies 278, English 181, Literature 110, Visual and Media Studies 289, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

270. Contemporary Documentary Film: Filmmakers and the Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. ALP, CCI, STS One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 205; also C-L: Political Science 276, Public Policy Studies 374, Visual and Media Studies 264

271S. Video for Social Change. ALP, CCI, SS Documentary film course focusing on the production of advocacy videos for social change. Covers methods and traditions of community organizing, introduces knowledge and skill sets needed to make effective videos for grassroots organizations, and explores how video is integrated into organizing strategies to achieve better results. Includes instructor-supervised fieldwork with community partner organization; student groups will research, write, direct, and produce a class video for a campaign to improve educational and economic opportunities in Durham's low-income communities. Instructor: Orenstein. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 375S, Arts of the Moving Image 335S

272S. Documentary and Policy: How Documentary Influences Policy. ALP Examines documentaries as catalysts for change in local, state, and federal laws and regulations, with special attention to relationships between film and organizations with political influence. Looks at how documentaries have altered public sentiment and political outcomes. Uses case studies of documentary films (essay-style, journalistic, information-driven films; narrative, story-driven films; propaganda; art films; and hybrids of all of the above). Explores the question of how a film achieves influence: for example, with a high-profile theatrical and/or television release, by utilization as an educational tool, or by "going viral" to become part of a public conversation. Instructor: Price. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 336S, Public Policy Studies 228S

273S. Planning the Documentary Film: From Concept to Treatment. ALP, R Historical documentary film preparation through narrative, character-driven stories. Using the raw material of real life, students organize the conceptual process for historical documentary films, framing a logical sequence of events structured for dramatic effect. Focus on the pre-production activities and principles that lead to a treatment that is the foundation for an efficient shooting schedule. Instructor: James. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 332S, Visual and Media Studies 220S, Information Science and Information Studies

276S. Adapting Literature -- Producing Film. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 304S; also C-L: Visual Arts 228S, Information Science and Information Studies

277S. Sound for Film and Video. ALP, STS One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 350S, Music 121S, Information Science and Information Studies 243S

278S. Producing Docu-Fiction. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 334S

279S. Editing the TV Documentary: From Creativity to Collaboration to Negotiation. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 333S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 274S, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

281S. Cinematography. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 355S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 260S, Visual Arts 248S

285. Visiting Filmmaker Master Course: Special Topics. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 385

285S. Visiting Filmmaker Master Courses: Special Topics. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 385S; also C-L: Visual Arts 325S

288S. Editing for Film and Video. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 357S; also C-L: Information Science and Information Studies 248S

290. Special Topics in Documentary Studies. Selected topics in methodology, theory, or area in lecture format. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S. Special Topics in Documentary Studies. Selected topics in methodology, theory, or area in seminar format. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Policy Journalism and Media

295S. Documentary Research Methods. ALP, R Introduction to documentary research methods for film, photography, audio, narrative. Fieldwork with community resources, documents, oral histories, photographs, artifacts, archives. Collaborative project about North Carolina's past and independent project on student's own research interests. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: History 355S

310S. Intermediate Audio Documentary. ALP, R Introductory to intermediate audio techniques. Includes instructor-supervised fieldwork with an audio recorder in a variety of settings using creative approaches; students produce four short pieces (roughly three minutes long) in varying styles (journalistic, personal,artistic) for posting on iTunes and on public multimedia websites. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Biewen. One course. C-L: Policy Journalism and Media Studies 310S, Information Science and Information Studies, Policy Journalism and Media

320S. Freedom Stories: Documenting Southern Lives and Writing. ALP, CCI, CZ Documentary writing course focusing on race and storytelling in the South, using fiction, autobiography, and traditional history books. Producing narratives using documentary research, interviews, and personal memories. Focus on twentieth-century racial politics. Instructor: Tyson. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 231S, History 356S

323S. Behind the Veil: Methods. CCI, CZ, R Oral history methodology and documentary techniques, centered on the Jim Crow South. Focus on the "Behind the Veil" oral history collection, video, audio, and secondary reading materials. Demography, theory and practice of oral history documentary methodology, fundraising, preservation, processing, dissemination, promotion, releases, copyright, and other legal matters. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 238S, History 353S

326. The South in Black and White. ALP, CCI, CZ Focus on present-day and historical documentary traditions in American South, with an emphasis on call and response between black and white cultures. The arts and humanities as imbedded in particular histories and cultures found in the South, and as performed in music and theater; and portrayed in documentary films, civil rights photography, Southern literature, and historical and autobiographical writing. Includes historical texts, oral histories and testimonies of living persons, along with documentary films, photographs, and writings from people in Durham and elsewhere in the region. Instructor: Tyson. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 230, History 358

329S. Collaborative Art: Practice and Theory of Working Within a Community. ALP Approaches of various contemporary artists to creating collaborative work resulting in artworks that express a variety of social and aesthetic positions and include progressive educational philosophies and radical democratic theory. Field work with a community institution or small group in Durham to produce collaborative work in a medium of students' own choosing. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 230S, Visual and Media Studies 219S

332S. Farmworkers in North Carolina: Roots of Poverty, Roots of Change. CCI, SS Focus upon those who bring food to our tables, particularly those who labor in the fields of North Carolina and the Southeast. Farm work from the plantation system and slavery to sharecropping, and to the migrant and seasonal farmworker population today. Documentary work and its contributions to farmworker advocacy. Instructor: Thompson. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 236S, Latino/a Studies in the Global South

335S. Who Cares and Why: Social Activism and its Motivations. CCI, R, SS, W Documentary fieldwork-based research on the lives of people who have committed themselves to changing society. Life history interviews exploring personal and societal transformations with special attention to the antecedents to personal change leading to examined lives of commitment. Attention to various areas of social change, including human rights, civil rights, international activism, labor rights, and environmental activism. Focus on societal and personal questions regarding motivations for, and the effectiveness of, good works in several cultural settings. Instructor: Thompson. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 239S

338S. Documenting Religion. CCI, CZ Exploration of how religious communities interpret and live out such themes as sacred spaces, hope, power, pilgrimage, identity, commitment, evil, gifts, bodies, death, and regeneration. Student participation in, and documentation of, a religious community of the student's choosing. Fieldwork off campus required. Instructor: Thompson. One course. C-L: Religion 251S, Cultural Anthropology 233S, Visual and Media Studies 210S

341S. Politics of Food: Land, Labor, Health, and Economics. ALP, CCI, EI, R Explores the food system through fieldwork, study, and guest lectures that include farmers, nutritionists, sustainable agriculture advocates, rural organizers, and farmworker activists. Examines how food is produced, seeks to identify and understand its workers and working conditions in fields and factories, and, using documentary research conducted in the field and other means, unpacks the major current issues in the food justice arena globally and locally. Fieldwork required, but no advanced technological experience necessary. At least one group field trip, perhaps to a local farm or farmers market, required. Instructor: Thompson. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 238S, Public Policy Studies 380

344S. Our Culinary Cultures. ALP, CCI, W Documentary approach to the world of food using fieldwork research. Topics of food and its preparation examined through deep stories of how food is raised, prepared, and presented in order to explore how the myriad ways in which what we eat reveal key biographical, economic, religious, and other truths about our cultures. Introduces students to the history of food writing and the concept of food in general as a nonverbal tool of communication. Photography, audio, and documentary writing employed. Instructor: Alexander. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 258S

347S. Civil/Human Rights Activism: In the Spirit of Pauli Murray. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Documentary fieldwork course exploring the legacy of civil and human rights activism in Durham through the life and work of noted historian, lawyer, poet, activist and priest Pauli Murray. Students will utilize scholarship, primary source archival materials and contemporary documentary projects to set a context for their fieldwork in Durham. Working with the instructor and local social change leadership engaged in work related to the "Face-Up Project.," students will deepen fieldwork skills - photography, writing, audio or filmmaking - and develop documentary projects in collaboration with culturally diverse community groups. Requires fieldtrips to communities in Durham. Instructor: Lau. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 246S, African and African American Studies 236S

350S. Documenting Black Experiences. ALP, CCI Interpretations of the black diaspora in documentary film from slavery to the present. Interdisciplinary study of black religions, cultures, histories, aesthetics, politics, and their representations, both globally and in the U.S. Students will view and study a variety of films and approaches to film and study film's evolution through numerous lenses from early ethnographic film to recent works by indigenous filmmakers, and understand the politics of representation, from D.W. Griffith to Spike Lee; read relevant works in the genres represented; and hear from guest critics, scholars of African and African American history and culture, and filmmakers. Instructor: James. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 225S, Arts of the Moving Image 214S, Cultural Anthropology 262S, Public Policy Studies 387S

353A. Views of Environmental Change: Documentary Research in Natural Resource Management. EI, R, SS One course. C-L: see Environment 289A; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

356S. Magazine Journalism. SS, W One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 366S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 306S, Policy Journalism and Media Studies Core

359S. Islam and the Media. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 388S; also C-L: Islamic Studies, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

390S. Special Topics in Sound Technology. ALP Topics focusing on technical basis and aesthetic motivation of sound recording and sound exploitation. Technical demonstration and student exercises explore the mechanics and dramatic and psychological implications of formats, microphone placement, mixing, acoustic signature, digital recording, double system, and sound editing, leading to an individually produced sound design for live action or animation film/video. Prerequisite: Theater Studies 272, English 181, Literature 110. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies

415S. Advanced Documentary Photography. ALP, SS An advanced course for students who have taken Public Policy Studies 397S or have had substantial experience in documentary fieldwork. Students complete an individual photographic project and study important works within the documentary tradition. Prerequisite: Visual Arts 217S, Public Policy Studies 397S, or consent of instructor. Instructor: Harris, Rankin, or staff. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 415S, Public Policy Studies 398S, Visual and Media Studies 415S, Arts of the Moving Image, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

450S. Documentary Engagement Through Field-Based Projects. ALP Documentary photography as a tool for social engagement in preparation for intensive field-based projects. Students study documentary photographers while planning and refining their own documentary projects through which they will address societal issues locally, nationally, or abroad. Students learn and refine valuable technical skills such as Photoshop, inkjet printing, and web-based methods in order to complete a preliminary documentary project by the end of the semester. Consent of instructor required. Required participation in service learning. Instructor: Harris. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 396S

460S. Multimedia Documentary: Editing, Production, and Publication. ALP Edit and shape fieldwork material into a Web-based multimedia presentation. Learn current technologies and techniques for multimedia publications. Examine unique storytelling strategies for on-line presentations and compare this medium to traditional venues for documentary work such as exhibitions, books, and broadcast. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Visual Arts 460S, Visual and Media Studies 460S

470S. Advanced Documentary Filmmaking. One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 470S; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 383S, Visual and Media Studies 470S, Information Science and Information Studies

480S. Capstone Seminar in Documentary Studies. ALP, R Immersion in fieldwork-based inquiry and in-depth projects that serve as Certificate in Documentary Studies capstone experiences for students. Methods of documentary fieldwork, including participant observation, and modes of arts and humanities interpretation through a variety of mediums (including papers, film, photography exhibits, radio pieces, and performances). Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Prerequisite: Documentary Studies 101 and four Documentary Studies electives. Instructor: Staff. One course.

511. Documentary and East Asian Cultures. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI One course. C-L: see Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 511; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 641

611. Documentary Writing Workshop. ALP, R, W Workshop in the art and practice of writing in the long-form traditions of narrative nonfiction, literary journalism, and documentary writing. Write, share, and refine one major work of narrative nonfiction throughout the semester. Discuss research methods and resources, especially those useful for creative writers. Intended for advanced writers who would like to work on ambitious nonfiction work in an intensely creative and supportive workshop. Instructor: Murrell. One course.

615S. Environmental Issues & the Documentary Arts. ALP Survey how filmmakers, authors, photographers, and other artists have brought environmental issues to the public's attention in the last century, and in some cases instigated profound societal and political change. Examine the nebulous distinctions between persuasion and propaganda, agenda and allegory, point of view and content. Evolve as a viewer of the environment and a maker of documentary art. Initiate your own projects to address and/or depict environmental issues in one form of a broad range of media. Instructor: Espelie. One course. C-L: Environment 615S, Arts of the Moving Image 643S  

PROGRAM COURSES

African and African American Studies 

206. Africans in America to the Civil War

207. African Americans Since the Civil War

Art History 

303. History of Photography, 1839 to the Present

Arts of the Moving Image 

330S. Documentary Film/Video Theory and Practice

Asian & Middle Eastern Studies 

355. Contemporary Culture in South Asia

Cultural Anthropology 

130. Anthropology and Film

131. World Music: Aesthetic and Anthropological Approaches

137. Music, Social Life, and Scenes

150. Fantasy, Mass Media, and Popular Culture

240S. The Anthropology of Hinduism: From Encounter to Engagement

243. Culture and Politics in Latin America

355S. Documentary Film/Video Theory and Practice

History 

346. Africans in America to the Civil War

347. African Americans Since the Civil War

International Comparative Studies 

104. Anthropology and Film

105. Fantasy, Mass Media, and Popular Culture

325. Culture and Politics in Latin America

Music 

130. World Music: Aesthetic and Anthropological Approaches

137. Music, Social Life, and Scenes

Philosophy 

262. Human Rights in Theory and Practice

Political Science 

388. Human Rights in Theory and Practice

Public Policy Studies 

231. Human Rights in Theory and Practice

371. News as Moral Battleground

Religion 

268. Religion and Film

310S. The Anthropology of Hinduism: From Encounter to Engagement

Visual Arts 

206. Digital Imaging

219S. Photography

Visual and Media Studies 

105. Fantasy, Mass Media, and Popular Culture

130. Anthropology and Film

206. Digital Imaging

269. Documentary Photography and Film of the Nuclear Age

273S. Documentary Film/Video Theory and Practice

303. History of Photography, 1839 to the Present

For courses in ecology, see Biology (on page 179) and the Environmental Sciences and Policy Program (on page 300).

Professor Pratson, Chair; Professor Glass, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Professors Baker, Boudreau, Chameides, Corliss, Golden, Haff, Jackson, Kay, Klein, Lozier, Marani, McGylnn, Murray, Pratson and Vengosh; Assistant Professors Cassar, Li; Professors Emeriti Barber, Heron, Livingstone, Perkins, and Pilkey; Lecturer Glass

A major or a minor is available in this division.

The Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences offers introductory and advanced courses in climatology, coastal geology, environmental geology, hydrology, geochemistry, geomorphology, oceanography, paleontology, petrology, sedimentology, and marine geology. A Bachelor of Science degree is offered for those students wishing to pursue further studies in the earth and ocean sciences, and for those who intend to work professionally in earth sciences. A Bachelor of Arts degree is offered for those students who wish to understand more fully local and global environmental issues. Additional information about the division can be found on the divisional Web site (http://www.nicholas.duke.edu/eos).

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

101. The Dynamic Earth. NS, STS Introduction to the dynamic processes that shape the Earth and the environment and their impact upon society. Volcanoes, earthquakes, seafloor spreading, floods, landslides, groundwater, seashores and geohazards. Emphasis on examining the lines of inductive and deductive reasoning, quantitative methods, modes of inquiry, and technological developments that lead to understanding the Earth's dynamic systems. Instructors: Baker, Klein, Murray, Glass. One course.

102. The Dynamic Oceans. NS, STS The oceans and their impact on the Earth's surface, climate, and society. Topics include seafloor evolution, marine hazards, ocean currents and climate, waves and beach erosion, tides, hurricanes/cyclones, marine life and ecosystems, and marine resources. Emphasis on the historical, society and economic roots of oceanography, the formulation and testing of hypotheses, quantitative assessment of data, and technological developments that lead to understanding of current and future societal issues involving the oceans. Includes a field trip at the Duke University Marine Laboratory. Required fee for trip. Instructors: Corliss, Glass. One course. C-L: Biology 157, Marine Science and Conservation

201L. The Solid Earth: Minerals, Rocks, and Structural Geology. NS Description and interpretation of minerals, rocks and geologic structures. Lectures on theoretical aspects, lab on practical applications and use of petrographic microscope. Prerequisite: Earth and Ocean Sciences 101. Instructor: Boudreau. One course.

202. Atmosphere and Ocean Dynamics. NS, R Introduction to the dynamics of ocean and atmospheric circulations, with particular emphasis on the global climate cycle. Prerequisites: Mathematics 21 and 122, Physics 141L or consent of instructor. Instructor: Lozier. One course. C-L: Marine Science and Conservation

203S. The Surface of the Earth. NS Fundamental earth surface processes involving weathering, soils, hillslopes, rivers, wind, glaciers, and tectonic activity. Humans as agents of landscape change. The future of landscape. Prerequisites: Earth and Ocean Sciences 101 or 102. Instructor Consent Required. Instructor: Haff or Murray. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 253S

204L. The Evolving Earth and Life. NS Evolution of the earth and life through time. Weekend field trip to Appalachian Mountains. Recommended: Earth and Ocean Sciences 101. Instructor: Corliss. One course.

226S. Field Methods in Earth and Environmental Sciences. NS, R, W Introduction to basic field methods used in the earth and environmental sciences. Field investigations focus on topics such as groundwater and surface water movements, soil chemistry and identification, topographic and geologic mapping, the atmosphere/soil interface, and plant identification and distributions. Design of a field investigation, collection of data to address a specific goal, and interpretation and reporting of the results. Emphasis on learning to report field results in the format of scientific publications. Visits to five local field sites. Open only to juniors and seniors. Instructor: Klein. One course. C-L: Environment 226S

272A. Analysis of Ocean Ecosystems. NS One course. C-L: see Biology 272A; also C-L: Environment 272A, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

273LA. Biological Oceanography. NS, R Variable credit. C-L: see Biology 369LA; also C-L: Environment 369LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

280LA. Sound in the Sea: Introduction to Marine Bioacoustics. NS, R, STS One course. C-L: see Environment 280LA; also C-L: Electrical and Computer Engineering 384LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

288A. Biogeography in an Australian Context. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 288A; also C-L: Environment 288A

290A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Earth and Ocean Sciences. Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

315. Waves, Beaches, and Coastline Dynamics. NS, STS Oceanographic and geologic processes responsible for the evolution of nearshore features; fluid motions of many time scales in the nearshore environment, including waves and currents. Conceptual basis for models of how fluid motions interact with the shape of the beach and bed in the surf zone, giving rise to features such as beach cusps, bars, channels, and barrier islands. Various attempted engineering and coastal management solutions to the global retreat of shorelines. One course. C-L: Marine Science and Conservation

316A. Beach and Island Geological Processes. NS Field seminar on the evolution of beaches and barrier islands with emphasis on the interactions between nearshore processes and human development. Prerequisite: Earth and Ocean Sciences 315/515 or consent of instructor. Also taught as Earth and Ocean Sciences 716A. Instructor: Murray. Half course. C-L: Marine Sciences

323. Hydrogeology. EI, NS, STS An overview of the hydrologic cycle and its impact on global climate and local environmental problems. Examines ethical dilemmas encountered in communicating environmental analysis to the public. Prerequisite: Mathematics 122 and Chemistry 101DL or equivalent, or consent of the instructor. Instructor: Vengosh. One course. C-L: Marine Science and Conservation

325. The Future. NS, STS Introduction to the future as a continuation of the geological, biological, and technological evolution of the Earth. Topics include developments and trends in computation, the internet, nanotechnology, space exploration, artificial intelligence, robots and biotechnology and their effects in society. Prerequisite: Earth and Ocean Sciences 101 or 102. Instructor: Haff. One course.

330. Energy and the Environment. NS, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Environment 330

341. Dinosaurs with Feathers and Whales with Legs: Major Evolutionary Transitions in the Fossil Record. NS, STS Focus on the fossil record of the differentiation of the major vertebrate groups. Study and critical evaluation of the paleontological and neontological evidence for four major macroevolutionary transitions in the history of life: fish to tetrapods, the reptile/mammal differentiation, the evolution of birds from dinosaurs, and the origin of whales. Stresses the importance of the fossil record in the reconstruction of transitions but also covers genetic, physiological, and developmental evidence gathered from living representatives. Required fieldtrip to the Museum of Natural History in Raleigh. Prerequisite: Prior course work in Earth and Ocean Sciences or Biology or consent of instructor. Instructor: Glass. One course. C-L: Biology 345

351S. Global Environmental Change. NS Topics in the seminar will include climate change, earth surface alteration, prediction, water and carbon cycling, sea-level rise and coastal erosion, biodiversity, fossil fuels and energy resources, water resources, soil fertility, and human impact on coastal zone ecosystems. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Baker. One course.

355. Global Warming. NS, STS Broad, interdisciplinary course on the science of global warming, the evidence for climate change and anthropogenic forcings. Includes coverage of weather and climate, greenhouse gases, paleoclimate studies, climate models, and future projections. Course also includes thorough analysis of climate change denial and the politics of global warming in the United States. Instructor: Glass. One course. C-L: Energy and the Environment

358. Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing. NS Introduction to the field of remote sensing and approaches used in image processing and analysis of remote sensing data. Students will acquire an operational knowledge of various remote-sensing tools and data types, with emphasis on their application in environmental and earth science problems. Content will include theory, in-class laboratory exercises, and projects with environmental applications. Prerequisite: introductory or AP physics preferred. Instructor: Silvestri. One course. C-L: Environment 358

359. Fundamentals of GIS and Geospatial Analysis. NS, QS One course. C-L: see Environment 359

364S. Changing Oceans. NS, STS Our oceans are under severe stress. This seminar will explore human disturbances of marine environments, including ocean warming, sea level rise, melting of ice caps and sea ice, ocean acidification, coastal eutrophication, changes in primary production and food web dynamics, invasive species, overfishing, increased subsurface hypoxia, changes in circulation, stratification, and physical, chemical (e.g. oil spills) and noise pollution. Instructor: Cassar. One course. C-L: Environment 362S, Marine Science and Conservation

365. Introduction to Weather and Climate. NS Introduction to weather and climate. Topics include atmospheric structure, composition, circulation and energy properties; severe weather events such as cyclones, hurricanes, and tornadoes; ozone depletion; natural climate variability; climate change and global warming. Instructor: Li. One course.

370A. Introduction to Physical Oceanography. NS, QS, STS One course. C-L: see Environment 370A; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

374LA. Marine Ecology. NS, R, W One course. C-L: see Biology 273LA; also C-L: Environment 273LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

377LA. Marine Invertebrate Zoology. NS, R Variable credit. C-L: see Biology 377LA; also C-L: Environment 377LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

390. Special Topics in Earth and Ocean Sciences. Content to be determined each semester. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390S. Special Topics in Earth and Ocean Sciences. Content to be determined each semester. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

391. Independent Study. Directed reading or individual projects. Term paper required. Open only to qualified juniors and seniors by consent of director of undergraduate studies and supervising instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

391A. Independent Study. Marine Lab version of EOS 391. Offered at Beaufort. Instructor: Staff. One course.

392. Independent Study. See Earth and Ocean Sciences 391. Term paper required. Open only to qualified juniors and seniors by consent of director of undergraduate studies and supervising instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

393. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open only to qualified juniors and seniors by consent of director of undergraduate studies and supervising instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

393A. Research Independent Study. R Marine Lab version of EOS 393. Offered at Beaufort. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

394. Research Independent Study. R See Earth and Ocean Sciences 393. Open only to qualified juniors and seniors by consent of director of undergraduate studies and supervising instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

394A. Research Independent Study. Marine lab version of EOS 394. Offered at Beaufort. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

401. Field Exploration of the Geology of North Carolina. NS, STS Introduction to the geological history of North Carolina with an emphasis on active learning and field-based inquiry. Class time serves as preparation and background for two one-day and one overnight weekend field trips. An introductory geology background is useful but not required. Instructor: Glass. One course.

402S. Volcanology: Geology of Hawaii. NS, R Geology of volcanic processes and the benefits and hazards they present to society. Lectures, discussion and student presentations of independent research reports. Required field trip to Hawaii during spring break. Prerequisite: Earth and Ocean Sciences 101 recommended. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Boudreau. One course.

403. Dinosaurs, Fossil Fish, and Yellowstone. NS Paleontology, geology, and ecology of Dinosaur National Monument, Fossil Butte National Monument, and Yellowstone National Park. Includes a field trip with a required fee for the trip. Consent of instructor required. Recommended prerequisite: Earth and Ocean Sciences 107L. Instructor: Corliss. One course.

404S. Geology of Tropical Marine Environments. NS, R Spatial and temporal analysis of the geology of tropical shallow marine environments. Includes class discussions, required spring-break field trip to South Florida, Belize, Turks and Caicos Islands, or similar setting, in-class and field trip presentations, post-trip research paper. Examination of tropical shallow marine sedimentary environments including reefs, mudbanks, and mangrove forests and islands, and their ancient counterparts in rock outcrops and sediment cores. Includes a field trip with a required fee for the trip. Prerequisite: Earth and Ocean Sciences 101 or 102, or consent of instructor. Instructor: Dwyer. One course. C-L: Marine Science and Conservation

405S. The American Southwest. NS Geomorphic and geologic features of arid terrain, including volcanism, tectonics, soils and weathering, paleo-lakes, wind-blown sand and dust, landslides, and alluvial fans. Reconstruction of paleo-landscape processes based on observations of present landforms. Interpretation of landform development and process from geomorphic field evidence. Focus on the Mojave Desert region of California and Nevada. Includes week-long field trip with fees required for the trip. Prerequisite: Earth and Ocean Sciences 101, and consent of instructor. Instructor: Haff or Murray. One course.

410S. Senior Capstone Experience. NS, R, STS Senior capstone field trip course. Field location varies. Topics in geology, hydrology, biology, climate, and other environmental subjects as appropriate for field area, especially human impact on the earth and the role of earth scientists as observers and teachers of earth-system change. Course content partially determined by students. Prerequisites: Open only to senior Earth and Ocean Sciences majors. Department consent required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

507. The Amazon: Geology, Climate, Ecology, and Future Change. NS This course will study the natural history of the Amazon including its biodiversity, geological evolution, and modern climate and hydrology. The present development of the Amazon and best strategies for its future conservation will be discussed. Instructor: Baker. One course.

508. Climate History. NS Climate variation during the entire scope of Earth history. Coupling between climate evolution and biological evolution. Methods for reconstructing climate history. Implications of past climate change for future climate. Scientific and mathematical literacy assumed, but no specific pre-requisites. Mid-term and final exams plus short term papers. Instructor: Baker. One course.

509S. Paleoclimate. NS, R Nature and mechanisms of climate variability throughout Earth history. Topics include general theory of climate, paleoclimate modeling and comparisons with observations, methodologies of reconstructing past climate variations, the observational record of paleoclimate extending from the Precambrian through the Ice Ages and Holocene to present, and the impact paleoclimate on biotic evolution/paleogeography and human cultural history. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Baker. One course.

510S. Paleoenvironmental Analysis. NS Methods of paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic analysis. Includes radiometric and other methods of dating, stable isotopes, trace elements, paleobiotic and other methods of reconstructing climate, hydrology and environment of the past. Also includes approaches to modeling paleoenvironmental data. Instructor: Baker. One course.

511. The Climate System. NS, R Components of the climate system: observed climate change, concept of energy balance, basic circulation of the atmosphere and ocean, introduction to climate models, sample applications of climate models, interactions between the atmosphere/ocean/ and biosphere, land surface, cryosphere (snow and ice), and chemistry of the atmosphere. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Instructor: Staff. One course.

512. Climate Change. NS, R, STS Course aims to provide knowledge and understanding of physics of climate system and Earth system modeling for scientists, engineers and policy students with physics and matheCourse aims to provide knowledge and understanding of physics of climate system and Earth system modeling for scientists, engineers and policy students with physics and mathematics background. Fundamental principles controlling physical and dynamic structure of climate system; discussion of relative roles of natural climate variability and external forces and anthropogenic influences. Explore numerical methods, develop computing skills, and deal with data handing as a means to an end of quantifying climate system behavior. Pre-requisite: Earth and Ocean Sciences 511. Instructor: Li. One course.

513S. Greening the Seven Seas: Marine Environmental Sustainability. NS, STS Introduction to marine environmental challenges, and how to address these issues to achieve sustainability. Topics include green boats, green seaports, plastics in the oceans, pollution, wind, wave and tidal power, oil and gas production, sustainable coasts, sustainable fisheries. Lectures, discussion of readings, invited speakers. Field trip to coast to explore sea port and ships. Prerequisite: one introductory oceanography course or consent of instructor. Instructor: Corliss. One course. C-L: Environment 513S, Marine Science and Conservation

514. Energy and Ecology. NS, STS Develop understanding of interactions between energy and ecology. Examine ecological effects of energy use, production and waste products. Examine ecological consequences of energy use broadly, and discuss potential consequences of science and policy decisions. Prerequisite: introductory college course in ecology or equivalent. Instructor: Jackson. One course.

520. Introduction to Fluid Dynamics. NS Conservation equations for mass, momentum and heat, with an emphasis on large temporal and spatial scales; application to the earth, ocean, and environmental sciences. Some background in differential equations highly recommended. Instructor: Lozier. One course.

525. Fundamentals of Water Biogeochemistry and Pollution. NS Course is designed to present students with a comprehensive introduction to the sources and impacts of pollution in marine and freshwater environments. Fundamental concepts and principles of aquatic biogeochemistry will first be introduced: marine and freshwater chemistry,primary production and food webs. Topics to be covered include biological (e.g. pathogens, invasive species), physical (e.g. thermal, plastics), and chemical (e.g. nutrient loading, oil, pesticides, metals) pollutants. Instructor: Cassar. One course.

526S. Water Forum Speaker Series. NS, STS Seminar including visiting scholars covering a broad array of issues on water including water quality, hydrogeology, biogeochemistry, water management, water treatment, ecology, water economy, and water policy and law at both the national and international levels. Instructor: Vengosh. One course.

527. International Water Resources. NS, SS, STS Overview of the hydrology, hydrogeology, water quality, and management of major international water resources. Focus on cross-boundary international rivers and aquifers, up-stream versus down-stream water users, the politics of water sharing and disputes, the role of science in water management, and prospects and implications for future utilization of contaminated rivers and stressed aquifers. Examples from international rivers such as the Tigris, Euphrates, Nile, Jordan, Colorado, Indus, Ganges, and Mekong and international aquifer systems such as the Mountain aquifer, Gaza Strip, Disi, and Nubian basins in northern Africa. Instructor: Vengosh. One course.

528S. Biological-Physical Couplings in Coastal Environments; Responses to Changing Forcing. NS, R Focus on select examples of biological-physical couplings that shape coastal environments (i.e. coastal `ecomorphodynamics’) and help determine how those environments respond to changing climate and land use. Environments include: barrier islands, tidal wetlands. Grading based on in-class presentations, and a final project (in the form of a research proposal). Instructor consent required. Instructor: Murray. One course.

540. Introduction to Modeling in the Earth Sciences. NS, QS Elementary methods for quantitatively modeling problems in the earth sciences. Formulation and solution of classical equations that express fundamental behaviors of fluids, sediments, and rocks. Examples from different fields of geology. Simple modeling exercises, including a final project. Instructors: Haff, Murray, and Pratson. One course.

542S. New Perspectives and Methods in Surface Process Studies. NS Nonlinear dynamics and related approaches to understanding, modeling, and analyzing physical systems, with emphasis on applications in geomorphology. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Murray. One course.

543S. Landscape Dynamics. NS How landscape changes with time. The dynamics and mechanisms of earth surface processes underlying landscape change. Hillslope, fluvial, marine, glacial, volcanic, tectonic and aeolian processes. Reading and discussion of primary literature; several field trips to Duke Forest. Prerequisite: Earth and Ocean Sciences 101 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Haff and Pratson. One course.

544. Geoengineering. EI, NS, SS, STS Discussion of proposals for large-scale intentional modification and/or control of climate. Physical mechanisms, intended benefits, risks, costs, scenarios for deployment, historical analogs, possible unintended physical and social consequences, ethical dilemmas, oath for earth and environmental scientists. Prerequisite: one course in Earth and Ocean Sciences or consent of instructor. Instructor: Haff. One course.

545S. Nanoenvironment. NS, SS, STS Introduction to the emerging world of the 21st century, "the neoenvironment," where life, environment, and social interaction are increasingly engineered by novel technologies. Topics include transition of science from observation and understanding to manipulation and control, acceleration of technology, emergence of the internet and other global networks, novel life forms, redesigning of humans, artificial intelligence, virtual worlds, proliferation of computation and surveillance in the environment, numericalization of nature and society. Prerequisite: one course in Earth and Ocean Sciences or consent of instructor. Instructor: Haff. One course.

551S. Global Environmental Change. NS, R Topics in the seminar will include climate change, earth surface alteration, prediction, water and carbon cycling, sea-level rise and coastal erosion, biodiversity, fossil fuels and energy resources, water resources, soil fertility, human impact on coastal zone ecosystems. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Instructor: Baker. One course.

567. Analyzing Time and Space Series. NS, QS Ways to extract information from data; methods for probing time or spatial series including spectral and wavelet analyses, correlation techniques, and nonlinear-dynamics approaches for determining how deterministic and linear the processes producing the data are, and for reconstructing and quantitatively comparing state-space plots. Instructor: Murray. One course.

569. Thermodynamics of Geological Systems. NS Introductory thermodynamics applied to geologic problems through understanding of phase equilibrium. Prerequisites: Earth and Ocean Sciences 201; and Mathematics 122 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Boudreau. One course.

571. Stable and Radioactive Isotopes in Environmental Sciences. NS, QS Theory and applications of stable and radioactive isotope distributions in nature (including oceanographic, geologic, hydrologic, and biological processes). Prerequisites: Chemistry 210DL and Mathematics 122. Instructor: Baker or Vengosh. One course.

573S. Analytic Techniques. NS An introduction to advanced analytic procedures used in the earth sciences: such as electron microbeam techniques (scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis) and plasma emission/absorption spectroscopy. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Boudreau. One course.

575S. Mineral Resources. NS Introduction to the mineralogy, geological setting, and genesis of metallic and non-metallic deposits (gold, copper, iron, aluminum, gypsum, phosphates, diamonds, e.g.). Includes methods of mineral exploration and exploitation, and the environmental consequences of utilizing mineral resources. An introductory geology course background useful but not required. Instructor: Boudreau. One course.

578. Tropical Climate and Paleoclimate. NS Thermodynamics of tropical climate. Nature and mechanisms of climate variability in the tropics on time scales from daily to multi-millennial. Impact of climatic variability on the tropical biota. Effects of anthropogenic changes of the environment on future climatic change in the tropics and potential extratropical teleconnections. Prerequisite: Earth and Ocean Sciences 101 or 102. Instructor: Baker. One course.

590. Special Topics in Earth and Ocean Sciences. Content to be determined each semester. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff.

590S. Special Topics in Earth and Ocean Sciences. Content to be determined each semester. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff.  

THE MAJOR

The Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences offers one A.B. degree and one B.S. degree.

For the A.B. Degree

The A.B. degree in earth and ocean sciences is designed as a flexible major for those students interested in how the earth, atmosphere and oceans work. The major is intended to provide a general knowledge of scientific issues that shape and control the environment in which we live.

Required courses include Earth and Ocean Sciences 101, or 102, plus any six earth and ocean sciences courses of which five must be  200 level or higher, plus three additional  200-level or higher courses in either earth and ocean sciences or related fields (physics, mathematics, biology, evolutionary anthropology, environment), as approved by the director of undergraduate studies. Concentration in Natural History. Students may elect to complete the requirements in the area of Natural History; intended for students interested in an integrative study of topics selected from ecology, botany, zoology, anthropology, history, hydrology, geology, oceanography, and the environment. For information on this area of concentration see the director of undergraduate studies.

For the B.S. Degree

The B.S. degree provides a background for subsequent graduate work for those who wish to follow an academic or professional career track in the earth and ocean sciences.

Prerequisites: Earth and Ocean Sciences 101 and 102; Chemistry 101DL and either Chemistry 210DLor 201DL, or equivalents; Mathematics 111L and 112L; Physics 141L; Biology 202L.

Major requirements. Earth and Ocean Sciences 201L, 202, 203S, and 204L, plus five additional earth and ocean sciences courses at the  200 level, including one field-oriented class. Up to two courses from a related field (biology, chemistry, physics, environment, or mathematics) may be substituted with the approval of the director of undergraduate studies.

Marine Science

An exciting area in earth and ocean sciences is the study of the marine realm. Majors in earth and ocean sciences may fulfill elective requirements with courses in marine science by studying at the Duke Marine Laboratory on the coast in Beaufort, NC, which often includes fieldwork excursions to other areas of the world (e.g., Hawaii, Trinidad, Singapore). Approved courses include: Marine Ecology; Biological Oceanography; Analysis of Ocean Ecosystems; Marine Invertebrate Zoology (see full course listings at: www.nicholas.duke.edu/marinelab/programs). Students typically also perform a research Independent Study project on a topic of interest supervised by a faculty member of the Marine Laboratory.

Graduation with Distinction

The Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences through Trinity College offers Graduation with Distinction through successful completion of a student research project. A candidate for Graduation with Distinction in the earth and ocean sciences must have a divisional grade point average of 3.2 at the beginning of the project to qualify for nomination. The student will apply for consideration for Graduation with Distinction by the beginning of his or her senior academic year by submitting an application to the director of undergraduate studies describing the project. The student must solicit a faculty advisor who will review the student's record and decide to admit or reject the application and oversee the project. The student will normally do the work as part of independent study courses (Earth and Ocean Sciences 393, 394) completed during one academic year. The project will consist of an original piece of scientific research which will be summarized by a written report in the style of a scientific publication. The student will also make an oral presentation to students and faculty of the division before the end of classes of the student's final semester. The decision on granting Graduation with Distinction will be made by a vote of the student's project committee, with a majority in favor needed for Graduation with Distinction.

THE MINOR

The Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences offers an option for a minor in earth and ocean sciences.

Minor Requirements. Earth and Ocean Sciences 101 or 102, plus any four additional earth and ocean sciences courses, of which three must be 200-level or higher.

TEACHER CERTIFICATION

A major in the Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences who is interested in teaching in secondary schools is encouraged to earn a comprehensive science teaching certificate in addition to the bachelor's degree. The teaching certificate, which is earned by fulfilling requirements prescribed by the state of North Carolina, is generally accepted in most of the fifty states by reciprocal agreement. In addition to completion of any of the earth and ocean sciences major tracks as described above (the A.B. option is particularly suited for those interested in a teaching certificate), the requirements for the comprehensive science teaching certificate include coursework in biology, chemistry, physics, an appropriate course in psychology, and several courses in education. The last semester of the senior year is devoted to the student-teaching block, including two special, accelerated courses and ten weeks of full-time teaching and observation in the schools, working with a certified teacher and with Duke faculty. Anyone considering secondary school teaching should contact the Program in Education as soon as possible. 

Professor Bayer, Chair; Professor Nechyba, Director of Economics Center for Teaching; Professor of the Practice Fullenkamp, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Visiting Assistant Professor Falba, Associate Director of Undergraduate Studies; Professors Abdulkadiroglu, Anton, Arcidiacono, Ariely, Bansal, Bollerslev, Burnside, Clotfelter, Cohen, Coleman, Conitzer, Cook, Darity, De Marchi, Frankberg, Gallant, Goodwin, Graham, Hoover, Hotz, Hsieh, Khan, Kimbrough, Kramer, Kranton, Kuran, Ladd, Lewis, Lopomo, Marx, McElroy, Munger, Peretto, Rubio-Ramirez, Sanders, Sloan, Tauchen, Taylor, Thomas, Tower, Vigdor, Viswanathan, and Weintraub; Associate Professors Ambrus, Conrad, Ergin, Field, Hamilton, Jaimovich, McAdams, Newell, Pattanayak, Patton, Pfaff, Rampini, Rossi, Smith, Timmins, and Yildirim; Assistant Professors Ananat, Badiani, Bellemare, Bianchi, Bugni, Chen, Hamoudi, Ilut, Leventoglu, Li, Macartney, Maurel, Mohanan, Ridley, Roberts, Sadowski, Sweeting, and Xu; Professors Emeriti Burmeister, Grabowski, Kelley, Naylor, Treml, and Wallace; Research Professors Becker, Caldwell, and Toniolo; Professor of the Practice Leachman; Associate Professors of the Practice Connolly and Rasiel; Senior Research Scholars Boyd  

A major or a minor is available in this department, as well as a Finance Concentration for Majors and a Finance Minor.

Economics courses develop the critical and analytical skills essential for understanding economics and institutions, in both their contemporary and historical settings. Although no particular vocational or professional goal is emphasized, these courses provide the academic background necessary for positions in industry, for work in many branches of government service, for law school, and for graduate study in business administration, economics, and the social sciences.

Students planning to do graduate work in economics are advised to take as many of the following courses in mathematics (listed in preferential order) as their schedules permit: Mathematics 212, 221, 222, 356, and 431.

21. Principles of Microeconomics. This is the equivalent for Principles of Microeconomics from Advanced Placement on the basis of a score of 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement Microeconomics exam, or credit for a sufficient score on a Duke-recognized international examination such as the International Baccalaureate. Only Economics 21 and Economics 22 together substitute for Economics 101. One course.

22. Principles of Macroeconomics. This is the equivalent for Principles of Macroeconomics from Advanced Placement on the basis of a score of 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement Macroeconomics exam, or credit for a sufficient score on a Duke-recognized international examination such as the International Baccalaureate. Only Economics 21 and Economics 22 together substitute for Economics 101. One course.

23. Principles of Microeconomics. This is the equivalent for Principles of Microeconomics taken at another school or Duke-In Program. Only Econ 23 and Econ 24 together substitute for Econ 101. Instructor: Brown. One course.

24. Principles of Macroeconomics. This is the equivalent for Principles of Macroeconomics taken at another school or Duke-In Program. Only Econ 23 and Econ 24 together substitute for Econ 101. One course.

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

101. Economic Principles. SS Basic microeconomic concepts such as demand and supply, market structures and pricing, market efficiency and equilibrium. Macroeconomic concepts such as inflation, unemployment, trade, economic growth and development. Different perspectives on issues of monetary and fiscal policy. Emphasis on public policy issues and the logic behind the economic way of thinking. Open to all students. Instructor: De Marchi, Fullenkamp, or Leachman. One course.

119. Introduction to Political Economy. EI, SS One course. C-L: see Political Science 177; also C-L: Politics, Philosophy, and Economics

174. Financial Accounting. QS, SS The accounting model of the firm, transaction analysis, the use of accounting information by management. Topics include procedures to process accounting data, income determination, financial statement analysis, cost behavior, budgeting, and short-run decisions. The construction and interpretation of corporate financial reports. How a firm's performance is presented in the income statement, and how different revenue and expense recognition practices affect this performance measure. Does not count for economics major or minor requirements. Instructor: Skender. One course.

190A. Special Topics in Economics. Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190FS. Focus Program Topics in Economics. SS Open only to students in the Focus Program. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

201D. Intermediate Microeconomics I. SS Introduction of the concepts of preferences and technologies. Intermediate development of the theory of demand, supply and competitive equilibrium from individual preferences and technologies. Income and substitution effects, uncompensated demand and marginal willingness to pay. Conditions under which competitive markets result in efficient outcomes. Conditions under which government policy has the potential to increase efficiency. Tension between economic efficiency and different notions of equity. Prerequisites: Economics 21 and 22 or 101; and Mathematics 21, 122, 122L, 202, 212 or higher level math. Instructor: staff. One course. C-L: Health Policy

205D. Intermediate Microeconomics II. QS, SS Calculus-based generalization of the theory of demand and supply developed in Economics 201D. Individual behavior in environments of risk and uncertainty. Introduction to game theory and strategic interaction. Adverse selection, moral hazard, non-competitive market structures, externalities, public goods. Prerequisite: Economics 201D; Mathematics 202 or Mathematics 212 or any higher-level mathematics course with Mathematics 212 as a prerequisite. Instructor: Arcidiacono or staff. One course.

208D. Introduction to Econometrics. QS, R Data collection, estimation, and hypothesis testing. Use of econometric models for analysis and policy. Prerequisites: Economics 201D; and Mathematics 112L, 122L, 202, 212, or higher; and Statistics 111, 130, 230, or 250 or Mathematics 230 or 342. Instructor: Sweeting, Tarozzi or staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies, Modeling Biological Systems

210D. Intermediate Macroeconomics. QS, SS, STS Intermediate level treatment of macroeconomic models, fiscal and monetary policy, inflation, unemployment, economic growth. Prerequisite: Economics 201D and Mathematics 202 or Mathematics 212 or Mathematics 222; Economics 205D may be taken as co-requisite. Instructor: Staff. One course.

212. Engineering Systems Optimization and Economics. SS One course. C-L: see Engineering 305; also C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

222D. American Business History. CCI, CZ, R, W One course. C-L: see History 364D; also C-L: Markets and Management Studies

246. Global Health Supply, Organization, and Financing. QS Overview of choices countries make structuring health care delivery, financing systems, cost effectiveness and cost benefit analysis. Hospitals, physicians and pharmaceuticals in low/middle income countries. Instructor: Sloan. One course. C-L: Global Health Certificate 332

248. Racial and Ethnic Economic Inequality: A Cross National Perspective. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 294; also C-L: African and African American Studies 244

260A. Economics of a United Europe. CCI, SS Implications of a common monetary policy, common welfare standards, unemployment, and migration in the European Union. (Taught only in the Duke-in-Berlin Program.) Instructor: Tolksdorf. One course. C-L: German 321A, International Comparative Studies

269A. Australia and the Asia-Pacific Economies. CCI, SS Economic growth, development, immigration, foreign investment, deregulation, privatization, tax reform, and financial liberalization in Australia and the Asia-Pacific. ASEAN. Available only in the Duke-in-Australia Program. Instructor: Lodewijks. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies

271. Basic Finance and Investments. QS, R, SS A survey of investments and corporate finance. The basic financial instruments, how they are used, traded, and priced; the financial decision-making processes of the firm: project selection, dividend, and debt policy. Does not count for B.S., B.A. or Minor degree. Economics 271 is not open to students who have taken Economics 471, 372, and/or 373. Prerequisites: Economics 101; and Statistical Science 111, 230, 130, 250, and Mathematics 202 or higher. Instructor: Fullenkamp or staff. One course. C-L: Information Science and Information Studies, Markets and Management Studies

272S. Investment Strategies. R, SS Examines issues in personal investment strategies. Emphasis on portfolio selection. Topics include behavioral finance, mutual funds, data-mining, diversification, dollar cost averaging, efficient market hypothesis, equity premium, exchange-traded funds, expenses and transaction costs, Islamic funds, junk bonds, inflation indexed bonds, life cycle investing, market timing, passive versus active investing, predicting performance, pumping performance, rebalancing, sector funds, stock market anomalies, survivorship bias, tax managed investing, time zone arbitrage, and Tobin's Q. Reading/discussion. Research paper and midterm/final exams. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Tower. One course.

274. Advanced Financial and Managerial Accounting. QS, SS Problems of liability valuation and the related issues of income determination from the perspective of the financial analyst. Studies the assessment of past and future performance with an introduction to equity valuation. Accounting and reporting problems of complex corporate structures. Use of accounting information for internal purposes for planning and control. Prerequisites: Economics 174. Instructor: Skender. One course. C-L: Markets and Management Studies

290FS. Focus Program Topics in Economics. SS Open only to students in the Focus Program. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S. Selected Topics In Economics. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

302. Introduction to Economic History. CCI, CZ, SS A survey of Western economic history: population, production, exchange, and institutions; from antiquity to the present. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. Instructor: Craig or staff. One course. C-L: History 306

304. The International Economy, 1850-Present: From Globalization to Globalization. CCI, CZ, SS Developments in the international economy (trade, migrations, capital movements), their causes and impact, against the background of "modern economic growth." The rapid integration of the Atlantic economy from the 1850s to the early 1910s, the subsequent "globalization backlash" (war, great depression and war again), and the slow reconstruction of international economic networks since 1945. Comparison of the current second globalization with the first one that came to an abrupt end in August 1914. Prerequisites: Economics 21 and 22 or 101 and Mathematics 21, 122, 122L, 202, 212 or higher level math. Instructor: Toniolo. One course. C-L: History 310

305S. History of International Financial and Monetary Crises. CZ, EI, SS Course examines monetary/financial crises plaguing world since 16th century. Analyzes origin, unfolding, and impact of crises, debates generated by them, and formulation/implementation of policy measures. Pays attention to international implications/connections on European and Asian money supply, banking and credit systems; reaction to South Sea Bubble and John Law Credit Systems in numerous European nations; experiments with paper money in America; rise and demise of the gold standard in the 19th and 20th century; currency and exchange rate problems of the last three decades. Case studies will be selected and assigned according to participants' interests. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Zanalda. One course.

306. Economic History and Modernization of the Islamic Middle East. CCI, CZ, SS, W Economic development of the Middle East from the rise of Islam to the present. Transformation of the region from an economically advanced area into part of the underdeveloped world. Role of religion in economic successes and failures. Obstacles to development today. Topics: Islamic economic institutions, economic roles of Islamic law, innovation and change, political economy of modernization, interactions with other regions, economic consequences of Islamism. Prerequisite: Economics 101 or 21 and 22 or instructor consent. Instructor: Kuran. One course. C-L: Political Science 417, Islamic Studies

311. History of Economic Thought. CCI, R, SS, W Approaches to economic problems from Aristotle to Keynes, emphasizing certain models and doctrines - their origins, relevance, and evolution. Readings from Mun, Quesnay, Adam Smith, Malthus, Ricardo, Marx, Walras, Veblen, and Keynes. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. Instructor: Goodwin. One course. C-L: History 307, International Comparative Studies

312. Adam Smith and the System of Natural Liberty. SS, STS The writings of Adam Smith, including close readings of The Wealth of Nations and The Theory of Moral Sentiments, and selections from Mandeville, Hutcheson, Hume, Quesnay, Turgot, and Bentham. Focus on eighteenth-century views on the nature of society and the origins of prosperity, the luxury debate, and links between natural philosophy (including medical thought), and moral philosophy. Economics 311 desirable prior to taking this course. Prerequisites: Economics 201D. Instructor: De Marchi. One course. C-L: History 308, International Comparative Studies

312S. Adam Smith and the System of Natural Liberty. SS, STS Seminar version of Economics 312. The writings of Adam Smith, including close readings of The Wealth of Nations and The Theory of Moral Sentiments, and selections from Mandeville, Hutcheson, Hume, Quesnay, Turgot, and Bentham. Focus on eighteenth-century views on the nature of society and the origins of prosperity, the luxury debate, and links between natural philosophy (including medical thought), and moral philosophy. Economics 311 desirable prior to taking this course. Prerequisites: Economics 201D. Instructor: DeMarchi. One course. C-L: History 308S

313. The Uses of Economics. CZ, R, SS, STS, W The various ways economics is used in contemporary society: in the scholarly community, government, private sector, civil society, other disciplines, and popular culture. Readings in original texts and interpretative commentaries. Prerequisites: Economics 201D. Instructor: Goodwin. One course.

314. The History of Modern Macroeconomics from Keynes to the Present. SS, W Examination of key developments in macroeconomics from the 1930s through the present. Case studies of the evolution of macroeconomics in political and social context. Topics include the theory of unemployment in the Great Depression; growth theory and the rise of business cycle modeling in the aftermath of World War II; the trade-off between inflation and unemployment in the 1950s and 1960s; the debate over monetarism in the age of stagflation; and the rise of the New Classical Macroeconomics in its aftermath. Prerequisite: Economics 210D. Instructor: Hoover. One course.

316S. History of Modern Economics. R, SS, STS, W Selective survey of the development of economic thinking in the twentieth century, with emphasis on the construction of economics as a science. Research papers required. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. Instructor: Weintraub. One course.

317S. Innovation, Entrepreneurs & VCs. R, SS, STS Importance of technological innovation as a source of competitive advantage and role of start-up and mature firms in innovative activity. Particular attention given to financial institutions and venture capital firms in innovation process. Focus on market and policy developments in United States, but includes comparison with other countries. Case analyses and term paper required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

318S. Economic Science Studies. SS, STS Application of science and technology studies to problems in the history, philosophy, methodology, and sociology of economics. Addresses modern economics as an illustrative case of issues arising in Studies of Scientific Knowledge. What counts as ''fact'' in economics? Who decides? Why has mathematical economics enjoyed such success in recent decades? Close readings in texts across the sciences and in modern economics, and the history of mathematics, culminating in a research project. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. This course is only open to Juniors and Seniors; Sophomores must obtain instructor consent. Instructor: Weintraub. One course.

319. The Philosophy and Methodology of Economics. EI, SS One course. C-L: see Philosophy 345

322S. Crime and Economics. SS Crime and public policies affecting crime and punishment is an increasingly important aspect of U.S. society. Increasing current and former prison population make it important to analyze effects this "sector" has on the economy and society as a whole. Introduce students to the decision to commit a crime modeled in a rational framework. Analyze several economic models of crime and investigate effects of crime on the public and the criminal. Topics: public economics, labor economics, racial disparities and inequalities, control theory, and anomie. Prerequisites: Economics 101, 201D, 205D, 210D. Economics 208D recommended. Instructor: staff. One course.

322SA. Economics of Creative Goods. R, SS Creative industries (especially the arts, entertainment) often distinguished by peculiarities of product (for example, non-durable), by special nature of financing and contracting (for example, option contracts), and by challenges they present to conventional analysis of pricing and consumption. Research report required. (Taught only in the Duke-in-Venice Program.) Prerequisites: Economics 201D or instructor's consent. Instructor: De Marchi. One course.

323. Microfinance. SS Grameen Bank and founder Muhammad Yunus won a Nobel Peace Prize for innovations in poverty alleviation through microfinance. Microfinancing as a development tool and agent of social change has spread to developing countries and has been adapted for use in developed nations. Focus on historical/theoretical basis of microfinance, review empirical findings regarding the success of microfinance. Students gain factual/historical information concerning development of the "microfinance revolution," learn basic theoretical/analytical tools needed to design microfinance programs, and engage in critical thinking regarding recent debates in field of microfinance. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Miller. One course.

323S. Cities as Incubators of Growth. CZ, R, SS, W Comparative and historical analysis of cities as natural incubators of innovation and growth. Exploration through analytical and empirical literature of the positive externalities created by close human contact, including knowledge and information exchange and concentrations of talent. Perspectives of economists, city planners and architects considered. Research project required. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. Instructor: De Marchi. One course.

325S. Economic Analysis of Current Energy Issues. SS, STS Examination of present-day sources and end-users of energy in U.S. and selected foreign nations with attention to external cost of energy systems. Fossil fuel prospects, new and renewable energy sources and nuclear power. Opportunities for increasing energy productivity. Proposals for dealing with climate change. Equip students to evaluate proposals and arguments from all sides of the energy debates using facts and analysis. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Burnside or staff. One course.

326. Islam and the State: Political Economy of Governance in the Middle East. CCI, CZ, R, SS Lecture version of Economics 326S. Introduction to political history of Middle East from advent of Islam 14 centuries ago to modern era. Four objectives: (1) familiarize students with institutions responsible for characteristics of political development in region; (2) examine particular transformations/selected cases of inertia to derive lessons about mechanisms that govern political development, including democratization; (3) investigate how religion shaped region's political trajectory; (4) identify social forces, especially economic forces, driving contemporary rediscovery/reinterpretation of Islam's political organization and requirements, by both Islamists and secular political actors. Instructor: Kuran. One course. C-L: Political Science 371

326S. Islam and the State: Political Economy of Governance in the Middle East. CCI, CZ, R, SS Seminar version of Economics 326. Introduction to political history of Middle East from advent of Islam 14 centuries ago to modern era. Four objectives: (1) familiarize students with institutions responsible for characteristics of political development in region; (2) examine particular transformations/selected cases of inertia to derive lessons about mechanisms that govern political development, including democratization; (3) investigate how religion shaped region's political trajectory; (4) identify social forces, especially economic forces, driving contemporary rediscovery/reinterpretation of Islam's political organization and requirements, by both Islamists and secular political actors. One course. C-L: Political Science 371S

327S. Decision Making in Business. QS, R, SS This course introduces commonly used quantitative tools of managerial economics and management science in practice. Situations often require ability to identify decision situations, model complex processes, use information available to make a choice. Specific topics include spreadsheet modeling, decision and risk analysis, Monte Carlo simulation, and optimization. Areas of application include inventory management, financial instruments, insurance, and capital budgeting, planning and marketing. Topics based on students' general interests will also be discussed. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: staff. One course.

328. Regulation and Deregulation in Public Utilities. QS, SS Explores historical basis for regulation of public utilities, with focus on energy utilities, from an economic and legal perspective. Application of standard monopoly microeconomics leading to rate of return regulation is developed leading to discussion of evolution of economic thought on electric power system economics and changes in some states to "deregulate" the regulation of electricity markets. Case studies of recent developments in these markets, market clearing entities (e.g. PJM), basis for location marginal pricing, measures of market power, and pricing of capacity and reliability. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Boyd. One course.

329S. Medical Malpractice. EI, R, SS, W Seminar will focus on each of four medical malpractice "system" markets. Students will write a term paper on one aspect of one market. A book will be assigned and readings from journal articles. The seminar will be of interest to anyone who wants to learn more about medical malpractice, tort, how legal markets and insurance operate, and the political economy and ethical implications of "tort reform." Instructor: Sloan. One course.

332S. Time Series for Financial Analysis. QS, R, SS Theoretical/empirical tools and techniques in financial econometrics for modeling conditional distribution in discrete time. Topics include modeling conditional mean through ARMA models, variance through GARCH models, exploring alternative distribution to capture conditional asymmetry and Fat-tail. Models applied to Finance to measure value-at-risk of a portfolio, price European option and forecast term structure of interest rate. Individual research projects will advance overall understanding of conditional density modeling/testing, with possibility of continuing as senior honors thesis. Prerequisites: Economics 208D and one 300-level, or higher, Economics finance elective. Instructor: Staff. One course.

334. Health Economics. SS Economic aspects of the production, distribution, and organization of health care services, such as measuring output, structure of markets, demand for services, pricing of services, cost of care, financing, mechanisms, and their impact on the relevant markets. Prerequisite: Economics 205D or Public Policy Studies 303D. Instructor: Falba, Sloan or staff. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 331, Health Policy

338. Economics of the Public Sector. SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 304

343. The Contemporary Art Market. ALP, R, SS A historical and analytical study of the way art objects have been produced and marketed. Peculiarities of the product, applicable sales techniques, and pricing procedures. Attention to the role of dealers, auctioneers, the art of criticism and formation of preferences, and innovation. Comparative and longitudinal examinations of the evolution of practices, institutions, and the regulatory environment in art markets. Recommended: Economics 201D. Instructor: De MarchiI. One course. C-L: Art History 261, Markets and Management Studies

344. History of Art Markets. R, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Visual and Media Studies 242

345. Urban Economics. EI, R, SS, W Introduction to urban and spatial economics. Neoclassical monocentric city spatial model, patterns of land values, property prices, residential density and impact of distressed communities on broader development. Systems of cities and regional growth, role of cities in economic development. United States urban features: ethical and socio-economic effects of housing segregation and implications for discrimination. Tradeoffs between efficiency and fairness in housing resource allocation. Business location theory, impact of innovations in transportation, and technology's effect on work patterns. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. Instructor: Becker. One course.

347. African Economic Development. R, SS, W This course will seek to provide students with a realistic picture of African economies and societies today, emphasizing their heterogeneity and accomplishments, as well as focusing on reasons for continued widespread poverty throughout the continent. The course develops behavioral models that can be used to explain and predict household, market, and government behaviors and outcomes. Students are expected to quickly acquire basic stylized facts and economic models, and then analyze one of the many data sets now available. Instructor: Becker. One course.

348. Women in the Economy. CCI, EI, R, SS Economics of gender including the status of women in the labor market; feminist economic theories; ethical considerations of gender-based inequalities; gendered division of labor within the family and between the household and labor market. Situation of women in developing countries undergoing transition to market economies; gender-related measurements and indicators; explanations and remedies for female/male occupational segregation and wage differentials. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. Instructor: McElroy or staff. One course. C-L: Women's Studies 230

352. Economic Growth. CCI, R, SS Examination of the enormous differences in living standards across countries, which reflect differences in growth experiences. Study analytical foundations of modern growth theory and the most recent advances in modeling to shed light on old and new questions about such experiences. Instructor: Peretto. One course.

353. Monetary Economics. SS, STS The operations of commercial and central banking and non-banking financial institutions and instruments in the United States, determination of monetary aggregates and interest rates, the financial impacts of Treasury operations, and the linkages from Federal Reserve actions to price level, employment, economic growth, and balance of payments objectives. Coverage of models of monetary economics (for example the Cagan money demand function, cash in advance models). The dynamics and real effects of inflation. Prerequisite: Economics 210D. Instructor: Leachman, Kimbrough, or Staff. One course.

355. American International Economic Policy. CCI, SS, STS, W Topics include United States trade policies and protectionism, the North American Free Trade area, trade and economic relations with industrialized countries, policies toward developing countries and multilateral institutions, macroeconomic policy coordination, and relations with Europe. Prerequisites: Economics 201D. Instructor: Leachman or staff. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 288, Markets and Management Studies

361. Prisoner's Dilemma and Distributive Justice (A, C-N). EI, SS One course. C-L: see Political Science 351; also C-L: Philosophy 246, Ethics, Information Science and Information Studies

362. Psychology for Economists. R, SS Behavioral economics couples scientific research on the psychology of decision making with economic theory to better understand what motivates investors, employees, and consumers. An examination of topics such as how emotion rather than cognition determines economic decisions, "irrational" patterns of how people think about money and investments, how expectations shape perceptions, economic and psychological analyses of dishonesty by presumably honest people, and how social and financial incentives combine to motivate labor by everyday workers and CEOs alike. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Ariely.

362S. International Trade: Research Frontiers. SS, W Students introduced to articles of recent research in international trade and investment. Students will engage with literature, rewrite to make more accessible to classmates, evaluate it and propose how to extend it. By end of course, students will complete a pilot project, which may be extended to an honors thesis or a masters project. Prerequisites: Econ 105D and 110D. Instructor: Tower. One course.

367. Models of Conflict and Cooperation. SS Cooperative and noncooperative game theory with applications to trading, imperfect competition, cost allocation, and voting. Prerequisite: Economics 205D. Instructor: Graham. One course.

371. Labor and Family Economics. QS, R, SS Bridges gap between economic theory and real world data by giving students guided experience in answering real research questions using real data, drawing examples from the literature. Oral presentations and written summary/critiques of published papers in a workshop setting. Work with cross-section and panel data sets, with the aim of learning to manage such data and give credible answers to research questions by coping with problems such as omitted variable and selection bias, unobserved differences across agents, and endogeneity. Research questions drawn from Labor, family, and public economics. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 208D. Instructor: McElroy. One course.

372. Intermediate Finance. QS, SS Integrates micro and macro economics with topics in finance. Utility maximization within mean variance framework for portfolio analysis and capital asset pricing model. Corporate valuation and discounted cash flow analysis. Capital structure and principal-agent problem will lead into a discussion of the Efficient Markets Hypothesis and underlying assumptions. Market pricing, forecasting, and financial crises. Prerequisites: Economics 101 and Statistical Science 111 -or- Statistical Science 130 -or- Statistical Science 210 -or (both Statistical Science 230 and Statistical Science 250); Economics 205D -or- (Mathematics 212 and Mathematics 221) -or- Mathematics 222 -or- Mathematics 216. Instructor: Rasiel. One course.

373. Corporate Finance. QS, R, SS Major corporate decisions from the perspective of the firm with an emphasis on the interaction of the firm with financial markets: quantitative project evaluation for investment, choice between borrowing and issuing stock, dividend policy, organizational form (for example, mergers and acquisitions). Introduction to financial markets: asset pricing, issuing stocks, analyzing financial performance using relative value tools, and options. Prerequisites: Economics 372 or Economics 205D and Economics 208D. Instructor: Fullenkamp. One course. C-L: Markets and Management Studies

374S. New Ventures Operating Plan. SS Course allows teams to follow structured process in carrying out analysis aimed at development of complete operating/business plan for new corporate venture. Four major areas form basis of operating plan: core competencies, elements of operating plan, budget, and financing plan. Instructor: Rhee. One course.

375. The Economics of Entrepreneurship. SS Application of microeconomic theory, such as game theory and industrial organization, to analyze business start-ups and their development. Focus on evaluation of the role of entrepreneurs in the macroeconomy, and the microeconomic performance of young businesses. The effects of government policies and economic fluctuations on entrepreneurs will be addressed, as well as an understanding of the organization and financial structure, development, and allocational decisions of growing entrepreneurial ventures. Instructor: Kim. One course.

376A. Financial Markets in the Global Economy. QS, SS Duke-in-NY Financial Markets & Institutions Program. Covers monetary policy/linkages between domestic/global financial markets. Review institutional background: Federal Reserve, European Central Bank, People's Bank of China, IMF and World Bank. Transmission mechanism of monetary/interest rate shocks is outlined. Study of determination of risk premiums on emerging market sovereigns, corporate bonds and equities by various risks. Guest lecturers from NERA, NFL, UBS, Warburg Pincus and other financial institutions. Prerequisites: Math 102 or 103, Statistics 101 or 103, Econ 208D and Econ 205D. Instructor: Connolly. One course.

377A. The Economics of Financial Derivatives & Financial Engineering. QS, SS Introduction to derivatives focused on economic functions as tools for hedging/risk management. Topics include: forwards, futures, swaps, options, parity conditions, binomial options pricing, Black-Scholes formula, financial engineering for risk management Value-at-Risk (VAR). Emphasis on intuition and common sense implementation of technical material. Abuses and potentials for arbitrage profits considered. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D; and either a statistics/probability course or demonstrated knowledge of basic probability concepts such as means, variances, and covariances. 300 or 400 level finance class is helpful but not required. Consent of DUS required. Instructor: Tauchen. One course.

378. Financial Risk Management. QS, SS Identifying, measuring, and dealing with risk factors faced by firms in increasingly complex financial system. Course examines major types of financial risks faced by firms and introduces models for measuring, and frameworks for managing risk, and the main tools used in financial risk management, with application to real-world examples and case studies. Assessment of models, tools and frameworks for managing various risks. Attention given to role of public policy in shaping practice of risk management. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Fullenkamp. One course.

389. Politics, Philosophy, and Economics Capstone (A, C-N). R, SS One course. C-L: see Political Science 482; also C-L: Philosophy 465

390. Selected Topics in Economics. Topics vary by semester. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Economics. CCI Topics differ by section. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390AS. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Economics. CCI Seminar version of Economics 390A. Topics differ by section. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390S. Selected Topics in Economics. Seminar version of Economics 390. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Staff. One course.

391. Independent Study. Individual non-research directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic product. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. Instructor: Staff. One course.

392. Independent Study. Individual non-research directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic product. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Prerequisite: Economics 205D and Economics 210D. Instructor: Staff. One course.

393. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. Instructor: Staff. One course.

394. Research Independent Study. R Same as Economics 391, but for second-semester juniors and seniors. Consent of director of undergraduate studies required. Prerequisite: Economics 205D and Economics 210D. Instructor: Staff. One course.

411. Microeconometrics. QS, R, SS Empirical research in microeconomics, with emphasis on three main sub-fields: labor economics, public economics, and industrial organization. Focus on current empirical research in these areas and student independent analysis of current research using statistical software. Prerequisite: Economics 208D or 608D. Instructor: Staff. One course.

412. Applied Econometrics in Macroeconomics. QS, R Basic econometric methods useful in empirical economic research and forecasting. Topics include multiple regression analysis under nonstandard conditions; probit, logit, and other limited dependent variables; count data; simultaneous equation systems; and basic models with panel data. Macroeconomic applications. Prerequisite: Economics 208D or 608D. Instructor: Rossi or staff. One course. C-L: Modeling Biological Systems

413. Forecasting Financial Markets. QS, SS Introduces statistical models for financial price and risk. ARMA, GARCH, Value-at-Risk. Covers both theory underlying these models and practical implementation using statistical software (MATLAB). Prerequisites: Statistics 111 or Statistics 130; Mathematics 216 or Mathematics 222; or Mathematics 212 and Mathematics 221. Instructor: Patton. One course.

433. The Economics of Wages and Employment. R, SS Demand for and supply of labor, including human fertility, human capital, hours of work, and labor force participation. Effects of family structure, marriage laws, taxes and transfers (welfare, earned income tax credit) on labor supply and the distribution of income across families and individuals. Labor market discrimination, unions. Prerequisites: Economics 205D; and Statistical Science 111, 230, 130, 250, or Mathematics 230 or 342. Instructor: McElroy or Sloan. One course.

438. Public Finance. QS, SS Economic aspects of the allocative and distributive role of government in the economy, the incidence and efficiency of taxation, the effects of taxation on behavior, and analysis of major government spending programs. Prerequisite: Economics 205D or Public Policy Studies 287. Instructor: Falba or staff. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 289

439. Economics of the Environment. SS, STS The role of the environment in the theory and practice of economics. Topics include ways in which markets fail to efficiently allocate resources in the presence of pollution, along with the array of policies regulators used to correct those failures; the empirical techniques used by economists to put values on environmental commodities; and an examination of questions related to everyday environmental issues, particularly those confronting the developing world. Prerequisite: Economics 205D and Statistics. Instructor: Timmins. One course. C-L: Environment 363, Health Policy, Marine Science and Conservation, Energy and the Environment

442. Development Economics: Theory, Evidence and Policy. CCI, R, SS An exploration of leading issues in economic development. Policy examining roles of education, health, gender, demographic change, and urbanization. Analysis of structural change including roles of agriculture, technical change, industrialization, and international trade. Eclectic empirical emphasis using cross national evidence, the historical record, and country case studies. A "research mind set" based in part on critical analyses of exemplary empirical research, emphasized throughout. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Staff. One course.

445. Urban Economics II. EI, R, SS Historical evolution of cities from an economic perspective, considering the factors driving urban growth and decline at different points in history and the evolving organization of economic activity and social living within cities. Additional topics include dynamics of suburbanization and inner city decline, racial and ethnic segregation; urban industrial structure and spatial distribution of jobs; and impact of metropolitan political structure on urban sprawl and provision of public goods. Economics 205D required; Economics 208D (Econometrics) strongly recommended. Instructor: Bayer. One course.

446. Economics of Global Health. QS, R, SS Application of economic methods to examine key emerging issues in global health, with focus on health disparities. Emphasis on using economic models to better understand global health challenges and using econometric methods to empirically test hypotheses that seek to explain global health disparities. Discuss measurement of health and data quality. Explores individual, family and society-level determinants of health; impact of health on economic and social prosperity; demand and supply of health care. Discuss policy implications in each case. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 208D; or Public Policy Studies 303D and Statistical Science 111 or 250; or consent of the instructor. Instructor: Thomas. One course. C-L: Global Health Certificate 331

455. International Finance. CCI, SS Analysis of the determinants of international capital movements, trade imbalances, and nominal and real exchange rates. Policy debates such as the foreign indebtedness of the United States, emerging market debt crises, exchange-rate-based inflation stabilization, and balance-of-payment crises. Prerequisites: Economics 372 or 205D and 210D. Instructor: Burnside or staff. One course.

462. Behavioral Economics. QS, SS Introduction to the insights gained from incorporating psychology into economic modeling. Based exclusively on original, often recent, scientific publications. Focus on empirical evidence, theoretical models and economic implications. Equilibrium analysis is essential analytical tool. Participants will each give a presentation of a scientific paper from the reading list. This course will build on mathematics covered in Mathematics 202/212/222. Prerequisites: Economics 205D. Instructor: Sadowski. One course.

463. Law and Economics. EI, QS, SS A qualitative and quantitative introduction to economic analysis of legal issues and legal reasoning. Case studies in accident law, product liability, and the value of life. Other topics include contracts, property, affirmative action, civil procedure, and the economics of criminal behavior. Some models examined include a calculus-based approach. Prerequisite: Economics 205D. Instructor: Graham or staff. One course.

464. Competitive Strategy and Industrial Organization. QS, SS Foundations of the field of industrial organization, including the theory of the firm, models of competition, market structure, pricing and dynamic models. Emphasis on theory with support from specific industries, including telecommunications, retail and airlines. Prerequisite: Economics 205D. Instructor: Khan or Yildirim. One course. C-L: Markets and Management Studies

471. Financial Markets and Investment. QS, SS The structure and workings of financial markets. Topics include risk-return relationships, aspects of portfolio selection, the capital asset pricing model, the arbitrage pricing theory, fixed income analysis, and aspects of derivatives. Prerequisites: Economics 205D or Economics 372; and Statistical Science 111, 230, 130 or 250, or Mathematics 230 or 342. Instructor: Bollerslev, Rasiel, or staff. One course. C-L: Visual and Media Studies 254

480S. Honors Junior Research Workshop in Finance. QS, R, SS Application of tools and techniques developed in statistics and economics to research into the structure of financial markets at the very high frequencies. Topics include testing for jumps in financial prices, the role of high frequency micro-structure noise that masks fundamental price, the importance of macroeconomic news announcements, the roles of various asymmetries such as volatility feedback, and interactions across financial markets at the very high frequency. Research project analyzing large data samples. Prerequisites: Mathematics 212, Statistical Science 111, Economics 205D, 210D, 208D and one finance course (Economics 471, 372, 373). Economics 208D and finance may be taken concurrently. Consent of instructor required. Instructors: Bollerslev and Tauchen. One course.

486S. Honors Senior Research Workshop in Finance. QS, R, SS, W Continuation of Economics 480S. Pre-requisites include: Mathematics 212, Statistical Science 111, Economics 205D, 210D, 208D, 480S, and one finance course (Economics 471, 372, 373). Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Bollerslev or Tauchen. One course.

490. Selected Topics in Economics. Topics vary by semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490S. Selected Topics in Economics. Seminar version of Economics 490. Instructor: Staff. One course.

493. Honors Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is the production of an honors thesis, containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and Economics 210D. Consent of instructor and Director of Undergraduate Studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

495S. Honors Seminar I. R, SS, W First course in two-semester honors sequence. Guided research on student-selected topics. Iterative presentations and writing assignments on current literature related to student-selected topics and of student-developed research proposals. Course requires completion of research proposal suitable for write-up as honors thesis in Economics 496S. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Connolly, Kimbrough, or Staff. One course.

496S. Honors Seminar II. R, SS, W Following Economics 495S, iterative forum for conducting original research culminating in a substantive research project suitable for submission as an honors thesis. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Connolly, Kimbrough, or staff. One course.

512. Equity Valuation and Financial Statement Analysis. QS This is a high-level course for those who have previously had experience in corporate finance and accounting. It is designed to give the student a deeper insight into important concepts relating to equity valuation and financial statement analysis, including such topics as international standards conversion, tax implications, long term liabilities and leases, and employee compensation. Instructor: Brown.

513. Structuring Venture Capital and Private Equity Transactions. The course will focus on the design and implementation of corporate merger and acquisition transactions, including acquisitions of stock and assets of non-public corporations and acquisitions of publicly-held corporations in negotiated and hostile transactions. The course will cover federal securities law and state corporate law issues, including important forms of private ordering, such as poison pills, lock-ups, earnouts and the allocation of risks by the acquisition agreement. Relevant accounting, tax and antitrust issues and various regulatory considerations will also be covered. Instructor: Bill (Glenn) Brown.

514. Fixed Income Markets and Quantitative Methods. QS The areas of focus will include: The value of money and discounted cash flow concepts, statistics, probability concepts, correlation & regression, understanding risks associated with bonds, and bonds with embedded options, and mortgages and the mortgage markets. Instructor: Brown.

515. Introduction to Law & Economics. One course. C-L: see Law 359

521. Evaluation of Public Expenditures. SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 596; also C-L: Environment 532, Health Policy

522S. Seminar in Applied Project Evaluation. R, SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 597S

530. Resource and Environmental Economics. SS One course. C-L: see Environment 520; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 576, Health Policy, Marine Science and Conservation

530L. Resource and Environmental Economics. One course. C-L: see Environment 520L; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 575L, Health Policy, Marine Science and Conservation

542S. Social Change, Markets, and Economy in China. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Sociology 651S

548S. Political Economy of Growth, Stabilization and Distribution. R, SS One course. C-L: see Political Science 680S

555S. International Trade. R, SS International trade, investment and migration, commercial policy, and the political economy of trade. Prerequisite: Economics 205D; and Economics 210D. Instructor: Kimbrough or Tower. One course. C-L: Canadian Studies

558. Islam and the State. Introduction to political history of Middle East. Four objectives. (1) familiarize students with institutions responsible for political development in region. (2) examine transformations/cases of inertia to derive lessons about mechanisms that govern political development, including democratization. (3) investigate how religion shaped region’s political trajectory (4) identify social forces,especially economic, driving contemporary reinterpretation of Islam’s political organization and requirements, by both Islamists and secular political actors. Graduate pairing for Econ 134 that requires additional work; for graduate students only. Not open to students who have taken Economics 134. Instructor: Kuran. One course.

567S. Computer Modeling. QS, R, SS, W Introduction to the use of computer techniques in economic policy evaluation; policy applications to international economics, public finance and development economics; computer analysis of linearized and nonlinear models using Excel and GAMS. Students required to complete a major modeling project. Prerequisites: Economics 205D and 210D. Instructor: Tower.

568S. Current Issues in International and Development Economics. SS, W Issues of income distribution within and between countries, vehicles for growth, regional development, the role of politics in economic policy, multinational institutions. Cross-country and cross-time comparisons. Emphasis on individual research projects. Prerequisite: Economics 205D and Economics 210D. Instructor: Tower. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 512S, Canadian Studies

572. Intermediate Finance. Integrates micro and macro economics with topics in finance. Utility maximization within mean variance framework for portfolio analysis and capital asset pricing model. Corporate valuation and discounted cash flow analysis. Capital structure and principal-agent problem will lead into a discussion of the Efficient Markets Hypothesis and underlying assumptions. Market pricing, forecasting, and financial crises. Graduate pairing for Economics 372; graduate students will receive additional writing assignments. Instructor: Rasiel. One course.

590. Selected Topics in Economics. SS Instructor: Staff. One course.

590S. Selected Topics in Economics. SS Seminar version of Economics 590. One course.

606. Advanced Macroeconomics II. Course considers macroeconomic models and computational tools. Will benefit those interested in going to doctoral program, as the course covers underlying tools for PhD macroeconomics. Basic Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium macro models reviewed and used to learn numerical and empirical approaches. Course emphasizes real business cycle theory and sticky price models for monetary policy; linearization around steady states; and Bayesian estimation of DSGE models. How modern monetary policy research is implemented in practice. First half of course focuses on numerical analysis; second half devoted to empirical analysis and sticky price models. Instructor: Ochoa. One course.

612. Time Series Econometrics. SS Empirical research in macroeconomics and international finance, providing students with a series of econometric tools for empirical analysis of time-series and an introduction to the current empirical research in macroeconomics, international finance, and forecasting. Small project and simple empirical research required. Prerequisites: Satisfactory performance (as judged by the instructor) in Econometrics (Economics 208D) plus a course in Linear Algebra or consent of the instructor. A course in macroeconomics (Economics 210D) is very useful but not strictly enforced. Instructor: Rossi. One course.

656S. International Monetary Economics. R, SS Financial aspects of growth and income determination, and macroeconomic policy in open economies. Applications to exchange rate determination, capital markets, fluctuations in the trade balance and current account, monetary and fiscal policies in open economies, currency crises, and monetary reform. Significant research component required. Prerequisite: Economics 201D. Instructor: Kimbrough. One course.

673. Mathematical Finance. QS One course. C-L: see Mathematics 581

690. Selected Topics in Economics. SS Instructor: Staff. One course.

690S. Selected Topics in Economics. SS Seminar version of Economics 690. Instructor: Staff. One course.  

THE MAJOR

The undergraduate degree in economics signifies achievement of proficiency in quantitative skills and experience in applying these to economics.

For the A.B. Degree

Prerequisites: Economics 21 and 22; or 101. Economics 201D. Mathematics 122 and 202; or 212, or 222, or any higher-level mathematics course with Mathematics 212 as a prerequisite. Statistics 111, Statistics 230/Mathematics 230, Statistics 130 or Statistics 250/Mathematics 342. Statistics is a prerequisite for Economics 208D and many other 300/400-level economics courses and therefore should be taken by the fall of sophomore year. Prerequisites for the major, as well as requirements, may not be taken pass/fail.

Requirements: Three core courses: Economics 205D, Economics 210D, and Economics 208D. Students are encouraged to complete these classes no later than the spring of their sophomore year. Five electives chosen from economics courses at the 300 level or above with at least  one course at the 300 level and at least one course at the 400 level.   Courses 500-549 can only be counted toward the major with the approval of the Director of Undergraduate Studies.  For students entering in Fall 2002 or later, at least one of these five courses must be in either economic history or the history, philosophy or sociology of economics (Economics 322SA, Economics 302/History 306, Economics 319/Philosophy 345, Economics 304/History 310, Economics 312/History 308, Economics 311/History 307, Economics 313, Economics 314, Economics 316S or Economics 318S, or other courses with the approval of the Director of Undergraduate Studies).

For the B.S. Degree

Students who contemplate graduate study in economics are urged to develop skills in intermediate calculus (Mathematics 212), linear algebra (Mathematics 221), differential equations (Mathematics 356), and advanced calculus (Mathematics 431).

Prerequisites: Economics 21 and 22; or 101. Economics 201D. Mathematics 122 and 202; or 212, or 222 or any higher-level mathematics course with Mathematics 212 as a prerequisite. Statistics 111, Statistics 230/Mathematics 230, Statistics 130 or Statistics 250/Mathematics 342. Statistics is a prerequisite for Economics 208D and many 300/400-level economics courses and therefore should be taken by the fall of sophomore year. Prerequisites for the major, as well as requirements, may not be taken pass/fail.

Requirements: Three core courses: Economics 205D, Economics 210D and Economics 208D. Students are encouraged to complete these classes no later than the spring of their sophomore year. Five electives chosen from any economics courses at the 300 level or above with at least one course at the 300 level and one course at the 400 level . Courses 500-549 can only be counted toward the major with the approval of the Director of Undergraduate Studies.   

Substitution of similar courses in other departments at Duke for courses in the Department of Economics used toward major requirements is not permitted. A maximum of two transfer and/or study abroad credits may be counted toward major requirements. (The only exception applies to study abroad credit from the full year program at the London School of Economics, from which a maximum of four transfer and/or study abroad credits may be counted toward major requirements.)

For the B.S. Degree with Concentration in Financial Economics

     The Economics department also offers a B.S. Degree with a concentration in financial economics. Certification of this concentration is designated on the official transcript. Students who wish to pursue this designation must complete the requirements for the B.S. Degree with the addition of the following requirements.

Requirements: Economics 372: Intermediate Finance. Three electives chosen from among the following economics courses: Economics 471, 455, 373, 274, 480S, 486S, 673/Math 581 and others with approval of DUS. Students graduating with a concentration in financial economics may not include Econ 372 as one of the five electives required for the B.S. Degree in Economics.

The Department of Economics maintains online resources to guide economics majors and minors: http://econ.duke.edu/undergraduate.

DEPARTMENTAL GRADUATION WITH DISTINCTION

Awarding of Distinction

A student will be awarded Distinction upon graduation if he/she has satisfied all of the following requirements:

1.       A minimum grade point average of 3.3 in the major and 3.3 overall;

2.       Completion of five electives commensurate with an undergraduate A.B. or B.S. degree;

3.       Completion of an honors paper with a minimum grade of B+ determined by the primary instructor and an outside reader if taking path 1 (see below). If taking path 2, the Honors committee will determine if the honors thesis qualifies for graduation with distinction.

Awarding of High Distinction

A student will be awarded High Distinction upon graduation if he/she has satisfied all of the requirements for Distinction and his/her honors thesis is selected by our Honors committee from among nominated theses.

Awarding of Research Distinction

In recognition of the strong independent research dimension required of a successful honors thesis, a student will be awarded Research Distinction upon graduation if the Honors committee determines his/her thesis qualifies for graduation with distinction regardless of whether or not the student meets the University and departmental GPA standards for graduation with distinction. These students will be recognized in the departmental graduation program.

Paths to the Honors Thesis

An honors thesis is a research paper completed during the senior year of the economics major. It represents a degree of research and critical thinking sufficiently complex and sophisticated as to require two to three semesters' worth of work. The thesis is planned, researched, drafted, and revised over the course of two to three semesters, using research tools and techniques commensurate with an undergraduate B.S. degree.

To be considered for Graduation with Distinction in economics, students must pursue one of two paths outlined below.

1.       The best setting in which to foster the research process is a two-semester workshop, resembling graduate workshops. In a workshop setting, students meet with their professor(s) and each other to observe advanced research (professors from outside the university, Duke economics graduate students, and Duke economics professors present their own research to the students), and then, in turn, develop and later present their own research on a regular biweekly basis, continually receiving feedback from their peers and from professors and graduate students.
The department offers two distinct two-semester research workshop sequences for students interested in writing an honors thesis:  Honors Seminar I (Economics 495S) and Honors Seminar II (Economics 496S); and for those students interested specifically in finance, Honors Junior Research Workshop (Economics 480S) and Honors Senior Research Workshop (Economics 486S).  Students do not necessarily have to qualify for Graduation with Distinction in order to enroll in these research workshop sequences, nor will completion of either sequence guarantee Graduation with Distinction. Students who follow Path 1 will qualify for Graduation with Distinction or High Distinction if the honors thesis is awarded a minimum grade of B+. This grade will be determined by the instructor and confirmed by an outside reader. Note: Should a problem arise that prevents a student from completing this sequence, they can switch to Path 2 described below.
Students who follow Path 1 may begin as early as the spring semester of their junior year. Davies Fellowships are available to sponsor some of these juniors (and their mentors) to enable them to do research full time under the supervision of their advisor during the summer between their junior and senior years.

2.       Students choosing this path enroll in a Research Independent Study (Economics 394) in either the spring of their junior year or the fall of their senior year, under the instruction of the mentoring faculty member. In the following semester (or in a subsequent semester), the student enrolls in an Honors Research Independent Study (Economics 493) and completes the thesis. For the Independent Study courses (Economics 394 and Economics 493), students must enlist the approval of a specific faculty member (through submission of an approval form to the Director of Undergraduate Studies) indicating that the faculty member is willing to work with the student for an entire academic year in an independent study format to produce an honors thesis.
Students who start on Path 2 may switch to Path 1 by enrolling in Honors Seminar II (Economics 496S) with the signature of their faculty mentor and the approval of the 496S instructor (which is gained by submission of a satisfactory thesis proposal).

THE MINOR

Requirements: Economics 21 and 22; or 101. Economics 201D. Three additional economics courses, of which no more than one course may be at the 200 level other than Economics 205, 208, and 210, which may all be counted toward the minor; and two courses at the 300 level or higher.  Courses 500-549 can only be counted toward the minor with the approval of the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Substitution of similar courses in other departments at Duke for courses in the Department of Economics used toward minor requirements is not permitted.

MINOR IN FINANCIAL ECONOMICS

Minor Requirements: Economics 21 and 22; or Economics 101. Statistics 111 or Statistics 130 or Statistics 210; or both Statistics 230/Mathematics 230 and Statistics 250/Mathematics 342. Mathematics 222 or Mathematics 216; or both Mathematics 212 and Mathematics 221. Economics 372. Three electives to be selected from among the following: Economics 471, 455, 373, 274, 480S, 486S, 673/Math 581, BME 385, and others with approval of DUS.

Associate Professor of the Practice Riggsbee, Director of the Program; Associate Professor of the Practice Malone, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Associate Professor of the Practice Wynn; Assistant Professors of the Practice Ammons, Jentleson and Stephens; Instructors Anderson and Sikes; University Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus O’Barr; Professor of the Practice Emeritus Ballantyne; Associate Professor of the Practice Emeritus Di Bona;  Joint Appointments: Professor Cooper; Assistant Professor Linnenbrink-Garcia; Associate Professor of the Practice Bookman; Affiliated Faculty: Adjunct Professor Eubanks and Trask; Adjunct Associate Professors Heisler and Wilson; Adjunct Assistant Professors Crumley and Teasley; Adjunct Associate Professors of the Practice Airall, Lattimore, and Thomas; Adjunct Assistant Professors of the Practice Carboni,Pittman, and Prillaman;; Adjunct Lecturers Chafe and Wasiolek; Adjunct Research Scholars Brewster and Hicks;Visiting Lecturers Alden and Brown; Adjunct Instructor Miglarese

A minor, but not a major, is available in this department. 

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

101. Social and Philosophical Foundations of Education. CCI, EI, SS Interdisciplinary examination of issues confronting American education, incorporating historical, political, economical, philosophical, and social perspectives. Exploration of ways cultural influences and differences have shaped public schools. Students participate in structured service learning experience in which they reflect on ethical issues related to schooling. Required participation in service learning. Instructor: Anderson, Jentleson, or Sikes. One course. C-L: Marxism and Society, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

111FS. Pursuit of Equality: Rethinking Schools - Lens of Social Justice. CCI, EI, SS In 1954 the Supreme Court case Brown versus the Board of Education forever changed American schools by ending segregation and creating educational equity. Or did it? Are today's schools any more inclusive or socially just than schools were 50 years ago? Examination of ways schools may or may not perpetuate and reproduce social inequities. Focus on recent efforts to imagine and create socially-just schools. Discussion of our ethical responsibilities as civically engaged citizens to work towards educational equality and provide support of schools that are inclusive, culturally responsive, and democratic. Required service-learning experience working with children in a Durham public school. Instructor: Malone and Riggsbee. One course.

182FS. Civic Engagement, Service, and Social Ideals. CCI, EI, SS Civic engagement and service learning as pedagogical approaches in both K-12 and college settings. The ways civic engagement experiences may impact students' perspectives of race, class, gender. Education as a transformative experience. Includes a service learning experience focused on literacy issues in K-12 schools in which students write reflections on ethical issues. Open only to students in the Focus Program. Instructor: Malone. One course.

190S. Special Topics. Topics vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

209S. A Digital Approach to Documentary Photography: Capturing Transience. ALP One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 209S; also C-L: Visual Arts 212S, Visual and Media Studies 212S, Information Science and Information Studies

234S. Anthropology and Education. CCI, EI, SS Exploration of different conceptions of culture and the importance of employing cultural lenses to examine the process of education. Investigation, in particular, of the impact of culture and issues of race, class and gender in American schools. Instructor: Airall. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 234S

237. Contemporary Issues In Education. CCI, EI, SS Investigation of current issues and problems in the field of education including areas of race, gender, equity, and educational policy. Examines issues from an interdisciplinary perspective. Includes fieldwork in local public schools. Required participation in service learning. Instructor: Anderson or staff. One course. C-L: Children in Contemporary Society, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

239. Marxism and Society. CZ, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Literature 380; also C-L: Cultural Anthropology 203, Sociology 339, International Comparative Studies, Marxism and Society

240. Educational Psychology (C, D). CCI, EI, SS Principles of developmental, social, and cognitive psychology as applied to education, with a focus on how children learn. Examination of the impact on learning of race, class, gender, and ethnicity, including a comparative analysis of cultural differences in American schools. Through structured service learning experiences in local schools, students reflect through writing on ethical issues in teaching. Required service learning. Instructor: Linnenbrink-Garcia, Malone. One course. C-L: Psychology 240, Children in Contemporary Society, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

241. Promising Paradigms: Issues and Innovations in American Classrooms. EI, SS, STS Examination of promising educational initiatives and reform efforts, analysis of federal and state mandates and policies concerning educational issues, and exploration of innovative ideas and programs designed to advance classrooms into the 21st century. Focus given to the ethical and political implications of reforming America's schools within the context of policy development. Note: This is an online course with both synchronous and asynchronous components. Contact the instructor for additional information. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Stephen. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 245

243S. Children, Schools, and Society. CCI, EI, SS, W The processes by which children are educated in the United States. Ways children acquire through schooling social skills, moral values, and a sense of their role in society. Evaluation of the appropriateness of these goals for schooling, how schooling shapes children's development, and how the education policies that sanction these processes are formed. Application of theory and research for solving complex societal problems that confront children, schools, and communities. Required participation in service learning. Instructor: Wynn. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 243S, Children in Contemporary Society, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

244S. Children's Self Expression: Literacy Through Photography. EI, SS One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 224S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 207S

251S. Literacy and Service Learning. CCI, EI, SS Recent research on the role of service learning in promoting literacy development in children; the impact of service learning, volunteering, and school-based tutoring programs on students in K-12 schools; literacy issues such as phonics versus whole language; cognitive approaches to developing reading comprehension; methods of teaching beginning reading; reading learning disabilities; and the impact of cultural diversity on literacy. Includes a service-learning component in the local schools. Required participation in service learning. Instructor: Malone. One course. C-L: Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

252S. Civic Engagement and the Duke-Durham Partnership. CCI, EI, R, SS The impact university-community partnerships have on the community and participating university students. Effective models of collaboration between universities and their surrounding communities. Whether university efforts to develop partnerships with local communities result in meaningful social change. Includes a service-learning component in which students turn in weekly reflections on the ethical issues and social justice concerns they encounter. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Ahern-Dodson. One course. C-L: Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

253S. Research in Service Learning. CCI, EI, R, SS Community-based research including design, implementation, evaluation of research in community settings. Examination of existing models of collaboration on research projects between universities and communities. Includes student participation in community-based service learning and research, writing about the ethical issues that emerge. Instructor: Staff. One course.

255S. Literacy, Writing, Tutoring. SS, W Theories of literacy and high school and college level teaching tutoring practices. Composition studies, literacy studies, and writing center/tutoring theories. Includes tutoring students. Instructor: Russell. One course.

290. Selected Topics. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in Education. CCI Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S. Selected Topics. Selected topics seminar. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290T. Freshman-Sophomore Tutorials (TOP). Small group discussions of significant books, authors, and ideas in education. May be repeated. Consent of instructor and Director of Undergraduate Studies required. Instructor: Staff. Half course.

307S. Issues of Education and Immigration. CCI, FL One course. C-L: see Spanish 307S; also C-L: Latino/a Studies in the Global South 307S

309. Global Education. CCI, EI, SS, STS Major educational changes and reforms in selected countries designed to illustrate general similarities and differences in the policies of developing and industrialized societies. Emphasis on American educational issues in the context of the emerging global economy with a focus on how policies affect various cultural groups due to economic, social, cultural, or gender diversity. Exploration of the ethical dimensions that decision makers must face in formulating policy. Investigation of the ways technological innovation is changing schools and the teaching/learning process. Instructor: Staff. One course.

321S. Infancy, Early Childhood, and Educational Programs. CCI, EI, SS A comprehensive introduction to the field of early childhood education and child development from infancy to age eight. Examines programs, strategies, trends, and methods that reflect current educational practice and research. Involves structured service learning experiences in which students engage in comparative analysis of children of various cultures. Students also examine ethical issues encountered in early childhood programs. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Children in Contemporary Society

325S. Unrecognized Talent: Minority Children and Gifted Education. CCI, EI, SS Investigation of society, counselors, teachers, parents, and self in the social, emotional, and academic development of the minority gifted child. Focus on cultural comparisons relating to the manifestation of giftedness, ways of reversing under-representation of minority students in programs for the gifted, and ethical issues relating to the use of tests in identifying giftedness as it relates to minority students. Instructor: Stephens. One course. C-L: Children in Contemporary Society

333S. Legal Issues in Education. R, SS, W A case analysis approach giving students an opportunity to identify and review past, current, and emerging legal issues and theories in education. Topics include students' rights (for example search and seizures, due process), institutional liability and teacher's rights at the elementary and secondary levels and in the college setting. Instructor: Wasiolek. One course.

340. The Psychology of Work. CCI, SS, STS An interdisciplinary examination of career choice and development with particular focus on ways work may change in the future, including the impact on work of major developments in science and technology. Comparative analysis of work across cultures and within American society. Instructor: Staff. One course.

346S. Gender At Duke. CCI, EI, R, SS Gender systems at Duke, with emphasis on gender differences in the University's culture and ideals. Historical examination of the ethical arguments about institutional policies. Student research based on documents in University archives. Instructor: O'Barr. One course.

347. Urban Education. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see African and African American Studies 381; also C-L: Sociology 336, Children in Contemporary Society

356S. Digital Durham. ALP, STS One course. C-L: see Information Science and Information Studies 356S; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 358S

359. Educating Diverse Learners Through Community Collaboratives. CCI, EI, SS Exploration of research-based pedagogies with an emphasis on how middle school students learn. Role of parents and the community in the schooling process will be examined. Using Durham as a case study, students will examine educational issues from historical, political, economic, psychological, and social perspectives. This course requires a service learning component. Instructor: Riggsbee. One course.

363. Educational Leadership In and Beyond the Classroom. EI, R, SS, W Introduction to study of culture, organization, and leadership in K-12 schools. Exploration of the history of leadership theories and practices and their application to current educational settings. Focus on moral dilemmas, ethical concepts, and general nature of ethical reasoning in varied school settings. Contrast the current focus on school reform through increased accountability, high stakes testing, and standards with the power of shared systems of norms, values, and traditions. Study of essential skills of leadership: communication, human relations, shared decision making, and conflict resolution. Includes a service-learning component involving work in the community. Instructor: Wynn. One course.

366. Exceptional Learners: Policies and Practices. R, SS Provides a foundation of legal, social, educational, and psychological concepts focusing on understanding of exceptional learners. Explores social, cultural, and family context in which exceptional children live and learn. Educational approaches discussed within context of educational restructuring, with emphasis on determining appropriateness of educational placement of students viewed as exceptional. Overviews of various approaches to instructional interventions for students with exceptionalities are also examined. Prerequisites: Education 101, 240 or 243S. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Stephens. Half course.

390T-1. Junior-Senior Tutorials (Topics). Small group discussions of significant books, authors, and ideas in education. The availability of tutorials, their content, and the instructors will be announced before preregistration. Consent of instructor required. Instructors: Staff. Half course.

390T-2. Junior-Senior Tutorials. Small group discussions of significant authors and ideas in education. Different courses indicated by letter. May be repeated. Consent of instructor required. Instructors: Staff. Half course.

391. Independent Study. Directed readings in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or project on a previously approved topic. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

393. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive research paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

407S. Teaching Practices in Elementary Mathematics and Science. SS, STS Research-based teaching practices in elementary mathematics and science for culturally diverse populations. Emphasis on the influence of science, mathematics, and technology in social issues and shaping teacher decision making about teaching and learning. Readings and field experience on ethical teaching practices, role of teachers and schools in society, and impact of teacher affect on environment and student learning. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

408S. Teaching Practices in Elementary Language Arts and Social Studies. CCI, EI, SS Research-based teaching practices in elementary language arts and social studies for culturally diverse populations. Emphasis on literacy development across grade levels and content areas. Readings and field experience promoting critical analysis of ethical teaching practices, role of teachers and schools in society, and impact of teacher affect on environment and student learning. Consent of instructor required. Includes a service-learning component involving work in the community. Instructor: Riggsbee. One course. C-L: Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

409S. Elementary Curriculum. Analysis, development, and evaluation of elementary curriculum with emphasis on integrating the expressive arts with literacy, mathematics, social studies, and science. Using Gardner's multiple intelligences model of learning, students write comprehensive curriculum units that focus on meeting the needs of learners from diverse social, ethnic, and cultural groups. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Riggsbee. One course.

410S. Research/Reflective Practice Elementary Education. R, SS, W Classroom-based action research and structured reflection to promote the development of inquiry-oriented teachers. Systematic, long-term research project focused on meeting the diverse needs of learners in the elementary classroom. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

420. Elementary Education: Internship. EI Engagement, as part of a teaching internship in elementary schools, in active classroom research projects by designing, implementing, and evaluating units of instruction. Creation of a portfolio of products to demonstrate technology competencies for teaching certification. Students also reflect and write on ethical issues involved in their service experiences in public schools. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Riggsbee. Two courses.

430S. Women and the Professions. EI, R, SS, W Interdisciplinary analysis of the history of ideas about women and the professions with emphasis on women's actions, past, present and future. The changing status of women in professional life; ethical and political implications of public and personal decision-making. Study of research and writing by and about women in professional fields; interviews with working women. Research paper integrating students' major, the internship experience and their future goals required. Senior seminar open only to Baldwin Scholars. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Sociology 430S, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

460S. Early Childhood Internship. EI Structured supervised internship in an early childhood program integrated with a reflective seminar in which students examine ethical issues in early childhood education. Includes comparative analysis of childhood experiences in different cultures. Instructor: Jentleson. One course.

490A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Education. CCI Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490S. Selected Topics. Selected topics seminar. Instructor: Staff. One course.

495. Teaching Practices in Secondary Education. Secondary School curriculum and instruction with special emphasis placed on meeting the needs of high school students from diverse cultural backgrounds. Includes field-based experience with a focus on examining ethical teaching practices. Instructor: Staff. One course.

496S. Secondary School Issues: Pedagogy, Culture, and Methods. CCI, EI, SS, STS Examination of schools and classrooms of the twenty-first century with focus on values, beliefs, and assumptions underlying teaching and learning in high school. Emphasis on ethical issues in teaching, pedagogical and methodological practices, teacher leadership, and impact of technology on schooling. Exploration of social fabric of schools as related to diversity, educational philosophies, and school culture by viewing these constructs from divergent perspectives. Students complete an extensive research project based on fieldwork in a local high school. Instructor: Wynn. One course. C-L: Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

497S. Seminar in Secondary School Teaching. EI, R Principles, practices, and problems in secondary school instruction, including a focus on values and ethics in teaching. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Wynn. One course.

498. Secondary Education: Internship. R Supervised internship in a teaching center in a senior high school involving some full-time teaching. Students also complete an action research project focused on an important issue in classroom teaching. For student teachers only. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

514. Technology, Society, and Schools. SS Role of technology in schools and society. Introduction for preservice teacher candidates to technology tools including Photoshop, web design, and digital storytelling. Emphasis on integrating technology into instruction and utilizing technology to become educational leaders. Includes elements of design through completion of online portfolio. Designed to meet the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction technology requirements for teaching licensure. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Wynn or Crumley. Half course.

542S. Schooling and Social Stratification. CCI, SS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 542S; also C-L: African and African American Studies 549S

620. Nature and Needs of the Gifted Learner: Introduction to Characteristics and Educ/Affective Needs. Introduction to characteristics and unique educational and affective needs of gifted learners. Analysis of philosophical considerations, historical perspectives, definitions and types of giftedness, incidence, and evaluation procedures. Cultural comparisons of the manifestations of giftedness, ways of reversing underrepresentation of minority students in programs for the gifted, and affective social-emotional topics/issues relating to giftedness. This course is a post-bacc, non-degree course not open to Duke undergraduates. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

621. Methods and Materials for Teaching the Gifted Learner: Procedures for Differentiating Instruction. Fundamental procedures for differentiating instruction for gifted and talented students. Comparison of theories and research models regarding instructional practice. Focus on research based instructional strategies. Apply, analyze, implement, and evaluate various methods and models of gifted education. This course is a post-bacc, non-degree course not open to Duke undergraduates. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

690S. Selected Topics Seminar. SS May be repeated. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

THE MINOR

The Minor in Education is designed to provide students who are majoring in Arts and Sciences disciplines with opportunities to combine coursework in their majors with academic and field-based experiences focused on the complex social, psychological, economic, historical, political, and cultural issues that impact schools and school children.

Requirements. A total of five courses including three required courses (Education 101; Education 240; and a third required Education course chosen from a group of courses that address pedagogical theory and practice and the impact of individual differences and social diversity on teaching and learning; this third required course must be approved by the Director of Undergraduate Studies in Education , and involve a field-based experience). The fourth and fifth courses are electives that must be Education courses at the 200 level or above. Only one of the five courses may be taken at an institution other than Duke.  

UNIVERSITY PROGRAM FOR PREPARATION FOR TEACHING

The Duke University Teacher Preparation Programs offer secondary teacher licensure programs at both the undergraduate and Master’s levels and an elementary licensure program at the undergraduate level. A common conceptual framework—preparing knowledgeable and skilled instructors who conduct themselves professionally and ethically as they practice reflective teaching—links the Teacher Preparation Programs. As students complete general education requirements of Trinity College and of a selected major, they may also fulfill requirements of an approved Duke Teacher Preparation Program and become licensed to teach. Licensure by the Duke-approved program is authorized through the State Board of Education in North Carolina and is reciprocal with most states. A license to teach along with an undergraduate degree is required by most public school systems and is recommended by many independent schools.

Brief descriptions of two undergraduate programs based on Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degrees (secondary school teaching and elementary teaching) are followed by a description of a program for secondary teaching based on a Master of Arts in Teaching degree. The goals of and criteria for admission to any of these programs are available from the respective offices.

Duke University is accredited by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (DPI) and the National Council For Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) and has reciprocal approval for initial licensure with most of the fifty states. Title II data is available upon request.

Secondary School Teaching (A. B. or B. S. degree)

The Program in Education offers secondary school teacher licensure programs in English (open to English majors only), mathematics (open to mathematics majors only), social studies (open to majors in cultural anthropology, economics, history, political science, psychology, public policy, religion, or sociology) and science (open to majors in evolutionary anthropology, biology, chemistry, environmental studies, geology, or physics). Prospective teachers are advised to consult with the academic advisors in their majors and the secondary program director concerning their interest in teaching and in being accepted into this preparation program.

Interested undergraduate students may apply to the secondary school teaching program in the spring of their sophomore year or the fall of their junior year. Students are accepted by competitive criteria into a program which includes education courses with field experiences in local schools, and an intensive senior spring semester teaching internship. During the internship students teach high school classes in their respective disciplines under the supervision of an experienced teacher and a university professor.

Upon completion of the senior year spring semester internship, and the four-year Trinity College undergraduate degree, students may apply for licensure.

Elementary School Teaching (A. B. or B. S. degree)

Undergraduate students who plan to teach young children (kindergarten through grade six) may become eligible for licensure to teach while at Duke in addition to completing any academic major offered by Trinity College. The Elementary Teacher Preparation Program includes education courses with field experiences in diverse classroom settings and an intensive senior spring semester internship.

Interested undergraduate students may apply to the elementary program beginning in the sophomore year. Students are selected by competitive criteria for participation in the program. An intensive senior spring semester links together a teaching internship in a local public school, seminars, and independent directed research (four course credits). Students selected for the elementary teaching program are placed as interns with mentor teachers in an elementary school and are also supervised by a Duke professor.

Upon completion of the senior year spring semester internship and the four-year Trinity College undergraduate degree, students may apply for licensure.

Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) in Secondary Schools

The Master of Arts in Teaching Program is designed for students who wish to teach their discipline in secondary schools by completing a graduate degree. The normal sequence for MAT coursework may begin in the spring semester of the senior year. Courses may not be double-counted toward both the bachelor's and MAT degrees. Additional information is available from the MAT office. This program is approved for teacher licensure by the State Board of Education in North Carolina and is reciprocal with most states.

For courses in electircal and computer engineering, see “Pratt School of Engineering” on page 648.

Professor Klein and Professor Knight, Co-Directors

A certificate, but not a major, is available in this program.

The undergraduate certificate in Energy and the Environment is designed to provide Duke undergradu­ates with an understanding of the breadth of issues that confront our society in its need for clean, affordable, and reliable energy. An expertise in energy will expand the students’ career options in the private, non-profit, government, and academic sectors. In addition to integrative core and capstone courses, the certificate will expose students to the three key disciplines in the study of energy and the environment: markets and policy; environmental impacts and resources; and energy technology. The goal of the certificate is to develop innovative thinkers and leaders who understand the energy system as a whole and the important interconnec­tions among policy, markets, technology, and the environment.

Beyond traditional coursework, the certificate in Energy and the Environment will offer a variety of activities intended to provide students with a real-world perspective and hands-on experiences. These include field trips, guest speakers such as visiting executives and practitioners, research opportunities, and internships. Additional information may be obtained from the Undergraduate Programs Office for the Nicholas School.

PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS

The certificate requires a total of six courses, no more than three of which may originate in a single department. No more than two courses counted toward the certificate in Energy and the Environment may also satisfy the requirements of any major, minor, or other certificate program. AP credit may not fulfill certificate requirements.

Energy use is a multi-faceted problem that draws upon the perspectives and expertise of a variety of disciplines; the certificate in Energy and the Environment is therefore similarly interdisciplinary.

The certificate requires three integrative courses.

Two introductory courses:

Civil and Environmental Engineering 160L. Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science

Earth and Ocean Sciences/Environment  330. Energy and the Environment

One Capstone Project Course

Environment 452L/Engineering 424L. Energy and Environment Design

In this course, teams of students explore the feasibility of a new or modified energy resources or technology. Three elective courses are also required, with one from each area (Markets and Policy, Environment, and Energy Technology) taken from the below list. The most up-to-date version of this list can be found on the program’s Web site: http://www.nicholas.duke.edu/programs/undergrad/undergraduate-certificate-in-energy-and-environment

ELECTIVES (one from each area)

Markets And Policy

Economics 

439. Economics of the Environment

Environment 

212. United States Environmental Policy

363. Economics of the Environment

580A. Green Futures: Exploring Environmental, Economic, and Social Sustainability 

International Comparative Studies

521S. International Environmental Regimes 

Political Science

545S. International Environmental Regimes

Public Policy Studies 

275. United States Environmental Policy

581S. International Environmental Regimes  

Environment

Chemistry 

91. Chemistry, Technology, and Society

Civil and Environmental Engineering 

461L. Chemical Principles in Environmental Engineering

462L. Biological Principles in Environmental Engineering

Earth and Ocean Sciences 

355. Global Warming

Environment 

102. Introduction to Environmental Sciences and Policy

239. Atmospheric Chemistry: From Air Pollution to Climate Change  

360. Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology

Energy Technology

Environment

631. Energy Technology and Impact on the Environment

Mechanical Engineering 

461. Energy Engineering and the Environment

For courses in engineering, see “Pratt School of Engineering” on page 648.

Professor Tennenhouse, Chair; Professor Ferraro, Director of Undergraduate Studies; Professors Aers, Aravamudan, Armstrong, Baucom, Beckwith, Clum, Davidson, Ferraro, Holloway, Khanna, Maten, MacKey, Moi, Pfau, Pope, Porter, Quilligan, Strandberg, Tennenhouse, Torgovnick, and Wald; Associate Professors Harris, Holland, Mitchell, Moses, Psomiades, Somerset, Sussman, Tetel, Wallace, and Willis; Assistant Professors Baran, and Metzger; Professor of the Practice Donahue and Hijuelos; Associate Professor of the Practice Malouf; Assistant Professor of the Practice Hillard and Vadde; Lecturers Askounis, Carlson-Hijuelos; Senior Lecturing Fellow Gopen

A major or a minor is available in this department.

20. Literature and Composition. Credit for Advanced Placement on the basis of the College Board examination in literature and composition. One course.

22. Composition and Language. Credit for Advanced Placement on the basis of the College Board examination in composition and language. One course.

89S. First-Year Seminar on Literature. ALP Topics vary each semester offered. Prior to the drop/add period, this course is restricted to first-year students who have not fulfilled their seminar requirement. Instructor: Staff. One course.

90S. Special Topics in Literature. ALP, W Topics vary by semester; emphasis on development of writing skills. Instructor: Staff. One course.

110S. Introduction to Creative Writing. ALP, W Instructor: Staff. One course.

111S. Documentary Writing: Creative Nonfiction Through Fieldwork. ALP, R, W One course. C-L: see Documentary Studies 111S; also C-L: Policy Journalism and Media Studies

161. Representative American Writers. ALP, W Selections and complete works. Poe, Emerson or Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville, Whitman, Dickinson, and Twain. Instructor: Staff. One course.

171. Representative American Writers. ALP, W Continuation of English 161. Selections and complete works. James, Frost or Robinson, Crane or Dreiser, O'Neill, Faulkner, Hemingway, and others. Instructor: Staff. One course.

180. Introduction to Cultural Studies. ALP One course. C-L: see Literature 150; also C-L: Visual and Media Studies 180, Arts of the Moving Image, Marxism and Society

181. History and Concepts of Cinema. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 201; also C-L: Theater Studies 278, Literature 110, Visual and Media Studies 289, Documentary Studies 264, Policy Journalism and Media Studies

182S. Reading Historically. ALP, W An introduction to the skills of critical reading through the study of representative writings selected from various historical periods, contextualized with the cultural and historical background of their times. Instructor: Staff. One course.

184S. Readings in Genre. ALP, W An introduction to the skills of critical reading and the vocabulary of critical analysis by close examination of poetry, fiction, and drama (or other media such as film) from a range of historical periods. Instructor: Staff. One course.

186S. Reading Thematically. ALP, W An introduction to the skills of critical reading through the close examination of representative literary works that deal with a common theme, problem, or concept. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in English. CCI Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190FS-1. Focus Program Seminar on Writing or Language. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190FS-2. Focus Program Seminar on Literature. ALP Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

195FS. Focus Program Seminar on Linguistics. SS Topics vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Linguistics 195FS

196FSA. Literature of the Sea. ALP, W Travel narratives, poetry, novels, drama, epics, and film that take place at sea, or on island shores, as well as secondary literature that theorizes on physical, political, and philosophical possibilities in supra- and transnational spaces. Emphasis on the social, cultural, and political structures that function at sea, focusing on exile, imperial travel, the Middle Passage, cosmopolitan journeys, shipwreck, and tourism. Material can include eco-criticism/fiction on Marine Lab travel sites: Singapore, Hawaii, Trinidad, Carolina islands. Given at Beaufort. Instructor: Staff. One course.

203S. Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. R, SS Introduction to the theoretical issues that inform the study of linguistics and languages. Topics include: history of linguistics, development of meta-language and the integration of linguistic theory with the latest findings in neuroscience and evolutionary theory. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Linguistics 203S

204. English Historical Linguistics. SS Introduction to methods and principles of historical linguistics, as exemplified by the history of the English language from Proto-Indo-European to the present. Not open to students who have taken English 208S. Satisfies the Criticism, Theory, and Methodology (CTM) for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Linguistics 204

205. Introduction to Old English. ALP, CCI, CZ, R Introduction to the literature and culture of England before 1100 with focus on learning to read the written language of this period, beginning with short, simple prose texts and poems and arriving at more sophisticated literature. Satisfies the Area I requirement for English Majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 308

206. Variety in Language: English in the United States. CCI, SS English language variation in the United States considered from a current sociolinguistic perspective. Social, regional, ethnic, gender, and stylistic-related language variation, along with models for describing and applying knowledge about language variation. Language variation focused on vernacular varieties of American English in general and on North Carolina in particular. C-L. Instructor: Butters. One course. C-L: Linguistics 206

207. Middle English 1100-1500. ALP, CCI, W The principal forms and examples of English prose, poetry, and drama of the Anglo-Saxon and Middle English periods (excluding Chaucer). Satisfies Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 318

210S. Creative Non-Fiction: Writing for Publication. ALP, W Prerequisite: Writing 101. Instructor: Staff. One course.

211S. Digital Writing. ALP, W Theory and practice of emergent forms of writing in digital media; includes advanced instruction in writing for blogs, wikis, and other digital environments. Instructor: Harris or staff. One course.

212S. Creative Non-Fiction: Art of the Essay. ALP, W Prerequisite: Writing 101. Instructor: Staff. One course.

214S. Creative Non-Fiction: Stylistic Imitation. ALP, W Prerequisite: Writing 101. Instructor: Staff. One course.

216S. Creative Non-Fiction: Writing Humor. ALP, W Includes analysis of works of humorous writers from several centuries; study of various comic forms and techniques. Creation of original essays. Prerequisite: Writing 101. Instructor: Staff. One course.

218S. Creative Non-Fiction: Spiritual Autobiography. ALP, CZ, EI, W An exploration of narratives from diverse traditions and periods. Writers may include Augustine, Gandhi, Simone Weil, Thomas Merton, Malcolm X and others. Students maintain a daily journal, write weekly responses to readings, and embark on their own narratives. Prerequisite: Writing 101. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

219A. Science and Nature Writing: Naturalist Narratives, Classic to Contemporary. ALP, STS, W One course. C-L: see Environment 219A; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

219S. Scientific Writing. ALP, W Prerequisite: Writing 101. Instructor: Staff. One course.

220S. Writing: Poetry. ALP, W Instruction in the writing and study of poetry. Recommended for students before they take English 320S or 420S. Instructor: Staff. One course.

221S. Writing the Movie. Introduction to the theory and practice of writing for the screen. ALP, W One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 306S

222S. Writing: Fiction. ALP, W Instruction in the writing and study of fiction. Recommended for students before they take English 224S, 424S, 503S, 520S, or 522S. Instructor: Staff. One course.

224S. Introduction to Writing Short Stories. ALP, W Intensive writing of the short story, with students completing a minimal of thirty pages of finished and presumably publishable fiction. Discussion of students' manuscripts and individual conferences with the instructor, taking into consideration questions of the aesthetics, ethics, and morality of fiction, as well as procedures for its publication. Instructor: Staff. One course.

226S. Dramatic Writing. ALP, W One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 280S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image

227S. Transforming Fiction for Stage and Screen. ALP, W One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 282S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 302S

231. Medieval English Literature to 1500. ALP, CCI, R The principal forms and examples of English prose, poetry, and drama of the Anglo-Saxon and Middle English periods (excluding Chaucer). Satisfies the Area I for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 317

233. Sixteenth-Century English Literature. ALP May include such authors as Wyatt, More, Sidney, Spenser, Raleigh, Marlowe, and Shakespeare. Satisfies the Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 326

235. Introduction to Shakespeare. ALP, W Introduction to the major works of Shakespeare. Exploration of the author's central themes and contexts. Satisfies Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 330, Theater Studies 222

238. Seventeenth-Century English Literature. ALP May include work by such authors as Jonson, Donne, Tourneur, Webster, Ford, Bacon, Burton, Browne, and Milton. Satisfies the Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 328

243. Eighteenth-Century English Literature. ALP Major genres and authors such as Dryden, Congreve, Addison, Swift, Pope, Gray, Johnson, Blake, and Defoe or Fielding. Satisfies Area II requirement for the English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

245. English Literature of the Romantic Period. ALP Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, Keats. Satisfies Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

247. Victorian Literature. ALP Major works and genres of Victorian literature by such authors as the Brontes, Dickens, Hardy, Tennyson, Carlyle, Browning, Arnold, and Ruskin. Satisfies Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

251. British Literature: 1900 to 1945. ALP Major genres and works by such authors as Yeats, Conrad, Shaw, Joyce, Lawrence, Woolf, Eliot, Auden, among others. Satisfies Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

260. American Literature to 1820. ALP, CCI Works by authors of the colonial period and the early Republic. Satisfies Area II requirement for English majors. Instructors: Staff. One course.

266. African American Literature. ALP, CCI, R Oral and literary traditions from the American colonial period into the nineteenth century, including spiritual as lyric poetry and the slave narrative as autobiography. Not open to students who have taken the former English 167. Satisfies Area II requirement for the English major. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 223

269. Classics of American Lit, 1820-1860. ALP Prose and poetry by such authors as Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Poe, Melville, and Whitman. Satisfies the Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

270. Classics of American Literature, 1860 to 1915. ALP, CCI, W Prose and poetry by such authors as Cather, Chesnutt, Chopin, Crane, Dickinson, DuBois, Freeman, Gilman, James, Jewett, Twain, Washington, Wharton. Satisfies Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: C. Davidson, Jones, Wald, or Wallace. One course. C-L: Marxism and Society

271. Classics of American Literature, 1915 to 1960. ALP Prose and poetry by such authors as Eliot, Fitzgerald, Hemingway, Faulkner, and others. Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

275S. Asian American Literature. ALP, CCI, CZ Asian/ American Cultural production from the late nineteenth century read in the context of United States colonialism and Asia/ Pacific wars and resultant migrations. Film and hypertext, lyrics (from poetry to rap), drama, fiction and non-fiction. Not open to students who have taken this course as English 179ES. Satisfies Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

276. African American Literature. ALP Continuation of English 164A. The late nineteenth century to contemporary writers. Not open to students who have taken the former English 168. Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 224

277S. Studies in American Women Writers. ALP Major American women writers. Includes such areas as methods of interpretation, shaping of critical reputation, and impact of cultural movements on development of voice and literary approaches. Area requirements (Area I, II, and III) for English majors will be determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

278S. Studies in Women's Fiction. ALP, CCI, R, W Readings cover a range of British and American writers from Bronte to Morrison. Focus is on dominant narratives and counter-narratives reflecting differing cultural constructions of gender, class, race, and sexuality in the novels, as well as evolving ideas of female authorship and their relation to the traditional western canon. Area requirements (Area I, II, III) for English majors will be determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

284S. Poetry, Medicine, and Healing Arts. ALP, EI, R The multiple historical and contemporary relationships between the expressive and the healing arts, from representations of the body, to the power of poetry to console, its role in mediating personal and cultural trauma, the neuroscience of emotions, and the growing use of poetry in medical curricula for diagnosis, empathy and ethics training, and developing coping skills for healers and healed alike. Satisfies Area III for the English major. Instructor: Staff. One course.

285. Secularization and Modernity: Cross-Disciplinary Readings 1750-1914. ALP, CCI, CZ, EI, R An exploration of the concept of secularization as the key-concept driving European modernity, with focus on the period from the Enlightenment to the early 20th century; readings to be selected from literary, sociological, philosophical, political, and theological writings; authors may include some of the following: Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Blake, Goethe, Coleridge, Kierkegaard, J. H. Newman, Flaubert, G. Eliot, Dostoevsky, Nietzsche, M. Weber, Durkheim. Original research projects to explore with primary and secondary materials. Instructor: Pfau. One course. C-L: Sociology 348, Political Science 374, German 376, Romance Studies 360, Literature 243, Ethics Courses Offered Through Other Departments

286. The Melancholy of Art: Passages of Time in European Literature and Cinema, 1819-2000. ALP, CCI Nineteenth and early twentieth-century fiction, philosophy, and film as these formalize the psychological effects of historical change. This course satisfies the Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: staff. One course. C-L: German 377

290-3. Special Topics in English Literature, 1945 to the present. ALP Majors authors, topics, or themes in Literature written in English since 1945. Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290AS-1. Topics in Renaissance British Literature. ALP (Taught in the Oxford Summer Program). Satisfies Area I for English majors. Instructor: Staff. Two courses. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 290AS-1

290AS-2. Topics in Nineteenth-Century British Literature. ALP Taught in the Oxford Summer Program. Satisfies the Area II or III requirement for English major. To be determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies in English. Instructor: Staff. Two courses.

290FS. Special Focus Topics in Writing. ALP Topics vary each semester offered. Open only to students in the Focus program. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S-1. Special Topics in Medieval English Literature to 1500. ALP A major author, topic, or theme of the Anglo-Saxon and Middle English periods (excluding Chaucer). Satisfies the Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 290S-1

290S-2. Special Topics in Eighteenth-Century English Literature. ALP A major author, topic, or theme of eighteenth-century literature. Satisfies the Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S-3. Special Topics in English Literature: 1900 to present. ALP A major author, topic, or theme of twentieth-century to present English Literature. Satisfies Area III for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

290S-4. Special Topics in Creative Writing. ALP, W Topics vary each semester. Instructor: Staff. One course.

310A. Making Media. ALP, STS Duke in New York. The changes experienced by print and visual media (book publishing, magazines, newspapers, TV, films, theatre, advertising) in the twenty-first century in how art and business can, and often must, be done and in how they interact with society. Examinations through readings (including selected case histories) and guest speakers of how technology and technological change affect art and society today. Satisfies Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Policy Journalism and Media

312AS. The Arts in New York: A Thematic Approach. ALP, R, W Duke in New York. Various topics dealing with the arts in New York. Group attendance at, and subsequent seminar discussion of, performances, exhibitions, films, and lectures. Research or critical paper required. Open only to students admitted to the Duke in New York Arts Program. Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Theater Studies 213AS, Visual and Media Studies 259S

313A. Internship in New York. Immersion in the professional art world through apprenticeship to a sponsoring artist or organization. Students spend fifteen hours per week at the internship and write a substantive paper containing significant analysis and interpretation of the relation of the students' sponsoring institution to the art form of activity as a whole, the system of production and consumption surrounding that art form or activity, and the sponsor's organizational framework, operating mechanics, and role in the creation, preservation, or interpretation of the art form or activity. Open only to students admitted to the Duke in New York Arts Program. Does not count toward the major. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Theater Studies 214A

313A-1. Internship in New York. Immersion in the professional world of the arts and media through working with a sponsoring artist, organization, or business. Open only to students admitted to the Duke in New York Arts and Media Program. Does not count toward the major. Consent of Instructor required. Instructor: Staff. C-L: Theater Studies 214A-1

314A. The Business of City Life. A half-credit course to help place your internship in the business of city life. Saturday tours of city neighborhoods (Chinatown, Harlem, Lincoln Square, Central Park) that have been visibly and dramatically impacted by developments in the city's economic life and in cultural or public policy, with coordinated readings, lectures, and discussion. Topics to include global Chinese identity in Chinatown; gentrification in Harlem; non-profits and conservancies in Lincoln Square/Central Park, Disney in Times Square and Hell's Kitchen. Coordinated cultural events scheduled during evening hours. Open only to students in the Duke in New York: Summer Internships in the City program. Instructor: Torgovnick. Half course. C-L: Theater Studies 215A

316AS. Arts Management, Media, Publishing, and Cultural Policy in Durham and Research Triangle. ALP, R Arts, media, publication, and other cultural venues in Durham and their interaction with the Research Triangle Park area more widely. Comparisons to New York and to European models. Readings such as Cultural Master Plan for Durham, Downtown Development Plan, Cultural Policy (Core Cultural Theorists series), and Selections from Critical Cultural Policy Studies: A Reader; guest speakers from the Durham area on campus; a few, selected site visits. Instructor: Torgovnick or Staff. One course.

317S. Screenwriting. ALP, W One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 273S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image 305S

320S. Advanced Writing of Poetry. ALP, W Meter, image, tone, and dramatic organization in traditional and modern poems as a basis for original composition. Recommended for, but not limited to, students who have taken English 100C. Instructor: Staff. One course.

326S. Advanced Dramatic Writing. ALP, W One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 480S; also C-L: Arts of the Moving Image

332S. Chaucer I. ALP, CCI, R The first two-thirds of his career, especially Troilus and Criseyde. Satisfies Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 320S

333. Chaucer II. ALP, CCI, R The Canterbury Tales. Satisfies the Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 321

334. Shakespeare: Comedies and Romances. ALP A generic approach to twelve short plays by Shakespeare in the genres of comedy and romance. Satisfies the Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 333, Theater Studies 334

336. Shakespeare Before 1600. ALP, EI, R Examination of twelve plays by Shakespeare written before 1600. Satisfies Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Theater Studies 336, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 331

337. Shakespeare After 1600. ALP, EI, R Examination of ten plays by Shakespeare written after 1600. Not open to students who have taken Theater Studies 239A. Satisfies Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Theater Studies 337, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 332

338. Milton. ALP, R Poetry and its literary and social background. Satisfies Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 337

344. Eighteenth-Century British Novel. ALP, W Novels by such authors as Defoe, Richardson, Fielding, Smollett, and Sterne, Walpole, and Austen. Satisfies Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

345. Nineteenth-Century British Novel. ALP Novels by such authors as Scott, Austen, Dickens, Thackeray, Trollope, the Bronte's, George Eliot, Meredith, Collins, Hardy, and others. Satisfies Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

346. Victorian Poetry. ALP Works by such poets as Tennyson, Browning, Barrett, Browning, Arnold, the Rossettis, Swinburn, Morris, and others. Satisfies Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

358. Postcolonial Novel. ALP, CCI Comparative study of representative contemporary fiction from Africa, India, the Middle East, Australia, New Zealand, Latin American, and the Caribbean. All readings in English. Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 218

360. American Literature before the Civil War. ALP Authors, topics, themes of nineteenth-century America. Satisfies Area II for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

360S. Studies in American Literature Before the Civil War. ALP Seminar version of English 360. Topics may vary by semester; may be repeated with permission of DUS. Instructor: Staff. One course.

369. American Literature, Civil War to First World War. ALP Authors, topics, and themes from Reconstruction to American Modernism. Satisfies Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

370. Studies in American Literature 1860-1945. ALP This is a lecture version of English 370S. Instructor: Staff. One course.

370S. Studies in American Literature 1860-1945. ALP Various topics, authors, themes in American literature from 1860 - 1945. Satisfies Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

371. American Literature, World War I to World War II. ALP Major authors, topics and themes of the middle 20th century. Satisfies Area III for the English major. Instructor: Staff. One course.

371S. Studies in American Literature, WWI-WWII. ALP A seminar version of English 371. Instructor: Staff. One course.

372S. Modern American Poetry. ALP, R Focus on twentieth-century American poets; developments in style, subject, voice, diversity of representation, and impact of critical methodologies on shaping American poetic literature. Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

373. American Literature, Cold War and After. ALP American authors, topics and themes of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Satisfies Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

373S. Studies in American Literature, Cold War and After. ALP This is a seminar version of English 373. Instructor: Staff. One course.

374. Contemporary American Writers. ALP Novelists and poets prominent since 1984. Satisfies Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

375S. Popular Fictions. ALP One course. C-L: see Literature 345S; also C-L: Women's Studies 252S

376. Types of Recent Fiction. ALP One course. C-L: see Literature 347D

377. Contemporary Novel. ALP, W Major trends in fiction since 1950: modernism/postmodernism, ethnicity and ethnic identity, feminism, postcoloniality, genre-bending, and more. Readings from the United Stares and from Great Britain, India, Canada, South Africa, and the Caribbean. Satisfies Area III for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Literature 351

382. American Film Comedy. ALP One course. C-L: see Arts of the Moving Image 211; also C-L: Literature 221, Visual and Media Studies 268

383A. Theater in London: Text. ALP One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 239A

383AS. Theater in London: Text. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 239AS

384A. Theater in London: Performance. ALP One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 240A

384AS. Theater in London: Performance. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 240AS

386. Science Fiction Film. ALP, CCI, EI, STS Science fiction film from the 1950s to the present. From talking apes to mind control, forbidden planets to genetic dystopias, alien invasions to travel in tim e and space, an exploration of classic films in the genre with attention to how the films imagine the relationships among science, politics, and society over time. Attention to visual as well as literary story telling. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Art History 238

387. Asian American Theatre. ALP, CCI Asian American theatre and performance traditions, including major dramatic texts and canon formation. Critical framework for discussing race, ethnicity, gender, and sexualtiy. Satisfies Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Theater Studies 232

390-1. Single American Author. ALP Area requirements for the English major (Area I, II, or III) to be determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390S-1. Special Topics in a Single American Author. ALP Seminar version of 390-1. Area requirements (Area I, II, or III) for English majors will be determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390-2. Special Topics in a Single British Author. ALP Studies in a single British author. Area requirements for English majors (Area I, II, or III) will be determined by the Dir. of Undergraduate when taught. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390S-2. Special Topics in a Single British Author. ALP Studies in a single British author. Area requirements for English majors (Areas I, II, or III) determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.  

390-3. Special Topic in an Individual African American Author. ALP, CCI, R Studies in an individual African American author. Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 290-3

390-4. Special Topics in African American Literary Genres. ALP, CCI, R Autobiography, Drama, Poetry, The Novel, and The Essay. Satisfies Area II or III for English majors -- to be determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: African and African American Studies 290-4

390-5. Special Topics in Genre. ALP Area 1, 2, 3, or elective, to be determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390-6. Special Topics in Film. ALP A lecture version of 390S-6. Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image

390S-6. Special Topics in Film. ALP A major genre, period, or director. Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Arts of the Moving Image

390S-7. Special Topics in Language and Literature. ALP Area requirements for majors to be determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies in English. Instructor: Staff. One course.  

390A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in English. CCI Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

391A. Duke in New York Arts and Media Independent Stud. Individual non-research directed study on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a Duke faculty member, resulting in a substantive paper containing significant analysis and interpretation. Open only to students in the Duke in New York Arts and Media Program. Consent of Instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Policy Journalism and Media

395. Language and Society. CCI, SS Course examines language as a social practice, focusing on different aspects of its role in social life. Topics addressed include: language and social identity, such as ethnicity, social class, age, and gender; variation in language, including dialects, accents, and registers; multilingualism and language contact; new languages such as pidgins and creoles; language, culture, and intercultural communication; language and ideology; language in education and in the media. Through the discussion of these topics and homework including reading and small research projects, students are introduced to key concepts, theories, and methods in sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology. Instructor: staff. One course. C-L: Linguistics 451, Slavic and Eurasian Studies 385, Cultural Anthropology 212

396S. Language in Immigrant America. ALP, CCI, R Discussion of issues of language in the context of immigration in the United States, from the turn of the 20th century until the present, combining approaches from literature, memoirs, language policy, media studies, and linguistic anthropology. Some fieldwork in an immigrant community. Topics include: identity, assimilation, race, bilingual communities, bilingual education, foreign accents, language contact. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Cultural Anthropology 397S, Linguistics 396S, Slavic and Eurasian Studies 396S

420S. The Writing of Poetry. ALP, W See English 320S. Recommended for, but not limited to, students who have taken English 100C. Instructor: Staff. One course.

424S. Advanced Writing: Short Stories. ALP, W See English 224S. Recommended for, but not limited to, students who have taken English 100A. Instructor: Staff. One course.

425S. Advanced Narrative Writing. ALP, W Seminar for students with some prior experience writing narrative fiction. Thirty pages minimum of finished publishable narrative fiction, distributed in three installments for intensive class discussion. Instructor: Staff. One course.

433. Women Writers of the Renaissance: Spain and England. ALP, CCI, CZ One course. C-L: see Spanish 481D; also C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 475D

480S. Studies in the History of Theory. ALP Studies in the history of theory of aesthetics, literary criticism, philosophy of language, Marxist Criticism, and others with a primary focus on materials prior to 1950. Satisfies the criticism, theory, methodology (CTM) requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

482S. Studies in Contemporary Theory. ALP Topics included: psychoanalysis, Marxism, Structuralism, Post-Structuralism, theory of film and the image; theory of race, gender, sexuality, with a concentration on materials since 1950. Satisfies the criticism, theory, methodology (CTM) for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

485S. Ordinary Language Philosophy. ALP One course. C-L: see Literature 486S; also C-L: Philosophy 486S

488S. Feminist Classics. ALP, CCI One course. C-L: see Literature 465S; also C-L: Philosophy 274S, Women's Studies 465S

490. Special Topics in Language and Literature. ALP Area requirements (Area I, II, III) to be determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490-1. Current Topics in Linguistics. R, SS Instructor: Staff. One course.

490-7. Special Topics in Literature and the Other Arts. ALP Selected topics in the study of the interrelation of literature and other art forms. Area requirements (Area I, II, III) for English majors will be determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490S-1. Special Topics in Linguistics. CCI, R, SS Instructor: Staff. One course.

490S-2. Special topics in African American Literary Studies. ALP, CCI Topics may change each semester. Satisfies Area II or III requirement for English majors. To be determined by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490S-9. Selected Topics in Feminist Studies. ALP Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490S-10. Special Topics in Criticism, Theory, or Methodology. ALP Satisfies the Criticism, Theory, or Methodology (CTM) for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

490T. Tutorial (Area I, II, or III as determined by instructor). Tutorials under the supervision of a faculty member for two or more students working on related independent projects. Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

491. Independent Study. Individual non-research creative writing project directed study in a field of special interest on a previously approved topic, under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic and/or artistic product. Open to juniors and seniors. Consent of both the instructor and the director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

493. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open to juniors and seniors. Consent of both the instructor and the director of undergraduate studies required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

495. Distinction Creative Writing Independent Study. Open to those whose thesis will be in the field of crerative writing. Application and consent of the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

496. Distinction Creative Writing Independent Study. Open to those whose thesis will be in the field of creative writing. Application and consent of the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

497. Distinction Critical Research Independent Study. R Open to those whose thesis will be a critical paper or piece of other research (for example, in linguistics). Application and consent of the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

498. Distinction Critical Research Independent Study. R Open to those whose thesis will be a critical paper or piece of other research (for example, in linguistics). Application and consent of the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.  

505. Introduction to Old English. ALP An introduction to the language of the Anglo-Saxon period (700-1100), with readings in representative prose and poetry. Not open to students who have taken 113A or the equivalent. Satisfies the Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 605

520S. Writing Poetry: Formal and Dramatic Approaches. ALP, W A workshop comparing meter, stanza, and rhyme with free verse, to illuminate the freedom and form of all poetry. Narrative and conceptual content considered within the poem's emotive, musical dynamic. Group discussion of technique, personal aesthetic and creative process; revisions of poems. Instructor: Pope. One course.

522S. Narrative Writing. ALP, W The writing of short stories, memoirs, tales, and other narrations. Readings from ancient and modern narrative. Close discussion of frequent submissions by class members. Instructor: Porter or Price. One course.

530S. Special Topics is Middle English Literature: 1100 to 1500. ALP, CCI, R Selected topics. Satisfies Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 690S-1

532S. Chaucer and His Contexts. ALP, CCI, R The first two-thirds of his career, especially Troilus and Criseyde. Satisfies the Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 625S

536S. Shakespeare: Special Topics. ALP, R Satisfies the Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 630S

538S. Special Topics in Renaissance Prose and Poetry: 1500 to 1660. ALP, R Selected topics. Satisfies the Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 632S

539S. Special Topics in Seventeenth-Century Literature. ALP, R Topics vary by semester. Satisfies the Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

540. Special Topics in Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Literature. ALP Satisfies the Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

540S. Special Topics in Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Literature. ALP Seminar version of English 540. Instructor: Staff. One course.

545S. Romantic Literature: 1790 to 1830. ALP Selected topics. Satisfies the Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

546. Special Topics in Victorian Literature. ALP Selected topics. Satisfies the Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

546S. Special Topics in Victorian Literature. ALP, R, W Satisfies the Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

550S. British Literature since 1900. ALP Selected topics. Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

560. American Literature to 1820 (Selected Topics). ALP Selected Topics. Satisfies the Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

580S. Music in Literature and Philosophy. ALP, CCI, R One course. C-L: see German 580S; also C-L: International Comparative Studies 527S

582S. Wittgensteinian Perspectives on Literary Theory. ALP One course. C-L: see Literature 681S

583. Theater in London: Text. One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 520A

584. Theater in London: Performance. One course. C-L: see Theater Studies 540A

590-1. Special Topics I. ALP Subjects, areas or themes that cut across historical eras, several national literatures, or genres, medieval to early modern periods. Satisfies the Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590S-1. Special Topics Seminar I. ALP Subjects, areas or themes that cut across historical eras, several national literatures, or genres, medieval and early modern period. Satisfies Area I requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590-2. Special Topics II. ALP Subjects, areas or themes that cut across historical eras, several national literatures, or genres, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Satisfies Area II requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590S-2. Special Topics Seminar II. ALP Subjects, areas or themes that cut across historical eras, several national literatures, or genres. Satisfies Area II requirement for English majors. Topics course. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590-3. Special Topics III. ALP Subjects, areas or themes that cut across historical eras, several national literatures, or genres,1860-Present. Satisfies Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590S-3. Special Topics Seminar III. ALP Subjects, areas or themes that cut across historical eras, several national literatures, or genres, 1860 to the present. Satisfies the Area III requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590-4. Special Topics in Criticism. ALP Satisfies the Criticism, Methodology, Theory (CTM) requirement for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590S-4. Special Topics Seminar in Criticism, Theory, or Methodology. ALP Seminar Version of 288. Satisfies the Criticism, Theory, or Methodology (CTM) for English majors. Instructor: Staff. One course.

590-5. Selected Topics in Feminist Studies. ALP Selected Topics in Feminist Studies. Satisfies English Area or Criticism and Methodology requirements for the English major as determined by Director of Undergraduate Studies. Instructor: Staff. One course.

THE MAJOR

The English major is designed to convey to students a broad knowledge of English, American, and Anglophone literature, a sophisticated habit of critically engaging literary and cultural texts, a shared understanding of major problems, trends, and methods of literary and cultural analysis, and the ability to pose questions and organize knowledge in productive and original ways. While offering students clear direction on how to profit most from their study within the English department, the major also seeks to encourage students to assume an enduring habit of questioning and intellectual self-articulation. Each of the four areas of requirement for completion of the major thus invites students, in consultation with their advisor, to devise a coherent, challenging, and intellectually distinctive plan of study.

Requirements:

Ten courses, nine of which must be at the 200 level or above. Required courses include one gateway course, four "area study" courses, one criticism, theory, or methodology course, and four electives, as follows:

Gateway Course. Students must select one of the following three courses, and complete it by or before the end of the junior year:

English 184S. Readings in Genre

English 182S. Reading Historically

English 186S. Reading Thematically

Each student must take at least nine additional courses at the 200 level or above. Five of these courses must satisfy the following requirements:

A.) Diversified Study

Students must select at least two courses in the Medieval and Early Modern area (Area I), at least one in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries area (Area II), and at least one course in the Modern to Contemporary area (Area III), as outlined below. Courses must be chosen from more than one national literature. Courses that appear in more than one area of study may only count for one designated area as determined by instructor.

Area I (Medieval and Early Modern); 2 courses required

Area II (Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries); 1 course required

Area III (Modern to Contemporary); 1 course required

B.) Criticism, Theory, Methodology

Students must select one course on criticism, theory, or methodology. The following courses satisfy this requirement: English 396, English 204, English 480S, English 482S, English 490S-10. In addition, other English courses designated as CTM will satisfy this requirement.

Recommendations: Students planning to enter graduate study in an English department should take additional courses from the early as well as later and modern periods. If eligible, they should also apply for the Distinction Program. Aspiring graduate students should consult their advisor.

THE MINOR

Requirements. Five courses at or above the 200 level; or English 184S , 182S , or186S plus four courses at or above the 200 level. One of the 200-level courses must be a designated seminar Only one of the five courses may be taken at an institution other than Duke. Advanced Placement credits and courses taken on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory grading basis may not be used.

Foreign Languages

The department recommends that students majoring in English complete at least two years of college-level study, or the equivalent, of a foreign language. Students contemplating graduate work in English should note that many master's programs require examination in one foreign language and that doctoral programs commonly require examination in two. Students interested in linguistics are strongly urged to study at least one non-Indo-European language.

Teacher Certification

Each year a number of Duke English majors earn certificates as secondary school teachers. While licensed by the state of North Carolina, these majors are essentially certified for other states as well. Also, such training is urged for those who consider teaching in independent schools, since most private or parochial schools would prefer candidates who have earned teaching certificates.

Such certification may be gained as part of the English major and is not as time-consuming as is sometimes believed. Candidates should have a solid background in both American and British literature; also helpful are courses in composition and cultural studies. Among the requirements are one course in linguistics (English 396S, 204, 206, or 395), an appropriate course in psychology, and several courses in education.

The last semester of the senior year is devoted to the student-teaching block, including two special, accelerated courses and ten weeks of full-time teaching and observation in the schools, working with a mentor-teacher and with Duke faculty. This experience leads to an English-teaching certificate to accompany the bachelor's degree.

Anyone considering secondary school English teaching should confer with the director of secondary school teacher preparation in the Program in Education as soon as possible.

Departmental Graduation with Distinction

The English department offers its majors two options to earn distinction: the Critical Thesis option or the Creative Writing Thesis option.

Structure. Either two Independent Studies or a "home seminar" and one Independent Study. (This may be Fall/Spring or Spring/Fall).  Under most circumstances, a completed length of 35-70 pages.

Course Work. The distinction courses count toward the major.  Students must complete 11 total courses to graduate with distinction in the major instead of the standard 10.

Application. To apply students must have completed, by the beginning of the senior year, at least five 200-level or above English courses and must have a GPA of at least 3.5 in English courses.

Students submit an application that includes a writing sample of about 10 pages from an English course, one letter of recommendation from an English faculty member, and a project description and basic bibliography (one page single spaced). Applications must be submitted to the Director of Undergraduate Studies.  Applications are due November 15 for a spring-to-fall option and March 15 for a fall-to-spring option.  

Evaluation procedure. Upon approval by the instructor, the completed thesis is submitted to the Director of Undergraduate Studies by December 1 (for a spring-to-fall project) or March 31 (for a fall-to-spring project) of the senior year for evaluation by the Director of Undergraduate Studies, the thesis adviser, and one other faculty member.  Please deliver three-spiral bound copies to Allen 303AA.

Levels of distinction. Three levels: Distinction, High Distinction, or Highest Distinction.  Levels of distinction are based on the quality of the completed work. Students who have done satisfactory work in the seminar or independent study but whose thesis is denied distinction will simply receive graded credit for their seminars and/or independent studies.  Whereas the standard major in English asks for a total of ten courses, students pursuing honors in English will take nine courses plus either two independent studies or a "home seminar" to be followed by an independent study.

Professor Vidra, Director of Undergraduate Studies

Two majors are offered within the program, leading to either the Bachelor of Arts degree or the Bachelor of Science degree within Trinity College of Arts and Sciences. A minor in Environmental Sciences and Policy is also offered.

The majors are administered by the Nicholas School of the Environment. Courses for the majors are taught by Nicholas School faculty and Duke professors in cooperating departments and schools. The degrees are administered by undergraduate directors and advisory committees representing the various areas and cooperating departments. For additional information, consult the program Web site, at http://www.nicholas.duke.edu/programs/undergrad/index.html.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES AND POLICY (A.B. DEGREE)

The undergraduate major in environmental sciences and policy is offered within the Bachelor of Arts degree to students interested in the interdisciplinary study of environmental issues. The major permits students to combine studies in the natural sciences and engineering with courses in social sciences and humanities around general focus areas and themes. This major is designed for students with career objectives such as environmental law, policy, science, management, or planning that require in-depth understanding of environmental issues that cross disciplinary boundaries. The prerequisites for the A.B. degree stress a firm foundation in basic natural, environmental, and social science areas. An intermediate core course focuses on local, regional, and global case studies taught by interdisciplinary teams of faculty. Upper-level focused study courses are selected in consultation with advisors to match a specific environmental theme or career objective. The upper-level curriculum includes a course in probability and statistics, a policy course, and an independent study, internship, or field experience. At least two courses in the upper-level curriculum must be selected from approved lists in each of the social sciences/humanities and sciences/engineering areas.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (B.S. DEGREE)

The undergraduate major in environmental sciences is offered within the Bachelor of Science degree to students interested in a scientific perspective on environmental issues. The major is designed to encourage breadth in the physical and life sciences and depth in a chosen area of scientific concentration. This major is designed for students with career objectives in environmental sciences, industry or management that require a strong scientific background, or for students intending to pursue graduate degrees in environmental sciences. The major also merges well with pre-medical requirements. The prerequisites for the B.S. degree stress a firm foundation in the physical and life sciences and mathematics. The major requirements include five core courses selected from six course options that focus on the biosphere, the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, the solid earth, chemical cycling, and the interface between humans and the environment. The major also includes a course in probability and statistics. The Focused Study consists of three upper-level natural science, engineering or mathematics courses proposed by the student in consultation with their advisor to form a concentration area.

89S. First-Year Seminar. Topics vary each semester offered. Instructor: Staff. One course.

102. Introduction to Environmental Sciences and Policy. NS, STS An introduction to the study of environmental sciences and policy through exploration of basic environmental principles in the life, physical, and social sciences. Emphasis on understanding how the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere function, and how these spheres interact with human consumption, production, and technological patterns and processes. Field trips to a local site as well as the Duke University Marine Laboratory. Instructors: Christensen or Meyer. One course. C-L: Marine Science and Conservation, Energy and the Environment

153. Ecosystem Health and Human Well-Being. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 153; also C-L: Global Health

190A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Special Topics in Environmental Sciences and Policy. Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

190FS. Topics in Environment. Topics vary semester to semester. Only open to students in the Focus Program. Consent of Instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

201. Integrating Environmental Sciences and Policy. NS, SS, STS, W Interaction between the natural and the social systems as they relate to the environment. Focus on ecological and earth system cycles, processes, and fundamental relationships. The environmental impact of human-induced change at the local, regional, and global levels. The role of technology and the policy process in determining how environmental problems evolve and are addressed. Use of ethical analysis to evaluate environmental tradeoffs. Use of case studies to integrate multiple disciplinary perspectives on environmental problems and to address issues of environmental justice. Not open to first year students. Prerequisite: Environment 102 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Clark. One course. C-L: Marine Science and Conservation

205. Marine Megafauna. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 205; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

209. Food, Farming, and Feminism. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Women's Studies 275

209S. Food, Farming, and Feminism. CCI, EI, SS One course. C-L: see Women's Studies 275S

210D. Conserving the Variety of Life on Earth. NS, SS An overview of biological diversity, its patterns, and the current extinction crisis. Historical and theoretical foundations of conservation, from human values and law to criteria and frameworks for setting conservation priorities; island biogeography theory, landscape ecology, and socioeconomic considerations in reserve design; management of endangered species in the wild and in captivity; managing protected areas for long term viability of populations; the role of the landscape matrix around protected areas; and techniques for conserving biological diversity in semi-wild productive ecosystems such as forests. Instructor: Pimm. One course.

212. United States Environmental Policy. EI, SS, STS, W An overview of the major environmental legislation in the United States. Topics include: air and water pollution, hazardous waste, agriculture, wildlife, and institutions. Political, economic, ethical, and scientific analysis. Open to juniors or seniors or by consent of instructor. Instructor: Bennear, Gallagher, or Staff. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 275, Energy and the Environment

213LS. Aquatic Field Ecology. NS, R, W One course. C-L: see Biology 362LS

214S. Ethical Challenges in Environmental Conservation. EI, SS, W Ethical challenges in environmental conservation. Topics include the philosophical basis and challenges of mankind's responsibility to the natural world; prioritization of often conflicting conservation efforts; balancing the needs of humans and the environment; the disputed role of scientists as advocates; and the philosophical and political obstacles to conservation efforts. Case studies on local and global issues, especially on the intersection of science and policy. Instructor: Vidra. One course. C-L: Marine Science and Conservation

216S. Environment and Conflict: The Role of the Environment in Conflict and Peacebuilding. CCI, EI, SS, W Environmental and natural resources as a source of conflict and/or peacebuilding between and within nations and states. Analysis of the role of the environment in the conflict cycle and international security. Topics include refugees, climate change, water, and infectious disease. Particular focus on post-conflict and rebuilding in war-torn societies. Examination of the role of international organizations, non-governmental organizations, and emerging standards for environmental management. Examples drawn from conflicts such as Rwanda, Israel/Palestine, Nepal, Sierra Leone and others. Instructor: Weinthal. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 279S, Political Science 367S, Islamic Studies, Marine Science and Conservation

217. Restoration Ecology: Theory and Applications. EI, NS, STS Addresses fundamental principles of ecological restoration. Includes an overview of the discipline, scientific, ethical and philosophical underpinnings, and the legislative framework that guides much of the restoration work in the United States. Principles of ecosystem ecology introduced to provide an understanding of ecosystem processes across landscapes and within specific restoration sites. Students will conduct a comparative study of a restoration site with a reference site and work in small groups to create a monitoring report for this site. Prerequisite: introductory biology or environmental science, or consent of instructor. Instructor: Vidra. One course.

218. Food and Energy: Applying research and theory to local dining practice. R, SS Examination of link between food and energy, both in science and culture. Includes food production, processing, transportation, consumption, and food security. Project groups will design and complete on-campus research and/or evaluation projects around dining at Duke. Application of basic qualitative research methods, including participant observation, personal interview, and content analysis. Instructor: Clark. One course. C-L: Sociology 372

219A. Science and Nature Writing: Naturalist Narratives, Classic to Contemporary. ALP, STS, W Introspective and expository prose is effective in transferring concepts and information from scientists to other segments of society. Students will explore nonfiction writing about marine ecosystems as the basis for discussion and analysis. They will experiment with essays that convey information about the natural world and that target specific audiences (e.g., children, general public, business executives, the blogosphere, etc.) and specific goals. Exercises will stress practice in crafting essays that convey scientific information with a nature writer’s eloquence. Particular emphasis will be placed on editing and revision toward publication-quality manuscripts. (Given at Beaufort.). Instructor: Van Dover. One course. C-L: English 219A, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

221. Environment as Community. SS One course. C-L: see Sociology 215

222S. Environmental Conservation and Documentary Photography. ALP, EI, R Technical and aesthetic training in creating documentaries to communicate critical environmental issues so as to affect societal change. History of the essential role of documentary photography in land conservation, social justice, and protection of biodiversity from the early 1800's to today leads into individual documentary projects. Taught at the Center for Documentary Studies using state of the art camera and audio recording equipment and methods for web and gallery exhibition. Seminar, studio, and study of photography in university archives and field trips. Consent of Instructor required. Instructor: Satterwhite. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 248S, Marine Science and Conservation

226S. Field Methods in Earth and Environmental Sciences. NS, R, W One course. C-L: see Earth and Ocean Sciences 226S

228. Food and Fuel for a Growing Population: Nuts and Bolts of Plant Growth and Production. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 228

239. Atmospheric Chemistry: From Air Pollution to Climate Change. NS, STS Integrated scientific background for the impact of humans on the natural environment. Topics covered include greenhouse gases and climate, local and regional ozone pollution, long-range pollution transport, acid rain, atmospheric particulate matter pollution, and stratospheric ozone depletion. Pre-requisites: Chemistry 101DL. One course. C-L: Energy and the Environment

240LS. Introductory Field Methods in Biodiversity. NS, R Biodiversity is altered by global and local environmental change. How do we assess this ecological impact? This field course introduces ecological concepts using basic field methods to investigate species interactions in our local environment. Introduction to techniques for mapping and monitoring plants and animal populations, energy exchange. Topics include how plants grow in a changing environment, impacts on plants-animals interactions, competition among species, and species diversity at the urban/rural interface. Students will learn to develop and execute a research plan and interpret their data through exercises at local field sites and a field project of their own design. Instructor: Reid. One course.

253S. Urban Environmental Design. EI, NS, SS, STS Overview of urban environmental designs, drawing upon natural and social science based evidence to guide solutions. Focus on innovative approaches that protect and restore ecological value, create sustainable spaces, and address ethical dilemmas arising from conflicting public perceptions of sustainability. Review of survey methods used to gather public opinion and participatory planning models that involve the public in solutions. Examination of national and international design examples. Emphasis will be on professional communication including visual and verbal formats. Instructor: Schauman. One course.

260. Global Disasters: Science and Policy. NS, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Engineering 260; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 276

261S. Ecosystem Ecology for a Crowded Planet. EI, NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 261S

262. Natural Catastrophes: Rebuilding from Ruins. NS, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Engineering 261; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 277

270A. Conservation Biology and Policy. EI, NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 270A; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

272A. Analysis of Ocean Ecosystems. NS One course. C-L: see Biology 272A; also C-L: Earth and Ocean Sciences 272A, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

273LA. Marine Ecology. NS, R, W One course. C-L: see Biology 273LA; also C-L: Earth and Ocean Sciences 374LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

274. People, Plants and Pollution: Introduction to Urban Environments. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 262

278LA. Physiology of Marine Animals. NS, R, W Variable credit. C-L: see Biology 278LA; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

279LA. Marine CSI: Conservation Forensics in the Marine Environment. NS, R, STS Application of forensic genetic techniques to the study of marine crime. Reveal marketing frauds, mislabeling of seafood, and fishing violations using modern molecular forensic tools. Field trips to acquire samples for forensic analysis from local fishermen, retailers and restaurants; hands-on forensic genetics lab work and group assignments. Techniques include microsatellites and restriction fragment length polymorphism. Statistical approaches to forensics and species/population identity and assignment tests. (Given at Beaufort) Prerequisites: Introductory Biology. Instructor: Schultz. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

280LA. Sound in the Sea: Introduction to Marine Bioacoustics. NS, R, STS Fundamentals of marine bioacoustics with a focus on current literature and conservation issues. Topics include: introduction to acoustics; acoustic analysis methods and quantitative tools; production and recording of sound; ocean noise; propagation theory; active and passive acoustics; hearing, sound production and communication in marine organisms, potential impacts of anthropogenic noise; and regulation of marine sound. Labs will focus on methodologies used for generating, recording and analyzing marine sounds. Taught in Beaufort. Course prerequisites: AP Biology, introductory biology, or consent of instructor; Physics 141L or 161L (or equivalent Physics courses) or consent of instructor. Instructor: Nowacek. One course. C-L: Electrical and Computer Engineering 384LA, Earth and Ocean Sciences 280LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

281A. Conservation and Management of Protected Areas in South Africa. CCI, SS Management of wildlife and natural resources within the ecological, political, social, historical, and economic context of South Africa. (Taught in South Africa.) Instructor: McClearn. One course.

282A. Environmental Science and Policy of the Tropics. EI, NS, SS, STS Investigates major environmental issues facing tropical nations using concepts from the natural and physical sciences, the social sciences, and resource management. Topics include: climatic and biogeographical patterns, trends in human population size and demography, historical and contemporary issues in resource use and conservation, and sociological and ethical concerns regarding the source and distribution of economic wealth. (Given in Costa Rica.) Prerequisite: Biology 25 or equivalent. Instructor: Shelly. One course. C-L: International Comparative Studies 222A

283A. Hollywood and the Environment: Exploring the Human Connection with Nature Through Film. ALP, CCI, SS Critical assessment of the relationship between people and nature, using film as the springboard for discussion. Assess the human perception of nature, and our place in it, using films representing four major themes: 1) wilderness and the frontier; 2) man vs. nature; 3) international perspectives on nature; and 4) destruction of the environment. Films will be drawn from various genres, including animated film, drama, western, and science fiction. Full-length feature films will be paired with in-class screenings of independent documentary films that are provided to our class by internationally recognized film-makers. (Given at Beaufort) Instructor: Burns. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

284A. South African Ecosystems and Diversity. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 284A

285LA. Field Research in Savana Ecology. NS, R, W One course. C-L: see Biology 285LA

286. Marine Policy. EI, SS, STS Durham version of ENVIRON 286A. Offered via video link to Duke Marine Laboratory in Beaufort. Instructor: Orbach. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

286A. Marine Policy. EI, SS, STS Policy and policy-making concerning the coastal marine environment. History of marine-related organizations, legislation, and issues and their effects on local, regional, national, and international arenas. Use of theoretical and methodological perspectives, including political science, sociology, and economics. (Given at Beaufort.) Instructor: Orbach. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 281A, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

287A. Marine Conservation Service Learning Course: Challenges at Sea. NS, STS Introduction to marine conservation biology emphasizing community outreach at local middle schools. Material focuses on issues in marine conservation and how they are addressed. Lectures cover principles of conservation, biodiversity, extinction risks, genetic tools, fishery by-catch, over-exploitation, habitat degradation, invasive species, climate change, and marine protected areas. Based on class discussions, students will develop and teach activities that address local conservation topics for middle school students. (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisite: introductory biology. Instructor: Johnston and Schultz. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

288A. Biogeography in an Australian Context. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 288A; also C-L: Earth and Ocean Sciences 288A

289A. Views of Environmental Change: Documentary Research in Natural Resource Management. EI, R, SS Hands-on introduction to the practical skills, theoretical grounding, and ethical sensitivities needed to conduct documentary research on controversial environmental issues. Emphasis on responsibly eliciting and representing diverse stakeholder views. Students will conduct fieldwork on land use change in coastal communities as part of an ongoing Duke Marine Lab research project. Methods introduced will include interviewing, video/audio recording, documentary photography, interview data analysis, and basic video editing. Student teams will produce edited video segments for presentation to a community audience. (Given at Beaufort.) Instructor: Cumming. One course. C-L: Documentary Studies 353A, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

290. Special Topics in Environmental Sciences and Policy. Content to be determined each semester. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

328S. Science and Technology Policy. SS, STS Review of major political, international, and technical factors which led to current world leadership of the United States in research and development. Examination of trends in federal and industry funding. Reasons for the federal government funding research, ways federal funds should be allocated, relationships among industry, government, and academia. Several current policy issues selected for in-depth analysis. Instructor: Ahearne. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 286S

330. Energy and the Environment. NS, SS, STS Overview of the challenges confronting humanity as a consequence of our reliance on energy. Challenges include dwindling supplies, rising demand and environmental degradation. Realistic responses require an understanding of the complexity of the energy system, including energy resources, uses, and impacts, in the context of social, political and economic imperatives. Lectures will be augmented by presentations from guest speakers from industry, government and non-profit organizations. Instructor: Pratson. One course. C-L: Earth and Ocean Sciences 330

344S. Plant Diversity: a Field Approach. NS One course. C-L: see Biology 344S

345. Environmental Politics in the United States. EI, SS, STS One course. C-L: see Political Science 344; also C-L: Public Policy Studies 281

350S. Marine Science and Conservation Leadership. EI, NS, SS, STS Exploration of the complex interactions among science, policy and economics in the use of marine resources. Topics explored include the role individuals play in promoting marine conservation and environmental sustainability. Students will evaluate trade-offs systematically and learn to assess how different policy options affect the incentives of resource users and polluters. Serves as the capstone for the Marine Science and Conservation Leadership Certificate. Prerequisite: introductory economics or consent of instructor. Instructor: Smith. One course. C-L: Public Policy Studies 280S, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

358. Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing. NS One course. C-L: see Earth and Ocean Sciences 358

359. Fundamentals of GIS and Geospatial Analysis. NS, QS Fundamental aspects of geographic information systems and satellite remote sensing for environmental applications. Concepts of geographic data development, cartography, image processing, and spatial analysis. Prerequisite: an introductory statistics course. Instructor: Halpin. One course. C-L: Earth and Ocean Sciences 359

360. Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology. NS, STS An overview of the fate and effects of chemicals in the environment. Topics include chemical characterization of pollutants, chemistry of natural waters, soil sediment chemistry, atmospheric chemistry, transfers between and transformations within environmental compartments, toxicokinetics, cellular metabolism, biological levels of organization, and approaches for assessing chemical hazards. Incorporates case studies focused on human health and ecosystem protection. Prerequisite: Biology 101L; Chemistry 101DL and 210DL; Mathematics 21. Instructor: Stapleton. One course. C-L: Energy and the Environment

361LS. Terrestrial Field Ecology. NS, R, W One course. C-L: see Biology 361LS

362S. Changing Oceans. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Earth and Ocean Sciences 364S; also C-L: Marine Science and Conservation

363. Economics of the Environment. SS, STS One course. C-L: see Economics 439; also C-L: Marine Science and Conservation, Energy and the Environment

364S. Science and The Media. SS, STS One course. C-L: see Public Policy Studies 381S; also C-L: Policy Journalism and Media Studies

369LA. Biological Oceanography. NS, R Variable credit. C-L: see Biology 369LA; also C-L: Earth and Ocean Sciences 273LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

370A. Introduction to Physical Oceanography. NS, QS, STS Fundamental physical principles of ocean circulation. Physical properties of seawater; forces acting on the ocean such as heat, pressure gradients, wind stress, rotation, and friction; and conservation equations for heat, mass and momentum. Applications include geostrophic balances, thermal wind, coastally trapped waves, El Nino/ENSO, and tidal circulation. (Given at Beaufort.) Prerequisites: one year of calculus and one year of physics, or permission of instructor. Instructor: Hench. One course. C-L: Earth and Ocean Sciences 370A, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

372LA. Biochemistry of Marine Animals. NS, R, W Variable credit. C-L: see Biology 372LA; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

374SA. Governance of Social-Ecological Systems. CCI, SS, STS Introduction to leading concepts, theories, models, and analytical frameworks to advance understanding of the dynamics of social-ecological systems. Gulf of California, Mexico will be used as a case study. Students will gain firsthand experience with empirical cases. (Given at Beaufort.) Field trip to Mexico required. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Basurto. One course.

375A. Biology and Conservation of Sea Turtles. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 375A; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

375LA. Biology and Conservation of Sea Turtles. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 375LA; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

376A. Marine Mammals. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 376A; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

376LA. Marine Mammals. NS, R, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 376LA; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

377LA. Marine Invertebrate Zoology. NS, R Variable credit. C-L: see Biology 377LA; also C-L: Earth and Ocean Sciences 377LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

378LA. Marine Ichthyology. NS, STS One course. C-L: see Biology 378LA; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

379LA. Research Methods in Marine Science. NS, R, W One course. C-L: see Biology 379LA; also C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

382LA. Marine Molecular Ecology. NS, R, STS Marine ecology from a molecular view focusing on microbes as the dominant organisms in ocean ecosystems. Lecture and laboratory integrate the theory and application of modern molecular techniques to quantify abundance, to assess diversity and to determine the interaction of microbes with each other and the marine environment. Prerequisite: AP Biology, introductory biology, or permission of instructor. (Given at Beaufort.) Instructor: Johnson. One course. C-L: Biology 374LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

383LA. Marine Molecular Microbiology. NS Introduction to microbiology from a marine perspective. Topics include microbial phylogeny, evolution, symbiosis, biotechnology, genomics, and ecology. Laboratory will employ modern molecular techniques to investigate the ecology and evolution of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbes. Prerequisite: AP Biology, introductory biology, or permission of instructor. (Given at Beaufort.) Instructor: Hunt. One course. C-L: Biology 380LA, Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

390. Special Topics in Environmental Sciences and Policy. Content to be determined each semester. Consent of instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390A. Duke-Administered Study Abroad: Advanced Special Topics in Environmental Sciences and Policy. Topics differ by section. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390S. Special Topics in Environmental Sciences and Policy. Same as Environment 390, taught as seminar. Instructor: Staff. One course.

390SA. Special Topics in Environmental Science and Policy. Marine Lab version of ENVIRON 390. Student must be enrolled at Duke Marine Lab in Beaufort. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

391. Independent Study. Individual readings course or other non-research-based independent course under the supervision of a faculty member, resulting in an academic product. Open to qualified juniors and seniors with consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

391A. Independent Study. Marine Lab version of ENVIRON 391. Offered at Beaufort. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

393. Research Independent Study. R Individual research in a field of special interest, under the supervision of a faculty member, the central goal of which is a substantive paper or written report containing significant analysis and interpretation of a previously approved topic. Open to qualified juniors and seniors with consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

393-1. Research Independent Study. R See Environment 393. Open to qualified juniors and seniors with consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Half course. Instructor: Staff. Half course. C-L: Marine Sciences

393A. Research Independent Study. R Marine Lab version of ENVIRON 393. Offered at Beaufort. Instructor: Staff. One course. C-L: Marine Sciences

452L. Energy and Environment Design. NS, R An integrative design course addressing both creative and practical aspects of the design of systems related to energy and the environment. Development of the creative design process, including problem formulation and needs analysis, feasibility, legal, economic and human factors, environmental impacts, energy efficiency, aesthetics, safety, and design optimization. Application of design methods through a collaborative design project involving students from the Pratt School of Engineering and Trinity College. Open only to students pursuing the undergraduate certificate in Energy and Environment. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Pratson. One course.

490. Senior Capstone Course. NS, R, SS, STS Interdisciplinary and in-depth study of contemporary environmental issues. Content to be determined each semester. Consent of Instructor required. Instructor: Staff. One course.

501. Environmental Toxicology. Study of environmental contaminants from a broad perspective encompassing biochemical, ecological, and toxicological principles and methodologies. Discussion of sources, environmental transport and transformation phenomena, accumulation in biota and ecosystems. Impacts at various levels of organization, particularly biochemical and physiological effects. Prerequisites: organic chemistry and vertebrate physiology or consent of instructor. Instructor: Di Giulio.

503. Forest Ecosystems. Emphasis on the processes by which forests circulate, transform, and accumulate energy and materials through interactions of biologic organisms and the forest environment. Ecosystem productivity and cycling of carbon, water, and nutrients provide the basis for lecture and laboratory. Instructor: Oren.

505. Tree Structure and Function. NS Designed primarily for graduate students and advanced undergraduates in areas of ecology, forestry or related disciplines who desire basic understanding of how plants (special focus on woody plants) function at various scales from molecules to canopies. Course will facilitate application of plant physiological principles in the students' specific areas of interest. Focus is on responses of water loss and cargon gain of plants to variation in their environment. Background in biology preferred. Instructor: Palmorth, Domec.

516. Applied Population Ecology. Population dynamics of managed and unmanaged populations. A quantitative approach to exploitation and conservation of animal and plant populations, including harvesting, population viability analysis, population genetics. Prerequisites: introductory statistics, calculus, and computer programming or consent of instructor. Instructor: Pimm.

517D. Tropical Ecology. NS, STS Ecosystem, community, and population ecology of tropical plants and animals with application to conservation and sustainable development. Prerequisite: a course in general ecology. Instructor: Terborgh. C-L: Biology 561D, Latin American Studies

520. Resource & Environmental Economics I. SS Part 1 of a survey course in environmental and natural resource economics. Part 1 focuses on basic theory and methods of economic analysis of environmental problems including benefit-cost analysis, non-market valuation, and instrument choice. Prerequisite: Introductory course in microeconomics and one semester of calculus. Instructor: Bennear or Smith. C-L: Economics 530, Public Policy Studies 576, Marine Science and Conservation

520D. Resource and Environmental Economics and Policy. Discussion section for Environment 520. Instructor consent required. Instructor: Bennear. C-L: Economics 530D, Public Policy Studies 575D

531. Economic Analysis of Resource and Environmental Policies. SS Case and applications oriented course examining current environmental and resource policy issues. Benefits and costs of policies related to sustaining resource productivity and maintaining environmental quality will be analyzed using economic and econometric methods. Topics include benefit-cost analysis, intergenerational equity, externalities, public goods, and property rights. Prerequisite: Environment 520 or equivalent and Environment 710 or equivalent. Instructor: Vincent.

532. Evaluation of Public Expenditures. SS C-L: see Public Policy Studies 596; also C-L: Economics 521

533A. Marine Fisheries Policy. EI, SS Principles, structure, and process of public policy-making for marine fisheries. Topics include local, regional, national, and international approaches to the management of marine fisheries. A social systems approach is used to analyze the biological, ecological, social, and economic aspects of the policy and management process. (Given at Beaufort.) Instructor: Orbach. C-L: Marine Sciences, Marine Science and Conservation

535. Air Quality Management. Types, sources, effects of air pollutants. Regulatory framework emphasizing the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and federal, state, local agency implementation. Application of risk assessment, technology, market incentives to air management. Scientific, policy aspects of acid deposition, global climate change, indoor air, mobile sources control. Dispersion modeling, exposure assessment. Instructor: Vandenberg.

536. Water Quality Management. Types, sources, and effects of pollutants. Water quality standards and criteria. Engineering approaches to water management. Mathematical models and their application to water quality management. Federal regulations, in particular, the Federal Water Pollution Control Act and the Safe Drinking Water Act. Policy analysis for water quality management planning. Instructor: Staff.

537. Environmental Health. NS, STS Introduction to environmental effects on human health. Focus on chronic effects of exposure to pollution and other stressors, the interaction between anthropogenic environmental changes and infectious diseases, and the relationship between human health and ecosystem health. Includes lectures from a variety of experts in this field from throughout the Triangle region. Course is designed to facilitate maximum student participation through discussion. For graduate and advanced undergraduate students. Instructor: DiGiulio/Meyer.

538. Global Environmental Health: Economics and Policy. SS, STS Social science perspective on global environmental health. Students will learn to identify primary environmental causes of high burden diseases such as malaria, diarrhea, and respiratory infections; describe how to measure socio-economic impacts of global environmental health diseases; discuss key policies to control global environmental health problems based on private prevention and therapeutic behaviors; and propose frameworks to empirically monitor and evaluate global environmental health policies. A sub-module will focus on climate change and water-borne diseases. Prerequisites: Introductory course in statistics. Instructor: Pattanayak. C-L